In: Science

Submitted By Molina16
Words 10739
Pages 43
Arturo Alcaraz (Philippines) - Instrumental in a team of scientists, who in 1967 were able to harness steam from a volcano resulting in the production of electricity.

Diosdado Banatao (Philippines) - Improved computer performance throughthe development of accelerator chips, helping to make the Internet a reality.

Marie Curie (Poland) - Winner of two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry and Physicsfor her studies into Radioactivity and her discoveries of Radium and Polonium.

Paul Dirac (England) - An important contributor in the fields of QuantumMechanics and Electro Dynamics, Dirac was co-winner of the Nobel Prize inPhysics (1933).

Albert Einstein (Germany) - Arguably needing no introduction, the most famous scientist that lived and a name that has become synonymous in popular culture with the highest intelligence.

Enrico Fermi (Italy) - Heavily involved in the development of the world's first nuclear reactor and his work in induced radioactivity saw him awarded with the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Vitaly Ginzburg (Russia) - One of three recipients of the 2003 Nobel inPhysics for their pioneering work in the theory of superconductors and superfluids.

Christiaan Huygens (Netherlands) - Most well known for his wave theory of light, Huygens is credited with discovering the first of Saturn's moons.

Werner Israel (Canada) - In 1990 Israel co-pioneered a study on black hole interiors.

Ali Javan (Iran) - Born in Tehran, Ali Javan is listed as one of the top 100 living geniuses and co-inventor of the helium-neon laser.

Makoto Kobayashi (Japan) - In 2008 Kobayshi shared the Nobel Prize inPhysics for his contribution in the discovery of the origin of broken symmetry.

Philipp Lenard (Hungary) - 1905 recipient of Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with Cathode Rays.

Felix Maramba (Philippines) - Built a coconut oil fuelled power generator.


Similar Documents


...announcement was made. Although preliminary, the results show a so-called five-sigma of significance, which means that there is only a one in a million chance that the Higgs-like signal the teams observed is a statistical fluke. "It's a tremendous and exciting time," said physicist Michael Tuts, who works with the ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC Apparatus) Experiment, one of the two Higgs-seeking LHC projects. The Columbia University physicist had organized a wee-hours gathering of physicists and students in the U.S. to watch the announcement, which took place at 9 a.m., Geneva time. "This is the payoff. This is what you do it for." The two LHC teams searching for the Higgs—the other being the CMS (Compact Muon, an elementary particle with a mass about 200 times that of an electron, Solenoid) project—did so independently. Neither one knew what the other would present this morning. "It was interesting that the competing experiment essentially had the same result," said physicist Ryszard Stroynowski, an ATLAS team member based at Southern Methodist University in Dallas. "It provides additional confirmation." CERN head Heuer called today's announcement a "historic milestone" but cautioned that much work lies ahead as physicists attempt to confirm the newfound particle's identity and further probe its properties. For example, though the teams are certain the new particle has the proper mass for the predicted Higgs boson, they still need to determine whether it behaves as the God......

Words: 1764 - Pages: 8

Physics : Vector & Scalar

...Cambridge University Press 0521652278 - Mathematical Methods for Physicists: A Concise Introduction - Tai L. Chow Excerpt More information 1 Vector and tensor analysis Vectors and scalars Vector methods have become standard tools for the physicists. In this chapter we discuss the properties of the vectors and vector ®elds that occur in classical physics. We will do so in a way, and in a notation, that leads to the formation of abstract linear vector spaces in Chapter 5. A physical quantity that is completely speci®ed, in appropriate units, by a single number (called its magnitude) such as volume, mass, and temperature is called a scalar. Scalar quantities are treated as ordinary real numbers. They obey all the regular rules of algebraic addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and so on. There are also physical quantities which require a magnitude and a direction for their complete speci®cation. These are called vectors if their combination with each other is commutative (that is the order of addition may be changed without a€ecting the result). Thus not all quantities possessing magnitude and direction are vectors. Angular displacement, for example, may be characterised by magnitude and direction but is not a vector, for the addition of two or more angular displacements is not, in general, commutative (Fig. 1.1). In print, we shall denote vectors by boldface letters (such as A) and use ordinary italic letters (such as A) for their magnitudes; in writing,......

Words: 2739 - Pages: 11

Scientific Idea Summaries

...and over again. Apparently, this mechanism has baffled many physicists for years, including Albert Einstein- who never did find an explanation as to how the mechanism works. Today, the nature of this bird can finally be explained. The key to the mechanism is temperature difference- the head of the bird is dipped in water (giving an "evaporative coating") before it is put into motion. There is a chemical inside the bird's gut (below the pivot) called dichloromethane which has a very high vapor pressure. Because of the difference in pressure and temperature, the bird's center of gravity changes as it is rocking back and forth. Because of the center of gravity shift, the back and forth motion grows more drastic until the head dips into the water- restarting the cycle all over again. Portal and Momentum This experiment is based off of the game "Portal 2" which is highly related to physics. You are capable of setting portals that allow you to move from one region of space to another. The question that people ask is whether or not the person/object travelling through the portals is conserving their momentum as they do so. The answer given by modern physicists is "No." Because the subjects velocity vector is changing in the same region of space, the laws of physics do not allow momentum to be conserved. Arguably, the subjects speed can be conserved, but not its momentum. Ultimately, according to modern physicists, the laws of physics portrayed in "Portal 2" are not......

