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Biology 155 Fall 2013
Demography Exercise Instructions

Go to http://www.biologylabsonline.com, click Demography Lab and logon.
Part 1: Demographic Differences Among Nations
Countries differ with respect to population numbers, age structure, and fertility and mortality rates. These differences are caused by many factors, such as geographic size and location, level of economic development, government policies, and religious practices. The following exercises are designed to help you understand the influence of some of these factors on the size and growth of human populations. 1. Click the Population Structure button on the left side of the Demography Lab window. Using the Country popup menu, examine the estimated 1998 population structure of each nation.
Question 1. How would you describe the population structures of India and Sweden?

a. India has a young population; Sweden is evenly distributed. b. India is evenly distributed; Sweden has a young population. c. India has a young population; Sweden has an old population. d. Both India and Sweden have young populations.

Question 2. Consider what you know about each of these countries. What do you think is the biggest factor distinguishing these two nations?

a. Public health practices b. Medical care c. Education level of the overall population d. All of the above e. None of the above 2. Click the Fertility Rate view on the left side of the Demography Lab screen. Using the Country popup menu, examine the estimated 1998 fertility rates of each nation. (Try changing the scale to magnify these differences by clicking the Scale arrows on the lower right side of the chart).

Question 3. Do you see any trends in the fertility rates? What are they? a. Females in less…...

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