Free Essay

The Seventh Manmade Wonder of the World

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kunicornio
Words 2097
Pages 9
The Seventh Manmade Wonder of the World
Ellis Karla D.

The Seventh Manmade Wonder of the World.

The building of the Panama Canal was one of the most grandiose and dramatic American ventures of all times. A shipping gateway between Central and South America had been a desire from the 1600’s, first attempted by the French in the 1880s and later completed by United States in 1914, under the direction of Theodore Roosevelt. U.S. intervention with the Panama Canal brought an end of a revolution and the birth of a new nation, the Republic of Panama, and creation of one of biggest strategic advantages that truly brought the U.S. Navy into the next century as a growing superpower. The canal was the largest and most expensive project ever attempted up to that date in U.S. history and easily changed the face of the western hemisphere, if not the world. A quick, easy and safe passage for merchant ships and navies to pass between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans had been a desire of many since early 17th century. Study after study was conducted and focused on Panama, which was a part of Colombia; Nicaragua and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico. Regardless of the desire or need, early plans were often abandoned because the undertaking was near impossible and government politics often made negotiations more difficult. The French were the first nation to attempt the project and were confident of success after building the Suez Canal in Egypt. In 1876, the Interoceanic Canal Commission was created to head up the project and placed in the hands of Ferdinand Lesseps. It took two years of negotiations before Colombia finally allowed them to start digging in their Panamanian territory. Although Ferdinand Lesseps was in charge of the difficult project, he wasn’t an engineer. He had earned his reputation with the timely completion of the Suez Canal, but the environment was completely different. The area around the Suez Canal was dry and flat, a stark difference from the humid and mountainous contours of the land chosen for the construction of the canal in Panama. To make matters worse, the land was covered by an almost impenetrable rainforest; the ground was a volcanic core and the two most notorious killers, malaria and yellow fever. According to Denison Kitchel “Lesseps raised 275 million dollars through public subscriptions all over the world on the strength of his reputation and his zeal for the project” (36). During the first year they obtained the best equipment and technology with the highest of standards for the time. He also recruited hundreds of skilled laborers from France and other parts of the world and ensured they had the best support facilities like hospitals, dispensaries, convalescent homes, and structures of all kinds that could add to the comfort and convenience of his employees. By the second year, everything started to fall apart, as many people were dying from yellow fever and malaria from the almost invisible mosquito enemy. They lacked even the simplest protection such as insect screens and were plagued by sanitation issues. Health wasn’t the only problem, excavation efforts were constantly destroyed by constant torrential rains which eroded the dig sites, filling in the excavated area and burying equipment and personnel. It is unknown how many people were buried during the construction as accurate records were never kept of workers and often times the slides were so violent and quick that people were buried unnoticed. Lesseps was not prepared for these problems and stubbornly resisted the urging by others to change the construction into a lock style canal, which would not require digging completely across the isthmus. Ultimately the continued failures, mainly due to Lesseps his lack of engineering expertise, the project failed after he had shown no real progress in 8 years. As a result, nearly a million shareholders lost their investments. The loss was so great that French prosecutors tried to bring Lesseps back for trial in what many considered the greatest fraud in modern times. Where the French found failure, the U.S. saw opportunity in the value of the canal across Central America. Although the U.S. claimed that the canal would serve commercial interests, many believed the goal was motivated by an interest in naval superiority, which even at that time equated true military power. According to Constitutional Rights Foundation, “In 1890, Alfred Thayer Mahan member of U.S Navy War College, wrote about the influence of sea power upon History, which argued that national greatness depend on supremacy in all oceans”(1). U.S. interest truly increased in 1901, when Vice President Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as President, following the assassination of President William McKinley. Roosevelt agreed with Mahan, and believed that the canal was of great strategic importance in gaining the naval advantage the U.S. needed. He quickly declared his support for an isthmus canal. A commission initiated earlier by McKinley recommended a route across Nicaragua. Meanwhile the Philippe Bunau-Varilla, a chief engineer of the French’s effort with the Panama Canal told President Roosevelt that his company would sell their land rights, all excavation and railroad equipment along the proposed Panama Canal route for forty million dollars. Bunau-Varilla followed up his sales pitch by convincing Roosevelt that building in Nicaragua would be dangerous due to the heavy volcanic activity. Roosevelt did not pass the opportunity and bought all the rights. After the United State bought the rights from the French, in 1903 they started negotiations with Colombia, which sought to grant rights for the construction and operation of the canal for 100 years. Unfortunately, the Colombian senate refused to ratify the treaty. Bunau-Varilla, refusing to accept defeat, informed Roosevelt about an emerging revolution from