The Airplane and Its History

In: Historical Events

Submitted By robertdobson90
Words 1726
Pages 7
The Airplane and its History
Robert Dobson
Thomas Edison State University
The Airplane and its History I am currently finishing a Bachelor of Science in Applied Science and Technology degree in Aviation Flight Technology at Thomas Edison State University. I have also been a pilot for twenty years, professionally for the past sixteen years. For these reasons, I have chosen the airplane and its history as the technology that will serve as the subject of this assignment. First, I will explain what an airplane is. Next, I will explain how an airplane works. Finally, I will give a brief history of the airplane. So what is an airplane? I'm joking! Everyone in the world knows what an airplane is unless they've lived in a stone age society their whole life. Even so, I'll begin by defining exactly what an airplane is and how they work. An airplane is a powered, fixed-wing vessel that travels through the air (Airplane, n.d.). The airplane has wings that provide the force of lift in order for the airplane to overcome the force of gravity and climb off the ground and stay airborne. In order for the wings to do their job of providing lift, the airplane must be propelled forward so that the wings can get sufficient airflow to generate the necessary force and overcome the force of drag. The propulsion methods usually employed are through use of engine driven propellers or jet engines. These provide the force of thrust to move the aircraft forward. Many variations exist as to the configuration of these methods to generate propulsion. Some common configurations are propellers in a forward pull location, a rearward push location, wing mounted, or a push-pull arrangement. Jet engines are typically mounted either on the wings or aft on the fuselage of the…...

Similar Documents


...“The mid-twentieth-century era of a dictatorship is a highly disturbing chapter in the history of civilization. The key development was not only the resurgence of authoritarian rule but also the rise of a particularly ruthless brand of totalitarianism that reached its full realization in the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and Japan in the 1930’s. Stalin, Hitler, and Japan’s military leaders intervened radically in society and ruled with unprecedented severity” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 907). Hitler came to power in 1933 in Germany. There are a few reasons why Hitler came to power from his incredible speaking to his many promises. Germany had just been through a war and had lost. With the ending of the war the Treaty of Versailles was a step toward establishing order. “More harshly the Allies declared Germany (with Austria) was responsible for the war and had therefore to pay reparations equal to all civilian damages caused by the war” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 863). The government opposed and protested this Treaty, but there was no alternative. With this treaty in effect, living in Germany was very hard. The people of Germany were poor and needed someone to lead them out of this depression they had fallen into. Hitler promised to restore hope and to solve the problems of the depression. To Germans at the time Hitler made sense, uniting everyone. With Adolf Hitler came his National Socialism movement. National Socialism was shaped by Hitler’s beliefs......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3


...Airplane is an invention of mankind that let the people to make the dream of flying come true. From ancient times people were dreaming of flying like the birds. In different periods of time, inventors were trying to achieve how to make it happen by the different means. The first draft of the flying machine was created by Leonardo da Vinci in 15th century, but in 1903 the first real flight was achieved by Wright Brothers. The dream of mankind was finally achieved to fly as a bird. In first years of the twentieth century, airplane industry was developing very quickly. Different countries started to engineer their own planes. Airplane industry was divided into two directions: it became civil, and defensive. In process of two world wars aviation was playing a big role. In 50’s of the last century aviation had changed dramatically. Airplanes started to fly hypersonic speed. There have been invented civil aircrafts and military fighters. Aviation was generating a huge profit. New corporation were founded, such as Boeing, Airbus, European Space Corporation, and Russian soviet State Aircraft Industry. Civil aviation made it possible for people to travel faster and plan long distance voyages all around the world. Air cargo carriage has increased quantities of the products that have been moved and decreased the time of the process, in result economies of the different countries have experienced an unseen before development, and increased an employment all around the......

