Sleeping Disorders

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ekaneb07
Words 839
Pages 4
There is not much worse in this world than not getting an ounce of sleep! Well, unfortunately millions of people across the globe suffer from some type of sleeping disorder. Whether it is insomnia keeping you up all night, or maybe even sleep apnea preventing you from getting a solid full nights rest. Today, I will go over some of the more common sleep disorders that are plaguing people around the globe.
Insomnia
Not only are sleep disorders extremely common, affecting virtually everyone at some point in their lives, but they can also lead to serious stress and other health concerns. Insomnia is by far the most common sleep disorder, affecting nearly 60 percent of U.S. adults at least one night each week. Common symptoms of insomnia include difficulty falling asleep and waking up before it is time to get up. There are many factors that can contribute to insomnia including stress and undetected physical medical conditions. Studies have shown that stress is the leading cause of insomnia among the affected population. Typical treatments include sleeping pills and behavior therapy. Practicing good sleep habits can often be effective for treating mild cases of insomnia.

Sleep apnea Sleep apnea is the second most common sleep disorder and affects approximately 20 million Americans. Sleep apnea affects the way you breathe when you’re sleeping. In untreated sleep apnea, breathing is briefly interrupted or becomes very shallow during sleep. These breathing pauses typically last between 10 to 20 seconds and can occur up to hundreds of times a night, waking you out of your natural sleep. As a consequence, you spend more time in light sleep and less time in the deep sleep. This is the type of sleep that you need to be energetic, mentally sharp, and productive the next day. This sleep deprivation results in daytime sleepiness, slow reflexes, poor concentration, and an…...

Similar Documents

Sleeping Disorders

...All of us, at one time or another has had a restless night sleep. We have tossed and turned and woke up the next morning feeling tired and restless. You may ask yourself if this means that you have a sleeping disorder. What kinds of sleeping disorders exist and what causes them. Some of us have heard terms like, insomnia, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, nightmares, and night terror, but how do these sleep disorders effect an individual? To understand some sleep disorders we must first understand the cycle of sleep. Most of us believe that sleep is what occurs at night when we close our eyes. This is true, but sleep is actually 5 different patterns or stages of activity in the brain. When we first lay down and close our eyes, this is the beginning of stage one sleep. In this stage you are no longer completely aware of your external environment. A slight noise or light touch could wake you. You become relaxed, your breathing becomes regular, and you have disconnected thoughts. After about 10 minutes you enter stage two of sleep. Stage two is a transitional stage, just like stage one, but on an EEG (electroencephalogram), which measures the electrical output of the brain, the brain activity is different. This stage takes a louder noise or heavier touch to wake a person from sleep. It is also at this stage when sudden jerks in your arms or legs cause you to wake suddenly. Stage one and two together usually last about thirty minutes and then you enter stage three sleep. Stage three......

Words: 1279 - Pages: 6

Sleeping and Dreaming

...Sleeping and Dreaming Rebecca Limon PSY 240 January 14, 2014 April Kindall Sleeping and Dreaming There are four stages of sleep. These stages are known as EEG: stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, and stage 4. When transitioning from alert wakefulness to stage 1, there are alpha waves that punctuate the low voltage, high frequency waves of alert wakefulness. The EEG voltage will increase gradually, while the EEG frequency will decrease gradually, as the individual progresses to stages 2, 3, and 4. According to Ch. 14 of Biopsychology, the stage 2 sleep EEG has a slightly higher amplitude and a lower frequency than the stage 1 EEG; in addition, it is punctuated by two characteristic wave forms: K complexes and sleep spindles. Each K complex is a single large negative wave (upward deflection) followed immediately by a single large positive wave (downward deflection)—see Cash and colleagues (2009). Each sleep spindle is a 1- to 2-second waxing and waning burst of 12- to 14-Hz waves. The stage 3 sleep EEG is defined by the occasional presence of delta waves—the largest and slowest EEG waves, with a frequency of 1 to 2 Hz—whereas the stage 4 sleep EEG is defined by a predominance of delta waves. Once sleepers reach stage 4 EEG sleep, they stay there for a time, and then they retreat back through the stages of sleep to stage 1. There are five common beliefs about dreaming. These beliefs include the following, the first belief is that there are some people who believe that......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Sleeping and Gpa

