The Nipple Thief

In: English and Literature

Submitted By alexp125
Words 6073
Pages 25
MEMORYMetals

SMART MATERIALS
This booklet has been produced as the 2003 resource for the Institute of Materials,
Minerals and Mining Schools Affiliate Scheme and was written by Dr Diane Talbot.
Cover photographs appear courtesy of:
Tony Anson of Anson Medical Limited (top left and bottom left)
Sandy Hill of the University of Rochester (top centre).

Thanks are also due to:
Jackel International, the producers of the Tommee Tippee © baby spoons for their information and kind donation of spoons to support this resource.
Tony Anson of Anson Medical for the use of the photographs, useful information and kind donation of the shape memory metal wire to support this resource.
Memory Metals Limited for the kind donation of the shape memory metal springs to support this resource.
The Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining Smart Materials Division, in particular Laura
Walker, for their information.

CONTENTS
Introduction

1

Shape memory alloys

2

Piezoelectric materials

6

Magnetostrictive materials

8

Magneto- and electro-rheological materials

10

Chromic materials

12

Bibliography

16

How to use the accompanying resources

Shape memory alloy spring
Shape memory alloy wire
Thermochromic spoon
Thermochromic pen

17

SMART MATERIALS
Smart materials have been around for many years and they have found a large number of applications. The use of the terms 'smart' and 'intelligent' to describe materials and

systems came from the US and started in the 1980‟s despite the fact that some of these so-called smart materials had been around for decades. Many of the smart materials were developed by government agencies working on military and aerospace projects but in recent years their use has transferred into the civil sector for applications in the construction, transport, medical, leisure and domestic…...

Similar Documents

Identity Thief an Old Problem in a Modern Era

...Identity Thief an Old Problem in a Modern Era Your name KNOCK, KNOCK!!! …Who there? It Is I...I who? This is the question everyone must pose nowadays, for we don’t know who actual is behind that door. It could be your friend, family member or you banker but worst yet it can some devious individual posing to be someone you know or impersonating someone else to gain your trust in order to steal from you by stealing your identity. Identity thief has become a common practice in this Age of High Tech. One such area is the internet which has made transmission of our personally identifying information quick and easy, and sometimes less secure. Therefore just about anyone and everyone is susceptible to getting their identity stolen or compromised. So how did we get here you may ask? Well, that a good question. Brief History Identity thief is not something new despite the belief that it began with the internet. It has been around for thousand years or more. One of first recorded Identity thief in history and perhaps one of the greatest to occur happen in the Bible. It is The Blessing of Jacob by Deception (Genesis 27:1-46, King James Version). Jacob the youngest son of Isaac deceives his father by claiming to be his oldest brother, Esau (eldest son of Isaac) in order to receive the blessing that was reserved for the firstborn son. And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pay thee, sit and eat of my venison,...

Words: 2005 - Pages: 9

To Catch a Thief

...I was most interested in Lui’s work about online reading and the necessity of having a complex and detailed definition of that kind of reading. I suppose since there is so much more online than just reading that reading has mutated into something quite different than it was when we did our reading primarily in print. There were no hyperlinks, immediately accessible related reading, the ability to contribute and read comments, the ability to save and pass on the reading itself. The material text is extremely limited in what we can do with it. We can basically read it and write on it. Depending on our purpose with the text, that may be all we need to do with. A 20-page academic article is difficult to read on a screen, our ability to annotate it is limited and clunky if not impossible, and it’s not like you’re going to re-tweet the link, unless you have extremely like-minded friends who have time for that kind of thing. We don’t particularly like to print things out, either, because of cost, or the desire to be green, or the knowledge that’s one more pile of paper we have to juggle, carry around, store, and not lose. Neither medium seems particularly ideal, especially for longer, content-heavy pieces. There is difficulty with lighter reading as well online, especially those with a broader scope aimed at the average reader. These pieces are often poorly researched and hastily produced, we might find the tone engaging or the content interesting, and it encourages us to read it......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Book Thief