Words: 518 - Pages: 3


...Terrorism Has Affected The United States Stephanie Boone Ryan Tarr University of Phoenix History 145 June 9, 2013 Terrorism is the act of intimidating persons using ways of violence as a way to look for attention but there has been a problem in defining, as there was a problem in differentiating terrorism with activities involved with violence and actions by the military. The phenomenon has become a major concern for the American public and was elevated by the Reagan administration to the foremost foreign policy problem of the nation and the public considers terrorism to be a greater threat than driving on the freeway or even nuclear war. America also continues to be relatively free of the threat of domestic terrorism through the help of draconian anti-terrorist measures that many states endure, also the wholesale cancellation of airplane travel plans and even terrorist acts. The fact that people are so gripped by terrorism may actually serve to reinforce it, as one of terrorism purposes is to rivet the public’s attention and we may unfortunately say that terrorism is actually working. Terror is a process involving three steps: one is seeking......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Initial Sizing of an Airplane space. On putting values of all parameters and then plotting in matlab, design space is obtained. The code for plotting the sizing matrix plot is given in Appendix A(a). In the design space the optimum design point is obtained by calculating the score of the point based on its weightage. (The weightage of various design parameters is given in Appendix A(b). REGRESSION ANALYSIS A regression analysis was done to find out the statistical relation between empty weight fraction of an airplane and various design driving parameters such as wing loading, power loading, aspect ratio, dash speed etc. The regression was done by obtaining the values of various design parameters of aircrafts of the same class. The code for regression is given in Appendix B. INITIAL SIZING Initial sizing of weight is one of the first calculations done in early design phase. The weight is calculated from the following equation. , where Wfuel =weight of the fuel/gross takeoff weight Wempty=empty weight of airplane/gross takeoff weight In the above equation the unknowns are Wfuel and Wempty. To calculate fuel weight fraction: Breguet’s Endurance equation is used to calculate the mission weight fractions of various mission segments. Using the above equation mission weight fractions of various mission segments such as take-off, landing, loiter etc. When mission weight fractions of all mission segments is known then (initial weight/final weight) fraction is calculated by multiplying......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3


...Police of the World Joel Terry Doctor Alan Rogers Contemporary U.S. History – HIS 105 Strayer University - Lithonia Campus June 15, 2014 Police of the World Since gaining independence from the British in 1776, the United States foreign policy over the years has gone from expansionist to isolationism to defending democracy. With the responsibility of defending democratic rights for those who cannot defend themselves, the United States in my opinion has taken on the role of “policeman of the world.” This role became more evident with the use of U.S. military force in international incidents like U.S. intervention in the 2011 Libyan Civil War to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and U.S. involvement in the 2011 Yemeni Civil War protesting the leadership of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Despite the United States hailed, as a defender of democracy by some, their actions are usually not selfless. In both situations, protecting United States interests was a major factor. Both Libya and Yemen are hot beds for terrorist activity by radical groups like al-Qaeda. The United States monitors the activities of these groups in an effort to intercept information to thwart acts of terrorism, particularly against Americans. Leadership in these vulnerable countries is of great interest to the United States because some regimes are sympathetic to these militant groups. A lack of clear leadership in these countries also poses a threat to U.S....

Words: 308 - Pages: 2


...The Arabs: A History by Eugene Rogan Robert Irwin on an eloquent history of Arab hopes and disappointments * Share17 * * * * * ------------------------------------------------- Email * ------------------------------------------------- Robert Irwin * ------------------------------------------------- * ------------------------------------------------- The Guardian, Saturday 31 October 2009 An American Army helicopter flies past a mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. Photograph: Joe Raedle/Getty Images The Arabs: A History 1. The Arabs: A History 2. by Eugene Rogan 3. 4. ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Buy the book Bottom of Form by Eugene Rogan 532pp, Allen Lane, £25 Early on in his book Eugene Rogan, who teaches the modern history of the Middle East, confesses that in "any free and fair election in the Arab world today, I believe the Islamists would win hands down". Again, towards the end of this engrossing and capacious book, he reiterates that the "inconvenient truth about the Arab world today is that, in any free and fair election, those parties most hostile to the United States are most likely to win". Today, Arab fear of the west and resentment at the humiliating and socially damaging effects of westernisation fuels Islamism and the spread of terrorism. How have we come to this pass? Rogan answers this question by tracing the history of Arab hopes and ultimate disappointments from...

Words: 1343 - Pages: 6


...Thrust and Lift "Thrust" and "lift" are two other forces that help your plane make a long flight. Thrust is the forward movement of the plane. The initial thrust comes from the muscles of the "pilot" as the paper airplane is launched. After this, paper airplanes are really gliders, converting altitude to forward motion. Lift comes when the air below the airplane wing is pushing up harder than the air above it is pushing down. It is this difference in pressure that enables the plane to fly. Pressure can be reduced on a wing's surface by making the air move over it more quickly. The wings of a plane are curved so that the air moves more quickly over the top of the wing, resulting in an upward push, or lift, on the wing. The Four Forces in Balance History of the Paper Airplane There is some evidence of paper kites and gliders that originated in Ancient China and Japan. In Europe, it was only during the Renaissance period onwards that inventors attempted to create paper models of a machine that could fly. The Wright brothers were the ones who invented airplanes, and they did this by testing out miniature paper models! Toy paper planes only became popular much later, during WWII. Since all materials and supplies were rationed, children made or received airplanes made from paper instead of metal, wood, or plastic!...