...Can Sleeping Affect Your GPAs? Our statistics project is about how the amount of sleeping hours can affect your GPA. Researchers have shown that lack of sleeping will affect the ability to study of the students. We are told that sleeping is very important as it restores your energy after a whole day working. Having lack of sleep can weaken the ability to concentrate, stay alert, think critically and solve problems of the student and thus, can affect their academic performance. Is it true and does it differs between different major students? In this project we would like to compare students who are majoring in Arts and Business and how lack of sleep or having more hours of sleeping affects their overall GPAs. Our null hypothesis is that there is no significant difference in the relationship of the hours of sleep and the students' GPAs. We are expecting on our alternative hypothesis that there is a significant difference in that relationship. In order to conduct our research, we will select randomly 2 samples of 15 Art students and 15 Business major students. We agreed that less than 4 hours of sleep is not enough to perform well in school and having more than 4 hours of sleep is beneficial for the students to do well academically. Why should our project be considered? We think this is important for students to know whether sleeping can have a significant impact on their academic performance or not. Being acknowledged about the importance of sleep can help the......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Co Sleeping

...sons. I began co-sleeping with each of them at birth. It made life much easier during the infant phase of their lives. But that phase has been long gone. I believe that I was able to bond even more with my children through co sleeping. But now I find myself too often tired and unable to concentrate on tasks. While parents who co sleep feel closer to their children, co sleeping is a common issue for parents. Co sleeping has become one of the most common hot topics amongst parents. Ninety percent of the world’s population practice co sleeping (Netherwood, 2006). ‘‘Some parents will tell you that co sleeping can be a cozy, manageable comfort for a family’’ (Redbook, Oct2010). Whether it is a newborn or toddler, more parents are sharing beds with their children. ‘‘Research shows that eighty percent of babies share their parents’ bed at some time in the first 6 months of life’’ (Australian Parents, Dec2006/Jan2007). Co sleeping with school aged children is more common also. It is estimated that about fifteen percent of families have children ages 5 and up that share their bed for part or all of the night (Redbook, Oct2010). One of the most important reasons co sleeping is a common issue for parents are safety concerns. As I mentioned earlier, I have had a few busted lips and bruised body parts. But more importantly, the connection between co sleeping and SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) continue to be a major argument for those against co sleeping (Australian......

Words: 728 - Pages: 3

Benefits of Sleeping

...Dismissal. I’ve watched them practice for the last time. When I got home, I’ve told myself that I’m just going to take a nap for 20 minutes. But when I wake up, it’s already past 11 pm. I don’t even know how I end up on my bed. I looked at my phone and I wonder why I have so many text and calls from my friends. And I realized that I’ve missed the night that I’ve been waiting for. That night I cursed T. Jode’s project even the subject. But not the teacher, believe me. This story has something to do with sleep. We all know what sleep is. Am I Right? And we all know that when we don’t sleep it has a bad effect in our body and mind. And based on the story that I’ve just told you, not sleeping will be one of the reason why you will miss some important moments in your life. Now, let’s consider the benefits of sleeping in our lives. The first benefit is that sleep increases your life longevity or expectancy. Too much or too little sleep is associated with a shorter lifespan. We all know that 6 to seven or 7-8 hours of sleep is the right amount of sleep. According to some findings, it does not mean that not getting the standard amount of sleep will result in an early death. Most of these participants were over 60 when they began, and the different studies varied in length between four and 25 years. Though the reviewers did find that six or less hours of sleep was associated with a 12% increased risk of death, they also found a 30% increase linked with nine or more hours. Sleep......