individuals who sought independence from Colombia in the Canal area. Roosevelt, not a stranger to combat, promised the Panamanian rebels that he would send the U.S. Navy to assist in their goals for independence if they agreed to grant them rights to the proposed canal area. Given that there was no land route between the Colombian mainland and the isthmus of Panama, the mere presence of the U.S. Navy on both the Pacific and Caribbean sides of Panama made it impossible for the Colombians to dispatch troops to quell the revolutionaries. Colombia was left with no choice but to concede and Panama became an independent nation. In appreciation for U.S. assistance, the new Republic of Panama granted the U.S. control of the Panama Canal Zone on February 23, 1904. Instead of ignoring the French failures, the U.S. leadership decided to attack the problems in the area directly. They started by focusing initial attention on the eradication of mosquitoes and the threat of yellow fever and malaria. They dispatched an Army physician by the name of William C. Gorgas and giving him all the supplies he needed. In nearly one year, Gorgas was successful in virtually eradicating the mosquito threat in the Canal Zone. Gorgas also had the forethought to insist that all buildings and housing units employ mosquito nets. Engineering, however was still a difficult venture. The Canal project burned out two Chief Engineers in the first years. One was John Stevens, who eventually was brought in as the Chief Engineer, concluded that digging at sea level, as the French had, was impossible and proposed a plan to create a system of locks. Steven quit in 1907 because the project was too exhausting. Roosevelt grew tired of the turnover and picked his next Chief Engineer from within the ranks of the Army’s Corp of Engineers, for the simple fact that the officer would be required to stay on duty until relieved by the “Commander-in-Chief”. The man that he chose was Major Washington Goethals. Major Goethals, as a benefit of his position, received a bump up in salary for his new assignment that wasn’t a easy task, as he directed a work force of up to 50,000 laborers. The work force was comprised a small group of white Americans administrators and Engineers and the majority of the labor and service support were blacks brought in from the Caribbean Island of Barbados who freely accepted the dangerous job for the opportunity to escape their impoverished life. Instead of the reliance of current technology, the U.S. ensured that excavation equipment was designed for the specific complexities of the canal. The engineering behind the Panama Canal first involved the construction of dam at the Chagres River, which created Gatun Lake and was later dredged for use as a shipping channel. The equipment alone was a marvel because they were far larger than any other in the world. Next they built a harbor in the area of Cristobal, on the Atlantic side, and then dredged a sea level channel from the harbor to the dam. After that, they needed to build a set of locks on the Gatun side to raise and lower ships from sea level to the lake. Then they excavated a giant ditch across eight miles of the International Divide known as Culebra cut and later named the Guillard cut. They also needed to build locks at Miraflores to raise and lower ships to a dredged channel leading to Balboa Harbor on the Pacific side. Because of all the necessary dredging, they moved the dirt to a landfill and created new land areas. As a last step, they relocated the Panama Railroad to follow the new route. The work accomplished by Goethals and his men was the greatest manmade project ever accomplished at that time. The Grand opening of the canal took place on August 15, 1914, during the Presidency of Woodrow Wilson. The U.S cargo ship “Ancon” made the first official transit of the Canal, which was a show to the world that the Panamanians and Americans were able to accomplish what had long since been believed to be impossible. Unfortunately, the unveiling was out shadowed by the start of World War 1, just 12 days before, which drew all global attention toward Europe. This project, championed by Theodore Roosevelt, was completed 6 months ahead of schedule and cost $352 million. Although it was a success, more than 5,000 died through disease or accidents and most of the casualties were the black laborers from Barbados. Since opening, the canal has served as the bridge to the world and used by many businesses and countries around the world. For Americans, the area served as a vital strategic point for the U.S. Navy. On September 7, 1977, President Jimmy Carter agreed to repeal and change the Hay-Bunau Varilla treaty which gave the U.S. unending rights to the canal. The new treaty signed by the President Carter and Panamanian General Omar Torrijos-Herrera curtailed the rights. The first treaty was commonly referred to as The Neutrality Treaty. Under this treaty, the U.S. retained the permanent right to defend the canal from any threat that might interfere with its continued neutral service to ships of all nations. The Second treaty, named the Panama Canal Treaty, ensured that the Panamanian government would assume full control of operations and become primarily responsible for its defense after the year 2000. On 16 March, 1978, the first treaty was ratified by the United State Senate and the second treaty on April 18 of the same year. As the treaty dictated, the canal was handed over to the Panamanian government on December 31, 1999, after nearly 100 years of control. The turnover brought happiness for some and preoccupation for others, as some considered U.S. occupation a trespass and others wanted it to continue. Since that time, the Canal has been in Panamanian administration and each year more than 14,000 ships pass through the canal, carrying more than 203 million tons of cargo, and still seen as one of the seven manmade of the world. It is a constant symbol of American vision and ingenuity which allowed them to adapt and overcome what had previously been considered impossible.

