The Effect of Aquaculture on Mangroves in the Philippines

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Teyk
Words 2287
Pages 10
Philippine mangrove forests play a highly specialized and intricate role in tropical coastal ecosystems. Mangroves are characterized by a species of tree that have adapted to grow in tidal flats, bordering the ocean. Mangroves thrive in the salty coastal water, where other plant species would die. Aquaculture practices in the Philippines have had negative impacts on mangrove tracts, resulting in more than 337 000 hectares lost since 1925 (Samson and Rollon, 2008). The removal of mangroves for aquaculture creates exponential environmental backlash, as the role of mangroves is replaced with polluting aquaculture. The purpose of this paper is to compare the benefits of aquaculture to the negative effects on mangrove ecosystems. When considering the negative aspects of aquaculture it is also important to provide solutions to help mitigate mangrove damage and destruction. This paper has been organized to first provide a background on mangroves and Philippine aquaculture, specifically brackish water ponds. The second portion of this paper is to provide information on the damages caused by aquaculture unto mangrove ecosystems and the environment. The third portion provides solutions to the problems facing mangrove ecosystems because of aquaculture. This paper looks to inspire and educate on the relationship between aquaculture and mangrove ecosystems in the Philippines.

The Benefits of Mangroves

Mangroves provide countless benefits to coastal and inland ecosystems.
Acting as a boundary between ocean and land, mangroves help to buffer and dissipate wave energy. As sea levels rise, coastal erosion is degrading the shores and depositing sediment into the ocean. Mangroves work against erosion by providing a layer of protection against ocean waters. The physical nature of mangrove trunks buffers the force of waves, preventing the full strength of the wave from reaching…...

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