Trait Choice Theory

In: Other Topics

Submitted By amandalil13
Words 635
Pages 3
Criminology, being the scientific study of crime, has persistently been examining the reason why criminals do what they do, and why they are the way they are. The two main differences between criminals is whether or not they choose to do these crimes, or if it is simply in their personality. These dissimilarities are called Choice theory and Trait theory. Choice, being that a criminal chooses to commit a crime, knowing the possible consequences. Trait, being that a criminal has personality traits that influences them to commit a crime. These differences are shown throughout the TV show Dexter. In this show, the main character is an ongoing killer who murders other serial killers. The beginning of the first season shows Dexter’s personality and how he cannot help himself with his murders. It shows how he murders these serial killers to try to fill a void inside of him. He does these things in attempts to make himself feel better. There are big differences between the two theories, but Dexter definitely shows a little of each theory in himself. In an episode, Dexter said, “I fake all human interactions, and I fake them very well.” By him saying this, we are to understand that all relationships in his life are empty- they mean nothing to him. He fakes relationships with his girlfriend, with strangers and acquaintances, and especially coworkers. His relationship with his girlfriend is a way to make himself not stand out so much in society. This is a pretty obvious example of the trait theory. Dexter shows that he is not able to feel any of his feelings; he says even if he tries, he could not. He knows he is not normal, and he hasn’t been normal his whole life. This personality is common amongst most serial killers, and it shows how there isn’t much choice in the traits of their character.

“Empty inside, like me.” This is another quote that Dexter has in the…...

Similar Documents

Choice Theory

...The term Choice Theory is based on that human behavior is represented by the individual’s attempt to satisfy his or her needs. There are studies that are being done today on choice theories and yet there is no understanding of why criminals chose to commit a crime. There are many types of crime models like murder, larceny, robbery, burglary, vehicle theft, and fraud. Crimes are classified by the seriousness of the offenses less serious crimes that society today believes to minor are like sneaking into the movies, littering, jaywalking, and speeding. Everyone has the right to make a choice but many criminals seem to make the wrong choice over and over. There is research being done today to try and figure out why criminals continue to commit crimes. Daniel Birks uses simulation to test criminological theory. In Daniels studies he states that a series of simulated experiments examining the impact of these mechanisms on patterns of offending are performed. The outputs of these simulations then are compared with several well-established findings derived from empirical studies of residential burglary, including the spatial concentration of crime. The results of Daniel Birks research demonstrated that the propositions of the routine activity approach, rational choice perspective, and crime pattern theory provide a viable generative explanation for several independent characteristics of a crime. Some criminals also feel that they have to commit a crime to in order to make them......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Leadership Approach Trait Theory

...Leadership Approach: Trait Theory There are many approaches to leadership within an organization. “Early leadership theories focused on what qualities distinguished leaders and followers, while subsequent theories looked at other variables such as situational factors and skill levels“(Cherry, 2013). This paper chooses to evaluate the trait approach to studying leadership. Through the course of this paper, the implications, strengths, and weaknesses of the theory will be explored. Implications of the Trait Theory As previously noted, the trait theory assumes “that people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them better suited to leadership” (Cherry, 2013). The trait theory can be applied in multiple leadership positions within multiple types of organizations. Taking the information retained from this theory and its research, managers not only assess the current personnel within leadership positions but also can assess what traits can are currently successful in alternate leadership positions. The trait theory is not dependent on any particular type or organization or sect of leadership. “Scholars taking the trait approach attempted to identify physiological (appearance, height, and weight), demographic (age, education and socioeconomic background), personality (self confidence and aggressiveness), intellective (intelligence, decisiveness, judgment, and knowledge), task related (achievement drive,......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

The Choice Theory

...The Choice Theory By Adrienne Clarey CIS170 Professor Nick George The Theory that I selected was the Choice Theory according to the choice theory the individual commits the crime because he or she make a rational choice to do so by weighing the risks and benefits of committing the act. If the risk (e.g.,) (apprehension and punishment) out weight the benefits, then the person will not commit the act, and vice versa. But in a more perfect world that might be true. I think that the criminal mind does not have a rational thought process, because even if the crime has a negative outcome the criminal will still commit the crime. I think that it is more of a personal satisfaction more than anything else. The theory is related to earlier drift theory (Matza: 1964) where people use the techniques of neutralization to drift in and out of delinquent behavior, and the Systematic Crime Theory (an aspect of Social Disorganization Theory developed by the Chicago School), where Edwin Sutherland proposed that the failure of families and extended kin groups expands the realm of relationships no longer controlled by the community, and undermines governmental controls. This leads to persistent "systematic" crime and delinquency. He also believed that such disorganization causes and reinforces the cultural traditions and cultural conflicts that support antisocial activity. The systematic quality of the behavior was a reference to repetitive, patterned or organized offending......

