Mrs Abbey Walsh

In: Social Issues

Submitted By abbeylwalsh
Words 903
Pages 4
Diarrhoeal disease is a prominent cause of child mortality in developing nations (Green, Small, & Casman, 2009). This essay will explore how increased road and highway construction is one environmental determinant that is having a distally negative effect on individuals’ health in developing countries (Joseph et al., 2006). It will be argued that access to clean water and health education, regarding infectious contamination, as well as sanitation and hygiene, are significant resources for reducing diarrhoeal disease incidences (Green, Small, & Casman, 2009). Diarrhoeal disease is classified as the excessive passing, exceeding three, of loose or liquid stools daily; which is commonly a symptom of an intestinal tract infection, brought on by bacteria, parasites’ or virus’(Jamison, 2006). This disease is transmitted through the consumption of faeces contaminated food or water, as well as physical human contact, resulting from poor hygiene (Bain et al., 2014). There are 1.7 billion reported incidences annually of diarrhoeal disease across the world (World Health Organisation, 2013). Approximately 760,000 are morbidity cases of children under the age of five (World Health Organisation, 2013). Some key determinants of diarrhoeal disease are clean drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (Prüss-Ustün et al., 2014). Joseph, et al., (2006) states environmental changes, like road construction, exasperate the prevalence of diarrhoeal disease in developing nations.
Developing nations are experiencing the emergence of highways which facilitate the supply of goods, services and accessibility to remote communities; however there are negative consequences for population health (Joseph et al., 2006). Consequently, remote communities experience population density fluctuation as a result of increased accessibility. This commonly results in insufficient infrastructure,…...

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