Scientific Management

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Submitted By blaine
Words 2004
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Scientific management (also called Taylorism, the Taylor system, or the Classical Perspective) is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflow processes, improving labor productivity. The core ideas of the theory were developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s, and were first published in his monographs, Shop Management (1905) and The Principles of Scientific Management (1911).[1] Taylor believed that decisions based upon tradition and rules of thumb should be replaced by precise procedures developed after careful study of an individual at work.

In management literature today, the greatest use of the concept of Taylorism is as a contrast to a new, improved way of doing business. In political and sociological terms, Taylorism can be seen as the division of labour pushed to its logical extreme, with a consequent de-skilling of the worker and dehumanisation of the workplace.

General approach

* Developed standard method for performing each job. * selected workers with appropriate abilities for each job. * trained workers in standard method. * supported workers by planning their work and eliminating interruptions. * provided wage incentives to workers for increased output.


* Scientific approach to business management and process improvement * Importance of compensation for performance * Began the careful study of tasks and jobs * Importance of selection and training


* labor is defined and authority/responsibility is legitimized/official * Positions placed in hierarchy and under authority of higher level * Selection is based upon technical competence, training or experience * Actions and decisions are recorded to allow continuity and memory * Management is different from ownership of the organization *…...

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