Work cited
Kitchen, Denison. The Truth About the Panama Canal. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House Publishers, 1978.
McCullough, David. The Path Between The Seas The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870-1914. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1977.
Ryan, Paul B. The Panama Canal Controversy. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, 1977.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

7 Wonders

...Review of Four of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World There have been many lists assembled from ancient times to present day noting the spectacular natural wonders and manmade structures in the World. The first known list of remarkable structures is referred to as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Ancient Greek and Roman scholars wrote about these wonders of architecture beauty. Located around the Mediterranean and Middle East, the seven wonders were: Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes, and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. This paper will review four of these wonders. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are thought to be series huge and magnificent gardens, towering over the city of Babylon. According to legend, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were created by King Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 B.C. ("12 Key Facts”). The king built these beautiful gardens to cheer up his wife, Amytis who was homesick for her homeland. There is no physical evidence these gardens actually existed, only the descriptions provided through ancient writings. The Greek geographer Strabo, who described the gardens in first century B.C., wrote, “It consists of vaulted terraces raised one above another, and resting upon cube-shaped pillars. These are hollow and filled with earth to allow trees of the largest size to be planted. The pillars, the vaults, and terraces are......

Words: 2106 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Seven Wonders

...The world is full of many of mans’ accomplishments that both amaze us and are astounding. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are some of the most incredible works that have ever been created. They can be amazing for many different reasons. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are all judged by their artistry, engineering skill, construction and sheer scale (Berg, October 2, 2001). In the following paragraphs, I will examine four of the most remarkable man made creations in the ancient world. The Temple of Artemis is an amazing example of human ingenuity. The temple is a Greek building made up of 127 marble columns that are 60 feet tall each (Browne). It was designed by Chersiphron, and erected at the expense of Croesus, the fabulously wealthy king of Lydia in 550 B.C (Brown). I took nearly 120 years to complete because of its’ sheer size and details that were carved into many of the columns. It is the largest temple of the ancient world because of the competitive nature that the Greeks had with the rest of the world during that time. What is amazing however is that it has been rebuilt three times. Its’ final demise was in 262 A.D (The British Museum). Another amazing ancient wonder was the Statue of Zeus that was created in 432 B.C, very close to the time when the Temple of Artemis was built. It is a statue of Zeus that was made of the ivory and gold-plated bronze. It was erected at Olympia for the ancient Olympic Games that were said to start in 776 B.C....

