Free Essay

Sequence Analysis

In: Film and Music

Submitted By lennon
Words 2111
Pages 9
Sequence Analysis Work Sheet

NARRATIVE

1. Describe briefly what you see in the selected sequence.

I saw Clarice trying to get the name of the killer from Hannibal while he distracts her by asking about her painful experience as a child. In which he pries from her the secret to why she left her extended families house and got placed in foster care. This is an eerie scene.

2. What is the filmmaker trying to communicate in this segment?

He is trying to communicate the fear that Clarice is feeling while she is still trying to hold on to control and retrieve the information they need to catch the killer. He also portrays the confidence and arrogance that Hannibal feels through the sequence of close up face shots in which Hannibal is seen as wild and in control at the same time. He wants the audience to feel Clarice’s fear and see Hannibal’s dark side.

3. How do the five channels of information in film--visual image, print, speech, music, sound effects---work together to communicate the message? Which channel is dominant in this segment?

They work together to create an almost creepy atmosphere in which the viewer can feel Clarice’s fear and worries as well as Hannibal’s curiosity to her present situation. The dark eerie music and the sound of the lambs allow the viewer to feel more involved in Clarice’s dark position.

4. Try to determine what function and significance this segment has for the film as a whole and your understanding of it (foreshadowing, climax, transition, exposition, etc.)

This scene has elements of foreshadowing and is also a transition in the film. This scene is so climactic it even allows the viewers to understand the title of the movie better. When she runs back to take the case file from him and he touches her I feel like the whole audience could feel that something to do with that case file would have significance in the rest of the movie. When Clarice told her story a shift in the film as a whole was made in which they could now feel for Clarice and better understand her.

5. Divide the segment into individual scenes (indicated, for instance, by shifts of location).

There were no shifts in location.

II. COMPOSITION (circle appropriate one or describe)

1. Frame (open form: frame de-emphasized, "snapshot" quality; closed form: frame composed and self-contained like painting)

Closed Form signifies: With closed form this film pulled its viewers in for a ride and didn’t let go. It caused the viewer to feel scared and empathetic.

2. Space (cluttered/empty): Is space--landscape or interior--used as a "comment" on the character's inner state of mind; does space overwhelm the human beings in its midst? Does it figure as a character-like presence? Does it exude a certain atmosphere? etc.

interior signifies: The space was empty and pushed away from the scene leaving only the actors and the cage that held Hannibal. This space magnifies the situation and allows the viewer to focus soley on the actors performance which signifies the importance of the scene. It exudes that everything and everyone in the room wants to be as far away from Hannibal as possible adding to his scary persona.

3. Sets (studio/location; symbolic use of props [mirrors, cross, window, books, etc.])

signifies: The location is dark and desolate magnifying the desperation that Clarice and the police are in. The use of close up shots is consistent throughout this scene lessening the importance of props and vivid locations.

4. Design (symmetrical or asymmetrical; balanced or unbalanced; stylized or natural; does it belong to a certain period or artistic style?)

Signifies The design of the scene is unbalanced and natural in which the characters experience strong untamed emotion without much outer interference.

5. View of characters (isolated/closed in; center/off-center; background/foreground; partially obscured by objects in foreground/linked to them)

Isolated and in the foreground
Signifies The characters are viewed in this scene in either close up shots or extreme close up shots. They are alone the entire scene until the end. Signifying the isolation as a means of retrieving information needed to help find the killer. The cage itself is obscured even though it is an object in the foreground causing the viewer to pay close attention to Hannibal instead of his surroundings.

6. Movement of character(s) (moving toward/away from camera; from left to right/from right to left; stationary; do they exchange gazes with other characters?)

Moving toward and away from the camera

Signifies
The way Hannibal starts so close up in the shot then eventually moves away to show his more of his body as he starts to move closer to the bars on the cage as he questions Clarice shows how he is toying with her and is significant to how he feels in charge. Clarice moves far quicker and generally in the direction in which she can get closer to Hannibal though she seems slightly afraid shows the desperation of the situation she is in.
III. PHOTOGRAPHY

1. Shot (extreme long shot, long shot, medium shot, close-up, extreme close-up) signifies:
Close up and extreme close up signifies How intense and frightening Hannibal is.

