The Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports

In: Science

Submitted By tdoubles
Words 1358
Pages 6
The Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs In Sports

Axia College of University of Phoenix

The use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in sports

The use of Performance Enhancing Drugs or PED’s in sports today has become an ongoing battle. From the media to athletes, to the doctor who prescribe the drugs to now involving the Federal Government, the issue of whether or not it is cheating has played a major roll in today’s sports. Baseball players, Football players, Swimmers, Track and Field runners, Olympians, Professional Weight Lifters, Cyclists, and the list goes on and on have all been in some way or another connected to steroids. Once thought to be a problem strictly associated with body builders, fitness "buffs," and professional athletes, the abuse of steroids is prevalent in today’s society. Athletes of all ages are starting to turn toward the use of these drugs in hopes to improve their performance and give athletes that edge to win as well as improving their appearance. This is not only wrong but it is cheating, and these drugs can cause serious health problems in athletes later on down the line. Performance Enhancing drugs have been around for hundreds of years. Anabolic-androgenic steroids or AAS were 1st discovered in the early 1930s as a therapeutic drug to treat growth hormone replacement in deficient children, menopausal symptoms, impotence, and the retardation of the effects of aging by stimulating the rate of synthesis of protein molecules (The use of performance enhancing drugs in sports p.1) and are now used widely in medicine to stimulate bone growth, pueberty, appetite, and muscle growth. Anabolic steroids are synthetically produced variants of the naturally occurring male hormone testosterone. They pass from the blood stream into the individual cells where it binds to a receptor and activate certain genes that cause the production of a…...

Similar Documents

Outline for Performance Enhancing Drugs Benefit to Sports

...OUTLINE RESEARCH PAPER Can Performance Enhancing Drugs (PED) actually be positive and beneficial for Major League Baseball? “As the likes of Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, Roger Clemens and Alex Rodriguez saw their usage exposed, the sport fought back with tougher drug testing and after the 2005 season produced a program punitive enough to minimize the game's doping culture.” (Braun's test result gives MLB major jolt; With MVP under cloud, steroid era is revisited Bob Nightengale, USA TODAY), "Probably the biggest sentence to which he was subjected is the impact on whether he'll be a lock for the Hall of Fame and the stigma that is now attached to his name and his records."(Barry Bonds is sentenced in enduring BALCO saga; No end in sight to BALCO's reach by: Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY). Quotes like these could have been seen all over newspapers and magazines all throughout the past decade. Yes, these athletes did use Performance Enhancing Drugs (PED), but a debate has raged on about just how right are we to scrutinize them for those actions and just how inappropriate their actions were? With baseball professionals on both sides arguing how much of an impact they really had on the game. More so, I'd like to ask the question of whether what they had done was actually in a way good for baseball, and whether Performance Enhancing Drugs should even be banned from baseball? Which, I believe they shouldn’t be for numerous reasons. In order to understand just how...

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8

Illegal Drug Use in Sports

...Illegal Drug Use in Sports Drug testing in professional sports should be at random times and professional sports leagues should have stricter policies on drug testing. Performance enhancing drugs give professional athletes unfair advantages that are unfair to the athletes who do not use performance enhancing drugs. When athletes use performance enhancing drugs it affects their health and if they are caught when drug tested the athlete can face severe punishments. Consequently, if an athlete is caught using performance enhancing drugs it sends a negative message to young people that often look up to professional athletes. If drug testing was not required in professional sports, some athletes would gain an unfair advantage. Performance enhancing drugs have been used from all the way back to the Greek Olympics through present day. The first drug tests began in February 1968 at the Winter Olympic Games in Grenoble, France. "The IOC instituted its first compulsory doping controls at the Winter Olympic Games in Grenoble, France in 1968 and again at the Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City in the same year. At that time the list of banned substances issued in 1967 included narcotic analgesics and stimulants, which comprised sympathomimetic amines, psychomotor stimulants and miscellaneous central nervous system stimulants [including alcohol]. Although it was suspected that androgenic anabolic steroids were being used at this time, testing methods were insufficiently developed to...

