Juvenile Rehabilitation

In: Social Issues

Submitted By llcoolk
Words 1595
Pages 7
Juvenile Rehabilitation is Worth the Effort
When looking at the world today, it is amazing how many people are out there committing crimes. It seems every time the news is on, there is another story of an individual committing terrible acts that are against the law. The most terrifying fact of all is that these criminals are not just adults, but young juvenile kids that can be younger than 15 years of age. Unavoidably, people start to think that the justice system and rehabilitation is not working, and that is why there is so much crime being committed. However, if society would just look closer, they would see a world of good being done and a countless amount of juveniles being rehabilitated for good. Getting informed on how the Juvenile System works, hearing testimony from the people on the inside of the justice system, as well as specific citing from a former criminal and learning about the “scared straight” program will make it evident that rehabilitation works.
It is important to know as much as possible about the Juvenile System. In order to make a decision on if the system is effective, it is imperative to know how the system works and what the goals of the system are. Following the arrest of a juvenile offender, a law enforcement officer has the discretion to release the juvenile to his or her parents, or take the offender to juvenile hall.(LAO) The county probation department has the discretion to accept the offender or not, in which case, the disposition of the juvenile is left to the police. Because most of the state’s juvenile halls are overcrowded, juvenile halls may only accept the most violent offenders.(LAO) This leaves all the rest of the offenders at the mercy of the court for ruling on how to discipline the juvenile.
California’s juvenile system has specific goals for their justice system. The goal is the treatment and rehabilitation of…...

Similar Documents

Rehabilitation Paper

...Rehabilitation Pap CAJ: Introduction to Corrections . Rehabilitation Paper The goal of rehabilitation came during the middle of the twentieth century when corrections adopted a medical model, in which crime was believed to be the result of an underlying pathology of offenders that could be diagnosed and treated (Seiter, 2011). Offenders were considered sick and in need of treatment to prepare them to return to the community as productive, law-abiding citizens. Correctional agencies implemented a variety of treatment programs to improve offenders and to provide them with the tools necessary to be successful members of society (Seiter, 2011). The need for rehabilitation of offenders was emphasized by the Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, appointed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1966, which noted a need for “substantial upgrading” of the correctional system and its reorientation “toward integration of offenders into community life” (Seiter, 2011). Throughout the years, many processes have been created to form the rehabilitation process of criminal justice. This process has reached out to many offenders and their families by allowing them to return to the community as changed individuals. Rehabilitation has many different process, but most, if not all have been proven successful in returning offenders to the community as changed individuals (Seiter, 2011). Rehabilitation is defined as a return to a previous form. In criminal justice,......

Words: 1454 - Pages: 6

Juvenile Justice and Rehabilitation

...Juvenile Justice and Rehabilitation When discussing rehabilitation or punishment for juvenile delinquents, I believe there should be rehabilitation over punishment. Granted there are numerous cases that completely warrant punishment, but punishment isn’t always the answer. Adults are usually given second, third and fourth chances to change their lives. And sometimes rehabilitation isn’t involved. I believe since adolescents still have plenty of time to get counseling or learn about themselves and why they acted the way they did, there is always an opportunity for them to change. Adolescents don’t have the same thought process as adults. They tend to react emotionally, so if their emotions are flying high, adolescents aren’t always able to stop themselves from doing something foolish or harmful to others. This is also the point in their life when they are becoming curious about how their bodies are changing. Also add in drug or alcohol experimentation and that’s a recipe for trouble. There are numerous supporters for rehabilitation, just like there are individuals against it. As long as there is a juvenile justice system, there will always be a debate. One person that agrees with rehabilitation is Kurt Kumli, a supervising deputy district attorney for the Santa Clara County’s Juvenile Division in California. Mr. Kumli (2001) stated that there are different methods that work on different kids. But the one thing that is constant, is the need to get to the kids “sooner,......

Words: 2500 - Pages: 10


...Rehabilitation Paper Zahra Howard CJA 234 Professor King June 14, 2014 Rehabilitation Paper Each day in the United States, the correctional system supervises over six million of its residents. Approximately two million people are in prison or jail, while four million are on probation or parole. With so many people under its control, a central policy issue is what the correctional system hopes to accomplish with those it places behind bars or on community supervision. A simple response might be that the purpose of these correctional sanctions is to punish the criminally wayward. Since the inception of the American penitentiary in the 1820s, however, corrections has embraced as an important goal the transformation of law breakers into the law-abiding that is, rehabilitation or treatment. At times, the goal of reforming offenders has been dominant; at other times, its legitimacy and usefulness have been challenged and its influence on correctional policy diminished. But even today, after a period in the late 1900s of prolonged advocacy of getting tough with criminals, rehabilitation remains an integral part of the correctional enterprise and continues to earn support among the public in the United States. To begin, probation refers to adult offenders whom courts place on supervision in the community through a probation agency, generally in lieu of incarceration. However, some jurisdictions do sentence probationers to a combined short-term incarceration sentence......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5