2. Lens (normal, telephoto, wide angle, distorting lens, macro)
Telephoto and long lens signifies: The scene itself is intense enough that the focus is intended to stay on the characters with no need to alter the shot.

3. Focus (who/what is in/out of focus; deep focus; soft focus)

signifies: Both Hannibal’s and Clarice’s faces are in focus however the cage in which Hannibal is in is not in focus as well as the other people in the scene that are in the background.

4. Angles (high angle shot, low angle shot, eye-level shot, oblique angle shot, extreme angle [bird's eye])
The shots switch from low angle when showing Clarice from Hannibal’s position to eye-level and high angle when showing Hannibal from Clarice’s point of view.
5. Movement (panning shot, tracking shot; from above, below, in/out/circular; zoom/in/out, slow/fast; tilt shot, handheld camera, camera on vehicle)

6. Lighting (realistic, high contrast, high key/low key/special lighting effects)
High contrast lighting signifies: The intensity of the scene portrays how dramatic and important the scene is. It shows how dark (Hannibal) and light ( Clarice) battle for control of the situation.

7. Color (black & white/color) (warm/cold/strong/washed-out colors; symbolic use of colors; colors linked to certain characters; progression of the use of colors)

signifies: The darker colors in the scene set the ambiance of the scene and allow the viewer to feel the depth of its significance.

8. Special Effects (freeze frame/slow/fast/reverse, motion/filters/odd point-of-view;computer-generated images, etc.)

signifies:

There were no special effects that I made note of. Unless the sound of the sheep in the background is considered special effects.

9. Types of shot (establishing shot/point-of-view shot/reaction shot/insert shot/flashback shot)

signifies: The use of frequent point of view shots when shifting from Clarice to Hannibal is significant in allowing the viewer to feel like they are in the shot themselves feeling what the characters feel and seeing what the characters see.

IV. EDITING

1. Position of segment (what comes before, what after the segment?

signifies:

2. Transition techniques (cut/dissolve/fade (in/out)/wipe/jump cut/iris (in/out) signifies: The transition cuts straight from face to face to show reactions.
3. Editing (cutting for continuity/classical cutting/thematic montage/cross-cutting) signifies: This was a scene in which it did not cut to another place and time there for cutting was not used.

4. Length of individual shots (extremely long or particularly short; does the director hold on a certain face or landscape after the action has been played out, etc.)

signifies: The shots were slightly longer to play out the expressions of the actors after an event or pivotal point in the movie took place.

5. Rhythm/Pace (flowing/jerky/disjointed/more panning shots than cuts/acceleration of cuts/fast-paced/slow-paced/unusually long takes)
Fast paced long takes

V. SOUND

1. Music (what kind: popular, classical, familiar; on- or off-screen source; links to a certain character; commentary on the action; irritation, etc.)

signifies: instrumental to emphasize the prominence and disturbing atmosphere of the scene

2. Sound Effects (artificial or natural; on- or off-screen source; does the sound belong to the action; is there subjective sound, etc.)

signifies: The use of off screen lamb noises coupled with instrumental music brought the Clarice’s fear into clarity.

3. Dialogue/Silence (stilted or artificial language; different characters use different kinds of language; slang; allusions to other texts; do certain characters speak through their silences, etc.)

signifies: Clarice used more slang words with her southern accented voice and would try and interrupt or avoid Hannibal to try to get him to stay on track and reveal the killer.

4. Voice-over/Narration (who is speaking and from where; are they part of the action or outside of it; what do they know and what is their relationship to the action; are they reliable, omniscient, unreliable, etc.)

signifies:
There was no voice over or narration going on.

VI. AUDIENCE ADDRESS

1. Does the film acknowledge the spectator or do events transpire as if no one were present? Do characters look into the camera or pretend it is not there, for instance?

signifies:

Events transpire as if no one is present till the end when Clarice is dragged away by people who were assumed to be in the scene though never shown till then. The characters do glance at the others however they stay focused on each other as though the other characters are of no importance to them.