Words: 992 - Pages: 4

Should the Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport Be Legalized?

...the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport be legalized? By: Evan ENG2D1-02 Performance-enhancing drugs (PED‘s) have become a major issue in today’s sports world. Some people may think that PED’s in sport should be legalized because of the fact that they improve the level of sport and that the harm is worth the fame and glory. The negative factors of legalizing PED’s in sport outweigh the positive factors. Performance-enhancing drugs should not be legalized in sport because they take away from the true origin of sport, taking them can lead to life-threatening health issues, and the athletes who are taking them are setting a bad example for the youth who are the future of sport. Sports were originally designed to test ones ability and talent in a certain area. With the introduction of performance-enhancing drugs in 1936, the true origin of sport has been taken over by men and women who insist on being bigger and stronger than their competitors. Athlete’s who use PED’s are making it unfair to the athletes who work hard, train and push themselves to be the best. With the increasing number of athletes who are taking these drugs, it will start to put pressure on the athletes who are not, making them want to take them. Not to mention taking performance-enhancing drugs is cheating. It is an alternative to working hard and training. The athletes that are abusing PED’s are not playing sports for the competitiveness, health benefits or for the fun of sport,......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

To Use, or Not to Use Performance Enhancing Drugs

...Carmichael, the coach. The decisions are: To always overlook the use of PED or to never always overlook the use of PED. These two choices both have undesirable outcomes. To always overlook the use of PED: This option is undesirable because it the discovery of PED usage will lead to termination from the sport, resulting in failed coaching business. Never overlook the use of PED: This option us undesirable because it will mean that coaching business will not develop. Utilitarianism: The stakeholders that have been identified are: Sponsors, administrators, athletes, The UCI, competitors, media, competitors. All reasonably foreseeable consequences have been identified in relation to each party. Both negative and positive consequences are constructed for the couch discouraging the illicit drug usage. To respect the contractual agreement: Positive • Sponsors will continue funding sporting events • Drugs cause harm or injury to athletes; the health and well-being of the athletes will not be compromised • When an athlete uses drugs, it is unfair to fellow competitors; not upholding commutative justice • The use of drugs in sports affects society’s view of sport in society and society’s trust in athletes • The completive sport will remain between athletes natural abilities and not scientific intervention To respect the contractual agreement: Negative • Loss of sponsorship for not winning • Performance enhancing drug using athletes will seek out another......

Words: 1806 - Pages: 8

Peformance Enhancing Drugs Ethics

...Definitions A drug is considered to be any chemical substance which when taken into the body, alters the body's function either physically and/or psychologically. Drugs may be legal (alcohol, caffeine and tobacco) or illegal (ecstasy, cocaine and heroin) (Hemphill, 2009). One such class of drug is known as performance-enchancing drugs. Hemphill defines a performance enhancer as any drug or treatment that improves an athletes level of achievement through physical and/or mental means (2009, p.315). Though others see a performance-enhancer as more then just a drug or treatment, but as ways of training/ recovery technologies and innovations which improve performance (Savulescu et. al, 2004). Innovations is quite a broad term, but in terms of competitive sports it is referred to as the development of new or altered training and recovery techniques which are introduced into competitive sports to gain any athletic advantage possible, this being mainly of new technological advances (Loland, 2009). Affirmative Performance-enhacning drugs are ethically different from innovations and technologies in sport as performance enhancing drugs can potentially damage the health of those taking them, while anyone using them is gaining an unfair advantage and how the morals and the spirit of sport is affected by the use perfromance-enhancing drugs as compared to innovations in sports. The health of athletes in sport has always been a number one priority by sporting governments, while drugs......

