Povety in Canada Since 1989

In: Social Issues

Submitted By farhansaqib
Words 647
Pages 3
Poverty in Canada since 1989 The poverty rates across Canada have seen a rise and fall since 1989. The poverty rates are based on age, gender and family type. However, the poverty rates have seen a decline since 1989. The poverty for all persons in 1988 was 10.8% and in 2007 it was 9.2% (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). That is a 14.8% decrease in poverty for all persons in Canada over time (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). The decline in poverty could result for many reasons. Education, jobs and the economy of Canada may have improved a lot during the past twenty years. Canada is a developing country and is seeing improvements in social status of people. The class system plays a huge role. Could it be that families across Canada are moving up a class? Persons in economic families had a poverty rate of 8% in 1988 and it dropped to 6% in 2007 (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). It can be seen that there is a 25% decrease in poverty for persons in economic families over time (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). Therefore persons in economic families are doing well compared to how they were in 1989. It is pretty clear that the economy of Canada is developing. This would not be the case if poverty had increased during the past twenty years. Poverty still exists, no doubt about that but it will continue to decline if Canada continues to improve its economic situation. Poverty still exists for many reasons such as people in poor class work as much as other full-time workers, but jobs are much worse and the workers are paid lesser amounts (Fetner, 2009). If the people in poor class were paid more for their work, they could move up a class and it would definitely decline poverty rates across Canada. Poverty for persons of age 65 and over seems to have declined incredibly. In 1988, it was 13% and in 1998, 8.6% which is a decline of 33.8%…...

Similar Documents

Canada

...“Canada is an unknown territory for the people who live in it, and I’m not talking about the fact that you may not have taken a trip to the Arctic or to Newfoundland, you may not have explored as the travel folders have it – This Great Land of Ours. I’m talking about Canada as a state of mind, as the space you inhabit not just with your body but with your head. It’s that kind of space in which we find ourselves lost. What a lost person needs is a map of the territory, with his own position marked on it so he can see where he is in relation to everything else. Literature is not only a mirror; it is also a map, a geography of the mid. Our literature is one such map, if we can learn to read it as our literature, as the product of who and where we have been. We need such a map desperately; we need to know about here, because here is where we live. For the members of a country or culture, shared knowledge of their place, their here, is not a luxury but a necessity. Without that knowledge we will not survive.” Margaret Atwood, Survival As Atwood’s statement demonstrates, Canadian literature is concerned with place and displacement, and with the development of an effective identifying relationship between self and environs. Canada’s literature whether written in English or French reflects three main parts of Canadian experience. First, Canadian writers often emphasize the effects of climate and geography on the life and work of their people. Second, frontier’s...

Words: 3528 - Pages: 15

Canada

...Country Information: Canada ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● The Canadian Mindset Characteristics of Society Lifestyle & Aspirations The Essentials (10 Key Tips) Working with the Canadians Making a Good Impression Business Etiquette Business Meeting Culture Motivating Others Effective Presentations Managing Relationships The Canadian Mindset Canadians are friendly and open with a practical cast of mind which befits a people who inhabit one of the largest - and in many places one of the most physically challenging countries on earth. They are traditional in their thinking and habits, modest and low key in attitude but enjoy a good sense of humour. They pride themselves on being honest and direct and are not given to prevarication or displays of rhetoric or emotion. With one of the most multicultural societies in the world, Canadians are tolerant and egalitarian in outlook. Despite their innate conservatism, they are also very progressive on some controversial social issues. Although they enjoy the trappings of success, Canadians are not ostentatious by nature. Canadians are sensitive about being taken for Americans. While enjoying a warm relationship with their neighbour, with whom they share a vast boundary and vigorous trade links, they are proud of the differences between the two countries and their peoples. They are often more subdued and measured than Americans. The majority of Canada is English-speaking although in the eastern part of the country, French is widespread...

Words: 3037 - Pages: 13

Air Canada

...History Canada was seeing as one the countries that are industrialized in the 1930s but didn’t have a national airline for the country but they did have a bush airline that were regional in the country at the time and the Canadian Pacific held part ownership in the Canadian Airways (CBC) The regional airlines were serving the transported mail and mining communities but the airline didn’t provide a service between the Atlantic and pacific oceans which made it hard for people to travel to these areas. In 1935 Mackenzie King came into power and he created the Transport department and Clarence Howe was appointed to be Air Canada architect and be the minister (CBC). Clarence Howe wanted to the airline to be put under the control of the government and he wanted it initially to be private enterprise to have a role in it. In 1936 Trans Canada Air has been legislated on this year and it was a Subsidiary of CNR and then it was turn to be owned by the federal government of the country (CBC). The Trans Canada Air lines have started their airline with only five million dollars and this help pay for the three airplanes that it was from the Canadian airways and they have hire executives that are from the U.S. airlines(cbc). In 1937 the Trans Canada Air has set forward on its inaugural flight and the flight between going to Seattle and Vancouver round trip would only cost $14.20(Cbc). Canadian Pacific gave an idea to the government for Canadian airways that......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Canada

