The Sec

In: Business and Management

Submitted By gsleiman
Words 7011
Pages 29
Overview of the SEC

Primitive economies are basically barter economies (goods and services traded for other goods and services), while in other mature economies, businesses are organized into proprietorships, partnerships, and joint venture. These types of closely held businesses, in which owners manage their own business, do not need external reporting of the results of operations. However, external reports have become essential with the increase in the size and number of business enterprises, along with the increased amount of people investing capital resources in these businesses. The corporate form of business also increases the need for objective verification of data and creates a need for disclosure of more and better information to owners and potential investors. Furthermore, the increase in value, size and activity of capital exchange in security market also increases the opening of taking advantage in lax conditions and to profit by misrepresentation and manipulation. Hence, the main reason for establishing the securities legislation was because large security market requires operating procedures that would protect investors from fraud and guarantee an adequate supply of capital for economic growth.

Background of the SEC

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) is one of several public and private sector rule-making organizations that have an effect on financial reporting for businesses. It plays a crucial role in the development and improvement of financial reporting theory and practice. Frequently the work, accomplishments and contributions of the SEC do not receive the attention given to other group, such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Government Accounting Standards Board, or the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. A common mistaken belief is that securities legislation only begun…...

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