Smart Card

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By snowdee
Words 1254
Pages 6
Smart Cards for Future Healthcare Systems
Secure, efficient, reliable

Card-based e-health networks: cutting costs and improving care
All around the world, news­ paper headlines warn about the exploding costs of health­ care. Advanced medicines and technology are boosting life expectancy. As a result, people can now look forward to living past the age of 80 – twice as long as 100 years ago. This trend, however, has the side effect of driving up healthcare costs. As people get older, they need more frequent and more expensive care, causing the price of insurance to skyrocket. Clearly, something needs to be done to contain these costs. A number of countries have implemented conventional measures aimed at saving money. One of the most basic measures is the introduction of card­based e­health net­ works, which can help reduce costs remarkably. Card for physicians and phar­ macists, and a Card Application Management System (CAMS). Patient Data Card The Patient Data Card is a PIN­protected smart card incor­ porating a microprocessor and protected by cryptographic functions. It contains adminis­ trative insurance information and entitles patients to seek medical treatment. In turn, the patients give their doctors access to their personal medical data, which is stored either on the card or in the e­health network. The card can also hold information such as elec­ tronic prescriptions.

How to cut healthcare costs
1. Reduce fraud 2. Streamline administration 3. Improve communication 4. Enhance quality

Every project carried out by Giesecke & Devrient (G&D) has shown that efficient card­ based e­health networks have three main components: a Patient Data Card for the in­ sured, the Health Professional


Health Professional Card The Health Professional Card is a person­specific ID with a picture used by physicians and pharmacists. Like a key, it allows the holder to “unlock”…...

Similar Documents

Smart Grid

...Exploring the imperative of revitalizing America’s electric infrastructure. the SMART GRID: an introduction. How a smarter grid works as an enabling engine for our economy, our environment and our future. prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy by Litos Strategic Communication under contract No. DE-AC26-04NT41817, Subtask 560.01.04 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor Litos Strategic Communication, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof, or Litos Strategic Communication. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PREFACE It Is A ColossAl tAsk. But It Is A tAsk thAt must BE donE. The Department of Energy has been charged with orchestrating the wholesale ......

Words: 13792 - Pages: 56

Smart Phones

...In today’s world, smart phones play an important role for many people and businesses. People use smart phones because it allows them to do many tasks on the go, checking e-mail, viewing bank statements and balances even social networking. For many it has also become a status symbol. To own the latest iPhone or Android is no longer about just function, many of the phones features are never even understood or used. It is about the bragging rights. To stand amongst your friends and family and hold up the shiny new phone and feel superior. The real question though, is are these new phones really better for us, or are they making us better targets for identity theft, privacy invasion and hacking attempts. There have been several changes to phone technology since the cell phone was invented in the 1970’s and used the analog system of sending information. The analog system was unencrypted and could be intercepted by anyone with common electronic devices available at Radio Shack. Next was iDen (Integrated Digital Enhanced Network), which used digital waves instead of analog. It has evolved into what we know now as Nextel’s Push-to-Talk feature. More secure than analog, but still easy to intercept and decode. TDMA (Time Division Media Access) was implemented by AT&T in the 1990’s. It featured a voice security that enabled encryption on your phone based on your voice. However if you enabled it, your phone would not work because AT&T never installed the software on......

Words: 2658 - Pages: 11

Multiservice Smart Cards

...a single smart card to be used for multiple services has been around for years. Instead of using separate access devices for different services, a user can access multiple services from different service providers by a single smart card. For example, a user can use the same smart card to log on to a remote server system, enter a secure building, and perform a financial transaction. This kind of design frees people from carrying many cards, bringing users the great convenience and at the same time saving resources and costs by manufacturing and managing less volume of cards. Therefore, multi-service smart card systems exhibit a high potential for economic and social benefits. Such a system is even more convenient if only one pass- word is used for each card so that users do not need to remember and cope with many passwords. 1.1 MULTISERVICE SMARTCARDS A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits. With a single card, and a single administration tool, organizations from government, to industry to academic institutions can deliver an array of personalized credit and loyalty-based services to their users, while generating comprehensive reports, and maintaining strict controls on usage. These cards can offer multiple applications such as: * Credit cards : These are the best known payment cards (classic plastic card): * Financial : Smart cards serve as credit or ATM cards, fuel......