...Canada Canada is a country in North America consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. The capital of Canada is Ottawa, Ontario. The absolute location is the exact location of a certain place on a map and Canada’s absolute location is 45.4214° N, 75.6919° W. The relative location is a location of a place in relation to another. Canada's relative location is above the United States of America. Canada is located in the northern-most region of North America. Its southern territories run along the northern border of the continental United States. Canada has the eleventh-largest economy in the world and is one of the world's wealthiest nations. As with other developed nations, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs about three quarters of Canadians. Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the primary sector, with the logging and oil industries being two of Canada's most important. Canada also has a sizable manufacturing sector, centered in Central Canada, with the automobile industry and aircraft industry especially important. With a long coastal line, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing and seafood industry in the world. Canada is one of the global leaders of the entertainment software industry. Canada’s climate is not as cold all year round as you might think. Winter......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Canada

...restauranten i CN | | |Tower, der godt kan være en skuffelse. | |533,3 m høj fra bund til top | |CN Tower - CN står for Canadian National - knejser stolt på Torontos skyline og tårnet kan ses stort set fra alle vinkler af byen. De 533,3 | |meters højde på CN Tower gør, at du altid kan bruge tårnet som pejlemærke, næsten uanset hvor du befinder dig i Toronto. | |Det er arkitekten John Andrews, der står bag CN Tower. Tårnet kom til verden i begyndelsen af 1970'erne,| |da Canada nationale jernbaneselskab, Canadian National, ville bygge et radio- og tv-tårn. Et højt tårn har som | |bekendt altid været en hurtig genvej til omtale og berømmelse, og det gjaldt også i Torontos tilfælde. Desværre løb budgettet løbsk, så CN | |Tower endte med at blive adskillige millioner kroner dyrere end først antaget. Det gav selvsagt masser af omtale. | | | |Udsigtsplatform i 447 meters højde: CN Tower var verdens højeste fritstående konstruktion men er for nylig blevet overhalet af en ny | |skyskraber i Dubai. CN......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Are Canada

...Page » Computers and Technology Air Canada Takes Off with Maintenix In: Computers and Technology Air Canada Takes Off with Maintenix Case Study: Air Canada takes off with Maintenix 1) What problems does Air Canada hope that Maintenix will solve? Air Canada hoped to solve the following problems: • The usage of several different legacy software packages installed over the last 15 years. • The inability of the systems to interact with one another or with finance and inventory systems • The costs on Air Canada the inefficiencies of these systems were causing. • The unprofessionalism they had in some fields’ maintenance engineering, line maintenance and materials management (full implementation). And the insufficiency of some other departments; heavy maintenance, shop maintenance and finance. (partial implementation) 2) How does Maintenix improve operational efficiency and decision-making? • Matintenix provides a system platform that is accessible via the Web and easy to deploy to all stations around the world. Mxi claims that their software reduces repetitive tasks and time chasing missing or incomplete information by allowing maintenance, engineering, and finance divisions to easily share information. This assures the improvement of operational efficiency. • Maintenix can supply data to the company’s existing enterprise resource planning and financial software. • Wireless deployment also make Maintenix more effective, since aviation technicians,......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Canada

...that Canada is one of the greatest places to live in the whole world and I feel very fortunate to be a Canadian citizen. Canada is a very diverse country, offers a safe and beautiful environment and its health care system is world renowned. About one-fifth of Canada’s current population is now home to foreign-born who has immigrated to Canada looking for better opportunities. Many of these ethnic origins include China, India, Pakistan, Spain, Jamaica, Portugal and so much more. Canada is now known as a “melting pot” as it has become a society of various ethnic groups, languages, religions and beliefs. Everyone in Canada is treated equally and fairly. The multiculturalism in Canada has ensured all citizens feel safe and proud of their origins. Canada is also one of the most beautiful places to visit in the world. Some great places to visit would include Vancouver, Toronto and not to mention, the peaceful national parks in the territories. Our environment is one of the cleanest and offers clean air and water. We also have a significantly low crime rate in Canada. For example, US’s murder rate is triple that of Canada’s. Finally, Canada has one of the best health care systems to ever exist. We are one of the few countries to offer free health care to all citizens. Canada’s government pays for all healthcare through taxes and this saves a lot of money for citizens every year. In other countries, citizens would have to pay for check-ups, surgeries, and more, but in Canada,......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Since