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Radiology Quality Assurance Manual

...following: 1. Chief CT technologist/ QA technologist 2. Staff radiologist/ Radiation safety officer (RSO) 3. Medical physicist Each member of the quality assurance team should be aware of the others’ responsibilities, especially as they relate to their own, and should assist one another in achieving the overall objectives of the QA program. 1.3 TECHNOLOGIST’S ROLE A quality control technologist should be charged with the QC procedures for a particular CT scanner and its ancillary equipment. Using the same personnel leads to greater consistency in the measurements and to greater sensitivity to incipient problems. However, a single technologist is not required to perform the QC on the scanner. When the designated QC technologist is not available, the QC procedures must still be carried out on schedule by another trained technologist. The QC technologist should keep records of all testing performed (documentation forms are available in this manual). Any abnormal test results or malfunction of the CT scanner should be reported immediately to the appropriate personnel. The practitioner in charge, the radiation safety officer, and the vendor – if need be- should all be notified so that corrective actions may be taken. 1.4 RADIOLOGIST’S ROLE As the radiation safety officer, radiologist has several key roles in the QA program: 1. To establish, along with the medical physicist, the routine scanning protocols for the CT scanner in keeping with the principles......

Words: 4289 - Pages: 18

Higgs Boson

...known as the Standard Model. It has also led to Professor Higgs becoming the only person ever to have a fundamental particle named after him. (Wilson, 2013).It was regarded as the “God Particle” before but many physicists did not like the way it was called. Results to Results to More Interaction to the Higgs Field More mass More Interaction to the Higgs Field More mass Every time a particle interacts more with the Higgs Field, we can predict that it has more mass than any other particle that has less interaction to the Higgs Field. Therefore, But why? Why does it result to more mass when it t interacts more to the Higgs Field? Because Higgs Boson is a particle that gives mass to other particles. Higgs Boson is said to have a mass that ranges from 125 GeV/c2 to 127 GeV/c2 (GeV means Giga-Electron-Volt = One thousand million electron volts). Who is the Person behind Higgs Boson? Who is the Person behind Higgs Boson? The discovery of the Higgs Boson last 2012 had a great impact in the world of science particularly in the field of Physics. The apparent discovery of the subatomic particle has been hailed as a major breakthrough by physicists. Physicist were greatly overwhelmed about this new particle and they had been studying about the properties of this Higgs Boson through the most expensive, most technologically advanced and the biggest facility ever......

Words: 4416 - Pages: 18


...Assignment in Physics... 1. Definition of Science, Major branches of science 2. Scientific Method 3. Definition of Physics and its major branches 4. Notable Physicist and their contribution 5. Importance of Physics in our everyday life and in our society. (Write the references) Short bond paper, written or computerized (font: Times New Roman/font size: 12) Reading assign. Measurement Diff. system of measurement fundamentals and derive quantities scientific notation rules in significant figures conversion of units ) I.1 Science The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment. I.2 The Branches of Science The Physical Sciences * Physics: The study of matter and energy and the interactions between them. Physicists study such subjects as gravity, light, and time. Albert Einstein, a famous physicist, developed the Theory of Relativity. * Chemistry: The science that deals with the composition, properties, reactions, and the structure of matter. The chemist Louis Pasteur, for example, discovered pasteurization, which is the process of heating liquids such as milk and orange juice to kill harmful germs. * Astronomy: The study of the universe beyond the Earth's atmosphere. The Earth Sciences * Geology: The science of the origin, history, and structure...

Words: 1431 - Pages: 6

Reflection Essay

...identify the topic being discussed. A sample topic sentence would look something like: Martin Luther King Jr.’s worldview can be seen in how he views the issue of family. * Write a Conclusion of 3-5 sentences to wrap up the purpose of the outline. In this paragraph you should explicitly state why you do or do not consider the individual you wrote about to be a role model. * Write your References in GCU style: These should be three academic references that you will use and cite throughout your paper on the final draft. * Total word count for this document should be 400-650 words. I) Worldview of Role Model: Stephen Hawking is an objectively defined Atheist. II) Introduction: Stephen Hawking is a theoretical physicist and a professor at the University of Cambridge. He is one that is respected for his groundbreaking reach on the study of the universe as whole. He is also New York bestseller on multiple books about Cosmology. Stephen Hawking suffered from a rare disease called motor neuron disease. III) Thesis Statement: “ The universe can create itself out of nothing,” says a man that many in the science world call a genius. Stephen Hawking’s worldview can be seen in the way he viewed Family issues in terms of Christianity and its importance, nature of God and the theory of the universe, and social issues. Stephen Hawking’s view on these three controversial topics and that of mine will be compared. IV) Describe the values and......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4