2. How does the film position the spectator vis-a-vis the onscreen events? Are we made to favor certain characters, to respond in certain ways to certain events (say, through music that "tells" us how to respond or distances us from the action)?

signifies: We are made to favor Clarice and hope that she finds the killer. We as viewers are also made to see Hannibal as a monster. Through the length of the shot when Hannibal touches Clarice we can see he is clearly psycho and we feel disgusted at him.

3. Does the film appeal to certain expectations, i.e., generic conventions? (We expect a man dressed in black shrouded in a shadow to be sinister, for instance.) Does the film subvert these conventions or conform to them? What kind of conventions are they?

signifies: The film does play certain conventions in the way they shroud Hannibal with darkness not only with lighting but also with darkly colored clothing and settings. From this we see him as sinister and the movie conforms to this convention.

4. Does the film address contemporary social issues? Does it intend to convince its audience? Does it dare to divide its audience and present an unpopular or controversial view?

signifies:
In a way the film addresses females in the work place and feminism in general when they show how Clarice is treated as an outsider in her field due to her stature and sex. Although, the film does try to convince the audience that she is being treated unfairly as a woman in a man’s field. It also dares to take on the issue of sexuality when the killer seems to be a transgender/ cross dresser. Though it does not provide a view on the subject itself.

VII. ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS

1. Acting (stylized/natural/idiosyncratic)

signifies: The acting was somewhat idiosyncratic in the murders themselves since they played such individualistic character that were very peculiar and quirky.

2. Costumes (symbolic use of clothes) signifies: There was a lot of use of dark colors and bland outfits to signify the overall deep mood of the movie.

3. Social and cultural codes (contemporary/historical/American/foreign/strong or weak sense of time and place)

signifies:

The movie was American and had a strong sense of time and place that allowed for the viewer to follow along with the storyline as if it really happened.

4. Recurrent stylistic (visual or oral) devices that are typical for protagonist? signifies 5. Use of genre expectations (comedy, melodrama, western, documentary, etc.) signifies: The film was a drama/ horror film from start to finish. The lighting , back ground music, costumes and scenic landscapes provided the viewer with a great transparency as to the films genre.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Analysis

...or support the drawing and analysis of system models and provide for the translation of system models into application programs. True 73. Forward engineering allows a CASE tool to read existing program code and transform that code into a representative system model that can be edited and refined by the systems analyst. False. Forward engineering requires the systems analyst to draw system models, either from scratch or from templates. The resulting models are subsequently transformed into program code. Reverse engineering allow a CASE tool to read existing program code and transform that code into a representative system model that can be edited and refined by the systems analyst. 2) Study Questions Chapter # 4 Questions # 40, 41, 67, 78, and 81. 40. The critical path for a project is that sequence of dependent tasks that have the shortest sum of pessimistic durations. The critical path determines the latest possible completion date of a project. False. The critical path for a project is that sequence of dependent tasks that have the largest sum of most likely durations. The critical path determines the earliest possible completion date of a project. 41. The slack time available for any non-critical task is the amount of delay that can be tolerated between the starting time and completion time of a task without causing a delay in the completion date of the entire project. True 67. Which of the following is the sequence of dependent tasks that......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Fibonacci Sequence- Introduction

...FIBONACCI SEQUENCE Shafira Chairunnisa | 11 Blue INTRODUCTION Before we get into the details of Fibonacci sequence, let us go back to the basic definition of a sequence in Mathematics. According to The Free Dictionary by Farlex, a sequence is an ordered set of mathematical quantities called terms. There are two types of sequence: arithmetic and geometric sequence. An arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers that has a constant difference between every two consecutive terms. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9,…. The numbers in the sequence are called terms. Thus, 1 is the first term, 3 is the second term, 5 is the third term, and so forth. The symbol Un denotes the first term of a sequence. Since the first term is 1, we can express it as Un= 1. Each consecutive terms has a difference (denoted as d). Meanwhile, a geometric sequence is a sequence in which the same number is multiplied or divided by each term to get the next term in the sequence. 3, 9, 27, 81, 243,…. This is an example of geometric sequence. The quotient of a term with its previous term is called ratio. In geometric sequence, the ratio between each successive terms is constant. What is a Fibonacci sequence? Fibonacci sequence is a special sequence. It is founded by an Italian mathematician named Leonardo Pisano Bigollo, known commonly as Fibonacci. According to WhatIs.com, it is a set of numbers that starts with a one or a zero, followed by a one, and proceeds based on the rule that each number......