...fourteen year kid who was not able to control his emotional regulation. Quantel stated in a recent interview that he sees himself now as a completely different person to the boy who killed his step-brother. But as time passed he found himself changing. The 14-year-old Quantel Lotts – impulsive, volatile, angry, and violent – began to fade away."I had to grow up fast in prison. The biggest change is that I've learnt to control my temper. The older I got I didn't get as mad anymore, it's like I grew out of it," he says. (Pilkington, 2012) It is not really fair of the system to take a child who is not completely developed in his mental and lock him up for life with no chance of rehabilitation. According to Elizabeth Cauffman, a leading researcher on the relationship between adolescent development and juvenile justice policy, says that adolescents and adults are cognitively equivalent, adolescents are as smart as adults, at about the age of 16 but what’s different is the emotional regulation and that ability to control and plan. That part continues to develop well up into the 20s and beyond (Schwartzapfel, 2014). Amazing that we have a system who would be willing to lock up a fourteen year old kid for life without possible parole for a serious mistake that happen in the heat of the moment but yet willing to allow someone like Charles Manson over 12 parole hearings even though he was an adult who murderously plotted to kill people. In June 2012, the US Supreme Court's decision......

Words: 2048 - Pages: 9


...Rehabilitation Paper CJS/230 Introduction to Corrections September 14, 2014 In this paper, there will be thorough evaluations made about issues revolving around in prisons. It is a sticky topic being that reformers look to see if a prisoner can be rehabilitated in order to regain entrance into functioning society. Once this information is accessed, then can the prisoner be eligible for forms of release, including, parole, probation, community service, and other methods of early release. The main function in the correctional system has been, in the past, to rehabilitate criminal offenders and teach them how to become citizens who live a life free from crime. Some rehabilitation programs used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, academic programs and religious programs. This is the basis for the discussion presented in this paper. The topics to be discussed include, defining rehabilitation, the origins of rehabilitation, prisoner rehabilitation and society, and the suggested improvement of rehabilitation. All of which are imperative to the understanding of the rehabilitation of prisoners. The definition of rehabilitation in the prison setting is, “something that makes a prisoner a better person” (Foster, 2006). Now, with this definition there is much controversy. The problem is, when speaking on making a prisoner better, you still have to wonder, is the prisoner better all around, or is he just better at becoming a different......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4


... Juvenile Criminology Student’s name Institution My discussion question Adult prison system is unsuitable to meet the needs of young offenders as shown by various research studies. The process of maintaining public safety, successful integration of young offenders to the community, rehabilitation, skill development and treatment are the main goals of the juvenile system. As suggested by Howell, (2003), justice can never be served by forcing juveniles through a system never intended to process teenagers, moreover transfer laws have worsened the implications they intend to address. Juvenile justice system was essentially established because many teenagers were subjected to awful violations in adult jails and prisons hence resulting to the society as more hardened criminals. Placing young offenders in adult prisons heightens criminal behaviors after release according to the findings. There is well founded fear that several number of young offenders slated to be placed in adult jails are more likely to be assaulted ,commit suicide and raped. Juveniles are driven to desperation and abused regularly in adult prisons because they are not specific measures to protect the young offenders from the adult prisoners. My completes work Case summary Issue Roper v. Simmons’ main issue is whether the application of Death penalty on a person who committed murder at age 17 amounts to “Cruel and Unusual” sentence and thereby barred by the 8th and 14th Amendments (Dinkes, et al 2009) Facts...

Words: 887 - Pages: 4


...Rehabilitation Stacy Budig CJS/230 September 25, 2011 Scott Joubert, Instructor Rehabilitation is a word that is heard often in the prison setting. Rehabilitation is defined as specific programs applied within the prison setting or outside intended to bring about the end of criminal behavior. Prisons have programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Anger Management classes that are available to inmates while in prison. Such programs as these are meant to help rehabilitate the criminals. Do they work for all criminals? No they do not. Some people go through these programs and become better people, while others do not. Rehabilitation was first talked about in the middle of the Twentieth Century, though there was rehabilitation earlier than that, it was just called different things. Several things came about that promoted widespread interest in rehabilitation. The first thing was the growth of scientific penology as a movement. James V. Bennett became the leading advocate of individualized treatment of criminals based on scientific observations and precepts, leading to the adoption of the medical model. This diagnosed criminals and chose a treatment specifically for their needs. The second thing was the Elmira System of Zebulon Brockway. The Elmira System provided rudimentary classifications, programs, and individualized release based on good behavior for its selected clientele. Prisoner rehabilitation affects prisons in a variety of ways. First of all......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2