...Takako Hirokawa, Noah Finkelstein, and H. J. Lewandowski† Department of Physics, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 (Dated: March 4, 2014) In response to national calls to better align physics laboratory courses with the way physicists engage in research, we have developed an epistemology and expectations survey to assess how students perceive the nature of physics experiments in the contexts of laboratory courses and the professional research laboratory. The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Experimental Physics (E-CLASS) evaluates students’ shifts in epistemology and affect at the beginning and end of a semester. Also, at the end of the semester, the E-CLASS assesses students’ reflections on their course’s expectations for earning a good grade. By basing survey statements on widely embraced learning goals and common critiques of teaching labs, the E-CLASS serves as an assessment tool for lab courses across the undergraduate curriculum and as a tool for PER research. We present the development, evidence of validation, and initial formative assessment results from a sample that includes 45 classes at 20 institutions. We also discuss feedback from instructors and reflect on the challenges of large-scale online administration and distribution of results. I. INTRODUCTION Laboratory courses offer significant opportunities for engagement in the practices and core ideas of science. Laboratory course environments typically have apparatus,......

Words: 9395 - Pages: 38

How the Telescope Changed Astronomy

...ball of burning helium look like a speck, is something that requires a tool. Telescopes were the first tool that really helped humans see into the heavens, letting them study the stars and the ‘wanderers’ which eventually were found out to be planets moving around the sun (although at the time they were discovered, it was thought that everything revolved around the earth); albeit all of these stars and planets were discovered before Galileo’s telescope. The tool still helped gain better calculations of the stars, which helped Galileo support Nicolaus Copernicus’ heliocentric (sun-centered) solar system as opposed to the geocentric (earth-centered) solar system that people in those times believed. With Isaac Newton, one of the most famous physicists, discovering most of laws of motion through his studies in astronomy, Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, one of the greatest works in the Scientific Revolution, was born. From Newtonian physics, theories of fluid mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and most importantly, quantum mechanics. Further along the line of the history of telescopes, humans eventually needed to see deeper into space. This was revolutionary because now mankind wasn’t just looking up into the constellations and the movement of the sun and the moon, now they were actually going up close to those things that were so far away (close as in relatively closer, as getting even 93 million miles away from the sun can still disintegrate machinery). The......

Words: 2278 - Pages: 10

Wienberg Against Philosophy

...(from “Dreams of a Final Theory”). Physicists get so much help from subjective and often vague aesthetic judgments that it might be expected that we would be helped also by philosophy, out of which after all our science evolved. Can philosophy give us any guidance toward a final theory? The value today of philosophy to physics seems to me to be something like the value of early nation-states to their peoples. It is only a small exaggeration to say that, until the introduction of the post office, the chief service of nation-states was to protect their peoples from other nation-states. The insights of philosophers have occasionally benefited physicists, but generally in a negative fashion—by protecting them from the preconceptions of other philosophers. I do not want to draw the lesson here that physics is best done without preconceptions. At any one moment there are so many things that might be done, so many accepted principles that might be challenged, that without some guidance from our preconceptions one could do nothing at all. It is just that philosophical principles have not generally provided us with the right preconceptions. In our hunt for the final theory, physicists are more like hounds than hawks; we have become good at sniffing around on the ground for traces of the beauty we expect in the laws of nature, but we do not seem to be able to see the path to the truth from the heights of philosophy. Physicists do of course carry around with them a......

Words: 8145 - Pages: 33


...acceptable to physicists either. However, Eternal Inflations theory, String theory; which predicts the possibility of the existence of more than trillions of universes within multiverse as well as there being more than three dimensions that us humans perceive, echo the existence of multiverse which caused physicists to pay more attention to this notion. An American philosopher named William James used the term “multiverse”, to explain a theoretical, unseen but moral and just universe different from ours, in his essay “Is Life Worth Living?” published in 1895 2. However since then, physicists have used the term to refer to the hypothetical existence of actual universe other than our own. Out of them, a prominent physicist Max Tegmark, divided the existence of multiverse in four levels numbered I to IV 3. The concept of Level I multiverse entertains the notion that if universe is infinite, there should also be more than one universe with similar Hubble parameters. In other words, an infinite universe will contain infinite amounts of planets and some of them will experience similar events as we do on our planet. The prediction of this level is better accepted in the scientific community, however, it is though Level II, where many become more skeptical as it relies on metaphysical notions of the origin of our universe and thus create philosophical differences between many physicists. There are more than one theory coming from cosmologists and particle physicists that......