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Research Sequence

...The Fall and Rise of Physical Planning Planning is a broad field that emerged as a response to the growth of cities following the industrial revolution. At first linked closely to design fields such as architecture and landscape architecture, planning moved toward government and administration in the middle of the 20th century and embraced the social sciences in the 1960s and 1970s. Planning programs in universities developed social science-based doctoral programs and professional programs that required extensive training in policy analysis and social science methods. The dominant philosophy of planning education became, to use Harvey Perloff’s term, a generalist with a specialty. Many of these specialties were policy oriented—transportation, economic development, housing, regional planning, and social and environmental areas of study. In the 1990s, the success of big revitalization projects and new rounds of criticisms of sprawl created renewed interest in what is called physical planning—urban design and land use planning—both among the general public and in city and regional planning. After decades of being a minor specialization in planning, urban design,the design of the urban environment beyond the scale of the building, was increasingly seen as an important area of concentration for US planning practice as well as for architecture and landscape architecture. Land use planning, a traditional bread-and-butter core of the field, broadened its scope beyond......

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sequence of a Construction Project

...Sequence of a Typical Construction Project Like everything, a construction project begins with an idea that is born of a particular wish or need. Once the decision has been made by the owner to transform this idea into a reality, in a sense, the first phase of the project has begun. During this project initiation, the owner gives great consideration to the various parameters of the project, such as, what is actually needed, the work required, and how much financing may be obtained. The decision to build is not one to be taken lightly, but by the end of this evaluation process the owner should have a clear, but very general vision of the impending project. After this period of analysis, if the project still proves beneficial, the owner may then decide to take the next step and hire design professionals to begin the ‘design phase’ of the project. Upon selection of design professionals, the owner has now become the client and the programming stage of the design phase may begin. During this process, the design professional’s primary focus is to ascertain the needs and desires of the client. Programming also involves searching into which codes and regulations will be applicable to the specific project. If required, the design professionals may also be engaged to assist the client in site selection and feasibility. A land surveyor and real estate agent may also be employed to help in determining the adaptability of a site for a particular project. There are many......

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Business Analysis, Swot Analysis

...SUMMARY Over 6 years of Business Analysis experience with in-depth knowledge of business processes in health care, banking and financial industries ▪ Experienced in interacting with business users to identify their needs, gathering requirements and authoring Business Requirement Documents (BRD), Functional Requirement Document (FRD) and Software Requirement Specification (SRS) across the deliverables of a project. ▪ In-Depth Knowledge in facilitating Joint Application Development (JAD), Rapid Application Development (RAD) and Joint Requirement Planning (JRP) sessions, interviews, workshops and requirement elicitation sessions with end-users, clients, stakeholders and development team. ▪ Strong Knowledge with Iterative approach for Software Development as per Rational Unified Process (RUP). Involved in inception, elaboration, construction & transition phases using rational tools like Requisite Pro, Clear Case and Clear Quest during various phases of RUP. ▪ Experienced in Business Analysis, SWOT Analysis, Gap Analysis, Risk Analysis, Disaster Recovery Planning, Testing and Project Planning. ▪ Extensive knowledge of Medicaid, Medicare, Procedural and Diagnostic codes and Claims Process. ▪ Expertise in EDI and HIPAA Testing Privacy with multiple transactions exposure such as Inbound Claims 837-Institutional, 837-Professional, 837-Dental, 835-Claim Payment/Remittance Advise, 270/271-Eligibility Benefit Inquiry/Response, 276/277-Claim Status......