Words: 667 - Pages: 3

The Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs

...July 2014 The Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs Ryan Braun, a former Major League Baseball player was suspended for the rest of the baseball season for the use of performance enhancing drugs. Ryan Braun share with CNN News that “I am not perfect. I realize now that I have made some mistakes. And willing to accept the consequence of those actions.” The MLB’s commissioner points out that Braun had various unspecified breaches of the baseball’s drug program and violations labor of contract. For that reason, Ryan Braun will miss the total of 65 games without pay, the suspension will cause him to lose three million dollars out of his eight million salary. As an MLB spokesman shares with CNN that Braun is welcome to return after his suspension, as long as he’s making positive decisions that benefit Major League Baseball, whether it’s on field or off the field. Many professional athletes use PEDs to bulk up, build more muscles, and endurance; however, using PEDs nonstop can result in side effects like strokes, heart attacks, and death when used incorrectly. For the last couple of years, professional athletes from different sports have been caught for the use of PEDs or any other type of steroids, the players, usually a well-known person like Lance Armstrong and Alex Rodriguez. Although, the aid of performance enhancing drugs may provide entertainment to sports they also betray the values of sportsmanship; as well as give an unfair advantage over those who choose not to use......

Words: 2370 - Pages: 10

Sports and Drugs

...Involvement with drugs and athletes is a big step towards future activities. It can cause hazardous predicaments by taking illegal drugs, not following the laws that’s required for an athlete to compete. The drugs that are used by athletes are to be used for considerable reasoning. Instead, it gets used for the wrong reasons. Cheating your way towards a great success, will soon catch up and turn out into a tragedy due to eagerness. Athletes must find a way to abstain from this type of virus. Any and everyone can do this, but it takes time to do so with the certain capabilities that will help. It might appear that drugs are being abused by athletes, but as to them, it is taken as a concise product. By athletes enhancing drugs, risks are being taken. In results, athletes rely on drugs by keep them in the best shape of their lives as well as performing at their best level Testing Drugs on Athletes "Drugs have changed the way athletes perform. It has spread throughout the world in many different ways and is an effect towards the young, as well as the elderly" (Adler, 2009, p.44). Athletes are first tested by giving a urine sample. Athletes must first go through this progress in order for them to proceed. A drug test is an ANALYSIS of specifics through hair, blood, urine, sweat, or saliva. It’s to determine whether or not a person is on drugs. Drug testing is assembled all throughout the world. Discovering drugs on athletes can be critical at times. Any athlete......

Words: 2519 - Pages: 11

Drug Use in Sports

...also future generations. In sports, one must have discipline, a strong work ethic and the  unceasing desire to succeed. These are the values and morals that famous athletes bestow  on children and young adults that give them the opportunity to become exemplary role  models. But all of this can be completely erased if that athlete so much as humors the  assistance from performance enhancing drugs. Steroids cause some of the most elite athletes  on the planet to become shunned by the organization for whom they played and the fans that  they disappointed. 4 in 10 teenage steroid users credit their knowledge of and use of the  drugs to a famous athlete, which is why it is so critical to inform people of the danger that  come with steroids and the numerous reputations they have shattered. It is my goal  throughout this speech to not only enlighten you as to what steroids are and why they are  such a problem, but also urge you to never let the use of these deadly drugs cross your mind.  Listen well, because it is your right to be informed about a problem so common in people our  age.    Anabolic steroids is the familiar name for synthetic variants of the male sex hormone  testosterone . steroids can be legally prescribed to treat conditions resulting from steroid  hormone deficiency, such as delayed puberty, as well as diseases that result in loss of lean  muscle mass, such as cancer and AIDS. But some athletes and bodybuilders abuse these ......

