Racial and Ethnic Politics

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Ruffs98
Words 8688
Pages 35
Racial & Ethnic

Short-Answer Questions (15)

Should reparations be paid to the descendants of victims of slavery?
• Some reject the decision made in the Bakke case that providing a remedy for the effects of racial discrimination is unconstitutional. They argue that the idea of reparations is rooted in international law.
• Affirmative Action is inadequate, the ‘Maafa’ (meaning disaster, i.e., slavery) is a crime against humanity, and therefore compensation is required.
• In the past 50 years apologies and financial compensation has been given to a wide range of groups, including survivors of the Jewish holocaust (as well as descendants of the victims), Japanese-Americans who were imprisoned during the Second World War and native Americans who had their land illegally seized in the USA.
• African Americans have been demanding compensation for slavery since the end of the American Civil War. Immediately after the abolition of slavery, the demand was for 40 acres and a mule to ensure they would not be dependent on their former slave-owners. Then, between 1890 and 1917, there was a movement to lobby the government for pensions to compensate for their unpaid labour under slavery. Since 1989, Congressman John Conyers Jnr (Michigan) has introduced a bill every year to study the case for reparations. Each of these initiatives has been largely ignored by the political establishment.
• Reparations would ensure full recognition of the scale of the Maafa and, at the same time, undermine those who claim that there is no further need for Affirmative Action. They would also compensate for slavery, provide psychological relief for black anger and white guilt resulting from centuries of racial oppression and, as a result, build a more united nation based on a common understanding of American history.
• To those who argued that it would be impossible to determine who…...

Similar Documents

Racial and Ethnic Disparities

...Racial and ethnic disparities in health disproportionately affect minority Americans. One of the greatest challenges facing the US healthcare system is the persistence of disparities in infant and maternal health among the different racial and ethnic groups.  Now a day a major concern which is affecting communities on overall pertaining to childbirth is preterm births in the United States of America. In fact, preterm births and low birth weight have negative consequences not only for the infants and their families but also on the society. Actual delivery before 37 weeks of gestation is the primary concern and low birth weights have a major impact on the functional domains, such as cerebral palsy, chronic lung disease, and hyperactivity disorder (Brooks-Gunn J., McCarton C. M., Casey P. H., McCormick M. C., Bauer C. R., Bernbaum J. C., Tonascia J. (1994). Babies who weigh 5.5 pounds (2500grams) or less at birth are low babies with low birth weight. Babies weighing 3.3 pounds (1500 grams) or less are Very low birth weight babies. There is a significant medical and social cost for low birth weight infants and preterm births. Low birth weight is a major predictor of infant mortality. Ethnic and cultural group’s disparities related to low birth weight infant and preterm infant are significantly disproportionate, affecting minority Americans. Although infant morbidity cannot be directly linked with low birth weight but it is a frequently used as a marker for poor health at birth......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

The Politics of Cultural Pluralism and Ethnic Conflict

...This chapter focuses on various incidents of politics surrounding cultural pluralism and ethnic conflict that have occurred in least developed countries. (LDCs) Cultural pluralism refers to ethnic diversity. It’s defined as a condition in which many cultures co-exist within a society and maintain their cultural differences. It can also be called multiculturalism. Cultural pluralism seeks to overcome racism, sexism, and other forms of discrimination. Cultural pluralism has been closely linked to the growth of the middle class and the emergence of politicians who articulated nationalist or other ethnic aspirations while mobilizing workers and peasants behind that ideal. The fear of and hostility toward other ethnic groups are far older and often more entrenched than modern principles of tolerance or equality under the law. No matter how we may wish for it otherwise, we did not leave violence against outsiders behind us as our nations became modern and democratic. Ethnic minorities have been victimized for hundreds of years. One needs only look to the nineteenth-century frontier wars between White settlers and Native Americans in the United States and Chile. Ethnic Conflict Incidents In the early years of the twenty-first century (2000s), like the first decades of the twentieth century (1900s), much of the Third World suffered from ethnic, racial, and religious tensions periodically punctuated by outbreaks of brutality and carnage. When progress was made in......

Words: 1041 - Pages: 5

Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparaties

...Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the U.S. Healthcare Delivery System Alden Knight Health Services System – HSM541 DeVry University, Keller Graduate School of Management August 10, 2013 According to HHS when it comes to racial and ethnic disparities, they identify the lack of insurance as a significant driver of healthcare disparities. Lack of insurance, more than any other demographic or economic barrier, negatively affects the quality of health care received by minority populations. Racial and ethnic minorities are significantly less likely than the rest of the population to have health insurance. They constitute about one-third of the U.S. population, but make up more than half of the 50 million people who are uninsured (HHS 2011). Unfortunately, it has a negative impact on the U.S. healthcare delivery system. Primary care is the most important part of the health care system. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the AHRQ, about 30 percent of Hispanic and 20 percent of Black Americans lack a usual source of health care compared with less than 16 percent of whites. Also, Black Americans and Hispanic Americans are far more likely to rely on hospitals or clinics for their usual source of care than are White Americans (AHRQ 2013). The American Hospital Association or the AHA has convened the Special Advisory Group on Improving Hospital Care for Minorities as part of......