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Wonders of Modern Science

...Science has changed the face of the world. It has also revolutionized the life of man. Man can now live a longer and more comfortable life because of the progress of science. Man has conquered Nature with the help of science. The wonders of Science have contributed to the comforts and pleasures of man. Man can be comfortable anywhere on the surface of the earth. Air- conditioning can keep him cool at the Equator. Central heating makes it possible for him to keep warm at the Poles. He has become independent of the climate. Labour- saving gadgets have lightened the burden of house work for the housewife. Science has also added to our pleasure. We can turn on the radio or TV and entertain ourselves at home. If we wish for outdoor entertainment we can go and see a film or do a variety of other things. Electricity is one of the wonders of Science. Without it we would not have had electric lights, fans, refrigerators and all the labour-saving devices in the home. We also have wonderful means of travel. Cars and buses are very common. Electric trains carry us across the land with great speed. Jet planes go like a flash across the sky. In no time, we can be in another continent. Thus speedy travel is possible only on account of the wonders of science. Electricity also enables us to use elevators and escalators that save us the trouble of going up and down flights of stairs. Science has also provided us with spectacles and contact lenses artificial limbs, fountain pens,......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...ABC Book Report By: Damyia Thomas Wonder A- August is an ordinary boy on the inside, but by his deformed face most people can’t tell. He does normal things like eat ice cream, play the Xbox, and ride a bike, but his judgment is based on his face. B- Mr. Browne was August’s English teacher. He was a tall man with a yellow beard. Mr. Browne always gave the students a precept every month. C- Christopher was August’s best friend when they were seven years old but Christopher moved to Bridgeport. When August and his mom went to go visit Christopher his mom told Maugaruite, August’s mom, that August should start school. D- The Deal is mainly about August checking out his new school and meeting new students. Jack, Julian, and Charlotte showed him around but he isn’t very interested in going. E- Effected describes via when she finally got back from staying with her grandmother for a month. She hadn’t been used to being stared at where ever she went with August. When she looked at August after returning she saw a weird deformed faced boy and not her brother. F- First Day Jitters: this was the first day of school for August and he had a mad case of butterflies. He was so excited to go to school because he felt like he had a real friend in jack and charlotte. He was also excited because his dad and his sister, Via, would be walking him to school that day. G- Mrs. Garcia is the middle school director. Before August went on his school tour, Mr. Tushman took...

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Seventh Day Adventist

... God the Father is the Creator, Source, Sustainer, and Sovereign of all creation. God the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ, through whom all things were created; the character of God is revealed; the salvation of humanity is accomplished; and the world is judged. God the Holy Spirit draws men and women to Himself and gives spiritual gifts to the Church. Christ our Hope In Christ's life of perfect obedience to God's will, His suffering, death, and resurrection, God provided the only means of atonement for human sin, so that those who by faith accept this atonement have eternal life. Christ's Return The second coming of Christ is the blessed hope of the Church, the grand climax of the Gospel. His coming will be literal, personal, visible, and world-wide. When He returns the righteous dead will be resurrected and together with the righteous living will be glorified and taken to heaven. The unrighteous - those who have rejected divine grace - will die. The Church The Church is the community of believers who confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. In it men and women join together for worship, fellowship, instruction in the Word, the celebration of the Lord's Supper, service to our neighbors, and the world-wide proclamation of the Gospel. The Holy Scriptures The Old and New Testaments are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through holy men of God who spoke and wrote by the Holy Spirit. The Scriptures are the infallible revelation of God's......