Words: 319 - Pages: 2


...History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation")[2] is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans.[3][4] It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians. Events occurring prior to written record are considered prehistory. History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them.[5][6] Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.[5][7][8][9] Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not support the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history.[10][11] Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian is considered within the Western tradition to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their work continues to be read today and the divide between the culture-focused......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

History of the Faa

...Term Paper The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 ASCI 254 12/09/14 It has always been the dream of mankind wanting to join the birds in the sky, many innovators created various contraptions to achieve flight. On December 17, 1903, two brothers by the name of Wilbur and Orville Wright decided to test their contraption and it was successful. This event changed the course of aviation as the contraption known as Flyer 1 became the first successful powered heavier-than-air flight. During the course of World War I, airplanes proved to be a useful tool for the military. With the introduction of airmail planes were now utilized for commercial purposes. The Air Mail Act of 1925 gave birth to the airlines and passenger service began. But the airplane did not reach its full commercial potential until 1926 when the Air Commerce Act was passed. This legislation was responsible for issuing and enforcing traffic rules, licensing pilot, certifying aircrafts, etc. (History, n.d.) In 1938 the Civil Aeronautics Act was signed and this was the foundation for an authority to oversee the aviation industry. The Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA) was tasked with the federal responsibilities that the Bureau or Air Commerce used to handle and also was now given the authority power to regulate airline fares and determine airline routes. But in 1940, President Franklin Roosevelt split the Civil Aeronautics Authority into two agencies, the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) and the Civil Aeronautics......

Words: 1292 - Pages: 6

Narrative Airplane

...English Composition 02 September 2015 My First Airplane Ride The first time I few on an airplane was thrilling. The fear of the unknown can be very exciting, but also very nerve racking. It was March of 2012, departing from Wichita, layover in Denver, and final destination Seattle Washington. I’ve seen it hundreds of times in the movies, but experiencing it for real is something one just cannot capture on screen. The rush of the takeoff, the smooth flying, even the flight attendants are things I will never forget. The Wichita airport was surprisingly deserted, the long corridors leading to a large, mostly empty room. The emptiness of the huge building was surprising, and had a bit of an eerie feeling. “Well, at least the lines aren’t long” I thought. Check in was easy enough, handing my I.D to the lady behind the counter. With a big smile she handed me my boarding pass, and wished me a safe flight. Going through security didn’t take long. I had heard that I would have to take off my shoes, but I hadn’t thought about my belt. After taking a minute to re-dress myself after the security check point, I looked down at my ticket and headed to the terminal. Finding the terminal gate was also easy, we appeared to be the only flight scheduled that time and for that side of the airport. I found a seat, close to the window and sat down. As the clock ticked closer and closer to the departure time I could feel my nerves rise. Then, the airplane appeared right outside the window. It......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4


...Gonzalez 1 Rachel Gonzalez AP U.S. History Mr. Cranston 20 March 2015 Chapters 12 and 13 Essay Assignment Major themes of history evolve as time progresses. From the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, to the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, massive shifts occur. Regarding work, exchange, and technology; America in the World; politics and power; as well as ideas, beliefs, and culture, the evolution between the centuries have changed the significant themes throughout the United States. Work, exchange, and technology play a huge role in Americans lives throughout each century. People rarely used money; services and products were paid for mostly through trades and barters. Home and work were not separated; they were the same place. Nobody stuck to a schedule; things were done as needed. Skills were acquired through apprenticeship. An apprenticeship lasted from three to seven years. Apprentices lived with their masters during this time period, while trading knowledge for labor. However, women were not allowed to have such apprenticeships. Women gained knowledge of domestic skills through their mother, as it was assumed that the women would marry. Some women would work respectably as: servants, laundresses, seamstresses, cooks, and food vendors—or not respected as prostitutes. Men directed the lives of family members and apprentices: deciding occupations for sons, marriages for daughters, etc. Women (the wives) were responsible for: food,......