...Different characters have different personalities. Whether in real life or in a fictional book, all people have their own feelings, personalities or emotions. All characters from The Book Thief are believable because they all have emotions and that is why they should be considered as believable characters because emotions and feelings are what make those characters realistic. For example, Max Vandenburg, Hans and Rosa Hubermann, are believable from The Book Thief. Max with his anger and Hans and Rosa’s love toward their family are what make them especially believable. First of all, Max Vandenburg is a Jewish fist-fighter who hides in the Hubermann’s house because of what Hans owe from his father. “You find a small black room, in sits a scum. He is starving. He is afraid.” (Page 138) This part of the book explained how before Max moved into the Hubermann’s house, he used to hide in a small room waiting for his friend. It definitely showed how lonely Max was while hiding and waiting. This loneliness is a very realistic human feeling that makes Max a believable character. “In the blue corner, we have the champion of the world, The Fubhrer… and in the red corner, we have the Jewish, rat-faced challenger –Max Vandenburg.” (Page 251) Loneliness is not the only feeling Max has in the story but also the anger towards Hitler. As a Jewish who was constantly being hunted for at that time, he had furious feelings toward Hitler, the Nazi leader, which made him fantasize about being in a...

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

The Book Thief

...Joshua Steel Death is a Synesthete In The Book Thief Death is personified and described as a Synesthete. Synesthetes experience the world differently. A sound is not just heard; it might be perceived as a color. In the prologues first section “Death and Chocolate” when Death mentions that when you die the only thing he’ll hear “will be my own breathing and the sound of the smell of my footsteps”. In this section Death also tells us about how he personally likes a dark chocolate colored sky (hence “Death and Chocolate”) though he tries to enjoy the billion or so flavors of sky to slowly suck on. During the next three sections of the prologue Death immerses himself in the colors; White, Black, and Red. At first glance these three hues may seem unrelated and almost randomly elected but we later find out some pretty serious sybolism behind this tiny palette of chroma. White, of the most blinding kind. Death assures us that white is indeed a color before he describes the whole globe as “being dressed in snow” while the trees “wear blankets of ice”. White is often seen as representing puritiy and innocence; two attributes that are also often linked to childhood which is fitting, since Liesels brother had just died. While Death is collecting the young boy’s soul he wavers and notices a young Liesel in the very midst of her innocence and purity. Black, the darkness before dawn. This time around, Death elucidates the scene of a freshly crashed plane...

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

The Thief of Time

... The Thief of Time The Thief of Time Philosophical Essays on Procrastination Edited by Chrisoula Andreou Mark D. White 2010 Oxford University Press, Inc., publishes works that further Oxford University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education. Oxford New York Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto With offices in Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Czech Republic France Greece Guatemala Hungary Italy Japan Poland Portugal Singapore South Korea Switzerland Thailand Turkey Ukraine Vietnam Copyright © 2010 by Oxford University Press, Inc. Published by Oxford University Press, Inc. 198 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016 www.oup.com Oxford is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of Oxford University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The thief of time: philosophical essays on procrastination / edited by Chrisoula Andreou and Mark D. White. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-19-537668-5 (hardback: alk. paper) 1. Procrastination. I. Andreou, Chrisoula. II. White, Mark D., 1971– BF637.P76T45 2010 128'.4—dc22 2009021750 987654321 Printed in the United States...

