In: Other Topics

Submitted By blaine
Words 1041
Pages 5
During his few weeks as Vice President, Harry S Truman scarcely saw President Roosevelt, and received no briefing on the development of the atomic bomb or the unfolding difficulties with Soviet Russia. Suddenly these and a host of other wartime problems became Truman's to solve when, on April 12, 1945, he became President.
Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, in 1884. He grew up in Independence, and for 12 years prospered as a Missouri farmer. He went to France during World War I as a captain in the Field Artillery. Returning, he married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace, and opened a haberdashery in Kansas City.
Active in the Democratic Party, Truman was elected a judge of the Jackson County Court in 1922. He became a Senator in 1934. During World War II he headed the Senate war investigating committee, checking into waste and corruption and saving perhaps as much as 15 billion dollars.
As President, Truman made some of the most crucial decisions in history. Soon after the war against Japan had reached its final stage. An urgent plea to Japan to surrender was rejected. Truman, after consultations with his advisers, ordered atomic bombs dropped on cities devoted to war work. Two were Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japanese surrender quickly followed.
The first use of an atomic bomb in warfare took place on August 6, 1945. The weapon was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the U.S. bomber Enola Gay, instantaneously destroying four square miles in the middle of the population center. The blast killed 66,000 men, women, and children, and injured an additional 69,000. A full 67 percent of Hiroshima's buildings, transportation systems, and urban structures were destroyed.
The next atomic bomb to be dropped in warfare was detonated over the Japanese city of Nagasaki three days later. That blast killed 39,000 civilians and injured another 25,000; 40 percent of…...

Similar Documents

The Truman Doctrine

...The Truman Doctrine Shortly after World War II had ended the Cold War began in 1945. The Cold War was fought between the United States and the U.S.S.R. The Cold War got its name because it never got “hot” with action of an actual battle. It was more of a verbal fighting and threating to blow up each other but never actually doing it. When the United States decided to drop a bomb on Japan, the U.S.S.R was mad the United States had secretly developed the bomb. Then Russia started spreading communism and the Truman Doctrine helped stop the spread of communism. According to, The Truman doctrine happened March 12, 1947. It was a speech by President Harry S. Truman. The Truman Doctrine gave economic and military aid to Greece and Turkey because they were threatened by communism. At this point in time there was already a policy trying to contain communism called the Containment Policy. The Containment Policy was a reaction to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to expand communist influence in Eastern European, China, Korea, and Vietnam. Similar to the containment policy the Truman doctrine of the United States was to “support free people who are resisting being conquered by armed minorities or by outside pressures”, which was said directly by President Truman. Truman had to convince congress that a crisis in two far away countries would threaten the security of the United States, and that four hundred million dollars was needed to......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

Adam and Truman

...Blast from the Past and The Truman Show both depict the story about men growing up in an artificial world. Since they are born, they live in a world that is created by others and they do not contact with the real world. However, both of the men in these two movies do not give up their dreams and they are determined. They are eager to get out of the present situation and they have a strong desire to live in the way they like. Finally, through their efforts, they shake off the shackles and both of them lead a free and happy life. Also, there is an interesting thing appears in both movies that the Christian image is mentioned. In Blast from the Past, each time Adam’s family ascent to the ground, the druggies who are religious acolytes are pious and reverent to them, thinking Adam’s family are Father and Son. In The Truman Show, after the vicious storm, Truman emerges from the water in a cruciform position which represents the Jesus after being tortured. Although the style of the two movies is similar, there are a lot of differences between them. First of all, Adam lives in a world full of love and what around him is the beautiful and positive aspect of life. Since he is born, his parents, who are the only person that he can contact with, tell him what the real world is. Moreover, his parents teach him dance, languages and sports. He learns from his parents to be modest, kind and a man of morality. Although his parents create an unreal world for Adam, they are not on...

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Truman Doctrine

...The Truman Doctrine Joseph Woodall Strayer University Professor John Cronin POL 300 – Contemporary International Problems August 05, 2012 The Truman Doctrine The Truman Doctrine was a policy of containment to prevent Soviet expansion. It was introduced by President Harry Truman in 1947, in response to the Soviet Union’s aggressive expansionist actions. The origins of the doctrine were forged through providing military and financial aid to countries such as Turkey and Greece to combat Communism. The Truman Doctrine would ultimately be the basis of United States strategy during the Cold War. Turkey & Greece On March 12, 1947, President Truman introduced the doctrine that was destined to bear his name. In the body of his doctrine he described the struggle between Communism and the free world. One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions, representative government, free elections, guarantees of individual liberty, freedom of speech and religion, and freedom from political oppression. The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio, fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. (Truman, 1947. p.178). Using the doctrine as a prerequisite for intervention into nations that were under Communist threat, the United States became involved in Greece and Turkey. Since......