Words: 4969 - Pages: 20

Be Smart

...English! This can be a challenging and fun exercise for the mind. (Note, try to be patient and positive when studying a language as it may take time to reach the level you desire.) Always ask questions. Asking questions and questioning everything around us constantly is what makes us smarter. There's nothing wrong with not knowing the whys or the hows! Everybody has something that they don't know. But by developing a healthy habit about asking when you don't know something, you'll find yourself getting smarter and smarter. Always learn. There are many sources of information out there. For example: books, documentaries, and the internet. School is just one source of information. If you have straight A's, that doesn't mean that you are smart. Exercising an open mind will make you more intelligent and constantly learning will help you get there....

Words: 597 - Pages: 3

Smart Refrigerator

...Smart Refrigerator Student (s) Number as per your student card: Om Amrit 10026834 Lecturer Name: Patrick O’Callaghan Module/Subject Title: Innovation and IT Management(B9MG138) Assignment Title: Smart Refrigerator No of Words: 1499 Contents 1. Summary 4 2. Introduction 4 3. Analysis 5 4. References 8 1. Summary A smart refrigerator is one that is provided to sense what items are constantly put into it, and may even have the ability to figure out when an item needs to be recharged. The smart refrigerator stays informed regarding what is in stock through several separate routines. The disadvantage of smart fridge is that most devices are not yet ready to communicate with another brand of devices. Specific products can only be networked with their fellow products under the same brand name. The solution of this problem is connecting a fridge to the cloud and it should be independent of any particular brand. It should be easily accessed and controlled by any device. 2. Introduction Intelligent machines with media proficiencies have been developing into our day by day life, because of the quick development of registering innovation and the wide utilization of the Internet. Kitchen is one of the spots where such shrewd apparatuses have been utilized. Since cutting edge life style is driving individuals investing less time on cooking solid sustenance at home, an agreeable and sound life style can be aided with an adroit kitchenware,...

Words: 1856 - Pages: 8

Smart Goals

...University of Phoenix Material SMART Goals Part A: Reflect on your results from the Career Interest Profiler Activity and the Career Plan Building Activity: Competencies. Building on your strengths and weaknesses, create five SMART goals to help you with your personal academic and career journey. Resource: University of Phoenix Material: Goal Setting Example: Take a writing workshop in the next 2 to 3 weeks to help me improve my writing skills in order to successfully communicate with others. 1. Keep at least a 3.0 on my report card. 2. Take a math and writing workshop in the next few weeks 3. Keep up with my assignments. 4. 5. Part B: Evaluate your SMART goals according to the SMART criteria. Provide support for your evaluation. | |S |M |A |R |T | |Goal |Is the goal specific? |Is the goal measurable? |Is the goal attainable? |Is the goal realistic? |Is the goal timely? | |Goal 1: |Yes |Yes |Yes |Yes |Yes | |Keeping a 3.0 grade point | | | | ...

Words: 727 - Pages: 3


...Intelligence I have this theory about intelligence. It's an over-simplified theory but here it is... There are three basic levels of intelligence. The first level consists of people who are not smart enough to know anything about the complexities of the universe and the deep suffering humanity has endured since its beginning. These people, unaware of the dark or disappointing aspects of existence, take blissful pleasure in small, insignificant things like a sunny day or a blueberry waffle. They spend their days with dumb looking grins on their faces, talking about unimportant, simple pleasures. The second level of intelligence is made up of people who are smart enough to have a notable understanding of those complexities of the universe and that deep suffering that humanity has endured. With their grasp on the bleakness of existence, they see no emotion in a sunny day, knowing full well that emotions are nothing more than chemical reactions in our brains, triggered by our environment to help dictate our actions in ways that might benefit our species. They fail to see the point in that blueberry waffle, knowing that at any given time, uncounted people around the world are dying of hunger caused by corruption. People within the third level of intelligence are also aware of these detailed and dreary points of our world. They understand the moral failure that so much of our planet endures. They know about the distant, permanently undiscovered details of the universe......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Smart Card

...all the banks in Kuwait use the smart cards instead of the regular credit and debit cards. A smart card resembles a credit card in size and shape, but inside it is completely different. First of all, it has an inside -- a normal credit card is a simple piece of plastic. The inside of a smart card usually contains an embedded microprocessor. The microprocessor is under a gold contact pad on one side of the card. Think of the microprocessor as replacing the usual magnetic stripe on a credit card or debit card. The microprocessor on the smart card is there for security. The host computer and card reader actually "talk" to the microprocessor. The microprocessor enforces access to the data on the card. If the host computer read and wrote the smart card's random access memory (RAM). The Smart Cards provides unlimited benefits to the customers, and its used recently almost in every organization and the business benefit from implementing the smart card. The most common smart card applications are: Credit cards Electronic cash Computer security systems Wireless communication Loyalty systems (like frequent flyer points) Banking Satellite TV Government identification Advantages and Disadvantages: Advantages: 1- Flexibility: Smart cards have a lot of flexibility. They can store multiple types of information including identification, credit cards, business and family contacts. 2-Cost and Availability: Smart card readers are expensive to produce...