Words: 125542 - Pages: 503

The Book Thief - Rudy

...Question: Choose one character and describe their actions and personality. How do they help to illustrate the key ideas of the novel? The character Rudy Steiner in The Book Thief is constructed to represent particular ideas about the dualities of Nazi-era Germany and the importance of loyalty. Rudy is kind and loyal towards his family and friends throughout the novel. This is specifically true when it comes to Liesel. His friendship with Liesel develops from a playful youthfulness to a strong bind that connects them over time and words. This is shown when Viktor Chemmel begins berating Liesel and he tosses Liesel’s book in the river, Rudy doesn’t hesitate to dive in after it, not because it holds any value to him but because he knows it’s important to Liesel, “A book floated down the Amper River. A boy jumped in, caught up to it, and held it in his right hand. He grinned” Through this action the ideas about the value of loyalty are highlighted. In several ways Rudy is also representative of a typical teenager, and he shows that even in extraordinary circumstances people will continue to have rather ordinary concerns. Although there’s a war going on, his main interest is usually soccer or winning races. His conflicts in the Hitler Youth have nothing to do with ideology; they’re simply about the fact that he and Franz Deutscher have taken a disliking to each other, “Four gold medals…It would show all those bastards who said I was crazy” Through these simple mundane tasks the...

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

Comparative Essay - the Book Thief

...Paige Ghesquire ENG 3UI – 05 Ms. Wright May 23, 2015 The Kite Runner: The Power of Words “The power of words, written or spoken, have life. They can change the world.” (search quotes). The power of words should not be underestimated. Liesel proves this to be true in the novel and the film The Book Thief. She uses words to develop relationships with her foster father, Hans Hubermann; Max Vandenburg, the illicit Jew in her basement; and her neighbours. In the novel The Book Thief by Markus Zusak there is much more relationship development compared to the film The Book Thief directed by Brian Percival. This consequently causes the theme of the power of words to be less prominent in the film. The novel The Book Thief develops the relationship between Liesel Meminger and her neighbours more than the film The Book Thief therefore minimizing the theme. First, Liesel and Rudy become best friends, “Insane or not, Rudy was always destined to be Liesel’s best friend.” (Zusak 48). Rudy introduced himself to Liesel as soon as she moved in, he developed a liking for her and they soon become best friends. Rudy used his charming, and sometimes insulting, words to win over Liesel. This develops the theme because it shows that even if one does not want to like someone, their words can change them into a likable person. Second, Liesel and Frau Hermann develop a relationship, “When she came and stood with an impossibly frail steadfastness, she was holding a tower of books against her......

Words: 1736 - Pages: 7

The Book Thief

...The Book Thief Comparison Essay Liesel Meminger is a smart girl who nearly loses everything she ever loved. On her way to her foster parent’s house her brother dies. Her mother leaves her with people she hardly even knows, but Liesel soon finds something to keep her occupied. She steals books. The first book she stole was a t her brother’s funeral and she stole or “borrowed” books from the mayor’s library. Just as things were becoming better for Liesel, something happened that would change her life forever. She has to help hide Max, a Jew who would be dead if it wasn’t for the Hubermann’s. She learns to love and care for Max, but he leaves to keep the Hubermann’s safe. Liesel finds more abandonment when an air raid goes off on Himmel Street and Rosa, Hans, and Rudy are all dead. Liesel is the only one to survive because she was in the basement writing her book. Through all of the abandonment in her life there was only one thing that was always there for her; books. The book and the movie The Book Thief have many similarities. One similarity is that in the book and the movie Rudy gets in trouble for pretending to be Jesse Owens. He gets in trouble because he shouldn't want to be someone who is black and he never will be black. Another similarity between the book and the movie is that Liesel gets I trouble for saying that she hates Hitler. Hans doesn't care that she hates Hitler, but in Germany at this time everyone was supposed to be for Hitler. Lastly, in the......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

It Takes a Thief

...ENGL 1301   Zombie Apocalypse: It takes a thief   Are you prepared for a Zombie Apocalypse? Throughout the years, movies, television shows, and other miscellaneous things have heightened a large number of people’s suspicion about the possibility of disease-ridden humans taking over the world. In reality, that atrocity is not very far-fetched. First of all, what does the word zombie mean? There are several possible etymologies of the word zombie.  According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the word entered English circa 1871; it's derived from the Louisiana Creole or Haitian Creole zonbi, which in turn is of Bantu origin. A zonbi is a person who is believed to have died and been brought back to life without speech or free will. One possible origin is nzambi, the Kongo word meaning "spirit of a dead person." Another is jumbie, the West Indian term for "ghost.” With so many vaccines and medicines being mass produced without the sufficient steps taken to test the results, the chance of humans contracting unimaginable side effects is a rational possibility. All it takes is a host. “A reservoir host, or simply a reservoir, refers to a living (human, animal, insect, or plant) or non-living (soil, water) entity where a disease-causing organism can normally live and multiply. A host in which a parasite resides to sexual maturity is called a primary host, and a host in which a parasite spends only part of its life cycle or does not reach sexual maturity is called an......