Words: 1012 - Pages: 5

Truman Doctrine

...THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE During the Cold War, most U.S. presidents came up with policies also known as “doctrines” to help remember who stood for what. In this report I will be summarizing a situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts during President Harry Truman time; explicate the diplomatic doctrine the president followed; describing the effects of this diplomatic efforts for the U.S. and other countries; assess the advantages and disadvantages of the particular doctrine that followed. In February 1947, the British government informed the United States that it could no longer furnish the economic and military assistance it had been providing to Greece and Turkey since the end of WWII. The Truman administration believed that both nations were threatened by communism and it jumped at the chance to take a tough stand against the Soviet Union. In Greece, force has been battling the Greek royal government since the end of WWII. In Turkey, the Soviets were demanding some manner of control over the Dardanelles, territory from which Turkey was able to dominate the strategies waterways from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. On March 12, 1947 Truman appear before a group of Congress to make his case. He declared the world faced a chance in the years to come. Nations could adapt a way of life “based upon the will of the majority” and minority forcibly imposed upon the majority.” He proposed the Truman Doctrine which provided political, military, and economic assistance to all......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

The Truman Policy

...The Truman Doctrine    Background,   Truman's Speech to Congress,   Results The Truman Doctrine and Containment         Links Spartacus page An interview with Clark Clifford (1998) Did Truman cause the Cold War?   Background Events The Truman Doctrine was a response to a crisis.   Behind it lay the Communist/Soviet takeover of many of the countries of eastern Europe by ‘salami tactics’ – which, Truman alleged, was in breach of Stalin’s promises at the Yalta Conference.         Then, in February 1947, the British government – which had been helping the Greek government resist Communist rebels – announced that it could no longer afford to keep its soldiers there.   It seemed to Truman and his advisers that, of they did nothing, it was only a matter of time before the communists took over YET ANOTHER country.          Background Truman’s Speech to Congress, March 1947 On 12 March 1947, President Truman spoke to Congress.   His speech is very famous.   What he said became known later as the ‘Truman Doctrine’.     Truman began by outlining the situation in Greece.   ‘Assistance is imperative if Greece is to survive as a free nation’, he told Congress.   ‘Greece must have assistance if it is to become a self-supporting and self-respecting democracy.’   Without help, Greece would fall to Communism.   Nearby Turkey, he added, was in a similar situation.     Getting involved in Greece, Truman knew, would go against the belief of......

Words: 2758 - Pages: 12

Truman Essay

...The Truman Show Essay “We accept the reality of the world with which we’re presented.” That is what Christof answers, when somebody asks why Truman never has come close to discovering the true nature of his world. Truman Burbank lives a perfect life in the beautiful and secure town of Seahaven. He has a beautiful wife, good friends and family and is a successful man. But what he doesn’t know is that this world he lives in is a set-up. The life he thinks is usual is actually a studio - a big dome with hidden cameras in every corner. He was presented to this “unreal” world, when he was a child, and was born into this TV-shown. That is of course the world he thinks, is the real world. Why should he believe anything else? Truman grew up in that world, without knowing that every step he took was being viewed by the whole world. All his friends and family plays a role in the most viewed TV-show in the whole world, The Truman Show. Truman accepts his existence in Seahaven. He doesn’t think that anything is odd, because he hasn’t experienced anything else. Truman does not question his wife’s or friend’s unusual behavior, because it is not unusual for him. He doesn't wonder why everything happens at the same time every day, there hasn’t happened anything else. Each person’s reality is their perspective. He accepts the world, he lives in. Christof, the producer and creator of the show, has followed Truman since the beginning. He almost feels like a father to him, but that is......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4


...response paper I will talk about the movie “Truman Show”. And some opinions and results which I got from it and the movies connection with popular culture First of all, I’ll start from the content of the movie. The main character is someone “who has been adopted by a company for the first time”, called Truman Burbank (Jim Carrey), who lives in a giant jar which can be seen from the space (the only building can be seen from space after the The Great Wall) unaware of the World. Truman , who thinks that his little world is “real”, eventually starts to figure out that everything happens around him just about a repetition and everything around him is just about a fiction. However , escaping from his fictional world is not easy as he estimates. Soon, Truman gets forced to face his fears, to go an “unknown” from the world that he is safe inside in order to escape from his “fake world”. In the last scene, director of the Truman Show (Ed Harris) tries to trick Truman (and “of course” the audience).Directors says “ there is nothing better at the “outside”, even inside is better and safe.”. But Truman doesn’t prefer the prison that he is in and escape from it. When I came to my conclusions about the movie is trying to send a message to the audience. For example, in the Truman afraid from sea because he lost her father at sea. Symbolic meanings in any language of the sea means freedom. Truman is afraid of the sea because it is not free. Truman does not exceed the sea following the......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Truman Report