Words: 2730 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Fibonacci's Sequence

...MTH 151, Section 042M Professor Brofft 23 May 2012 Fibonacci's Sequence The Fibonacci Sequence is one of the most famous, if not the most famous numerical sequence in history. "In the year 1202, mathematician Leonardo of Pisa (also known as Fibonacci) posed the following problem: How many pairs of rabbits will be produced in a year, beginning with a single pair, if every month each pair bears a new pair that becomes productive from the second month on? The total number of pairs, month by month, forms the sequence 1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89, and so on. Each new term is the sum of the previous two terms." (1) As mentioned previously, "the solution of this problem leads to a sequence of numbers known as the Fibonacci sequence. Here are the first fifteen terms of the Fibonacci sequence: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610 (equivalent to 1.618). After the first two terms, in the sequence, each term is obtained by adding the two previous terms. For example, the third term is obtained by adding 1 + 1 to get 2, the fourth term is obtained by adding 1 + 2 to get 3, and so on." (2) Leonardo of Pisa, born in 1170, grew up and traveled throughout Africa and the Mediterranean during much of his childhood and early adult life, learning different mathematical styles and formulas, which were of great interest to him. During these travels, Fibonacci (nicknamed many years after his death; 'Bonacci' means "son of good fortune". While living, Fibonacci...

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sequence a

...Justin “Film 1401 2013-4” Sequence Analysis Tutorial 13 A) Explain the plot structure and the story duration of the film. To explain the plot structure, we need to break down the five main components of the plot. Breaking down the five main components of the plot structure will allow us to get a better understanding of our film. The five components are: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and the resolution/denouement. I will be using the plot structure that incorporates all five of these components into three acts: 1. Setup, 2. Conflict and Obstacles, and 3. Resolution. Set up Act 1: The protagonist in the film is the little boy/teenager/man. We can look at him as our Luke Skywalker, and the older man (the Master Buddha) can be our Yoda. As seasons pass, the boy turns into a teenager. The master allows the boy to learn many life lessons on his journey to adulthood. A woman and her daughter who happens to be the same age as the boy enter the story line. At this point, we can establish that these three people will be our main characters. A floating temple on a beautiful lake is our setting. The boy, who has never been around a woman, falls in love with the girl immedialy. The film becomes enticing when the boy has a sexual awaking with the girl, and they get caught in the act. After being caught, the master then decides the girl is finally healed and her spirits are high. The boy decides to run to the outside world......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Sequence the Work and Execute

...Sequence the Work and Execute the Plans Self-Assessment Introduction Course Overview Welcome to the CPIM Execution and Control of Operations — Sequence the Work and Execute the Plans self-assessment course. This introduction provides an overview of the CPIM program, this course, and further preparation for the certification examinations. The CPIM certification is the recognized standard for individual assessment in the field of production and inventory management. The certification is designed to validate the candidate’s in-depth knowledge of a variety of subjects specific to the field. APICS has ensured that CPIM exams are consistently reliable and that the highest professional standards are used in developing and administering the program. The program consists of five examinations and the candidate must pass all five examinations to earn the CPIM designation. The examinations that make up the program are: • Basics of Supply Chain Management (BSCM)   • Master Planning of Resources (MPR)   • Detailed Scheduling and Planning (DSP)   • Execution and Control of Operations (ECO)   • Strategic Management of Resources (SMR) A CPIM Exam Content Manual is published annually by APICS. It is a key resource for anyone preparing for the APICS certification examinations. The manual addresses all five of the examinations by documenting the scope of the module, the content outline, the key terms, and primary and secondary......

Words: 4514 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Citizen Kane Sequence Analysis

...Philip Lee Joor Baruah Monday- 11:15-12:30 Film 20A 30 October 2014 Citizen Kane Sequence Analysis Essay Mise-en-scene, cinematography and editing are visual elements in film that create meaning in the shots/sequences of the film. Ultimately it is these factors that can establish narrative agents and their relations, drive the narrative and place the view in a certain point of view of the narrative. Orson Welle’s 1941 film, Citizen Kane, is considered significant for its technical innovations with its use of deep focus lenses, low angles, high contrast lighting, long takes and dissolves. In my essay I will be analyzing the sequence depicting Kane’s “Declaration of Principles.” I will show how the elements of mise-en-scene, the cinematography and editing choices help to visually depict Kane as a powerful subject, establish narrative conflict and create perspective within the sequence. Through sequence of Kane’s “Declaration of Principles” Kane is depicted as a powerful narrative agent through social blocking in the sequence’s mise-en- scene. Throughout the long third shot, Kane is placed centrally and stands the tallest compared to Leland and Bernstein. Through the cinematic use of deep focus lenses that manages to capture Leland, Kane and Bernstein positioned in the background, mid ground and foreground all in focus at the same time. This allows for Kane to dominate the mise-en-scene in spatial relations to his friends. His physical relations to his friends and the......