Words: 1387 - Pages: 6

Sleeping Habits

...Sleeping habits of marine engineers - Part of the greater study: The medical questionnaire Master of Science Thesis Thomas Forsman Department of Shipping and Marine Technology CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Gothenburg, Sweden 2010 Report No. NM-10/2 Sleeping habits of marine engineers Thomas Forsman Department of Shipping and Marine Technology CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Gothenburg, Sweden 2010 Sleeping habits of marine engineers Thomas Forsman Nordic Master in Maritime Management Chalmers University of Technology Summary There are done several studies and researches of marine personnel fatigue especially of deck officers. There is a demand and great interest to survey the sleeping habits of Swedish marine engineers. The aim of this Master Thesis is to find out if marine engineers get enough sleep. The purpose is also to find differences in sleeping patterns between technical chiefs and engineers. This Master Thesis is a part of a greater study, where the marine engineers answered a medical questionnaire and filled a diary. Test persons wore also a special watch that recorded their sleep and wake results. This Master Thesis and its results are based on the answers given in the medical questionnaire. Questionnaire was filled in on Swedish vessels operating in different maritime sectors. The results indicated that there were differences between engine personnel’s sleeping habits and especially in how they felt the fatigue. The results...

Words: 17035 - Pages: 69

Sleeping Hobby

..........................................................................................24 Web Resources..................................................................................................................................26 National Sleep Foundation Sleep And Teens Task Force Preface The National Institutes of Health (NIH) have identified adolescents and young adults (ages 12 to 25 years) as a population at high risk for problem sleepiness based on “evidence that the prevalence of problem CO-CHAIRS Mary Carskadon, PhD Brown University Providence, Rhode Island Thomas Roth, PhD Henry Ford Sleep Disorders Center Detroit, Michigan sleepiness is high and increasing with particularly serious consequences.” (NIH, 1997) This designation evolved from a Working Group on Problem Sleepiness convened in 1997 by NIH’s National Center on Sleep Disorders Research and the Office of Prevention, Education, and Control. The group concluded that steps must be taken to reduce the risks associated with problem sleepiness. What are these risks? The most troubling consequences of sleepiness are injuries and deaths related to lapses in attention and delayed response times at critical moments, such as while driving. Drowsiness or fatigue has been identified as a principle cause in at least 100,000 policereported traffic crashes each year, killing more than 1,500 Americans and injuring another 71,000, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, 1994)...

Words: 10194 - Pages: 41

Sleeping Disorder: Causes and Effects to an Individual

...Sleep Disorder: Causes and effects to an individual Most of us have already or are experiencing trouble in sleeping every night or every time we’re trying to sleep. This might be normal and usually temporary due to stress, night terrors or some different issues. But if sleep problems are a regular occurrence and interfere with the daily life, we may be suffering from a sleep disorder. Sleep disorders cause more than just sleepiness, there are so many causes. The lack of quality of sleep can have a negative impact on our energy, emotional balance, and health to us. Sleep disorders also are serious enough to interfere with our normal physical, mental and social state. And in worst case, death because of sleepiness and mental condition cause of sleeping disorders. Sleep can affect our overall health. In many cases, people in good health tend to sleep well, whereas those suffering from repeated sleeping problems might have an underlying medical or mental health problem, it may be in minor or serious. Sleeping well is good to physical health and emotional well-being. Unfortunately, even minimal sleep loss can take a toll on mood, energy, efficiency, and ability to handle stress. People with daytime sleepiness are physically fatigue, have a tendency of falling asleep in unsuitable places at unsuitable times, and have poor concentration. Ignoring sleep problems and disorders can lead to poor health, accidents, impaired job performance, and relationship stress. It’s not normal...