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

Drive Smart

...Nature of Customers Demand 1.     Factors that influence the changes in demand that Drive Smart experiences are seasonal changes, weather changes if it is hot or warm people walk more often then they would in the snow, events (weddings, golf tournaments), holidays, (Christmas, new years, long weekends). 2.     Drive Smart manages the supplying of their service by trying to staff appropriately for each occasion. (Since they are new they will know next year better if a weekend- Recommendation- keeping track of sales and weather to better know for the years to come). 3.     For changes in increase in demand Drive Smart would hire more drivers. 4.     Drive Smart has not been in business for more then a year 5.     They have not made changes yet they opened in the spring, it’s still in the first stages of development Promotion: ·      Drive Smart uses Facebook. Google ad words, yelp, signage in restaurants and bars for their advertising. Their strategy is to dominate the web. Most of their advertising dollars are spent on internet advertising. ·      They use $5.00 off promotional cards. Also looking at a Groupon promotion. ·       Public Relations: type media used or not used, frequency - strategy? Not currently used  ·       No personal selling is used ·       Direct marketing & electronic commerce: type used and strategy?   Pricing: Drive Smart looked at current businesses in the market, as well as other similar businesses in BC to set up a pricing......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Book Smart or Street Smart

...Stephanie Collado Professor Gronsky ENG 103 Book smart or Street smart From when we were little kids to grown adults it is put in our heads that education is the most important experience to have in our life. It lets you be able to achieve any dreams and goals that you want. On the other hand there are people who are successful without school education and succeeded in receiving their careers with talent and hard work. This is what people call street smarts, things that people learn from their own personal experiences or what they see markets more in the social world. People argue that if you don’t go to college and get a degree you won’t have success or wealth, and some people argue that not going to college gives you more freedom and is less time consuming. Having street smarts helps people understand each other better on a more personal level then being judged on how smart or dumb the person is based on a degree. College isn’t accessible to everyone; some people have to be really smart or born into a wealthy family to attend. Having a college education gives people a professional look and the confidence to get a good paying job that will help support their lifestyle. College also lets people express themselves, letting them become comfortable in being social and speaking in front of large groups of people. When going to college some people don’t realize that they are taking out a loans and debts that they’ll have to set an exact plan......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Smart Cards and Electronic Cash

...Electronic Cash and Smart Cards CMPS / ECBU 410: Management Information Systems Prepared by Joanna Carey Fall 2012 Instructor: Dr. Seta Whitby Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Body III. Advantages/Disadvantages of Electronic Cash & Smart cards and paper based currency IV. Conclusion V. References Introduction This research paper will closely investigate the relative importance between electronic and paper-based payments across the world. Although electronic payments are becoming more popular and easy to use, numerous surveys for payment instruments have shown the pace of change from an established payment method to a new payment method to be considerably slower than industry predictions. The movement to electronic payments and smart cards has been slow and has focused primarily on credit cards at the point of sale because bank emphasis is on expanding loan revenue and a historical reliance on checks which provide users with short-term credit. As technology continues to evolve the use of paper currency is becoming more obsolete. Although the modernization of digital money is changing into forms that don’t directly connect our electronic payments to our private information, such as smart cards, the transition into “cybercash” is still in the premature stages of development. This paper will highlight the advantages as well as the......