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Motion Analysis

...Tanya Cummings “Motion Analysis: Title Sequence” True Detective Main Title Sequence: http://vimeo.com/patrickclair/truedetective I chose True Detective’s main title sequence because it portrayed a style that I had never really seen before in motion. It contains photographic double exposure which have always peaked my interested with photography. However, Antibody studios took fragmented portraits, created using human figures as windows into partial landscapes, and gave them new meaning to show how characters are marginalized or internally divided through the double exposure. The double exposure photography combined with movement of film in a different opacity creates interesting compositions with formal and informal balance. Even though there isn’t much motion or special effects in the piece the viewer experience is not effected in anyway. The contrasting balance between large double exposure photographs with unknown content and minimal typography make the viewer want more, which is exactly what an opening title sequence should do. Keeping the viewer invested is the most essential element of a successful title sequence and this piece does just that. The opening title sequence sets the tone and mood for the TV show. True Detective is a thriller murder mystery that is dark and twisted and the grungy dark textures combined with the double exposures in contrasting space embody the feeling of the show. I believe True Detective’s title sequence speaks for itself and......

Words: 258 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Electri Sequence

...SEQUENCE OF ELECTIRCAL OPERATION SEQUENCE OF ELECTIRCAL OPERATION The electrical sequence between a freezer and a cooler are wired almost the same except for a freezer has a defrost heater, defrost thermostat, and clock motor to be able to turn the compressor, evaporator and condenser fan motors off when the clock motor is in a defrost duration. When the clock motor clicks it stops sending power to the components I just listed above and then sends power through the thermostat and then to the defrost heater. Keep in mind every load as in the compressor and fan motors need a neutral. The reason we need a clock motor is to simply thaw the ice on the evaporator coil. When the evaporator coil thaws it creates water that drips onto the drain pan down the drain line. The drain line needs to have heat tape on it so the water in the line doesn’t freeze and eventually plug. And the reason the freezer will form ice as to where a cooler might just have some minor frost is because the temperature of the evaporator coil is lower than 32 degrees. So that is what’s different from the wiring to a cooler and a freezer. Now when the unit is plugged in and the thermostat is not calling for cooling, only the neutral from the plug will be powered to all of your loads. And the hot wire that comes from your plug to the clock motor is your switched hot, meaning when the thermostat rises on a rise in temperature it then sends power to the compressor and condenser fan. One thing that is the same......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dewey’s Reflective Thinking Sequence Decision-Making Steps

...CO 210 Group Assignment CH 10: Dewey’s Reflective Thinking Sequence Decision-Making Steps 1. Felt Difficulty—initial orientation to the topic (generate relevant evidence) a. Status Quo: concisely describe the current situation—facts, stated opinions, etc., reflecting the significant differing points of view. “Every day, almost 3,900 adolescents under 18 years of age try their first cigarette. More than 950 of them will become daily smokers.” (Reference: dosomething.org) b. Desired Condition/s: Side #1: reduce/suppress the percentage of underage smokers Side #2: minimize the presence of 2nd hand smoke Side #3: minimize the pollution of cigarettes c. Barrier/s: Side #1: media and other influences presenting cigarette smoking as cool Side #2: ignorance (lack of knowledge) and protests by cigarette smokers Side #3: ignorance, laziness, and poor enforcement of the law/regulation 2. Problem outcome definitions (to be discovered/defined in completing the following steps) a. Identity of the problem outcome(s), the existing and/or expected harm(s) – harmful effects. Be specific and concise. (1) Is: Cigarette smoking is harmful to the environment, as well as the body, especially a body still in development (2) Is not: Cigarette smoking affects your personal image. (3) Distinctive: Majority of the time cigarette smoking is unknowingly influenced rather than intentionally influenced or forced. b....

