Sdasd

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By lsmstudent91
Words 658
Pages 3
ETHICS AND RESEARCH
• Can ethics be taught? • One school of thought : Graduate students have values and ethical standards firmly established that are difficult to change • Necessary to prepare them to recognize and deal with ethical issues

ROOT CAUSE
• Most cases of scientific misconduct is a lone scientist along with a set experiments or observations • Supposed to be steeped in scientific culture where truth is valued

Temptations?
• Joy of new discovery • Success breeds overconfidence and arrogance • Aspirations to security and career advancement

BALTIMORE CASE
• Case began with a result paper, written by Imanishi-Kari, and co-authored by Baltimore and three others • Postdoc O’Toole assigned to extend the work • Could not duplicate work for almost a year

Findings
• Data reported by Imanishi-Kari • Several pages of notes on experimental data found to be fabricated • She was strongly defended by Baltimore • When fraud proven, Baltimore forced to resigned as president of Rockefeller University

AUTHORSHIP
• Guidelines by International Committee of Medical Editors : - Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. The participation must include : (a) conception or design, or analysis and interpretation of data, or both;

(b) drafting the article or revising it for critically important intellectual content; and (c) final approval of the version to be published. Participation solely in the collection of data does not justify authorship

CASE FOR CONSIDERATION
• Scientist A, a junior member of Dept • Worked as postdoc before • Continue to work in areas allied to his mentor • Collaborated in number of papers before • Concerned That he is overshadowed by mentor • Glad to submit article on his own

• On receiving galley proof, surprised to see his mentor as co-author • Learnt from…...

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