Words: 3248 - Pages: 13

Sleeping

...enough sleep can cause elevated blood pressure all through the next day. There are many causes of sleep deprivation. The stresses of daily life may intrude upon your ability to sleep well, or perhaps we will trade sleep for more work or play (Lim, 2008). We may have medical or mental conditions that disrupt our sleep, and be aware that we are sleep deprived to name a few. Sleep deprivation induces significant reductions in performance and alertness. Reducing your nighttime sleep by as little as one and a half hours just for one night could result in a reduction of daytime alertness as much as 32% according to research (Lim, 2008). It is critically important to realize that sleep deprivation is very often due to unrecognized sleep disorders. Studies show an increased mortality risk for those reporting less than either six or seven hours per night (Abdul, 2012). One study found that reduced sleep time is a greater mortality risk than smoking, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Sleep disturbance is also one of the leading predictors of institutionalization in the elderly, and severe insomnia triples the mortality risk in elderly men. As an older man, I have experienced this and understand how important it is to get at least 8 to 10 hours sleep every night. With the wealth of information and treatment options available for sleep deprivation, much of the suffering, illness from the many related diseases, increase in accident rates, and effects on......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Co-Sleeping

...Research suggests that co-sleeping benefits infants because it decreases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, increases the amount of time breastfeeding, and helps stabilize the child’s physiology. Annotated Bibliography: Source #1 Goldberg, W. A., & Keller, M. A. (2007). Co-sleeping during infancy and early childhood: key findings and future directions. Infant & Child Development, 16(4), 457-469. doi:10.1002/icd.522 This article describes the benefits of co-sleeping by pointing out that night waking’s declined in frequency and duration. It also points out that most children who co-sleep do not need a security object to go to sleep. Another point this article discusses is the benefits co-sleeping have on breastfeeding ease. The article also defines the many terms used when discussing co-sleeping and bed sharing. Wendy A. Goldberg is a professor of psychology and social behavior at the University of Michigan. This article will be helpful in my research because it discusses how co-sleeping benefits and increases the length of breastfeeding. Source #2 McKenna, J. J., & Volpe, L. E. (2007). Sleeping with baby: an internet-based sampling of parental experiences, choices, perceptions, and interpretations in a western industrialized context. Infant & Child Development, 16(4), 359-385. doi:10.1002/icd.525 This article describes how co-sleeping affects the maturation of the central nervous system. It states that co-sleeping creates more......

Words: 1402 - Pages: 6

Sleeping Pills

...Running head: BENEFITS OF SLEEP MEDICINE Benefits of Sleeping Pills May Outweigh the Harm Andrew V. Pham Georgia Perimeter College Abstract The article, “The Case for Sleep Medicine” published by The New York Times, discusses the issue of many Americans' dependence on sleep medicine by thoroughly explaining the effects of sleep deprivation, the risks of relying on these medicine, and the significance of natural sleep to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Gayle Green, the author of this article, states that sleep deprivation has caused many Americans to rely on sleeping pills to obtain enough sleep to function appropriately for work and other activities. This paper examines a study in the BMJ journal that discusses the risks of sleeping pills, and a research administered by researchers from the University of Chicago that depicts the negative effects of sleep deprivation. The article effectively uses these studies and research results to illustrate the many mental and physical complications that result from taking sleep medicine continuously for a period of time, but it seems as though many individuals are willing to accept the increase of risky body malfunctions rather than to lose sleep. Benefits of Sleeping Pills May Outweigh the Harm Sleep is fundamental for survival. It is the body's natural way of restoring itself from daily mental and physical activities. For young adolescents, adequate sleep leads to improved development in the brain and bodily growth....

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Sleeping/Biological Clock

...innate clocks, and health. These factors are in affect from the moment our brain chemicals agree it is time to sleep, to the moment our innate alarm clocks choose it is time to wake up. Biological principles are essential to understand when studying this daily event. Sleep is defined by brain waves and physiological signals. Changes in the brain’s electrical activity signals different stages. The first stage has small and irregular brain waves. In the second stage, “the brain emits occasional short bursts or rapid, high-peaking waves called sleep spindles” (Tavris, Wade, & Garry, 2014, p.160). In the third stage, the brain irregularly emits delta waves that are slow with high peaks. The final stage consists of many delta waves. During the sleeping cycle, there are periods of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. When the REM period starts, the brain’s electrical activity patterns resemble an awake brain. This period is distinguished by eye movement, vivid dreams, and almost complete body paralysis. The ability to fall asleep or stay awake depends on brain chemicals. Neurotransmitters are chemicals in the brain that are responsible for controlling wakefulness or drowsiness. Some brain neurons promote staying awake and other brain neurons promote falling sleep. Areas of the brain that interact in these processes have been pinpointed. “Several areas in the brainstem and hypothalamus promote wakefulness by sending arousal signals to the cerebral cortex” (Harvard Medical School, 2007,......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Sleeping Disorder

