Michelangelo - Art History Handout

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ndimolarov
Words 557
Pages 3
Michelangelo - Art History Handout

1. When was he born – when did he die?
- Born: 6th March 1475 in a small village called Caprese, Italy
- Died: 18th February 1564 ( Age of 88 )in Rome

2. Biography
- He considered himself a “ Son of Florence” although he never lived there
- Michelangelo travelled between Rome and Florence because he had a lot of work in both cities
- He worked as a sculptor, architect, painter, engineer and as a poet
- Michelangelo always looked for the “perfect” stone because he wanted it to have the basic form of his sculpture

3. The Sistine Chapel Ceiling
- April 1508 Michelangelo was summoned to Rome by Julius II
- He had a new task, to draw 15 figures of Apostles and some decoration on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
- Some of the themes were: Adam and Eve, The creation of the world, The Final Judgment
- => It is basically the story of the Bible
- He was a sculptor and at the beginning he tried to cancel his oncoming work because he had to master the art of fresco
- May 1508 he started to make the preparatory designs
- Assistants: Giuliano Bugiardini, Aristotele da Sangallo and his old friend Francesco Granacci along with a number of laborers
- His work did not proceed as his master wished and between the end of 1508 and January 1509
He fired his assistants and continued on his own
- He worked till 31st October 1512
- Michelangelo has a very unique style because he is a sculptor, he concentrates on the right proportions of the bodies
=> The Figures on his frescos look very realistic
=> They look plastic

4. The Tomb of Medici
- Between 1519 and 1534 – Michelangelo undertook the commission of the Medici Tombs for the New Sacristy of San Lorenzo
- He designed two large walls facing each other across the high domed room
- The 1st wall was dedicated for Lorenzo de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino

Similar Documents

Art History

...Art of South and Southeast Asia before 1200: Portrayal of the Buddha Sabrina Hashem 04.12.2011 Art History Survey I Christine I. Wilson This paper analyzes the art of Southeast Asia before 1200, specifically the depiction of Buddha. A general idea of Buddhism and Buddhist art is presented as well as two specific works of Buddhist art. A study of how different cultures and time period influenced these pieces follows their descriptions, and finally a critique of each and a comparison of the two are also presented. Buddhism began in the late medieval period in India during the rule of the Pala dynasty with one man, Siddhartha Gautama. Known today as Buddha Shakyamuni, Siddhartha was born to a ruler of a small kingdom in present day Nepal. With the rise of an urban society replacing the agricultural lifestyle this was a time of great social turmoil in the sub-continental India. The Aryan people, with whom caste system began in Hinduism, became more and more complex in their social and religious practices. The Brahmins, the priestly class grew powerful and began to impose rigid ideas about social order to ensure their place in power over the rest of the society. Many sages and philosophers at the time began to resist this unequal society and began preaching of social equality and a more direct and personal access to the spiritual world. Siddhartha would have experienced this revolutionary movement as a young boy. Around this time he also encountered sickness and death......

Words: 1536 - Pages: 7

Art History

...Art history From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the academic discipline of art history. For an overview of the history of art worldwide, see History of art. For other uses, see Art history (disambiguation). This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2011) Venus de Milo on display at the Louvre Art history has historically been understood as the academic study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre, design, format, and style.[1] This includes the "major" arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture as well as the "minor" arts of ceramics, furniture, and other decorative objects. As a term, art history (also history of art) encompasses several methods of studying the visual arts; in common usage referring to works of art and architecture. Aspects of the discipline worms. As the art historian Ernst Gombrich once observed, "the field of art history [is] much like Caesar's Gaul, divided in three parts inhabited by three different, though not necessarily hostile tribes: (i) the connoisseurs, (ii) the critics, and (iii) the academic art historians".[2] As a discipline, art history is distinguished from art criticism, which is concerned with establishing a relative artistic value upon individual works with respect to others......