Words: 499 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Wonders of the Ancient World

...M. Golden ARTS 111 Mid-Term Paper February 1, 2014 Wonders of the Ancient World Throughout ancient history many lists were created for must see architectural structures. These lists were generated by travelers during the prime of these structures and some even after destruction. There came a time where the Greeks compiled the list to what we now call The Seven Wonders of the Ancient world. These structures were all created over the course of several years, so some were destroyed by the time others were constructed. The tale of greatness will be retold through my eyes for four of these seven wonders. When the Temple of Artemis was first constructed in 800 BCE on the River Selinas in Ephesus, the Ephesians had no idea what all this temple would be put through. Asia Minor was known for earthquakes so the temple was built in the marsh land with the idea that the soft, marshy ground would absorb even the worst of tremors. The original temple was built as a sanctuary to pray to Artemis, the goddess of fertility, who the Ephesians believed also to be the goddess of the hunt. For reasons of the city growing due to trade and the fact that Ephesians thought the daughter of Zeus needed a larger temple, the temple was reconstructed to be larger than the original. However, the reconstruction did not last long. In 550 BCE, Ephesus was conquered by King Croesus and the temple was destroyed. The new king had great wealth and contributed to the rebuilding of the temple. This time......

Words: 1756 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Wonder Woman

...Wonder Woman Today’s Feminist Icon Mariano Pinho World Mythology HUM/105 September 20, 2010 Megge Fitz Randolph Wonder Woman: Today’s Feminist Icon Wonder Woman was more than a lasso slinging, bullet dodging super hero; she is an American feminist’s icon. Wonder Woman was introduced to Americans during World War II, by William Moulton Marston, a Harvard trained psychologist and lawyer. She represented nationhood at a time when our nation was at war. She was the daughter of Queen Hippolyte ruler of an all-woman race of Amazons living on Paradise Island, somewhere located in the Bermuda Triangle. She was named Princess Diana, after the Romanized version of the Greek Goddess Artemis (Emad, 2006). Since the inception of Wonder Woman, her origin has changed twice. Originally she earned her power and title she embodied for decades when she won a power competition amongst the other Amazonian women. In the second version of her origin she did not win her powers but instead was given them to her by the Gods themselves. Wonder Woman was much more than a comic book super hero. According to historian Lori Landay, “Wonder Woman operated in wartime popular culture as a metaphor for the movement in femininity out of the garden and into the war” (p. 11). She contained her super human powers from the public and lived a dual life, nurse and super hero. This reinforced the perception that women need to hide the power and strength allowing men to remain the......

Words: 410 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Wonder Woman

...October 2014 Wonder Woman Children always looking for a positive role model to have, and many end up choosing superheroes they see in their favorite comic books or ones they have seen in the media. Since children are so easily affected by things they see in their childhood, having discriminatory elements in these influential characters may be problematic. “The Wonder Woman Precedent: Female (Super) Heroism on Trial” written by Julie D. O’Reilly, was published in the Journal of American Culture in 2005. O’Reilly is a professor of communication and women and gender at Heidelberg University. In “The Wonder Woman Precedent”, she writes about the hardships that female superheroes in the media must face that male superheroes do not go through. Throughout her article she compares Wonder Woman, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and the sisters of Charmed to male superheroes like Superman and Jake 2.0. “Wonder Woman” written by Gloria Steinem, is an excerpt from a book written about Wonder Woman. Steinem is well known activist, feminist, and author. “Wonder Woman” talks about how Wonder Woman helped shape Steinem to become the woman she is today. O’Reilly and Steinem both believe that the creator of Wonder Woman views on feminism are not exactly correct. However, both authors share opposing viewpoints on the trials female superheroes face and if wonder woman is a feminist icon. The creator of Wonder Woman, not surprising to most, was a man. William Moulton Marston, who wrote the Wonder......