Words: 592 - Pages: 3

Choices Theories

...Choice Theories Roslyn Wooten CJA/490 September 9, 2013 Ray Cueller Choice Theories “Criminology is the study of why individuals commit crimes and why they behave in certain situations. If people can understand and learn why a person commits a crime, there can be ways to develop control in crime or rehabilitate the criminal. In criminology there are many theories. Some relate crime to the individual; they believe that an individual weighs the pros and cons and makes a conscious decision or choice if to commit a crime or not. It is believed that a community should support the responsibility of ensuring their citizens do not commit any crimes by offering them a safe and secure place in which to live. It is also believed that some individuals have latent traits that will determine how they will react when put in certain negative situations. In studying these theories and applying them to individuals, it is hoped that psychologists can deter criminals from repeating crimes and help them in their rehabilitation”. * “Choice Theory: The belief that individuals choose to commit a crime, looking at the opportunities before them, weighing the benefit versus the punishment, and deciding whether to proceed or not”. * “Classical Theory: Similar to the choice theory, this theory ascertains that people think before they proceed with criminal actions; that when one commits a crime, it is because the individual decided that it was advantageous to commit the crime”. ...

Words: 989 - Pages: 4

Ethical Theories and Behavioral Traits

...Vestal Ethical Theories and Behavioral Traits Ethics 316 LARRY FRAZIER Eight July, 2013 What is your theory regarding the ethical beliefs and morals of the people in your everyday life? There is no right or wrong answer to this question because who is to say that one ethical theory or moral behavior is better than another individuals ethical theory or moral behavior? This paper will address the three main ethical theories, Virtue theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological and define them by providing examples of their similarities, and differences. Last this paper will identify how each theory addresses both ethics and morality and the Pros and Cons for each. According to New Yourks Saint Martins Press, 1998, each theory emphasizes different aspects of an ethical dilemma that lead to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself. The first Theory is the Virtue Theory and it is best defined as someone who’s character is pure and good and they naturally strive to do good by all people and they value other peoples well being as much as they value their own. This is a learned trait, but can be achieved by everyone if taught to put good out in the world, not for self gratification but instead because it’s morally right to do so. Unlike the deontological theory, the Virtue theory performs good deeds naturally and without regard to it being their duty to do so. But the negative aspect to this type of theory is that the......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Leadership Usuing Trait Theory

...judgment. This is one of the skills he lacked which eventually lost him his job. Finally, is leadership again coach K has these skills have can successfully problem solve and has an impressive record. Coach Knight has performance but not effective problem solving. Coach Knight is lacking many social and problem solving skills even though they both have winning records he needed to improve his way of displaying his emotions at all cost. References "Coach Knight: The Will to Win" by Snook, Perlow, and DeLacey, from Harvard Business School Case (2005). "Coach K: A Matter of the Heart." by Snook, Perlow, and DeLacey, from Harvard Business School Case (2005) . Northouse. P. G. (2013). Leadership theory and practice (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage....

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Blog on Trait Theory

...Blog on Trait Theory PSY/450 August 11th, 2014 Dr. Peprah Blog on Trait Theory One of the major personality theories that every human carries is the trait theory. This trait theory has five other traits that are “known as the Big Five.” (allpsych.com) They are: 1) Openness to experience, 2) Conscientiousness, 3) Extroversion/Introversion, 4) Agreeableness, and 5) Neuroticism. This also makes an acronym of the word OCEAN and they are considered the basic traits that underlie the trait personality. Each on has its own definition of what it means and how it shows through someone’s personality. Openness to experience means to be outgoing, interested in whatever is new around them, having an open imagination, and liberal. Conscientiousness means to be organized, weak willed, determined to be careless, and even careful as well. Extroversion speaks of a person who would rather be with groups of people such as around many of their friends rather than staying home alone and hanging out. They are the type that would much rather go out and have a good time with friends and family. Agreeableness shows the extreme suborn against the very easy going type of person. These types of people are very sympathetic, helpful and even more understanding than others. Last but not least is neuroticism. When someone is neurotic, they will show their instability in their emotions, relationships and even interaction amongst others. When someone is not that neurotic, they will show......