Words: 1251 - Pages: 6

To Catch a Thief Movie Review

...“It takes a thief to catch a thief.” Well, that’s the saying we’ve always heard. In modern day times, we’ve seen it in productions like Fast and Furious, Criminal Minds, and even in comedies like 22 Jump Street. Hitchcock based his movie, To Catch a Thief, solely based on this saying. John Robie (the infamous jewel thief from previous years) is being framed as stealing multiple precious jewels around the city. The culprit has the same technique and does it with the same stealth as Robie did. The police think Robie could be the only one to commit these crimes so he conjures up the idea that he has to catch the actual thief to prove his innocence. In his struggle to do so, he comes into contact with an old friend (Danielle), a jewel insurer, and two ladies from America (a mother and daughter), all who help contribute to the smooth transitions between scenes and an exciting ending. Therefore, To Catch a Thief is a striking movie, being both witty and suspenseful; Alfred Hitchcock creates this feeling by making the movie not too predictable, scripting engaging characters, and keeping scenes implicit. First off, Hancock set up the movie to where it wasn’t obvious who the jewel thief was, but if you paid attention to detail, you could make a good guess. From the way characters talked, it was believed that a man was the thief. For Robie even says, “He picks perfect victims and only the right stones. Goes up walls, over the roofs, down through the skylights. Leaves no clue and......

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

The Book Thief Essay

...Historically, people have used literacy to obtain political power. In the novel The Book Thief by Markus Zusak, it is evident that books, reading, and words themselves represent power for different characters in different ways. Close analysis of Liesel Meminger and Max Vandenburg reveals that power can be achieved through literacy in a context where literacy is severely limited. Literacy plays a major role in Liesel’s adolescence. Liesel obtains power through literacy as it gives her a sense of comfort and control. The act of reading and writing gives Liesel the strength to cope with and heal from her emotional trauma. Reading and finishing the book The Gravedigger’s Handbook helps Liesel find the courage to move on from the loss of her brother. Although Liesel does not yet know how to read when she arrives at the Hubermann’s on Himmel Street, she keeps the book to comfort her, as it is the last object she has relating to her brother. When papa and Liesel finish reading the book, Liesel “trot[s] out, involuntarily” (Zusak 87) by explaining to Hans that her brother’s name “‘was Werner’” (87). The act of Liesel’s words being spoken involuntarily suggests that “she is finding some freedom in the effects of her disturbing experiences” (Lee 14). Liesel does not have to force herself to speak to Hans about her brother as she has gained emotional stability. Additionally, literacy helps Liesel recover from her distress as Hans reads to her nightly. Hans reads to Liesel “to soothe...

Words: 2006 - Pages: 9

Banking Management - a Cheque Drawn for Rajkumar or Order Is Stolen. the Thief Made Endorsement as Rajkumar on the Cheque in His Favour

...per cent of a bank’s Tier 1 capital. d) None Q.17) Under domestic factoring, the payment of the bills that the seller gets from the factor is: a) 100 per cent of the value of the bills immediately on submission. b) Nearly 80 per cent of the bill amount upon tendering the bill and the balance on due date. c) Nearly 80 per cent of the bill amount upon tendering the bill and the balance on due date after collecting it from the buyer. d) 100 per cent of the value of the bill only after collection from the buyer. Q.18) What services are provided by merchant bankers? Are investment bankers and merchant Bankers, the same? Q.19) A cheque drawn for Rajkumar or order is stolen. The thief made endorsement as Rajkumar on the cheque in his favour. The cheque is presented in clearing and paid by bank. What would be the liability of paying bank? a) The paying bank will get protection under N.I. Act. b) Forgery does not given any rights to bank, hence liable. c) Under section 85, the paying bank is liable. d) Under section 131, the paying bank is liable. Q.20) Write in brief the role of Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) Q.21) The difference between the credit and the debit card is: a) Your account gets debited immediately on using a credit card b) Your account gets debited immediately on using as a debit card c) Your account does......