Words: 6080 - Pages: 25

Egyptian Art - Art History

...Art History October 07, 2012 Art of Ancient Egypt – Chapter 03 The antiquity and continuity of Egyptian civilization were legendary, the period of roughly three thousand years during which Egyptian architecture, painting, and sculpture remained essentially the same. The main purpose of Egyptian art was to serve the needs of the royalty, especially the king and his retainers, both in this life and the next. Egyptian art reflected an idealized world, the ideal of the human figure developed early among the Egyptians, with body parts sized according to a set of standard proportions (Hartt 72). The poses of these figures are rigid, both feet planted firmly on the ground, with rigid knees, and the left leg placed slightly in front of the other. Egyptian art also incorporated certain fictions in order to express a larger truth, as an example, the beautifully shape of the pharaohs will mostly show the image of the ideal leader of Egypt, even if he/she is not exactly like that in reality, the message that the sculpture will pass is the power and magnificence. The great age of mature ancient Egyptian civilization can be divided into three periods: Old Kingdom - in this time period the Sphinx and Great Pyramid at Giza were built; the royal statues emphasize the majesty and divinity of the pharaoh. A curious detail about the colors used in sculptures is that usually to differ male from female, the artisans would utilize brown(men) and yellow(women), emphasizing that men were......

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Art History

...Since the pope first came to worldwide prominence in the late Middle Ages, he has been recognized as both a political and spiritual leader. His religious clout alone demands that the Vatican, the papal state fully under his control, would be filled with breathtaking structures and artwork. As visitors to the Vatican progress through St Peter's Square, into the famed basilica, and perhaps to the Sistine Chapel, they are surrounded with art and architecture created to play very specific roles, ranging from the practical to the symbolic. The Vatican is located on the left bank of the Tiber River in Rome, where, according to tradition, Saint Peter, the first pope and the apostle to whom Christ had left in charge of his ministry, was martyred in 67 A.D. In 320–27 A.D. the emperor Constantine built a five-aisled basilica atop the early Christian necropolis that was Peter's resting place, with a shrine in the apse of the church to mark the location of Peter's tomb. During the medieval decline of Rome and frequent barbarian invasions, popes had to protect the basilica and in the 800s Pope Leo IV began surrounding the future Vatican City with thick walls. The transfer of the papacy to Avignon in 1309 left the Vatican Hill unattended for 70 years, and St. Peter’s was abandoned and left subject to elements. When the popes returned, their top priority was to repair the church. The second was to build a permanent home for the Pope. Due to the lack of resources these changes were......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Art History

...The two different scared spaces that I choose to research are The Pantheon and St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish. The Pantheon is known as a temple built in Rome, Italy originally in 27 BC. This temple was first dedicated to all Gods, which is also known as Paganism and transformed into a Roman Catholic Church later in history. As for St. Stanislaus, this is a Roman Catholic Church that is located in Coatesville, Pennsylvania and was founded in 1907. The Pantheon and St. Stanislaus are both currently considered under Roman Catholicism yet, have different history behind their religion as the Pantheon originated as a Pagan religion and St. Stanislaus has always been Catholic. These scared spaces share the similarity in Catholicism however; their unique architect and history are very different. St. Stanislaus is a beautiful stone building with a large triangular peak where the cross sits on top. The front of the space has four columns that stick out of the building. The entrance is very simple with a small porch that leads to one main entrance way. There are three small rounded windows that are not translucent and look very dark and gray to the eye. Aside from the architect of the building, there are saint statues in the front of St. Stanislaus; the saint that this church is named after. From the outside of this building the structure is old and aged looking yet, the inside is where the beauty lies. Statues line the inside of this church from facial marble structures on the......