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Racial and Ethnic Groups Matrix

...University of Phoenix Material Racial and Ethnic Groups Matrix Complete the matrix below by answering the questions for each group. | |Race vs. Ethnicity |Origins and Past Experiences |Challenges in the U.S. |American Identity |Personal Experiences and Comments | | |Is this an ethnic or racial group |Where did this group originate? How|What challenges has this |How is this group portrayed |Have you witness any racism or prejudice | | |and why? |did this group become a part of |grouped faced in the U.S.? |today in American society? |toward this group? Any additional comments? | | | |American culture? | | | | |Native Americans |This group would be considered a |This group originated in the north |The main challenge of Native |In the past, the image of the |I have no immediate experience with native | | |racial group, because of skin and|American continent. The American |Americans is that of |Native American was that of an |Americans to comment. | | |hair color, as well as facial |culture developed out of the |inclusion. They are not |uncivilized savage....

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Racial and Ethnic Discrimination

...Racial and Ethnic Discrimination Introduction * Discrimination for years and years has been seen and experience in our society. In all conscience, one could see discrimination even in animal kingdom. Animals have likes and dislikes based on factors like age, body confirmation, etc. Now, we as humans develop discrimination which appears to be granted by nature to us. Inequality rather than equality seems to be the act of nature for humans. Therefore, this discrimination can come in many colors and sizes; one good example could be one would choose the better and attractive breed of a canine other than that not so appealing. And just like this, there are many other ways for us as individuals to act on discrimination. Now when this discernment is taken further as in racial and ethnic differences the insight of this action shouldn’t be tolerable. Topics like philosophical and social implications of race, multiple racial, ethnic and cultural identities, racism, affirmative action, class conscious rather than color conscious, and the color blind principle are pointed out following. When we look at physical characteristics such as skin color from a social perspective, there is not a clear connotation; however, these physiognomies do have what we referred to as social meaning. Ethical Issues * Racial constructions and taxonomy are topics that somewhat have been rooted in the cognizance of our society by previous societies. I have come to believe that the biological sense of...

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

The Solution to Ethnic and Racial Civil Conflict

...The Solution to Ethnic and Racial Civil Conflict Jacqueline Zhang GOVT 150W Introduction to International Politics Introduction Within a period of three months in 1994, an estimated five to eight hundred thousand people were killed as a result of civil war and genocide in Rwanda. Large numbers were physically and psychologically afflicted for life through maiming, rape and other trauma; over two million fled to neighboring countries and maybe half as many became internally displaced within Rwanda. This human suffering was and is incomprehensible. Similar ethnic and racial civil conflicts have deeply scarred countries and are threatening to break out in many places around the globe. Too much blood has been shed for ethnic and racial causes and too many have died in ethnic and racial wars. In accordance to the constructivist model of nationalism, identity (re)construction solves ethnic and racial civil conflict. Definition For the purpose of demonstrating how identity (re)construction solves ethnic and racial civil conflicts, “solve” can be defined as 1) to explain and 2) to put an end to, settle. In addition, “explain” means to make clear the cause, origin or reason of. Furthermore, an ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, on the basis of a real or a presumed common genealogy or ancestry. The term race refers to the concept of dividing people into populations or groups on the basis of various sets of physical......

Words: 2466 - Pages: 10

Soc 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups

...SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 1 The Caste System in India SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 2 The Cosmic Race SOC 308 Week 4 Quiz SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 1 Northern Ireland SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 2 Why War SOC 308 Week 5 Final Paper SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4......

Words: 966 - Pages: 4

Soc 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups

...SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 1 The Caste System in India SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 2 The Cosmic Race SOC 308 Week 4 Quiz SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 1 Northern Ireland SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 2 Why War SOC 308 Week 5 Final Paper SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Racial and Ethnic Groups

...Racial and Ethnic Groups xxxxxxxxxxxx ETH/125 February 11, 2011 xxxxxxxxxxxx Although I am Italian American I do not know much about my heritage. This had been a delightful learning experience finding out where I am from, how my ancestor got here and why they came. I have always had interest in my heritage and finding out more about Italian American culture but have not had the time. I have been forced to find information and research about who I am and I could not be more delighted. Christopher Columbus and Giovanni da Verrazzano were the first Italians to come to the New World and make discoveries. Columbus did the majority of his discoveries in what is now known as South America in the 1490’s, while Verrazzano sailed to North America in the early 1500’s. He landed in present day North Carolina and ventured up the coast to New York, Cape Cod, Maine and Nova Scotia. Both of these men are recognized for their accomplishments through National Holidays, statues, landmarks, and artifacts displayed in museums. They both were trying to find a passage to the east to make it easier to get needed spices and supplies for their country, but found that there voyages were unsuccessful. They returned to their countries and told of their discoveries. They did not stay in the Americas and colonize because they were in look for something that they did not find, the east passage, and there intent was to return to their home land. (Meehan, T. 1912). Italians stayed in their......