...Rehabilitation for elderly When rehabilitation comes to the mind, many people think of getting a treatment for drug abuse or any type of addiction. Rehabilitation not only helps a person recovering from illness or injury, but, also helps to increase their function as much as possible and also provide mental support during rehabilitation. However, there are different purposes of rehabilitation while restoring a person’s state of well-being. Some senior citizens may require a residential care facility and their family members may not be able to stay around them due to their busy lifestyles. In such situation, rehabilitation centers are extremely essential for elderly people, whether they are suffering from various diseases such as terminal illnesses or needs special attention due to their old age. Rehabilitation centers provide facilities to those people, who are sick and unable to perform their everyday life activities independently. It also helps to restore their good health conditions that are sick: physically, mentally, socially, and spiritually. Elderly people definitely need special attention to improve their health, advocate their emotional problems and organize them to make their life easy. An article by unknown says that the numbers of Americans over 65 is expected to nearly double by 2030.” So, we need more health care facilities and workers to take care of the elderly. There is a demand of nurses, aides, therapists to provide proper health care to the elderly. The......

Words: 1755 - Pages: 8


...Starting from the early 20th century, the Juvenile Court system was merely a starting concept that was utilized to “rehabilitate” youth offenders, the philosophy prior to be that parents, primarily fathers were to enforce rules and behaviors with their children. Juveniles’ ranging from seven to fourteen were permissible to be held for their actions if there was evidence they knew their actions and youth older were too punished as seen fit by parents or a government entity. There was no court system to allow for a hearing to be granted for minors. Today’s Juvenile Court systems vary on this process with rehabilitation being the primary focus. Past beliefs were that adjudicated youth were not able to be rehabilitated and were confined with other adult men and women thus creating overcrowding and thought to “merely make them worse” (Meyer & Grant, 2003, p. 492). “House of Refuge” centers were established to house youth that were thought-out to be unruly. Juveniles could be committed by either a parent “the doctrine parens patriae (the State as Parent)” (Meyer & Grant, 2003, p. 492) or the government. Juvenile courts are involved in more than strictly delinquency in minors. All matters involving youth such as adoption, truancy, and such are a concern with the Juvenile Court system. Cases involving juveniles can be presented via police officers, school personnel, and others. It is then decided through the court system whether a youth will be sent through the system......

Words: 305 - Pages: 2


...Corrections Position Paper: Juveniles Tried as Adults by Michael Holland There are thousands of children who have been sentenced as adults and shipped off to adult prisons all across the United States. The juvenile justice focuses on rehabilitation rather than punishment, as is the modern trend in corrections compared to the past. Although the focus is on rehabilitation and recidivism, until offenders are willing to accept the responsibilities and consequences for their own actions, change cannot occur. Each state’s statutes outline the guidelines that determine whether or not a juvenile offender should be tried as an adult. It would be foolish to ignore both security and safety issues that stem from youth now being incarcerated as adults. My belief is that a juvenile offender would have to meet a specific criterion to be tried as an adult based on age, priors, and type of offense. We have the ability to reach children at an impressionable time in their lives and show them there is an alternative to life behind walls because fifteen year olds do not belong in an adult prison. As with any topic of debate, there are two sides to the argument for juveniles being tried as adults. Those who support this notion argue valid points which shouldn’t be overlooked when dissecting this topic. First and foremost, the most important factor in my opinion and one that makes me question my position of stance; by trying a juvenile as an adult we are deterring and minimizing crimes...

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5


...Should Juveniles Be Tried As Adults Hope Penson Effective Essay Writing/ Com 150 March 28, 2010 Instructor: Brandy W. Kreisler Should Juveniles be tried as Adults? The United States is the world leader in convicting children as adults. Unfortunately once a child is charged as an adult the likelihood of a fair trial is very small. Over the past 30 years there have been changes in many states laws which have led to a dramatic increase in the number of juveniles tried as adults and housed in adult jails and prisons. These get tough laws have made it easier for more and younger juvenile offenders to be prosecuted in criminal court. The purpose of juvenile court is to treat, not deter. Changing the social environment in which juveniles live is a more effective way to reduce juvenile violence than punishing the juvenile offenders in adult courts. The premise of the juvenile court is sound since children have not filly matured, they shouldn’t be held to the same standards of accountability as adults. In some states certain juvenile offenders are automatically tried as adults. Even though juveniles are committing serious crimes at an alarming rate they are not being reformed because juveniles being charged as adults do not comprehend the nature of their crimes. What is America to do? Is charging them as adults reforming them or contributing to the problem once they return to society. The Illinois Juvenile......