Words: 898 - Pages: 4

Art History

...AMERICAN UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL ASIA FALL SEMESTER 2014 History of Art Dr Raymond-Josef Hoffmann Description: This course is an introduction to art as the embodiment of cultural, social, and political values, ranging from ancient civilizations to the modern period. The class examines painting, sculpture, and architecture , and both domestic and ornamental artifacts of Near Eastern, Mediterranean and Western civilisations. Various historical periods will be considered through an examination of creative practices, themes, and visual forms. Examples of the work of representative artists and movements, from Praxiteles in ancient Greece to recent artists will be explored. The course will also consider cultural and artistic exchanges between societies of Europe, the Americas, Asia (including central Asia), and Africa, when appropriate. Human beings have been culture-makers and illustrators from the beginning: the history of our species on earth can be traced from early cave drawings and implements for eating and hunting to decorative arts, gothic cathedrals, skyscrapers to non-cognitive forms of expression that defy interpretation. This course is an exploration of an essential aspect of our attempts to shape the world and to create an environment in which self-expression, pleasure, ideology and aspiration can thrive. 1. Structure: The course comprises two 80 minute discussion/seminars based on specific works of art each week. The topics and readings are given in......

Words: 1959 - Pages: 8

Art History

...Discussing the two artists Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, they were both known as the Renaissance men. I will be covering the time period of the Italian Renaissance. Following after with the bibliography of Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarroti, and comparing the two artist’s paintings. However asking the question how can two artists that live in the same time period, have the same culture, but have so different styles of painting. The Italian Renaissance started in the 13th and 14th Century, leading into the High Renaissance, Renaissance in the North, and the late Renaissance in Italy. In Italy the society after the Middle Ages was powerful city states, extensive trade, and banking had developed. Education was a priority; in Italy the first University for Greek Studies was established. Most Scholars referred to themselves as humanists, not only did they believe education should teach the early Christian hood, but also liberal arts, grammar, poetry, history, politics, and philosophy. Renaissance humanists believed strongly in knowledge, they felt that God created mankind to pursue knowledge and strive to their full potential. Thus, this leads into artists creating visual elements of art to teach education. The main patron of artwork was The Church, wealthy independents, and merchant-princes. The Church paid the finest artists to paint stories of Bible references, because most people in this time period were illiterate. Examples...

Words: 2112 - Pages: 9

Art History

...throughout your paper. A thesis statement is an argument – therefore “the paintings are different” is not a thesis statement, since it is a fact. This website provides excellent information about developing a strong thesis statement: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/thesis.html 2) Your paper should be clearly organized into paragraphs with topic sentences that let the reader know what the subject of that paragraph will explore. 3) You must describe both works, and use the visual evidence (description) to support your central argument (analysis). Refer above for questions to consider in your paper. 4) A paragraph analyzing the museum context, thinking about how the curators exhibited the works and what connections can be drawn through their placement in the museum. 5) While you are not required to do research outside of class readings, all sources – including wall text - that you consult for your paper must be cited with a footnote. Plagiarism in any form will not be tolerated. For the proper format for citations, please consult the Chicago Manual of Style: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html See this footnote for how to cite the wall text. You may want to consult with the Art History Writing Fellows, whose schedule is available here: http://www.bit.ly/soatutoring The Writing Center on campus also offers tutoring and help with your paper: http://www.uh.edu/writecen/ Visiting Information: Please note the paintings you are asked......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Art History

...During the Renaissance, art throughout Europe was going through a metamorphosis. Changing with the people as the world grew inventively and intellectually. We can see this change illustrated by the new contraptions and techniques used and passed on by artists of the time period. Leonardo Di Vinci was a great source for intellectualism. Fascinated by the human anatomy, his books were filled to the brink with detailed notes and drawings. He experimented broadly and now several of his works have become famous throughout the world and he is respected for his innovative thinking. In his painting of the Last Supper, Leonardo paints the usual scene of Jesus sitting at the table in the act of telling his disciples that one of them will betray him. Unlike the usual layout however, Leonardo does not separate Judas from the rest by having him sit on the other side of the table to draw the attention of the observer, but in the midst of the others. Leonardo also creates a rhythm to the painting, grouping each three disciples in a cluster with arms stretched out usually towards Jesus. Having taken many years to create this masterpiece, the most innovative portion of this work was not the subject matter to my personal opinion, but that Leonardo experimented with a new way of painting. In this mixture of Tempera and oil, Leonardo attempted to discover a new media of painting. While this trial was not a success and the picture chipped with time, it is with mistakes like these which spawn......