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Wonder Boys

...After viewing Wonder Boys. At the beginning, the music is a little decadent, so I thought it must be a sad film again, but when I keep watching I found I was totally wrong, it’s a comedy. The surprising thing is I saw the young Spider-man Tobey Maguire and young Iron Man Robert Downey Jr act important character in Wonder Boys. I think every young man like their hero movies and Downey truly has such gift of humor, his character always can make us laugh. I like the scene that he called James “Jimmy,Jimmy,Jimmy” . It’s so cute. The film is very different from the other films I have seen in class. First, this film is totally narrate in chronological order and the characters in this movie are all kind. Second, in Wonder Boys it has voiceover, a narrator Grady himself. Third, it’s a totally comedy, though there is some helpless emotion in the film, we can still find the humor in it. The film is about a professor of English at the university called Grady. Seven years ago his novel made him famous, become the Wonder boy. But seven years later, his writing into a bottleneck, for seven years he haven't finished a novel. His wife left him, and the headmaster his affair told him she was pregnant and the child’s father was Grady. But his unlucky things are not end yet, in the headmaster’s house after the party, he was bitten by the crazy dog. And his students James, in order to save him, James use the gun shot and kill the crazy dog. And then two people with a dead dog started to find......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ancient Wonders of the World

...Seven Wonders of the Ancient World The canonical list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World includes: The Great Pyramid of Giza, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. Considered to be architecturally and artistically perfect by the Greeks and Romans, the Wonders were located in Greece, North Africa and Asia Minor, and are believed to have been built between 2800 BC, with the first being the Pyramid of Giza and the final Wonder, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, built in 280 BC (Rose). Figure 1: Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Map. Source: The following pages will include an overview of four of the Wonders, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, a forty foot high statue of the god Zeus, commissioned by the leaders of Elis, who believed that a statue of the god in whose honor the games were created “would maintain the pre-eminence of the god’s renowned sanctuary at Olympia, the site of the Olympic Games”(McWilliam, Puttock, Stevenson, Taraporewalla 13). The statue was built around 435 BC by an Athenian sculptor named Phidias who also built the statue of Athena in the Parthenon. Phidias is sometimes credited with developing a procedure called......

Words: 1200 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Widget Wonders

...I have been thoroughly researching the best questions to ask when determining the hardware requirements for the workstations at the Widget Wonders Company and have settled on the following. I must admit that this has been tremendously hard for me as I have never designed a system for myself, much less an entire company. 1. How important is portability in your workstations and which departments would this be most crucial to? 2. Do you see the need for a system that is expandable in the future and if so in what areas are you anticipating the need? 3. Do you need the capability to network strictly in house or with the entire company, including any oversea locations? 4. Are you interested in leasing your hardware as opposed to buying? 5. What are some of your favorite things about your current system/least favorite? 6. How important an issue is security in your company? 7. Are there any workstations that would need access to all functions in the system versus workstations that might need limited access? 8. Will the company be maintaining its own website and will it need the ability to let your customers make purchases on-line? 9. What are your basic expectations for your new system and are there any systems that you have seen that you would like to possibly draw from in some ways such as suppliers or distributors? 10. Could you go through the steps in your business process from purchasing raw materials to shipping the finished......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Is Climate Change Manmade?

...Marcus McClenty W. Steward Environmental Issues EG481 22 February 2015 Outline: Is Climate Change Manmade? Hypothesis: Climate change is not manmade. The climate is changing, the globe is warming, both these terms express an action is taking place. Why are these actions taking place? Are these actions caused by man or nature? Is the correct terminology being used when describing this phenomena? These are just a few questions that will be explored in this report. The term global warming is an attention to temperature increases in the earth’s surface atmosphere. Climate change refers to the long term effects of transformations in the earth’s atmospheric conditions. From these two terms one could derive global climate change defined as the increase in the earth’s surface temperature and the effects of that change within the atmosphere over the long term. Both these terms are used in American politics,” partisans routinely use the power of terms to frame political issues in ways that promote ideologically consistent attitudes and beliefs… The term ‘‘climate change,’’ in contrast, may recruit more general associations of temperature changes, which can easily accommodate unseasonably cold temperatures and record snowfalls. In addition, Whitmarsh (2009) observed that ‘‘global warming’’ evokes stronger connotations of human causation, whereas ‘‘climate change’’ evokes stronger connotations of natural causation.” (Schuldt, Konrath, and Schwarz 2011) From these authors......