...Essay Assignment Describe the following sleep disorders and include the causes, symptoms, consequences and possible treatments for: Narcolepsy, Insomnia, Sleep Apnea, Nightmares, and Night Terrors. Narcolepsy is a disorder of losing the brain’s ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles. Narcolepsy results to excessive daytime sleepiness. Main cause of narcolepsy is unknown but many cases are thought to be caused by lack of brain chemical “Orexin”, which regulates sleep. Some studies show that narcolepsy might be genetic as well. Symptoms of narcolepsy are often referred to the “Tetrad of Narcolepsy”, which are cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hypnogogic hallucinations. No treatment has been proven yet, but taking oral CNS stimulants such as Amphetamine and Methylphenidate can help with the excessive daytime sleepiness. Insomnia is a disorder in which a person suffers from having trouble in falling asleep or in staying asleep. Insomnia is caused by the disturbance of the circadian rhythm that results to the inability of to fall asleep during the regular sleeping hours. Symptoms include awakening at night and awakening too early; difficulty falling asleep at night; feeling tired after sleeping; and difficulty paying attention. Getting proper and regular sleep patterns can help treat insomnia. Sleeping pills and other sedatives can also help treat insomnia. Sleep Apnea is a disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during...

Words: 392 - Pages: 2

Sleeping Habits

...want your body to function at its highest performance throughout the day. Over half the population in America has admitted to not getting enough sleep. Bad sleep habits can really have a negative affect on teens. There are some tips that a teen can follow to help change those habits to get a better night sleep. Hopefully after reading this paper you will be more informed on how to get a good night sleep. One of the most common tendencies that teens have is staying up to late. The natural time that our bodies have evolved to get the best sleep is between 10:30 and 6. With many teens not going to bed until after midnight or even later you can see where this may affect a teens sleeping schedule. Teens have been proven to be naturally sleepier than younger children or adults and, with the recommended sleeping hours for teens to be between 9 and 10 hours, few are getting anywhere near this amount. Taking long naps is also something that causes many teens to be sleep deprived. Having a non irregular sleep schedule is like trying start your car without putting fuel in it. Taking naps is something that our bodies feel they need but, when your body sleeps when it’s not used too, it won’t be able to get the sleep it needs during the hours of the night your body needs to sleep in order to be able to function at its peak. What we do at night affects everything we do during the day—our ability to learn, our skills, our memory, stamina, health and safety. Most of all, it affects our mood......

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Sleeping Disoders

...complicated physiological phenomenon. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, about 40 million people suffer from chronic long-term sleep disorders each year and an additional 20 million people experience occasional sleep problems. In most cases, sleep disorders can be easily managed once they are properly diagnosed. Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. Insomnia is most often thought of as both a sign and a symptom that can accompany several sleep, medical, and psychiatric disorders, characterized by persistent difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep or sleep of poor quality. Insomnia is typically followed by functional impairment while awake. One definition of insomnia is difficulties initiating and/or maintaining sleep, or nonrestorative sleep, associated with impairments of daytime functioning or marked distress for more than 1 month.Insomnia can occur at any age, but it is particularly common in the elderly. A nightmare is an unpleasant dream that can cause a strong negative emotional response from the mind, typically fear or horror, but also despair, anxiety and great sadness. The dream may contain situations of danger, discomfort, psychological or physical terror. Sufferers usually awaken in a state of distress and may be unable to return to sleep for a prolonged period of time.Nightmares can have physical causes such as sleeping in an uncomfortable or awkward position, having a fever, or psychological causes such as......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2