Words: 835 - Pages: 4

Analyzing Humanistic Trait Theories

...ANALYZING HUMANISTIC THEORIES KELLY KOVACS WALDEN UNIVERSITY Introduction Many individuals would agree that the theory behind our personalities mainly derive from biological factors. However, there are certain theorists that disagree with this, and view human instinct is the main contribution to the way we develop within society. Is there really any truth to this theory or is it just based off of an individual’s perception? There are several unanswered questions surrounding these analogies but they all have one thing in common, human development. Every theory ever documented has in some way implied that we evolve from childhood into adulthood, by conquering different milestones in life. Whether these steps involve sexual stages, conflicting situations or discovering self-worth, they all tie back to how our interactions or decisions allow us to move forward in life. Analyzing Humanistic Theories Some theorists believed that one does not develop their personality just through genetics in general, but also by discovering their true self through a series of emotional and physical accomplishments. These achievements were then grouped together to form what was referred to as our humanistic traits. There were two specific theorists, Rogers and Maslow, which during this time took their theories to a whole new level, thus combining both our psychological and physical needs with human instinct (Boeree, C. G., 2006). They disagreed with the theories of others such as Freud......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Trait Theory of Leadership

...Trait Theory of Leadership 6/29/14 Leadership Theory and Effective Management Personality in simple words means distinctive personal qualities which help one to establish one's identity. Personality traits of a human specifically leaders develops in a very natural process, which certainly can be improved further by proper guidance of parents, teachers and influential members of the community. To some extent, a child may inherit its leadership traits from its parents. Coming to the specific question how to develop a leader’s personality, it is imperative to know about the main factors that constitute the core traits of a leader. Broadly speaking these are the core traits of a leader which should be visible to their peers, Achievement drive, Honesty and integrity, Self-confidence, Cognitive ability, Knowledge of business, Emotional Maturity, Creativity. How leadership traits will develop, to a great extent, depends upon the way he or she is allowed to socialize, interact with others during their childhood, the parent's behavior with him/her, how the child is treated by his near and dear ones, the cultural environment in which he/she t is brought up, the amount of care and love it gets from its parents, the contribution made by the school, and the facilities provided to leaders in their development stages for their physical growth and mental development. Does personality change? If I get married will I assume some of the personality traits of my spouse? Will my children...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Psychoanalytic and Trait Theories

...Psychoanalytic and Trait Theories Shavon R. Gray University of Phoenix Author Note Week 2 Individual Assignment Abstract I will write a 1,050 to 1,400 word paper analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. My paper will cover a comparison and contrasting the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, ad Adler. I will attempt to explain two characteristics of these theories in which I agree and disagree with. I will describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. I will also use at least three Freudian defense mechanism with real-life examples. Psychoanalytic and Trait Theories Sigmund Freud, was an Austrian physician, he was responsible for the development of the psychoanalytic theory in the early 1900s. “According to Freud’s theory, conscious experience is only a small part of our psychological makeup and experience. He argued that much of our behavior is motivated by the unconscious, a part of the personality that contains the memories, knowledge, beliefs, feelings, urges, drives, and instincts of which the individual is not aware.” (Feldman, 2011). His theory is compared to the unseen floating Mass of a floating iceberg; where the unconscious contents far surpass in quantity the information that is in our conscious awareness. Freud maintained his stand by stating that when it comes to understanding personality, one must expose the unconscious. Due to the fact that the......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

Trait Theory and Aggression

...Trait Theory and Aggression Abstract This paper reviews how trait theories account for anger and aggression and it provides an opinion on whether or not the anger management programs provided at San Quentin prison can be effective in changing offender's behaviors. Keywords: Trait Theory. Trait theory states that our personality traits, and our genetics can predispose us to crime. The theory states that some individuals are born criminal and can be identified by primitive physical traits. There are several theories that were developed early on. In this paper we will briefly discuss early studies in the field of criminal anthropology led by Cesare Lambroso. The content of this paper will then focus on psychological trait theories, and biosocial trait theories of crime. Lastly, this paper will provide my opinion on the video that was presented to us in this week's assignment, "Inside San Quentin – Anger Management Behind Bars", and the effectiveness of anger management programs provided to inmates in an attempt to control their anger and aggression. There are several studies that were conducted by many renowned scientists in the field of personality traits and how they account for anger, aggression, and criminality. The earliest research into criminality and psychological, as well as physical traits was conducted by Cesare Lambroso. Born in 18th century, Lambroso was an Italian university professor and a criminologist. His......