Words: 1339 - Pages: 6

Paper Dedication This book is dedicated to my loving and lovely wife, Amber Eckert-Jones. While physicists still search for a law to unify all of the forces in the physical universe, I don’t need to, because all the forces in my universe come together in you. Author’s Acknowledgments I must first profoundly thank my agent, Barb Doyen, for approaching me with this project. My deepest thanks and appreciations go out to the wonderful editorial staff at Wiley: Alissa Schwipps for her valuable input at every step in the process, Vicki Adang for her ability to turn my scientific babble into coherent explanations, and Stacy Kennedy for gathering together such a great team in the first place. I also very much appreciated the constructive and at times critical input of Dr. Rolf Schimmrigk of Indiana University, South Bend, who provided initial technical editing on the book. In addition, I’m profoundly thankful for the extremely detailed technical expertise, review, and frequent discussions offered by Dr. Daniel Robbins of the Weinberg Theory Group at the University of Texas at Austin. Without the wonderful staff at, notably the Education Channel editor Madeleine Burry, I would never have had the opportunity to grow as a writer in this field. Also to author Robert J. Sawyer, for his mentorship and friendship over the years. Thanks to you all! Many thanks to physicists Lee Smolin and John W. Moffat of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Leonard Susskind......

Words: 133965 - Pages: 536

Albert Einstein

...We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them. Albert Einstein was a German-born physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, among other feats. He is considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Born in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany in 1879, Albert Einstein had a passion for inquiry that eventually led him to develop the special and general theories of relativity. In 1921, he won the Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect and immigrated to the U.S. in the following decade after being targeted by the Nazis. Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century, with his work also having a major impact on the development of atomic energy. With a focus on unified field theory during his later years, Einstein died on April 18, 1955, in Princeton, New Jersey. Einstein attended elementary school at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. However, he felt alienated there and struggled with the institution's rigid pedagogical style. He also had what were considered to be speech challenges, though he developed a passion for classical music and playing the violin that would stay with him into his later years. Most significantly, Einstein's youth was marked by deep inquisitiveness and inquiry.  Towards the end of the 1880s, Max Talmud, a Polish medical student who sometimes dined with the Einstein family, became an informal tutor to young Albert. Talmud had......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Career Researsch Paper

...Career Research Paper Part I: Physics strives to identify fundamental principles governing the build and deportment of matter, the engenderment and movement of energy, and the interaction of matter and energy. Some physicists use those principles in theoretical areas, such as the nature of time and the beginnings of our universe, while some work in practical areas such as the development of advanced materials, optical and electrical devices, and medical equipment (BLS, para. 2). I chose physics for my career research paper because I have an intellectual curiosity for the world, the universe, and everything in between. I want to understand how matter moves through spacetime, and how the universe behaves. Understanding physics also means understanding many other scientific areas of study, thus providing an intimate knowledge for reality as we know it. Many physicists work in laboratories, where they design and perform experiments with sophisticated equipment. Some of that equipment includes lasers, particle accelerators, electron microscopes, and mass spectrometers. Although much research may be conducted through experiments in the lab, physicists still spend much time in offices planning, recording, analyzing, and reporting on research. Many who are deeply involved in research way also work very long or irregular hours. For basic research positions, independent research in industry, faculty positions, and advancement to managerial positions, a Ph.D in physics or......

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Theory Big Bang Theory - The Only Plausible Theory? Is the standard Big Bang theory the only model consistent with these evidences? No, it's just the most popular one. Internationally renown Astrophysicist George F. R. Ellis explains: "People need to be aware that there is a range of models that could explain the observations….For instance, I can construct you a spherically symmetrical universe with Earth at its center, and you cannot disprove it based on observations….You can only exclude it on philosophical grounds. In my view there is absolutely nothing wrong in that. What I want to bring into the open is the fact that we are using philosophical criteria in choosing our models. A lot of cosmology tries to hide that."4  In 2003, Physicist Robert Gentry proposed an attractive alternative to the standard theory, an alternative which also accounts for the evidences listed above.5 Dr. Gentry claims that the standard Big Bang model is founded upon a faulty paradigm (the Friedmann-lemaitre expanding-spacetime paradigm) which he claims is inconsistent with the empirical data. He chooses instead to base his model on Einstein's static-spacetime paradigm which he claims is the "genuine cosmic Rosetta." Gentry has published several papers outlining what he considers to be serious flaws in the standard Big Bang model.6 Other high-profile dissenters include Nobel laureate Dr. Hannes Alfvén, Professor Geoffrey Burbidge, Dr. Halton Arp, and the renowned British astronomer Sir Fred......

Words: 3419 - Pages: 14