Is Abortion Immoral?

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By huyenmeo76
Words 4599
Pages 19
Is Abortion Immoral?

Question 1: Imagine two philosophers sitting on a bench at the county morgue. They are looking at the bodies being brought in and three in particular interest them. One is a woman who was six months pregnant due to rape and died from the pregnancy complication. She wanted to have an abortion but it (abortion) was illegal under all circumstances in her state. One is the body of a woman who died after attempting to give herself an abortion with a coat hanger. She was a poor woman who lives in the slums; she had no money to take care of the child and no way to feed her living children if she lost her work from the pregnancy. Another body is that of a one-month-old fetus that was aborted once the mother found out that it was going to be a girl. She has just had one child and wanted to wait for a couple of years to have another. While looking at these bodies the philosophers begin to discuss the question: “Is abortion immoral”? How would the discussion proceed if the two philosophers were: 1) You and Judith Thomson? 2) You ad Sidney Callahan? 3) Which position (s) do you find morally compelling and why? In this scenario, the two philosophers are sitting on a bench at the county morgue. They are looking at the bodies that died involving abortion’s issues. I will call case A – a woman who was six months pregnant due to rape and died from the pregnancy complication because abortion was illegal in her state. Case B is the poor woman with too many responsibilities in life, died from self-abortion. The third is case C, a body of a four-month-old fetus that was aborted just because the mother had a child and did not want one more girl currently. Before discussing the conversation between the two philosophers - Judith Thomson and me, or Sidney Callahan and me - about three mentioned cases, we will look at Thomson and…...

Similar Documents

Abortion

...| Abortions | Is it moral or immoral | | Naugie Pratt | 9/25/2012 | | Ethics of Abortion; Is it moral or immoral? Many debates over abortion focus on the political and the legal side of things, whether or not it is or isn’t morally correct for a woman to have an abortion. Many would argue that abortion should be outlawed and treated like a murder, instead of a personal choice over one’s life. Behind the debates are more fundamental ethical questions which aren’t always given the specific attention they deserve (Cline, Austin). Some would also believe that the law shouldn’t legislate morality, but all good law is based on moral values. (Cline, Austin) http://atheism.about.com/od/abortioncontraception/p/AbortionEthics.htm Arguments of a fetus being a person with legitimate rights, this would have to be a “no” and “yes” answer. The reason being is because it is a “woman’s right” to do whatever she wants with or to her body, if she is competent enough to make a life effecting decision, such as getting an abortion. Even if the fetus is a person, the abortion may be justified as necessary to a women’s bodily autonomy, but that wouldn’t mean that abortion is automatically ethical or unethical, to say the least. Even though states can’t force women to carry pregnancies to term, but they could argue that it is the most ethical choice to make. (Cline, Austin ) http://atheism.about.com/od/abortioncontraception/p/AbortionEthics.htm In my personal......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Abortion

...What do you think about abortion? Most people try not to think about it. They wish to avoid the overwhelming horrible reality. Abortion is an intentional violent act that kills an unborn baby. Without any anesthesia, the baby is dismembered, torn apart, and vacuumed out of the mother. In the case of a near-term or partial-birth abortion, the baby is turned around and pulled partially out with its head still inside the mother. The abortionist then plunges a sharp object into the back of its neck and vacuums out the brain. This is not a pleasant subject. It hurts to just imagine the horror. However, we must think about it in order to gather the courage needed to end it. What motivates an abortionist? What must they think as they slash and tear a baby apart or plunge a knife into its neck? Somehow, abortionists have become callused to the reality of their actions. Like Shakespeare’s Macbeth, they have blood on their hands, and it cannot be washed off. They are like gas chamber operators during Hitler’s holocaust. They are like slave traders who traded in human flesh during slavery. Many people have become apathetic about abortion. Since they have already been born, abortion is no threat to them personally. Why should they care about someone else’s baby? If there is any lesson to be learned from September 11, 2001, it is that we should value and protect innocent human life even if it is not our own. This lack of value was the direct cause of the terrorist acts. Think about it.......