...into our society. However, there are others that feel that stem cell research could change many lives. Those who feel it could change many lives are right in many people’s eyes. With the advancement of stem cell research, we would be able to help many people with such diseases as heart disease and Alzheimer’s. Stem cells could also help others with diseases and those who have suffered some very unfortunate accident. One particularly known person who supports the stem cell research was Christopher Reeves, who was paralyzed in an accident. Other people that believe that the research is unethical since the best way to get stem cells is from embryos, in which the embryo is killed in order to take the stem cells. The biggest obstacle for stem cell research would have to be, killing the human embryo in order to take the stem cells. Many of those that oppose the research believe that is murder, since many religions, such as the Catholic Church, believe that the embryo has a soul, therefore, it is considered murder and a sin. There are other ways of getting the cells, which do not require the killing of embryos. One way to get the stem cells would be from taking them from an adult source. However, those are sometimes not as abundant as those taken from embryos. There is a chance that the cells could be harvested from the Umbilical cords donated from newborns. There are other instances of the cells being taken from those of aborted babies. If the mothers do not want to keep the baby,......

Words: 1140 - Pages: 5

Canada

...Canada: A People’s History, Episode 17 | K/U | T | C | A | Student Mark | | | | | Possible Mark | 10 | 10 | 5 | 5 | Hard Times 1. What difficulties did the people face with the recession of the 1980s? List at least five. (A: /5) * Inflation rates increased, which caused prices to increase a lot * Unemployment rates increased * Mortgage rate increased (causing people to move out of their houses) * Industrialized world is in recession * Managements became more aggressive which lead the unions to become more intimidated and offensive than before. Solidarity 1. Inflation caused governments to cut back on social programs and civil service jobs. What did the workers call for and why? (K: /1) The workers felt outraged and then decided on a movement. People in the movement protest for democracy and wanting it now. A rapidly organized collation, known as solidarity, the movement calls for a general strike. It is the biggest social protest in British Columbia. 2. Who supported the government and why? (K: /1) Many people from the private sector support the government, like business men. 3. Who was watching the action in British Columbia and why? (K: /1) The other government watched the action in British Columbia because people will start rioting if Bill Bennet wins. The Night of Long Knives 1. What was Trudeau's goal regarding the Constitution? (K: /1) Trudeau’s goal regarding the constitution was to bring home the Canadian Constitution...

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Canada

...The second largest country in the world, Canada has no shortage of beautiful landscapes and unique sites for travelers to explore. From coast to coast to coast, the country is home to vibrant and culturally rich cities, along with incredible natural wonders. In Western Canada, the Rocky Mountains and cities of Vancouver, Victoria, and Calgary dominate most itineraries. In Central Canada, Niagara Falls, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, and Quebec City, are some of the most popular possibilities. Awe-inspiring scenery, vibrant cities and a welcoming atmosphere all make Canada a popular tourist destination. As the largest country in North America, Canada is a vast land encompassing majestic mountains, spectacular coastlines, virgin forests, spacious prairies and Arctic tundra. Public transit is a great way for visitors to get around Toronto.  It's an easy, safe, and quick way to get around; in many cases it'll also save you a lot of money compared to renting a car and paying for expensive downtown parking. You pay a single fare for each one-way trip.  The same fare covers subways, streetcars, and buses within the City of Toronto. There are no fare "zones" to worry about.  You can transfer between routes for free as needed to reach your destination, but you'll need to pay a new fare for the return trip, or if you make a stopover (e.g. to shop, eat, or explore an area). Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)The TTC provides subway, streetcar, and bus service within the City of......

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Canada

...Canada Canada is often referred to as the "land of opportunity" a society where new ideas are made everyday and where people don't rely on there family's background to survive. Canada is also known for its beautiful lakes and mountains. Canada also has a large population of caribou, deer, and moose. Canada covers most of the North American continent. The second largest country in the world is Canada. (infoplease.com) (Wylie) Canada is known for it's large forests and beautiful waterfalls. The Great Lakes are the most famous lakes in Canada. There is also great bear lake one of the most largest and pristine lakes in the world. The St. Lawrence plain covers most of southern Quebec and Ontario. They are separated by a forested plateau rising from lakes superior and Huron. (Wylie) Westward toward the pacific most of British Columbia, the Yukon, and part of western Alberta are covered by parallel mountain ranges. The west coast of the forest Callaway 2 range has a lot of fjords and channels. The two main river systems in Canada are the Mackenzie and the St. Lawrence. The worlds most northerly sand dunes are in Athabasca Provincial park in northwest Saskatchewan. (Wylie) (McAdam) Canada has more lakes than any other country combined. 2.4 million caribou live in Canada. Thirty one percent of Canada is taken up by forests. The longest coastline in the world is located in Canada. Twenty percent of the worlds freshwater is in Canada. The biggest tides in the......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Crown Cork & Seal in 1989