...The Truman Doctrine arose from a speech delivered by President Truman before a joint session of Congress on March 12, 1947. The Truman Doctrine is “the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. The immediate cause for the speech was a recent announcement by the British Government that, as of March 31, it would no longer provide military and economic assistance to the Greek Government in its civil war against the Greek Communist Party. Truman asked Congress to support the Greek Government against the Communists. He also asked Congress to provide assistance for Turkey, since that nation had previously been dependent on British aid. The reason President Truman made this request was due to the United States belief that the Soviet Union had joined forces with the Greek Communist in their war efforts. (Randolph) President Truman was concerned that the Communists would prevail and further have an opportunity to influence Greek policies. As a result of the declining relationship, President Truman seized the opportunity to revive America’s foreign policy. During the joint session of Congress President Truman requested Congress provide $400,000,000 worth of aid to both the Greek and Turkish Governments and support the dispatch of American civilian and military personnel and equipment to the region. During his speech he gave two solid reasons for his request; first argument...

Words: 1174 - Pages: 5

Truman Doctrine

...The Truman Doctrine [Student’s Name] [Name of Institution] [Date] The Truman Doctrine Introduction The fall of the Soviet empire has presented various political and economic opportunities and threats to the world, for these reasons it’s considered one of the major events taking place since the Second World War. The Soviet fall besides various internal factors has been facilitated by US and Western counter parts to attempt to contain further Communism. The Truman doctrine was a US strategy to halt expansion of Soviet Union in the course of the Cold War. In this doctrine the then US President Harry S. Truman vowed to contain the spread of communism in the world particularly in Europe. This doctrine encouraged the US to back every country with both economic and military assistance if the Soviet Union or communism threats its stability. The aim of this paper is to review The Truman Doctrine was one of the significant historical approaches deployed between 1945 and 2008 that has had both negative and positive outcomes for the world. Historical Background In order to analyze the Truman doctrine and its different elements, it is necessary to consider the complex historical context in which it originated, and one that explains how a president such as Harry Truman, laid the foundations seated on the principles of the emerging American political realism after the Second World War (Bostdorff, 2008). The creation of international organizations like the UN itself and its......

Words: 2775 - Pages: 12

Truman Show

...A very thought provoking movie, the Truman show is not only funny but emotionally draining. It gives us a clear picture how the world, blindly revolve around reality television shows. It’s a moral story with visuals that illustrates the extent to which people can go to in order to meet demands for mere entertainment. The movie is smartly directed with unique styles and the script is well acted by Jim Carrey, who plays Truman Burbank, and the rest of the cast. This movie with unknown elements in the exposition will make you paranoid, as you feel great empathy towards Truman throughout the entire movie and curious as to what will happen to him next. The movie lead us into the ups and downs of Truman’s life. Moreover, the Music of the 90’s that was used did justice in representing the feelings of Truman at certain specific moments. It is a heart touching movie and each one of us has something we can relate to. There’s always a time in life where you feel people, or someone, is making use of you. Especially if it’s someone who you love, it hurts. You feel betrayed. That’s exactly how Truman felt. He was heartbroken, so much to the extent that he even threatened to kill his ‘so-called’ wife. However he choose to deal this issue very smartly, determined to find the truth he fooled the cameras and escaped to the ‘made-up’ seas! In the end we see no element of revenge coming from him. Perhaps, we can also relate to Truman as we live in a time of routines. We often will our lives...

Words: 460 - Pages: 2


...The Truman Doctrine * Britain could no longer afford its traditional international rule. Greece and Turkey were both facing communist pressures, so G.B. asked the U.S. to fill in. * As the leader of the “free world,” the U.S. must now shoulder the responsibility of supporting “freedom-loving peoples” wherever communism threatened them. * “The Truman Doctrine is the U.S. policy of CONTAINMENT.” * Because of the Truman Doctrine we might find ourselves in an array of fights. The Marshall Plan * Marshall pledged the U.S. to contribute billions of dollars to finance the economic recovery of Europe. * A policy not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, and chaos – a New Deal for Europe. * The Soviet Union refused to participate – solidifying division. * Indirect way of spreading capitalism. NATO * In that same year, the U.S. Canada, and ten western European nations est. the North Atlantic Treaty Organization pledging mutual defense against Soviet attack. * Western Alliance of Nations * Future Defense Alliance * The Soviets responded with the Warsaw Pact – a formal eastern European alliance. Chairman Mao * Communist led by Mao Zedong emerged victorious in the Chinese civil war. * Blocked from the U.N. The Korean War * Occupied by Japan during WWII, Korea had been divided in 1945. * In June 1950, the North Korean army invaded South Korea, hoping to reunify the country under......