Words: 870 - Pages: 4

Abortion

...What do you think about abortion? Most people try not to think about it. They wish to avoid the overwhelming horrible reality. Abortion is an intentional violent act that kills an unborn baby. Without any anesthesia, the baby is dismembered, torn apart, and vacuumed out of the mother. In the case of a near-term or partial-birth abortion, the baby is turned around and pulled partially out with its head still inside the mother. The abortionist then plunges a sharp object into the back of its neck and vacuums out the brain. This is not a pleasant subject. It hurts to just imagine the horror. However, we must think about it in order to gather the courage needed to end it. What motivates an abortionist? What must they think as they slash and tear a baby apart or plunge a knife into its neck? Somehow, abortionists have become callused to the reality of their actions. Like Shakespeare’s Macbeth, they have blood on their hands, and it cannot be washed off. They are like gas chamber operators during Hitler’s holocaust. They are like slave traders who traded in human flesh during slavery. Many people have become apathetic about abortion. Since they have already been born, abortion is no threat to them personally. Why should they care about someone else’s baby? If there is any lesson to be learned from September 11, 2001, it is that we should value and protect innocent human life even if it is not our own. This lack of value was the direct cause of the terrorist acts. Think about......

Words: 948 - Pages: 4

Abortion

...“Pro-choice Abortion” Abortion has been one of the biggest controversies of all time. Many people believe it is immoral and even consider it to be murder. The definition of abortion is; “The termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to being capable of normal growth.” 1 These pro-life believers do not support the idea of induced abortion and believe it should be illegal. Many of these supporters do not know that if abortion were illegal they would still be performed, unfortunately by an uneducated staffs. Over 70 thousand maternal deaths occur every year because of unsafe abortions1. These women die, so the idea of supporting pro-life is contradictory, this is why the nation should be pro-choice. Pro-choice believers support the right to privacy and the idea women should have the choice to do what she pleases with her own body. As an example; a woman is raped by a man and becomes pregnant with his child. She decides she doesn’t want to keep the baby; she has an abortion because the idea of raising a child of her rapist is too painful for her to cope with. Pro-choice defenders take sympathies to this woman while she then gets called a murderer by pro-life supporters. Abortions sometimes results in the woman being harassed because of the choice she has made about her own body. That’s what pro-life supports. Often time’s situations like this turns into harassment which can be considered to be part of anti-abortion......

Words: 3628 - Pages: 15

Abortion

...Meredith Kaiser Ajume Wingo Philosophy in Society Abortion is a hot button issue that has become the highlight of many debates, political debates, and religious differences. The issue of abortion is the contemplation of whether taking away the existence is of a fetus inside a women’s womb is moral or not. This debate has created political phrases such as “pro-life” and “pro-choice” (Lecture). Most would think that these two phrases are concretely of a singular meaning. “Pro-choice” does not simply mean that abortion is correct and moral but that women should have the right to choose whether or not the fetus is allowed to continue its existence in the womb of that particular woman. “Pro-choice” believers are perceived to believe that abortion is immoral under every circumstance, yet many “pro-choice” may think there are particular circumstances in which abortion is immoral and also moral. “Pro-life” on the other hand is not simply the political belief that abortion is immoral. Rather, it is the belief that the fetus inside a women’s womb is not just a fetus simply existing within her, but rather it is a separate and independent livening within the women whose life began at the time of conception. This view entails that abortion is murder because the baby is considered living on its own from the time of conception and therefore should have an opportunity to live a long fulfilling life without the interference of an abortion letting that happen. In this paper I will review......

Words: 446 - Pages: 2

Abortion

...It is estimated that 45-55 million abortions take place in just one (NHS, 2012), 87% of these take place in the first twelve weeks of prgnancy, making the average age for abortions taking place to be 9.5 weeks. However it is also shown that in teenagers the foetus is aborted at a younger age than would be with an older woman, this is thought to be because of pressure in decision making and the fear of parents of younger women finding out about the pregnancy. In the UK you can have an abortion until the foetus becomes viable (could live indepently) which is 24 weeks according to , you could therefore call this a pro-choice country where freedom reigns. Abortion became legal in the UK in 1967 under the name of the Abortion Act. Although it may seem a woman could have an abortion when requested, however two doctors must agree that at least one of the reasons are valid so that an abortion can take place legally. The first reason is that prgnancy is putting the mother's life at risk, the second being that the pregnancy poses a risk to the mother's mental and physical health whilst an additional child will impose on the resto the family and cause a risk to the mother's health and finally that the child to be born is severeley handicapped. According to the mother's age is not always considered if the other's life is in danger. Consequently if the abortion needs to take place urgently, a second doctor's consent is not needed (Abortion Act, ) however a young mother under the...

