Liberalism and Change

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Jham4
Words 328
Pages 2
Justina Weston
Latin American

Liberalism and Change
After the 1850s, liberals made a major comeback. They jumpstarted the social and economic changes that had been at a standstill during the independence struggle. There was a major upgrade in everything with every day activities. The liberal reaction had people wanting more. Landowners wanted greater export possibilities and urban dwellers wanted public works. With the Industrialization in Europe came increased Latin American markets, a new wave of European investment in Latin America and new ways of transportation such as steam and steel. Steamships replaced the older wood sailing ships. They were faster and were able to hold more cargo. The steam-powered railroad replaced mules and carts for land transports. The steam-powered railroads were able to transport more exportable materials than the mules and carts could. Although the railroads were expensive, they were very valuable. It opened access to new areas and created agricultural booms. Telegraph lines also enhanced means of communication. They carried electricity all around the country. In 1874, the transAtlantic telegraph connected Brazil to Europe.
Columbia, Chile, and Central America also joined the Liberal Trend after Europe. Columbia was considered conservative before granted independence. Liberal resurgence happened in the 1850s. Jesuits were expelled again, fuero was removed, tithes were made voluntary and divorces were legalized. Tomas Cipriano de Mosquera became liberal caudillo in 1861held down two decades of liberal rule.
Chile was different from Mexico. They developed a strong export economy of wheat, copper and silver. Chile only had three presidents over a three decade period. During this time, they limited church power, modernized capital city of Santiago and rigged elections.
The women were in the same situation as before…...

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