Words: 1611 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sense of Wonder

...Seeing the World With a Sense of Wonder . In Moore’s novel, Wild Comfort, she explains how significant contact with the natural world brings comfort to you and makes you have a sense of wonder. Significant contact with the world is anything from smelling, hearing, seeing, or touching the natural world. Throughout the book Moore has a sense of wonder and adventures off into nature. By interacting with nature, she’s able to make connections to her own life. She makes it clear that nature has a healing power and people should get in contact with it. Moore defines sacred as a “worthy of reverence and awe.” She strongly believes the world we live in is a sacred place. One of Moore’s experiments that she did, “The Happy Basket”, she discovered that “significant contact with the natural world” is a vital key ingredient to happiness. Each day Moore would write down what made her happy. A common thing that made her happy was taking part in the natural world. One of Moore’s happy moments was, “I’m lying on my back under ponderosa trees by Davis Lake…I had gone out to look for birds, but this is better, letting them come to me” (Moore 26). We are fortunate to have nature, but many take that for granted and just go on living their busy lives. Humans today should take a moment to pause and get in significant contact with the natural world. To take time to appreciate their surroundings. They need to see the bigger picture or you don’t know what’s going on. People need to take a......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Wonder Woman

...Golden Age Wonder Woman began in 1941 with the Amazon Princess Diana nursing American intelligence officer Steve Trevor back to health after he crashed on Themyscira Island. The Amazons decided that someone should go back to America with Steve to help with the battle in the outside world that was WWII. Wonder Woman won a contest which permitted her to leave Themyscira Island and head off to America with Steve Trevor. In America, Diana adopted the name "Diana Prince" and joined the army to help fight the Nazi's. Steve Trevor never knew that Diana Prince was also Princess Diana of Themyscira (kind of how Lois Lane never knew that Clark Kent was Superman). Soon after, she became secretary of the Justice Society of America reporting to Colonel Darnell of U.S. Military Intelligence. William Mouton Marston (creator of Wonder Woman) died in 1947 and Robert Kanigher became the new writer. He stayed pretty faithful to the original Wonder Woman scripts although there was considerably less attention given to Diana's Amazon background and the Greek Gods less frequently and more focus on her crime-fighting. The end of the Golden Age Wonder Woman came with the Comics Code Authority in 1954. From that point on (and for quite a while following), Wonder Woman’s character was no longer written as a strong, independent feminist. Instead they seemed to focus more on her love interests which included Merman and Birdman in addition to Steve Trevor. The Silver Age (which by some accounts began......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Underground Wonders

...The Underground Wonders Why go caving ? Hidden in the depths of the earth you might find one of those beautiful creations of nature, "The caves.” Long ago, our ancestors were using caves as shelter from wild animals and the forces of nature. Throughout history, the underground architecture, and their make-up, have been explored and documented by cavers, because they can reveal details of past climatic conditions in the structures formed in a cave by the deposition of minerals from water called speleothem, and the origins of life. The caving connects us to the stunning scenery of underground world an it's an amazing experience as well. Can be a strenuous sport, a casual hobby, a means to conducting scientific research, or all of these and more. Caves are found around the world and in a variety of settings, from cold alpine environments to warm tropical rain forests, and are formed through a variety of natural processes, also they are a unique challenge to scientific. The studies of caves and karst systems are important for two major reasons. First, the overwhelming majority of freshwater resources is groundwater. About 25% of the groundwater is located in cave and karst regions. The protection and management of these vital water resources are critical to public health and to sustainable economic development. As identified by the National Geographic Society,......

Words: 761 - Pages: 4