Words: 3448 - Pages: 14

The Brief History History of Us

...The Brief History of USA The United States of America has been a democracy for more than 200 years. Issues that were important in its early years remain so today: big government versus small government, individual rights versus group rights, free markets versus controlled trade, and connection with the world versus focusing on internal affairs. The U.S. tries to be a fair and just society, and much of the time it succeeds. Through compromise and change, the country has grown, prospered, and made progress toward its ideals. In time, the 13 colonies developed within three distinct regions. As time went on, all the colonies developed governments based on the British tradition of citizen participation. The ideas of liberalism and democracy are the basis of the U.S. political system. As the colonists built their new society, they believed more strongly in these ideas. Britain’s 13 colonies grew in population and economic strength during the 1700s. The American Revolution and the war for independence from Britain began with a small fight between British troops and colonists on April 19, 1775. In 1778, France recognized the United States as an independent country and signed a treaty of alliance. In 1783, the 13 colonies became the United States. Before the war ended, the colonies had developed the Articles of Confederation, a plan to work together as one nation, but the connections among the 13 states were loose. It was a nation of 13 countries. George......

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

History of Transportation

...Summary of the History of Transportation 3500 BC | Fixed wheels on carts are invented - the first wheeled vehicles in history. Other early wheeled vehicles include the chariot. | 3500 BC | River boats are invented - ships with oars | 2000 BC | Horses are domesticated and used for transportation. | 181-234 | The wheelbarrow is invented. | 770 | Iron horseshoes improve transportation by horse | 1492 | Leonardo da Vinci first to seriously theorize about flying machines - with over 100 drawings that illustrated his theories on flight | 1620 | Cornelis Drebbel invented the first submarine - an human oared submersible | 1662 | Blaise Pascal invents the first public bus - horse-drawn, regular route, schedule, and fare system | 1740 | Jacques de Vaucanson demonstrates his clockwork powered carriage | 1783 | First practical steamboat demonstrated by Marquis Claude Francois de Jouffroy d'Abbans - a paddle wheel steamboat | 1783 | The Montgolfier brothers invent the first hot air balloons | 1787 | Steamboat invented | 1769 | First self-propelled road vehicle invented by Nicolas Joseph Cugnot | 1790 | Modern bicycles invented | 1801 | Richard Trevithick invented the first steam powered locomotive (designed for roads) | 1807 | Isaac de Rivas makes a hydrogen gas powered vehicle - first with internal combustion power - however, very unsuccessful design | 1807 | First steamboat with regular passenger service - inventor Robert Fulton's Clermont | 1814 |......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

History of the Airports

...History Of Airports Author: Marta Więch ID: 45816 Group: I Department: Faculty of Economics Specialization: Aviation Management Semester: II Subject: Aviation Management English Teacher: Catherine Lockhead-Strzępka, M.B.A. Table of content: 1) Cover page 2) Table of content 3) Introduction 4) Background 5-7) First airstrips and airports 8-12) Major milestones: 8. Runway 9. Hangar 10. Air traffic control tower 11. Lighting system 12. Terminal 13) Airport of the 21st century 14) Future - what will it bring? 15) Conclusions 16) Bibliography Introduction This report describes one of the most important innovations of modern times - an airport, which followed another great invention - an airplane. It indicates the major role of aviation industry and shows how it revolutionized the way people travel around the globe. This paper concentrates on the history of an airport, the way it used to look like and how it evolved during last two centuries. This work is also about differences and common points between an airstrip, commercial or general aviation airport and a hub. It also tries to find out what kind of improvements aerodromes of the future are going to bring for passengers and airlines. We can also get acknowledged with the authors of this building project. Let's find out who they were and which nationalities made the biggest difference in the world of aviation. What is more, we will get familiar with the countries with the biggest......

Words: 3484 - Pages: 14


...Giovanny Veloz US History 3/28/12 On March 26th I visited the American Museum of Natural History. After 3 hours of roaming around I couldn’t find much that pertained to this history class so my friend that works there was able to sneak me into the American Historical Society right next door. This was a goldmine of information and exhibits pertaining to history during all different types of eras. Right in front of the museum was a life size statue of Abraham Lincoln and to my surprise, he was really tall. One document that really caught my eye was a rare handwritten copy of the Thirteenth Amendment, signed by Lincoln himself. I was intrigued by this document because all I was doing was looking at this piece of paper and imagining Lincoln sitting down actually signing this with a feather and some ink. Trying to picture yourself living back in those days is The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction”. The Emancipation Proclamation, which went into effect on January 1, 1863, was a major step towards the abolition of slavery, helping to fulfill the promise of the Declaration of Independence and renew the nation’s founding philosophy of human liberty. Due to the Civil War, Lincoln realized that changing the Constitution itself would not be sufficient...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3