...This segment would be the plastics containers that would have potential. Other option is whether to acquire Continental Can Canada or not. The company generates $400 million in sales per year and it is the largest manufacturer in the Canadian region. That does not seem a whole lot. However, Continental’s USA business has estimated revenues of $1.3 billion which would double the size of Crown’s domestic operations. Also, Continental’s European operations generated estimated sales of $1.5 billion. Potential bidders for the acquisition are the major competitors of CCS. Avery is concerned about both options because they both have pros and cons. Entering the plastic can business segment would have the following pros: • Entering a new business segment, great for diversification • Decreasing shipping cost because of lighter weight • Made of natural resources • Plastic material can easily be formed/shaped Entering the plastic business segment would have the following cons: • Unknown business territory, no experience • Carbonation leaks after 4 month – major issue • Cannot be fully recycled Acquiring Continental Can Canada would have the following pros: • Double in size domestically, increase market share rapidly • Plastic container line would come from this factory • Expansion globally • Increasing bargaining power Acquiring Continental Can Canada would have the following cons: • Bidding war could create too high acquisition price • Conflict with different......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Canada

...Background Canada was a simple solution for me, easily because I'm a recluse and I haven’t been outside of the United States. Being so geographically close to the United States, it comes as an easy choice and the language barrier is obsolete which makes transitioning easier. Geographically, Canada sits right above and next to the United States with Greenland and Iceland flanking it's eastern borders. I wanted to do business with a country that has the same ideology as myself while not having a language barrier. I'd have to say, being able to speak English without a translator is a major plus. The other main language of Canada is French which is mostly spoken in Quebec. According to Google public data, Canada has a little over 35 Million living people. Canada has a multitude of great cities: Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, Ottawa, Vancouver and Edmonton and funny enough, these cities all have teams in the National Hockey League. Speaking of Hockey, Hockey is to Canada as Rugby is to Australia. It is their pride and passion. Canada doesn't have states like the U.S. they have Provinces; Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, and New Brunswick. Their prime minister is Stephen Harper and the best thing about Canada, free health care for all. Canada has a high quality of life. Their people are cared for with national health care and they try and stay out of wars, as much as possible. Obviously it snows more the......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Air Canada Case Study

...AIR CANADA Introduction: Air Canada was founded in 1937, it was privatized in 1989. After facing net losses from 1990-1993, entered into profits in 1994. It was a founding member of star alliance in 1997, which has 27 partners headquartered in Montreal. Air Canada’s mission was to connect Canada and the world. For this it followed an international growth strategy. Making partnerships with Lufthansa and united/continental, helped its growth strategy and connection mission. To reach the goals it followed a strategy involving engaging with customers, mainly focusing on passengers and products. Air Canada mainly depends on IT for their activities. The IT department of Air Canada was made of both recent applications and the back-end applications. In 2007, Air Canada introduced electronic boarding passes for the passengers and in 2009 it introduced iPhone and blackberry application which allows passengers to track flights, and also introduced a rebooking tool allowing the passengers to rebook the flights in case of emergency. For this in 1994, Air Canada made a seven-year contract with IBM. Dual strategic objectives and challenges: Along with IBM Air Canada selected telecom as its provider for telecommunication In 2003 Air Canada started to follow multiple-vendor strategy to get best services available in the market and to reduce cost. For that it selected operation SYS, a company which provides several applications’ which Air Canada need. But, dealing with multiple......

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

Canada

...Canada From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Canada (disambiguation). Page semi-protected Canada Vertical triband (red, white, red) with a red maple leaf in the centre A shield divided into four rectangles over a triangle. The first rectangle contains three lions passant guardant in gold on red; the second, a red lion rampant on gold; the third, a gold harp on blue; the fourth, three gold fleurs-de-lis on blue. The triangle contains three red maple leaves on a white background. A gold helmet sits on top of the shield, upon which is a crowned lion holding a red maple leaf. On the right is a lion rampant flying the Union Flag. On the left is a unicorn flying a fleurs-de-lis flag. A red ribbon around the shield says "desiderantes meliorem patriam". Below is a blue scroll inscribed "A mari usque ad mare" on a wreath of flowers. Flag Coat of arms Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin) "From Sea to Sea" Anthem: "O Canada" Royal anthem: "God Save the Queen"[1][2] Projection of North America with Canada in green Capital Ottawa 45°24′N 75°40′W Largest city Toronto Official language(s) English and French Recognised regional languages Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey (North and South) and Tłįchǫ[3] Demonym Canadian Government Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy[4] - Monarch Elizabeth II - Governor General David Johnston - Prime Minister......

Words: 14190 - Pages: 57