Italian Unification

In: Historical Events

Submitted By raafeatif
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Count Cavour and Giuseppe Garibaldi both contributed heavily to the Italian unification process. Each of them contributed differently. Garibaldi was more military minded and brought together forces like the red shirts to oppose the Austrian influence with force. Cavour becoming the Prime Minister of Piedmont-Sardinia in 1852 had more of a political stance on unification, Cavour was very ‘tunnel minded’ he was only focused on the welfare of Piedmont; he believed piedmont should be the centre of a united Italian infrastructure.
Cavour spent his career improving infrastructure, stabilizing economy and strengthening Peidmont. He built a new railway system in Italy and started a newspaper known as II Risorgemento which spread nationalist feeling in the country and the prepared the people for unification. He believed in a constitutional monarchy and made Italian unification evident at the Paris Peace Conference. Garibaldi was firmly against foreign intervention which caused the two to clash when it came to any coalition efforts. Cavour’s ideology led him to arrange the Plombieres meeting in 1858 which involved a secret agreement between Cavour and Louis Napoleon, Napoleon had promised an army of 200,000 which would drive out Austria from Italy and in return France would receive Nice and Savoy. Garibaldi’s fears of foreign support became plausible as France’s real intentions of taking land became evident. After Cavour mobilized his army, Austria sent their ultimatum in 1859 to Peidmont, to which Cavour refused and Austria Declared war, France received what seemed a pre-arranged reward for aiding piedmont they claimed Nice and Savoy as spoils of war which upset Garibaldi since Nice was his homeland.
Garibaldi brought a lot of different qualities to Italian unification, first of all he was a pronounced republican second he was very liberal and believed in the freedom of the…...

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