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

Art History

...1. The work of art that is depicted as being created at about the same time is the Kota Reliquary Figure. 2. Futurism is a group movement that originated in Italy in 1909. It is one of several movements to grow out of Cubism. 3. We would pronounce it Mahr-sell doo-shahm. 4. The title of the golden painting is “Nude Descending a Staircase.” Calvin says this to his mother because he’s referring to Duchamp’s painting. Chapter 1 1. The colors that I see in the slides seem brighter than the colors that are in the book and it makes the artwork seem more lively or real. Also, I feel like you can see the texture of the twine and rope better and this makes the artwork look better and easier to appreciate. 2. I would agree with the reaction where people like the artwork. I think that it is a very interesting and different piece, and I think it is very creative how she factored in wind into her 3D art piece and this makes it really fun and easy to appreciate the thought that the artist put into it. 3. Avant-garde means for an artist or their work to be ahead of their time or at the forefront of a movement, or for their work to be in opposition to established ideas. I think that avant-garde applies to both Nude Descending a Staircase and Her Secret is Patience. I believe that it applies to Nude Descending a Staircase because it was not well accepted or understood at its time, also it brought the dimension of motion to Cubism so that was ahead of its time......

Words: 2071 - Pages: 9

Art History

...Introduction to Art History – Study Guide and Image List for Final Exam Gothic Architecture in France – the opening of the wall into windows; the use of the rib vault, the flying buttress, stained glass, and increased verticality. The way structure and aesthetics were thought to merge in geometry. The role of Abbot Suger in Saint Denis and the beginning of the Gothic style. The symbolism of light. Renaissance Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture – Re-birth of classical culture; the continued development of naturalistic techniques, especially perspective; the High Renaissance achievement of Leonardo da Vinci, followed by Michelangelo and Raphael. Baroque – A continuation of the Grand Manner; in Italy, a naturalism employed for dynamic effect often in support of Counter-Reformation aims, the same bombast is used in support of the French kings and, with more Calvinist sobriety, for the new rulers of Holland where realistic tendencies tended to outweigh the idealistic approaches of the Italians. Rococo a late outgrowth of Baroque. Neo-Classic Painting – In the work of David, an idealizing style associated with the French Revolution, a heroic art looking back to classical ideals and values, and Renaissance like stability and balance of composition. In the work of his followers a less political, even conservative style. Romantic Painting – In the work of Gericault and Delacroix, the use of loose expressive brushstroke, vigorous color and light, and sometimes controversial......

Words: 3320 - Pages: 14

Art History

...to Modern Art Dr. Dwight Smith What I’ve Learned in Renaissance to Modern Art I’ve learned so much information in the class titled “Renaissance to Modern Art” and I want to start off with my new found knowledge of Art History. According to Wikipedia, the history of art is “the history of any activity or product made by humans in a visual form for aesthetical or communicative purposes, expressing ideas, emotions or, in general, a worldview.” This field of "art history" was developed in the Western world, and originally was focused solely on European art history. Gradually, over the course of the 20th century, a wider vision of art history has developed. Thus, art history is now viewed to encompass all visual art, from the sculptures in Western Europe to the paintings in China. Also according to this source, the history of art is often told as a chronology of masterpieces created in each civilization. It is said that the Wonders of the World are the epitome of high culture through the stories that are conveyed. Art history spans the entire history of humankind, from prehistoric times to the twenty-first century. No matter what you choose to observe, you can find visual arts that challenge someone’s creative side and inspire them to find beauty in the things manmade. In modern times, art history has emerged as a discipline that specializes in teaching people how to evaluate and interpret works of art based on their own perspective. Art history has......