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8

Thief Lord

...Cayman Wilcox Period 4-5 Ms. Simmons “The Thief lord” Pg. 1-10 In The book “THE THIEF LORD” I wondered what this phrase meant in the text. IT said “My children must have been taken by my late born sister.” AT first it confused me, because I wasn’t using my text strategies. The phrase my late born sister confused me, because I never used that word, or heard of it much. So I decided to try to relate it to what I already know, because it gives me a way to break it down in a way so what I did was think about the word late meaning ”tardy”, and “sister” as in a family member. Then I put that together and I got that her sister must have been born along time after her in her parents older age, Ands that’s how I got my answer. Strategies help me to understand what’s going on by using your knowledge and context clues. It helps me o think of things from my experience and relate it to the text. It gives me skills to learn about things I don’t know without having to look it up. That’s how I figured out in the text what the author was saying and describing in the story by using my knowledge. That helps me, and it will help you if you apply it to your daily life when it comes to that time that type of situation that you are stuck on will be a breeze for you....

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Mis En Scene in the Bicycle Thief

...element exclusive to film that allows for the demonstration of themes and ideals. The Italian neorealist movement of the mid twentieth century exemplifies the power of mis en scene as a manner of promoting ideas within a movie. Neorealist filmmakers used myriad methods, including nonprofessional actors and shooting on location in order to accurately portray the struggles of their country after World War II. Vittorio De Sica’s The Bicycle Thieves offers a gritty portrayal of urban hardship that stands out as a shining example of the period’s meticulous use of mis en scene. The film tells the tragic story of Antonio Ricci, who sells his sheets to afford a bike that he needs for his new job, which he has been searching for tirelessly. A thief, however, steals his bicycle shortly thereafter. Ricci strives valiantly, though to no avail, to regain possession of the bicycle, and at the film’s conclusion resorts to unsuccessfully attempting to steal another man’s. The Bicycle Thieves paints a picture of an urban man’s alienation and economic struggle. De Sica makes this possible largely through his masterful use of mis en scene. He utilizes the mis en scene elements of set, prop usage, and costuming in order to emphasize themes of urban poverty and desperation. Vittorio De Sica utilizes costumes in reflecting the financial hardship of lower class Rome. The element of costuming serves as a reflection of economic adversity quite visibly through the change in the state of......

Words: 1502 - Pages: 7

The Book Thief

...Matthew Zeppieri Mr. Kilgallin AP English Language 8 August 2012 The Book Thief Questions In the first chapter, I discovered who the narrator was on page 21. It specifically was revealed when the narrator is talking about the dead brother of Liesel Meminger saying, “It was exactly when I knelt down and extracted his soul, holding it limply in my swollen arms” (21). revealing the narrator’s identity as Death. The narrator’s diction on the page can be described as vain due to the fact he doesn’t need an introduction when the narrator says it is “not really necessary” (4). The narrator’s diction reveals that he has a methodical, stone cold personality that puts the narrator in a more superior position then the human race. Achieving this, the diction creates an effect that the narrator is going to be a huge part in the rest of the story which creates more dramatic irony when the narrator reveals stuff to us that the characters in the story will not know. “ You will be caked in your own body.” is considered to be a metaphor. “ A scream will dribble down in the air.” is categorized as a catachresis. “ The only sound I’ll hear after that will be my own breathing, and the sound of the smell, of my footsteps.” is an example of synesthesia. “What will the sky be saying?” is an erotema. Colors in this story play an important vital role in The Book Thief and the most important colors are the colors of the Nazi flag: black, white, and red. Black symbolizes sadness because the......

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5