Words: 1387 - Pages: 6

The Introduction of Smart Card Readers in the Nigerian General Election

...THE INTRODUCTION OF SMART CARD READERS AND THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA Alli usman THE INTRODUCTION OF SMART CARD READERS AND THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA: An Annotated Bibliography ACE Project (n.d.) Elections and Technology. Available at Accessed 16, June, 2015 ACE Project is high-level web-based proprietary project management software developed by a Canadian company Web systems Inc. based in Quebec City, Canada. The introduction of information and communications technologies (ICT) into the electoral process is generating both interest and concern among voters, as well as practitioners across the globe. Most electoral management bodies (EMBs) around the world use new technologies with the aim of improving the electoral process. These technologies range from the use of basic office automation tools such as word processing and spreadsheets to more sophisticated data processing tools, such as data base management systems, optical scanning and geographic information systems. Alvarez, R. M. and Hall, T. E. (2008) Electronic Elections: The Perils and Promises of Digital Democracy. Princeton; Princeton University Press Elections by nature are fraught with risk. Michael Alvarez and Thad Hall fully examine the range of past methods and the new technologies that have been created to try to minimize risk and accurately......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Octopus Card

...Keywords: smart card, transportation, payment system, technology diffusion, Octopus, Hong Kong A b s t r a c t Although debit/cash cards based on smart card technology promised to bring forth the end of loose change, very few managed to gain critical mass or come close to totally eliminating coins including those supported by major credit card operators (e.g., Visa Cash and Mondex). In this paper, we discuss a specific system – Octopus – which not only gained momentum among the passenger transportation industry in Hong Kong, but also expanded into other payment channels such as fast food outlets and snack machines. We examine the factors why Octopus has been successful despite most micro-payment systems failing to gain critical mass let alone expand their customer base. Finally, we conclude that convenience factors, a specific set of societal factors and its management strategy to expand from a captive market towards a generic micro-payment system had been instrumental to the growth of this e-payment system. A Copyright © 2001 Electronic Markets Volume 11 (2): 97–106. Downloaded By: [Schmelich, Volker] At: 12:59 16 March 2010 E-COMMERCE IN AUSTRAL-ASIA u t h o r s Simpson Poon ( is the Director of the Centre for E-Commerce and Internet Studies at Murdoch University in Australia and a Visiting Associate Professor at the School of Business, The......

Words: 6947 - Pages: 28

Book Smarts or Street Smarts

...BOOK SMARTS OR STREET SMARTS THE ON GOING DEBATE TODAY AMONG CORRECTION OFFICERS REBECCA KIRBY PROFESSOR STEPHEN N. KNIGHTS, JR. OCTOBER 18, 2014 INTRODUCTION This paper will be discussing the debate on whether or not higher education in law enforcement officers should be mandatory and the effect it can have in the correctional facilities. It will also have insight from a local police officer on the education debate. As of today, only two states, Minnesota and Wisconsin require a police officer to obtain at least an associate’s degree. Other states carry a much lower standard, only asking for a high-school diploma or a GED to satisfy their requirements. It is often said that the criminal justice system and corrections are a booming business. Over the past two decades, the need for staff has increased and the need for education has also increased. But is it street smarts you need or is it book smarts? TOPIC: WORK ETHICS As a correctional officer there are many things that go into what they do. They have to be professional, understanding, logical, compassionate, intelligent, and reasonable. A correctional officer has many jobs while on duty and the police department asks a lot of them. Determining if an officer needs to have a college education is difficult. Debate on this controversy has led to the study of work ethics surrounding officers who do have some sort of formal education. This research dates back to the 1930s by August Vollmer and......

Words: 1557 - Pages: 7

Smart Cards in Healthcare

...Module 3 - Smart Cards Module 3 - Smart Cards Kari Wachs Grand Canyon University: HCA - 360 November 19, 2011 Module 3 - Smart Cards Smart card technology is becoming commonplace in todays society. Smart cards are also referred to as chip cards. The smart card is a plastic card that contains an embedded computer chip that stores and transacts data (Smart card basics, n.d.). The computer chip could function strictly as memory or as a microprocessor depending on the intended use of the smart card. “The data is usually associated with either value, information or both and is stored and processed within the card’s chip” (Smart card basics, n.d.). Smart cards are being used in several different markets currently in the United States. European countries have been utilizing smart card technology for almost three decades. (Smart card basics, n.d.). The Smart Card Alliance is a group of businesses that have a vested interest in the adoption of smart card technology. The Smart Card Alliance’s mission is to help the forward momentum of the use of smart card technology in health care in the United States (Smart card alliance, 2007). Europe initially used the smart card as a tool for reducing theft at pay phones. Their use has advanced tremendously over the last three decades. They are used for credit purchases and for record keeping instead of paper (Smart card basics, n.d.). In the United States, smart cards are being used by consumers in many ways. Several......

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5