Words: 1146 - Pages: 5

Juvenile Rehabilitation

...Juvenile Rehabilitation Shelly Stanko CJS/240 February 26, 2012 Farrell Binder Juvenile Rehabilitation In the previous few decades, the United States justice policy has become more punitive. In particular, in the 1990s legislatures all over the county passed laws under which an increasing number of young people can be charged in criminal courts and incarcerated in adult prisons. Certainly, in nearly every state today, youths between 13 and 14 can be prosecuted and penalized as adults for an array of crimes including non-violent offenses (Kristin, 2009). Punishments have become more severe even in the juvenile system. Generally, it is believed that the rising anxiety among citizens concerning the threat of juvenile crime has propelled this tendency and that members of the public favor this legislative tendency toward severe punishment. However, it is unclear whether this opinion about the right solutions to youth crime is precise. On the other hand, different surveys have found the public favors tougher policies regarding youth crime and punishing juveniles as severely as adults. However, a thorough review of sources of information about public views indicates that the perception that the public favors punishment for youths is largely based on either opinion surveys that pose few simplistic questions or publicized crimes like school shootings. It is possible that analysis of public......

Words: 1875 - Pages: 8


...Rehabilitation Antanetta Binns CJA/234 Instructor: Sherri Webster March 12, 2012 Rehabilitation This report will specify and study the sources of reclamation in prison and the choice of parole supported reclamation. Captive reclamation, parole, probation, and community disciplines will be outlined along with talking about how captive reclamation strike prisons also as how it bears on general society. Additional subjects to deal include the how parole is dissimilar from obligatory release, how probation equivalences to other cast of condemning, and how community disciplines bear on society. The author will recommend betterments to captive reclamation, suggest a finer resolution to the ongoing probation and parole systems, and make a conjecture about the overall efficiency of community corrections. The final step implies describing prison systems in foreign nations, accosting how other states see captivity and put it into use, and ascertaining what would take place if the U.S. prison system adopted another state's prison system. Prisoner Rehabilitation Prisoner reclamation involves particular programs that assist make a captive a ameliorate individual with the purpose of ceasing their felonious behavior. Reclamation in prisons comprises of educating captives, instructing them vocational skills, providing spiritual and extra activities, and providing therapy. These programs assist captives amend themselves and hopefully put a finish to their felonious behavior.......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7


...| | Rehabilitation| CJS/230| | | | Rehabilitation in prisons programs are applied within the prison setting to end criminal activity. "The aim of the prison is to get the prisoner into the right program, keep him or her there until the program is successfully completed, and then turn the prisoner out to test the commitment to non-criminal behavior" (Foster, 2006). However, the dictionary defines rehabilitation as restoring to a previous condition. Rehabilitation is a new concept in imprisonment. Rehabilitation was first emphasized for children being monitored in the juvenile courts. Rehabilitation then spread through the developing parole and probation alternatives into the adult prisons after World War II. Prisoner rehabilitation affects prisons and society negatively if the rehabilitation fails. If it fails then you may have an offender out in society committing crimes, or an offender being rearrested and returned back to prison, thus contributing to the issues that already exist in prisons, such as overcrowding. When rehabilitation works it has a positive effect on society and prisons. It shows that there is hope for other inmates to be rehabilitated. It also releases another productive citizen into society, which can be very good for the community, and makes society more open to having community based programs that assist with the rehabilitation of prisoners. The recommendation that I would make to prisoner rehabilitation is that it should be mandatory......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2


...isolates an inmate from the real world to which he or she must eventually return. The values and mores that allow for success in prison are directly counter to the expectations in the community. Upon release the offender returns into society and must adapt to new behaviors as he or she determines their daily schedule, adapts to new technology and changes in the outside world, and a different social interaction styles with people in their home, workplace, and community. Prison Rehabilitation is when a ex prisoner is release from prison and they somehow retrieve and rethink to commit the same crime they did to get themselves in prison. Prison Rehabilitation affects the prison and the society because the prisoner committing the same crimes over and over again and they are not learning anything from the first time when they entered the prison. Once a prisoner reenters a prison the prisoners that are remain in the prison might think it is cool to be released and commit the same crime again. Prison Rehabilitation can be improve by having prisoners enter a program before they are release or give them jobs so that they will not rob and steal from others that work hard for their values and money. Parole is different from mandatory release because when you are on parole you need high supervision you are not able to go out of state, smoke, drink, and etc. Mandatory parole is sometimes called Conditional Release; some states have legislation that mandates supervised release under......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2