Words: 1339 - Pages: 6

Criminal Acts and Choice Theories

...Checkpoint: Criminal Acts and Choice Theories Response CJS/200 June 7, 2013   To understand choice theories, and how they relate to crime, one must first understand from what perspective the theories originate. The Classical School approach to criminology, prevalent in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, states that “…free will and reasonable punishments…” emphasize crime causation; and that, “…punishment, if it is to be an effective deterrent, has to outweigh the potential pleasure derived from criminal behavior” (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 81). One contemporary theory rooted in the Classical School approach, is the neoclassical criminology perspective, which places emphasis on rationality and cognition (Schmalleger, 2011). Central to this perspective is the rational choice theory, which states that offenders choose to commit crimes when they believe the benefit outweighs the cost or punishment. Take, for example, a person in financial despair unable to buy food. That person may rationalize that satisfying their needs by stealing outweighs the cost of the punishment. The choice theories affect society by enforcing laws and punishments to attempt to deter criminal acts, and simultaneously to discourage others in society from attempting them. There are two common models for society to determine what acts are considered criminal. The crime-control model, also referred to as Packer’s crime-control model, emphasizes the, “…efficient arrest and conviction of criminal...

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

Leadership Traits & Theories

...Leadership is defined as the process through which a group or individual influences others to obtain certain objectives and goals which results to improve in the direction of an organization. It can also be defined as the ability to inspire and motivate others to take a new direction that will improve the efficiency and coherency of the group. Leaders are able to do this by applying their leadership skills and knowledge. Though leadership is learned the knowledge and skills that are processed by the leader are often influenced by their traits and attributes such as character, ethics, values and beliefs. Leadership is more strategic in nature. Management is a process of exercising supervisory, administrative and executive direction of an organization in order to improve organizational performance. An act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Managers direct are preoccupied with the right way to do things by following policy and procedure and get results from subordinates through authority. There is an ongoing argument in the field of leadership regarding whether or not leaders and managers are two completely different parts of an organization. A person can be a great manager, a great leader or both, but both these two areas often require a mastery of certain competencies and skills. While management produces consistency and order, a leader produces change and movement. A leader innovates......

Words: 1376 - Pages: 6

Criminal Acts and Choice Theories

...Write a 200- to 300-word response in which you describe choice theories and how they relate to crime. Describe the common models for society to determine which acts are considered criminal. Explain how choice theories of crime affect society. Colorado and Washington State to add marijuana use to 2012 ballot. Health Inspector, Set of 8 Goals. The police represent the largest and most visible segment of the criminal justice system. As organized agents of law enforcement and peacekeeping, police officers are charged with the prevention and detection of crime, the apprehension of criminal offenders, the defense of constitutional guarantees, the resolution of community conflicts, the protection of society, and the promotion and preservation of civil order. They have often been referred to as a “thin blue line” between order and anarchy in modern society. Police brutality exerts a heavy toll on society, as each year officers and citizens alike are injured or killed during violent confrontations. Such incidents can invite expensive lawsuits against agencies and generate feelings of mistrust among the public, often costing law enforcement the cooperation of those they are under oath to protect and serve. Although the Supreme Court and the Kerner Commission brought police violence to public attention during the 1960s, the subject had long been the focus of rigorous study. As western America became more populated and more lawless, the sheriff evolved into an active agent of...

Words: 350 - Pages: 2

Criminal Acts and Choice Theory

...Criminal Acts and Choices Tamara Manning CJA/204 June 16, 2012 Criminal Acts and Choices “Choice theories state that the decision to commit (or refrain from) crime is an exercise of free will based on the offender’s efforts to maximize pleasure and minimize pain.” Choice theories are perspectives on crime causation that states that criminality is the aftermath of conscious choices made by people. There are four basic theories that are considered: Psychological positivism, biological, positivism, rational choice, and sociological positivism. These theories rely on logic to explain why people commit crimes and whether a criminal act is the result of a rational decision, internal predisposition or external aspects. A multitude of factors are considered to play roles in criminal activity. Social, political, and economic inequities, for instance, may create conflict within society. Human development, an absence of “normal” opportunities, failed self-direction, and inadequate social roles, association with defective individuals, or social organization and disorganization may also pave the road to criminal activity. Some theorists say that criminal behavior derives from psychobiological factors such as human DNA or hormones; others say inappropriate behavioral conditioning or a diseased mind contributes to criminal activity. Regardless of the reasons behind crime, this is a very real...

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5