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Soc 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups

...SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 1 The Caste System in India SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 2 The Cosmic Race SOC 308 Week 4 Quiz SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 1 Northern Ireland SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 2 Why War SOC 308 Week 5 Final Paper SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Soc 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups

...SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 1 The Caste System in India SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 2 The Cosmic Race SOC 308 Week 4 Quiz SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 1 Northern Ireland SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 2 Why War SOC 308 Week 5 Final Paper SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc308entirecourseracialandethnicgroups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4......

Words: 644 - Pages: 3

Soc 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups

...SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://homeworkonestop.com/soc-308-entire-course-racial-and-ethnic-groups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3 Quiz SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 1 The Caste System in India SOC 308 Week 4 Dq 2 The Cosmic Race SOC 308 Week 4 Quiz SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 1 Northern Ireland SOC 308 Week 5 Dq 2 Why War SOC 308 Week 5 Final Paper SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups Purchase here http://homeworkonestop.com/soc-308-entire-course-racial-and-ethnic-groups Product Description SOC 308 Entire Course / Racial and Ethnic Groups SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 1 Constructing Race SOC 308 Week 1 Dq 2 Implications of Anglo Dominance in the United States SOC 308 Week 1 Quiz SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 1 Legacy of Slavery SOC 308 Week 2 Dq 2 Hispanic Culture SOC 308 Week 2 Ethnic Group Evaluation SOC 308 Week 2 Quiz SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 1 English as the Official U.S. Language SOC 308 Week 3 Dq 2 Hate Crime SOC 308 Week 3 Final Paper Problem and Outline SOC 308 Week 3......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Racial and Ethnic Inequality

...Administration Sociology Key words Racial inequality, ethnic inequality, geographic location, discrimination, cultural orientation Causes of racial and ethnic inequality This discussion looks at the causes of racial and ethnic inequalities in the world. There are a number of causes of inequalities. Some causes are geographical location and discrimination. However inequality is on the decline on a global scale. Racial and ethnic inequality is found in many countries where there are either many races or ethnics or both. In Zimbabwe there is racial and ethnic inequality. There are various reasons for that. Whereas my discussion covers what is basically in my country, I have also researched on ethnic and racial inequalities in United States of America as from 1950s to 1970s, and the current situation. One main cause of inequality is the geographical location. Some people who are located in most remote areas of the country normally become marginalized. There is poor transportation system, poor education and far of from urban centers where technology and industrialization is mainly found. These people who live in remote areas are cut of from the rest of the world. They do not access quality education. Hence they remain marginalized and backward. In Zimbabwe a number of ethnic groups are found at the borders of the country. That is the reason for the inequality. Another cause of this disparity is cultural orientation. Various ethnic groups have varying values. Some......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Extended Families

...| | |Assignment 1: Exploration of a Journal Article in Sociology | |RACIAL/ETHNIC DIFFERENCES in EXTENDED FAMILIES | “Racial/Ethnic Differences in Extended Families” is an article review of existing interpretive sociology research. Interpretive Sociology research using existing sources is the type of research involved in this article. A symbolic-interaction approach was given and qualitative data was used in discovering the subjective sense people make of this/their world. The article proves that culture sticks with a person and/or group for a lifetime and through generations. It directly relates to the non-materialistic part of culture and the beliefs and values of each group. The main concept of the article is to show that different racial/ethnic groups have different types of extended families. The Asian-Americans show that their culture values responsibility. This also shows that families remain one of the most important aspects in their society; to them being a family member is usually what they identify with as the master status. Taking the elderly into their homes and watching over and taking care of them can be classified as one of......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Racial Ethnic Relations Throughout Us History

...RACIAL ETHNIC RELATIONS THROUGHOUT US HISTORY Race is defined as “primarily a social constructed category based on a physical criteria.” An ethnic group is defined as “a social category of people who share a common culture.” The United States is made up of many people of different races and ethnic groups. Many people call the US a “melting pot” because of the many races and cultures that come here in the country. Over the years, names of these races and ethnic groups have changed. In 1890, African Americans were called Black, Mulatto, Quadroon, or Octoroon. In the 1930s, they were called Negros. In 1890, Native Americans were called Indians. In 1960 they were called American Indians, Aleut, and Eskimos. In 2000, they were called Alaskan Natives. In 1890 Asian Americans were called Chinese & Japanese. In 1930 they were called Filipino, Hindu, and Koreans. In 1980 Asian Indians and Vietnamese were added to describe Asian Americans. In 1930 Mexicans, Hawaiian, Asian and Pacific Islanders, Samoan, Guamanian, Hispanics, Latinos, Haitians were added to the Census to describe various races and ethnic groups. Throughout history, many races and ethnic groups had to deal with prejudice and racial discrimination. For example, Africans came from Africa and were enslaved and treated unjustly by being sold, whipped and beaten. After the Emancipation Proclamation given by President Lincoln, slaves were to be freed, but even though they were freed, they were treated unfairly by......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2