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The Guardians in Plato’s Republic

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By amalihr
Words 3041
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Plato defines justice as "each social class doing what it has to do". Plato believed in natural division of individuals where each person is suitable for a specific task. He thought that for a society to succeed, its members have to work together for its general well being. Here, Plato defines three social classes that constitute a society: the guardians that have the wisdom; the auxiliaries that have the courage, and the workers that have the temperance. These three social classes are compared to the components of the soul that are the reason, the spirit, and the desire. Guardians are believed to represent the reason in the soul since they are supposed to use their minds in order to make the right decisions that will promote the well being of the society. Auxiliaries represent the courage of an individual because they are supposed to protect the society from outside dangers. Finally, workers are compared to the desire that pushes individuals to commit or pursue irrational acts. For Plato, a successful just society is one in which the guardians control or rule using reason, the auxiliaries protect the society’s wealth and territory from outside attacks though their courage; while workers will moderate their desires. Therefore, guardians are considered to be as moral experts that have a philosophical thinking, which means that they have the necessary knowledge to ask the right questions about human life and assess what is best for the society as a whole. They are compared to dogs for their intelligence, loyalty, courage and strength; and they are supposed to educate in Plato’s Society in order to establish justice. They need to establish a good educational system that fulfills the needs of every social class according to its function and abilities, through telling myths and making censorship. They also can not have private families or property, and can be from both…...

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