Words: 1761 - Pages: 8

Art History

... Written Assignment Unit 4 University of the People Introduction Beginning of 15th century to the end of 18th century major improvement had been observed in world art history. This period is categorized in major 3 categories: renaissance period (1400 to 1600 AD), the baroque (1600 to 1700 AD), rococo (starting from 18th century to the end of 18th century). Advancement in science and technology was a great achievement during this period. This also influenced arts and architecture. New innovation changed art styles including art materials, form, shape and composition. This allowed eliminating of conventional method and context. At the same time new area and objects were discovered and incorporated. Scientific Knowledge and Renaissance Period. Renaissance started at the beginning of 15th century. Instead of old classical style, renaissance introduced realism. Old pagan style arts were dismissed and new styles were developed based upon popularity and quality. Artists applied their scientific knowledge and experience in their artworks. Many artists had multiple skills. For example, Leonardo Da Vinci was a painter, scientist, architect, sculptor and military engineer. In addition, Leonardo Da Vinci was identified as a “Renaissance Man “who played major role behind renaissance. Leonardo designed tank, parachutes, flying machine which were retrieved from his notebook, obviously outcome of his military knowledge. Similarly, Filippo Brunelleschi...

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Art History

...Art History Introduction The Conquests of Alexander the Great culminated to the establishment of Hellenistic Kingdoms in South-West Asia from 323 BC to 146 BC. This led to the spread of Hellenistic cultures to these regions. The Hellenistic civilization and culture encompasses a blend between the Ancient Greek culture, religion and art and the South-West Asia art, culture and religion. The Head of Bodhisattva contained in the Cantor Museum encompasses the head of a Buddhist being that easily attained Buddhahood, but forgoes his Nirvana with the aim of aiding those in the world to walk in the Buddhist path. This Head was created in the Gandhara Ancient kingdom located in South West Asia. This Head was created using the Gandhara or Greco-Buddhist art that was highly influenced by Hellenistic Art. The Head of Alexander the Great encompasses an art created during the Hellenistic Civilization that spread after the Conquests of Alexander the Great. The fact that both The Head of Alexander the Great and The Head of Bodhisattva were created under Hellenistic and Greco-Buddhist art, cultural, religious and artistic connections can be identified between them. Cultural Connections Both Heads were created during the Hellenistic civilization whose major characteristic was the Hellenistic culture. This culture was however influenced by the indigenous cultures of the conquests culminating into the Greco Buddhist culture. During the creation of both heads the main language utilized in......

Words: 1354 - Pages: 6

Art History

...Tyisha Tomlinson Essay 1 Is all art worth studying? Art has long been a way of releasing creative expression. From long ago artist have used their creativeness to tell stories and invoke feelings of pleasure. Also art has been a way of understanding people and the way they lived and what they did in their time. "Hall of the Bulls"," Bull-Leaping", and "Interior of the Tomb of the Leopards" are three art pieces that tell the history of its time. The "Hall of the Bulls" was created between 15000-13000 BCE. This painting was done on the wall of a rock in a cave. It is considered the Stone Age style. The subject of this painting is animals primarily bulls. According to Gardner's Art through the Ages historians wondered why the painting consists only of animals. It was later thought that it was a way of having power or control of the animals. The cave in which the painting is in Lascaux, near Montignac, France. Unlike the "Hall of the Bulls" the "Bull-leaping" painting is near Eastern and Egyptian art. The painting was created around 1450-1400 BCE. According to Gardner's Art through the Ages only fragments of the full composition survive. The remainder is a modern restoration. The style of this painting is Greek Knossos. This painting represents people and animals. It depicts the sport of bull leaping. The people in the painting are very agile and revealed to be able to master the animal. A Minoan artist created this painting. The Interior of the......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2