Words: 723 - Pages: 3

Performance Enhasing Drugs in Sports

...“The challenge is not to find a top player who has used steroids. The challenge is to find a top player who hasn’t…” - Jose Canseco (2005) Performance-Enhancing drugs are widely used in sports in order to win and be the best, despite the fact that they are illegal and dangerous. It has always been a very “Black and White” issue. Many people, while they may not agree with it; they believe we should ignore it because these are “Sports Stars”. While others, want the athletes in question to be stripped of any titles they may have achieved while supposedly “juicing”. I believe that this is an issue of whom the controversy surrounds and why it is happening in sports. Athletes use Performance-Enhancing drugs despite the risk of side-effects. There have been serious documented risks of using Performance-Enhancing drugs. Some of these side effects are: death, high blood pressure, heart attacks, liver damage, stroke, headaches, increased risk of joint and tendon injuries, baldness, “roid rage”, hallucinations, anxiety, and depression. Additionally, reduced sperm count, impotence, increased breast size, and enlarged prostate are side-effects that occur in men. (American Academy of Pediatrics. 2002). Many companies have produced supplements that do not require a prescription or can be obtained legally that may produce similar results in muscle gain and strength, without the dangerous steroid side-effects. The companies that produce steroids state that......

Words: 1952 - Pages: 8

Sports and Performance Enhancing Drugs

...Sports and Performance Enhancing Drugs John Alvarez Student #0588681 Essay 2 April 1, 2015 PHI – 010 Professor Andrea Yusim Words: 1,519 In a country that is obsessed with winning and competition, athletes, teams and even fans have tried to gain an advantage against their competition. As athletes become bigger, stronger and faster, the margin and window of opportunity to become the best athlete in their respective sports is surely becoming smaller and smaller. Many people will argue that performance enhancing drugs will help in promoting player health and recovery and that sports in general will benefit overall. In this paper, I will argue that the argument in favor of performance enhancement drug use is not valid because performance enhancing drugs are unethical, create unfair competitive advantages and do not promote the very essence of the value of sports which is hard work and team work. Team and individual sports in the United States is a very important part of culture. Athletes are revered for their prowess and mastery of their respective sports and are at times treated as demi-gods. Individual teams and entire leagues depend on these very athletes to compete at the highest level and with the utmost sense of integrity in order to show that their leagues are played ethically. So not only are athletes expected to be at their very best, they are also expected to do so without compromising the integrity of the sport such as cheating by using PEDs. In the......

Words: 1694 - Pages: 7

Ethical Issues Regarding the Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports

...Ethical issues regarding the use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports In the history of 20th century sports, specifically in the post World War 2 era, there has been an ever increasing use of performance enhancing drugs in all avenues of sport. Sports have become money making machine for both athletes and big business and the “win at all costs” attitude which has permeated itself into all aspects of professional and college level athletics. Winners make money, losers don’t. The temptation of fame, notoriety and million dollar contracts in all venues of sport is a lure for many athletes. Elite professional athletes are worshiped in today’s society. This paper will elaborate on the use of performance enhancing drugs in the sporting world and the associated sports ethical issues. It is a majority belief in all sporting circles that the “true” spirit of sportsmanship does not allow any aspect of performance enhancing drugs. There are several arguments both in favor and against the use of performance enhancing drugs which will be presented and discussed in this paper. While addressing this ethical issue, we need to define the term ethics. Ethics can be defined as the socially accepted norms and values. These norms and values are varied from society to society and are based on culture and tradition. Ethics also could be defined as the unsaid, un-written and understood laws that prevail in a society. Ethics also cover what is right and what is wrong in society and......

Words: 4511 - Pages: 19

Performance-Enhancing Drugs Have Negative Effects on Athletes’ Health

...Performance-enhancing drugs have negative effects on athletes’ health Performance-enhancing drugs bring athletes the practical benefits, therefore, they use performance-enhancing drugs for some particular purposes. For example, some of the drugs contain narcotic, thus, athletes use those drugs to overcome pain. In addition, another drugs can also help athletes to increase their endurance, in this way, athletes can boost their endurance in the short time. What’s more, some performance-enhancing drugs help athletes perform better by improving their muscle mass and reducing fatigue. However, performance-enhancing drugs not only provide athletes with such advantages but also have negative effects on their health. There are some commonly-used performance-enhancing drugs, such as anabolic steroids, erythropoietin and stimulants. Anabolic steroids is the most well-known performance-enhancing drugs. It can increase athletes’ muscle mass and strength, as a result, athletes’ bodies will not get tired easily. Besides, it also helps athletes to reduce muscle damage so that they can quickly recover from a hard workout. However, it is seriously forbidden by majority of sports organizations. That is, using anabolic steroids is illegal. What’s worse, if the athletes take high dose of anabolic steroids, they would suffer from some harmful effects, such as infertility, baldness and heart problems. Another common-seen performance-enhancing drugs is erythropoietin. Erythropoietin is also......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Sports Performance and Drugs