Words: 1448 - Pages: 6

Truman Doctrine

...cartoon from 1947 Truman Doctrine The Truman Doctrine was created in response to the Communist/Soviet takeover of many countries in Eastern Europe. The British government had been fending off Soviet interference in Greece, but in February, 1947, they announced they could no longer afford to keep their soldiers there. President Truman realized if the Soviets were not contained, they would continue to take over yet another country. On March 12, 1947, President Truman spoke to Congress regarding this crisis. This speech has become known as the Truman Doctrine. President Truman told Congress that the nations of the world were faced with a choice: A choice of good or evil, capitalism or communism, dictatorship or democracy, and freedom or oppression. President Truman believed the United States was obligated to get involved to protect freedom and democracy. One of the best known lines from his speech demonstrates what Truman wanted the Doctrine to become: “…the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures” In his speech, the President attempted to convince Congress of the necessity to confront the Soviets. He demonstrated this with the analogy of the domino theory. He said that if America let one country fall to Communism, more countries would follow like a line of dominos. Although some Republicans were concerned that the Truman Doctrine......

Words: 475 - Pages: 2

Truman Doctrine

...The Truman Doctrine was launched in 1947 by the US. It was the US’ attempt to tighten control on Europe, as the soviets had continued to expand and impose their communist ways on countries in Eastern Europe, including Bulgaria, Poland and Czechoslovakia. This doctrine promised to support any country who was anti-communist. In the same way, the Marshall Plan was launched in 1947 offering financial aid to any country who needed it. Theoretically, this did not exclude Eastern Europe but it was assumed that it didn’t apply to them as they were not capitalist. These two events did contribute to the development of the cold war as it was one of the first times that the west had directly taken action against the East and their ideology and actions. In addition to this, in 1947 the soviets responded by starting Comintern which was a unity of all communist governments – allowing the Soviet Union to gain more control over their sphere of influence. This was soon followed in 1949 by Comecon, which rivalled the Marshall plan in that it too offered economic help to the eastern European countries who were now suffering from poverty after the war – although this was much less effective than the Marshall Plan. Therefore, these events did play a significant role in the development of the Cold War as it made the two nations rival each other for power, ideology and economies. Source G primarily supports this idea that the events contributed to the development of the Cold War. It directly......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

President Truman done. Congress and the Supreme Court can either challenge or help the Executive branch with every decision that comes through the White House on a daily basis. The relationship with congress during a president’s time in office is crucial to his success. Not much can get done with an entire branch of the government opposing you. If congress helps and then the Supreme Court rules that your legislation is legal than great things can come form a president’s time in office. A large portion of President Obama’s time as a leader of the nation has been spent opposing views of the republican controlled congress. Harry Truman had much of that same difficulty during his tenure. It is hard to look at the past and see the truth but after Truman’s Honey Moon phase of his relationship with congress he had difficulties dealing with the republicans there just like Obama. Truman was quoted as saying “Republicans in Washington have a habit of becoming curiously deaf to the voice of the people” in referring to Republican leaders in Washington (McCullough, p. 661). Obama would most likely agree to this. After a take over of the majority in 2011 Obama has not had significant legislation pass through congress like he did during the first part of his presidency. The Affordable Health Care Act would not have passed if it was being voted on past 2011. “The president had already given up on major legislative action this year (2016), other than an immigration overhaul, and now even that looks......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

The Truman Show

...The Truman Show There are many different films and genres, but there is one film that both provides a different outlook and is entertaining at the same time. The Truman Show is a movie that is about a man named Truman Burbank whose entire life was televised and set up since birth without his knowledge, which eventually realizes due to a series of events. This TV show was created by a man named Christof, who is in charge of Truman’s life, the actors around him and the enclosed city he built for Truman, called Seahaven. The Truman Show is a good film because of the psychological effect by the idea of the film, the difference between the real world and a perfect world, and the many religious connotations with it and allusions to God. One way this movie psychologically affects our perspective and helps us become a bit more aware because the movie shows Truman Burbank as a normal, regular person whose life was completely setup by a director. Similarly, humans were placed on this earth so perfectly, that everything feels normal with no sign of suspicion that could alter the vision of life. This movie also brings a sense of paranoia, by feeling watched at all times and to confuse the people in one’s life as actors, just like in the movie. Of course, those are just the temporary effects of watching such a movie, as with any other movie that alters the thought process. It seems as if the creator of the show, Christof, really wanted to prove that the world he created is safe and......

Words: 1059 - Pages: 5