Labour Legislation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By manupotter2005
Words 459
Pages 2
Define Factory
Section 175 of the Act defines "factory" as premises in which persons are employed in manual labour in any process for or incidental to: Making any article or part of any article; Altering, repairing, ornamenting, finishing, cleaning, or washing, or breaking up or demolition of any article; Adapting any article for sale; Slaughtering of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, asses or mules; or In some circumstances, confinement of such animals awaiting slaughter at other premises.
The Act also defines certain other specific premises as "factories" such as laundries and printing works
Factory” is defined in Section 2(m) of the Factories Act. It means any premises including the precincts thereof- i. Whereon ten or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on; or ii. Whereon twenty or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on;
But does not include a mine subject to the operation of the Mines Act,1952 or a mobile unit belonging to the Armed forces of the Union, a railway running shed or a hotel, restaurant or eating place.

Occupier
`occupier' of a factory means the person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the factory; provided that: i) In the case of a firm or other association of individuals, any one of the individual partners or members thereof shall be deemed to be the occupier; ii) In the case of a company, any one of the directors, shall be deemed to be the occupier; iii) In the case of a factory owned or controlled by the Central Government, or any State…...

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