...Marijuana and Sports Performance Marijuana is an illegal drug that’s made from the dried leaves, stems, and seeds of the hemp plant, cannabis sativa, and it is usually smoked by the user. There are many names for marijuana, such as; weed, pot, grass, and Mary Jane. All forms of marijuana are mind-altering drugs. The main chemical that causes the effects in the brain is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). The effects of the drug depend on the strength of the THC, which is only one of the 400 chemicals in the drug. Within minutes of inhalation of marijuana smoke, blood levels are already achieved, with peak effects happening in 20 to 30 minutes, while minor effects lasting two to four hours. Marijuana is the most widely used drug in the United States. Some effects of marijuana on sports performance include; the impairment of skills requiring eye-hand coordination and fast reaction time. Marijuana can also reduce motor coordination, tracking ability, and perceptual accuracy. It also impairs concentration. These effects may last up to 24 to 36 hours after usage. The drug doesn’t provide and performance enhancing potential. Marijuana is stored in the body fat, which causes the long lasting effects. It has been shown that performance skills can be impaired up to 24 hours after marijuana usage. There are many short term health effects due to marijuana. These include, memory and learning problems, difficulty concentrating, and increased heart rate and drop in blood pressure.......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Drugs in Sports

...Drug use has reached an all-time high in the sports arena. The need to succeed, be among the elite, financial gain, and the pressure to win are some of the many reasons that drugs are found in sports today. Drugs in sports range from therapeutic drugs, performance enhancement drugs, and recreational drugs. Drugs in sports are found on various levels of competition such as: high school, college, and professional sports. High school athletes' are using enhancement drugs so that they may receive a college scholarship, collegiate athletes' are using drugs so that they make it to the professional level, and professional athletes' are using drugs to make sure that they stay among the elite. Drug use in athletics have led to suspensions of players, athletes being banned from that particular sport, and ultimately death. There are many reasons for using drugs in sports, with performance enhancement being one of the top reasons, but no one will ever understand why athletes risk their career and lives. A concern for the public is the fact that athletes assume these risks just to be among the top competitors of sports. Drugs are a danger to the health of athletes. Drug use to enhance performance is unethical, and using drugs is illegal in today's society. Drugs in sports is unethical because the focus of winning and succeeding overshadows the real reasons for playing sports such as the love for a sport, natural talent and ability, and hard work to be among the elite. Athletes are......

Words: 4069 - Pages: 17

Consequences of Performance Enhancing Drugs

...Negative Effects to Performance Enhancing Drugs At the age of 21 Rob Garibaldi committed suicide and it is believed to be from his consumption of performance enhancing drugs. As a young boy, Rob started to play little league, trying to match his favorite sport hero, and dreaming to make it to the baseball major leagues. Prior to high school, Rob was getting pushed by his coaches he had and scouts start to follow him to have him take supplements and more things that will help him gain weight compounds in other to build muscle in the training program. When Rob was 15 years old, he was playing with a team that was scouted by the California Angels and was encouraged by people who were working with him on weightlifting, condition, taking supplements, and anything else to help him gain weight. He was given creatine which is a type of performance enhancing drug, this supplement is over the counter dietary supplement, and protein powders for weight gaining. His throwing arm strength, defensive skills, running speed, and hitting were outstanding to the coaches. His parents confronted him on his male patterned balding, acne on his back and shoulders, upper body muscle mass, weight gain, and uncontrollable rage and irrational, Rob continued to hold back his use on performance enhancing drugs. His parents did not suspect any abuse at first because Rob always determined about not wanting to jeopardize his mental capacity and health. The first time his parent’s learned about him taking......

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6