Words: 1140 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Analysis

...mention the possibility of using a global variable until Chapter 12, and then we carefully describe both the dangers and the value of global variable usage. Pedagogical Features We employ the following pedagogical features to enhance the usefulness of this book as a learning tool: End-of-Section Exercises Most sections end with a number of Self-Check Exercises. These include exercises that require analysis of program fragments as well as short programming exercises. Answers to selected Self-Check Exercises appear online at www.aw.com/cssupport in the directory for “Hanly”. Examples and Case Studies The book contains a wide variety of programming examples. Whenever possible, examples contain complete programs or functions rather than incomplete program fragments. Each chapter contains one or more substantial case studies that are solved following the software development method. Numerous case studies give the student glimpses of important applications of Preface xi computing, including database searching, business applications such as billing and sales analysis, word processing, and environmental applications such as radiation level monitoring and water conservation. Syntax Display Boxes The syntax displays describe the syntax and semantics of new C features and provide examples. Program Style Displays programming style. The program style displays discuss major issues of good Error Discussions and Chapter Review Each chapter concludes with......

Words: 158087 - Pages: 633

Premium Essay

Fibonacci Sequence

... How many pairs will there be in one year? The solution, generation by generation, was a sequence of numbers later known as Fibonacci numbers: the number of existing pairs is the sum of the two previous numbers of pairs in the sequence. The Fibonacci numbers or, sequences as you may call it was named after an Italian mathematician Fibonacci and was first introduced to Western European society in his 1202 book Liber Abaci. In mathematics, the Fibonacci sequence are the pattern of sequences (as you can see in these two sequences) that always start with numbers 1 and 1, or 0 and 1. 1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89,144 or 0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89,144 Although many people are not aware of it, Fibonacci numbers appear everywhere in Nature, from the leaf arrangement in plants, to the pattern of the florets of a flower, the bracts of a pinecone, or the scales of a pineapple. And here are some of the famous examples. 1. Flower petal The number of petals in a flower consistently follows the Fibonacci sequence. The lily, which has three petals, buttercups, which have five, the chicory's 21, the daisy's 34, and so on. 2. Pinecones Pinecones are another great example. The seed pods on a pinecone are arranged in a spiral pattern and each cone consists of a pair of spirals, each one spiraling upwards in opposing directions. 3. Tree Branches The Fibonacci sequence can also be seen in the way tree branches form or split. A main trunk of a tree grows until it...

Words: 367 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Dna Sequence

...INDEX 1.To retrieve the protein or DNA sequence in FASTA format from the NCBI database and analyze the obtained data. 2.For a given protein sequences find the function ,structural relevance and annotation studies by using Uniprot/Uniprot KB. 3.For a given protein, find the protein PDB code ,release date , resolution ,Classification and pub med citation from PDB Structure data base. 4.Find the disease pathway ,drug target enzymes and drug molecules used for a given disease by using KEGG database. 5.For a given protein/enzyme find its EC number ,its location and Km, K cat/Km values by using BRENDA/KEGG database. 6.Find the pair wise sequence alignment for a given protein/DNA sequence by using Dot matrix method Dot helix and comment on the results inverted repeats ,palindromes. 7.For a given Protein sequence find the homolog sequences and Study the obtained output critical statistical parameters, the % identity, %similarity ,p ,E-value by using BLAST. 8.For a given Protein/DNA sequence find the pblast ,nblast ,psi blast ,phi blast ,blast, tbalstn and analyze the obtained results obtained results for each blast method. 9.For a given Protein sequence find the pair wise sequence alignment by using the FASTA algorithm and compare the results obtained with those from other methods. 10.Find the optimal alignment for the given protein sequence by using Dynamic programming –LALIGN method. 11.For a given FASTA sequence find the multiple sequence alignment by using the Clustal......

Words: 2349 - Pages: 10