Research Design and Methods for Advanced Nursing Practice Critique

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Research Design and Methods for Advanced Nursing Practice Critique NAME: Professor: Institution: Course: Date:

This research is based on the idea that mothers with low incomes have a high prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms which have a negative effect on their infants and toddlers. Poorer development in infants and toddlers has been directly linked to maternal depression. Furthermore, infants of mothers who have depressed mothers tend to talk less, they engage in little play and lag behind on standardized language and mental development scales (Campbell et al, 2004). The aim of this research was to test the interpersonal psychotherapy of parenting enhancement to reduce depression of low income mothers of infants and toddlers. This study used a two group repeated measures design which was randomized. Mothers who were given the IPT + PE plus EHS enrichment were compared with mothers getting attention control health education plus EHS enrichment. The IPT + PE and ACTAU conditions were delivered over a 20 week period. Data were collected at four points: at baseline before randomization (T1), partway through the intervention (T2: 14 weeks), after completion of the intervention and termination with the nurse (T3:22weeks), and 1 month after all intervention stopped (T4: 26 weeks). The sample involved 226 mothers with infants. They were enrolled in in one of six EHS programs in the northeastern and southeastern United States. There were set conditions which qualified a mother to be screened for depressive conditions. She had to be the biological parent of an enrolled EHs infant, she has to speak English as her primary language, she has to be above 15 years and be at least 6 weeks in order to eliminate mothers with transient depressive symptoms during the postpartum period (American…...

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