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6

Abortion

...Kendrick Williams Prof. Karlene Jackson Thompson COS 50-008 December 2, 2013 Final Draft “The Idea of Abortion Being Immoral and Unethical” Why is abortion immoral and unethical, and how does it affect society? This is one question that anti-abortionists would consider answering. The viewpoint about abortion has been negative and positive, but it has been demonstrated as an action that is commonly known as being immoral and unethical and it puts a bad effect on not only women, but society as a whole. Many people in our society have come to believe that they benefit from acts of abortion. However, acts of abortion have been known to leave a dark shadow over a woman who has been involved in abortion and society. The immorality of abortion is evident through its action against moral and ethical values. Abortion basically causes death. Individual human life in a mother’s womb is destroyed. The taking of innocent human life is wrong under any circumstances and possibility of a new life emerging is excluded. Don Marquis, a current Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kansas argues that destroying human life is immoral and unjust because it prevents the victim from seeing their future. He states, “The loss of one's life deprives one of all the experiences, activities, projects, and enjoyments that would otherwise have constituted one's future. Therefore, killing someone is wrong, primarily because the killing...

Words: 2214 - Pages: 9

Abortion

...Abortion: Death of an Innocent Abortion is a topic that is frequently discussed about and fought over as being truly immoral or moral thing to do. Many people view abortion as a way to get out of a sticky situation or merely as an option to get rid of something that they don’t need in their lives at the moment. Abortion is the procedure that directly goes into the mother’s stomach and kills the fetus from and inside and then is retrieve and thrown away. This procedure is just absolutely immoral and is killing an innocent unborn child. They say that the fetus is not alive until it is fully grown but in fact it still has a heartbeat and everything that makes it truly a living being. Abortion doctors claims that it is not living and nothing is wrong with killing it. I believe that abortion is wrong and should be outlawed in the state of California because the mother is affected emotionally and physically, it could endanger the woman’s body, and it is act of murder to an innocent unborn child. First I believe that abortion is wrong and should be outlawed in the state of California because the mother is affected emotionally and physically. Abortion takes a lot out of the mother during and after the procedure. While in the procedure the mother goes through physical pain when the doctor directly cuts the fetus from the mother and pulls it out to be merely thrown away like waste. There are possibilities that the doctor could miss during the procedure and damage or scar......

Words: 386 - Pages: 2

Is Abortion Immoral?

...One is a woman who was six months pregnant due to rape and died from the pregnancy complication. She wanted to have an abortion but it (abortion) was illegal under all circumstances in her state. One is the body of a woman who died after attempting to give herself an abortion with a coat hanger. She was a poor woman who lives in the slums; she had no money to take care of the child and no way to feed her living children if she lost her work from the pregnancy. Another body is that of a one-month-old fetus that was aborted once the mother found out that it was going to be a girl. She has just had one child and wanted to wait for a couple of years to have another. While looking at these bodies the philosophers begin to discuss the question: “Is abortion immoral”? How would the discussion proceed if the two philosophers were: 1) You and Judith Thomson? 2) You ad Sidney Callahan? 3) Which position (s) do you find morally compelling and why? In this scenario, the two philosophers are sitting on a bench at the county morgue. They are looking at the bodies that died involving abortion’s issues. I will call case A – a woman who was six months pregnant due to rape and died from the pregnancy complication because abortion was illegal in her state. Case B is the poor woman with too many responsibilities in life, died from self-abortion. The third is case C, a body of a four-month-old fetus that was aborted just because the mother had a child and did......

Words: 353 - Pages: 2

Abortion

...Whose right is it: Abortion Alexander Ontiverios ENG 135 Advanced Composition Abortion a Woman’s Right to Choose The topic of abortion is one of the most controversial of our times. When does life begin? When, if ever, is it right to terminate a pregnancy? These are some of the moral dilemmas that are faced when dealing with the issues of abortion. These questions have caused long and brutal arguments between pro-life and pro-choice supporters. It is my personal belief that an unborn fetus is not a living being and abortion or birth of that fetus should be left up to the pregnant woman. I also believe that the present abortion laws according to Roe v Wade should be upheld in the United States. Roe v. Wade was a landmark decision that legalized abortions in the U.S. It was the case of a poor, pregnant woman who filed a lawsuit against the state law of Texas, which stated that abortions were illegal. The case went all the way to the Supreme Court, which meant that the decision made affected the nation on a whole. On January 22, 1973, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Jane Roe and stated that the 14th amendment guarantees an adult woman the right to seek termination of her pregnancy until viability (capable of living outside the uterus). From this day on, abortions in the United States were legal. No matter what people may believe abortion is neither right nor wrong. It is a matter of personal opinion. However, the question still remains; should abortion be legal?......

Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

Abortions

...Abortion February 23 2015 “Is abortion moral or immoral?” We still have no answer. We defend about the nature and the moral status of the fetus. Don Marquis as well as Bonnie Steinbock embraces with the argument of their own, which point out the morality of abortion. Don Marquis upholds the fact of since abortion deprives the fetus of a future like ours therefore most abortion is morally wrong. He adheres in his article “abortion is, excepting possibly in rare cases, seriously immoral”, what he meant was that not all abortions are wrong. He did not discuss about the exception of “… abortion before implantation, abortion when the life of a woman is threatened by a pregnancy or abortion by rape” Regard of that, Marquis has claimed, “… It is in the same moral category as killing an innocent adult human being.” He inquires the reason of killing a human being is wrong. Marquis explains the killing is not just cause of pain and perceive of loss to the victim’s family, moreover it includes the basis loss to the victims themselves as “the loss of one’s life deprives one of all the experiences, activities, projects, and enjoyments that would otherwise have constituted one’s future”. With the respect of Marquis’s theory, it is the loss of a valuable future like ours that respond to the question of why killing a human being is morally wrong. Moreover, Marquis also stated in his article “…the future of a standard fetus......

Words: 1384 - Pages: 6

Abortions

...Zekeya Adams Holly Spinell DED61 March 10, 2015 Abortion One major issue that is being argued is the opposing beliefs on abortions. Abortion Mean “the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy” that is commonly addressed. Everybody has they own opinion on the issues. Some feel that a woman has the right to decide what happens to her body. As other feels that an unborn baby, as a human being has the separate right from those of the mother. I feel abortion is a personal choice, human life begins at conception, or that abortion can or cannot be justified. The relationship between morality and the law is often ignored in these debates. It’s assumed that if abortion is immoral, it ought to be illegal just for that reason. We can think of actions that are possibility immoral but that we would not want to be legally prohibited. Although the position that abortion ought to be a private matter and not a matter of law is debatable, it is much more difficult to make an argument that abortion is not a moral issue. There are many methods of abortion, morning-after pill, RU486 (mifepristone), uterine or vacuum aspiration, dilation and etc. Morning-after pill is a chemical compound, which the Food and Drug Administration refers to as Plan B, prevents the blastocyst from embedding in the uterine wall. Since 2006, this pill has been available over the counter for customers 18 and older. RU486 is a drug that was developed in France and induces......

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

Abortion

...Throughout this essay I will be focusing on the arguments for and against abortion by looking at four main points. Before I start I would like to state that the definition of abortion is “a miscarriage or termination of pregnancy consciously by some form of human intervention”.  Firstly, I will argue why abortion is actually a good thing. So imagine this; there is a woman caught up in the pursuit of her life's dreams. Suddenly and unexpectedly, she finds herself pregnant. Society gives her two options. First, she could have an abortion, remove herself from the problem, and continue the pursuit of a desired lifestyle. Second, she could have the child, abandon her dreams, and lead a selfless lifestyle oriented around her family. For this ambitious woman, it’s quite clear that abortion is the only way out. So, she has the abortion and continues on with her desired life. It is this type of situation that results in well over one million abortions every year.  For some people this might seem quite normal but the problem here is that women shouldn’t be forced to choose between one way of life or the other. In my opinion they should be able to have children as well as fulfil their dreams. Most importantly, women should not have to have an abortion as part of that choice. To blame is a society, a society where women are forced into changing themselves in order to meet the “standards”. I mean after becoming mothers, women are at a risk of not getting into their desired job for......

Words: 1458 - Pages: 6

Abortion - Is It Moral or Immoral

...Abortion – Moral or Immoral? I would argue that abortion is immoral. Abortion is a debate that continues day in, day out, year in, year out. We have laws that have been set into place, yet the debate continues. The opposing sides in the debate each strongly believe they are right. The pro-choice supporters see a woman's right to choose as central to the debate. The pro-choice advocates see the life of the baby as the most important concern. Very little middle ground exists on the issue of abortion. I. When Does Life Begin? [1] "Development of the embryo begins at Stage 1 when a sperm fertilizes an oocyte and together they form a zygote." — England, Marjorie A. Life Before Birth. 2nd ed. England: Mosby-Wolfe, 1996, p.31 "Human development begins after the union of male and female gametes or germ cells during a process known as fertilization (conception). "Fertilization is a sequence of events that begins with the contact of a sperm (spermatozoon) with a secondary oocyte (ovum) and ends with the fusion of their pronuclei (the haploid nuclei of the sperm and ovum) and the mingling of their chromosomes to form a new cell. This fertilized ovum, known as a zygote, is a large diploid cell that is the beginning, or primordium, of a human being." — Moore, Keith L. Essentials of Human Embryology. Toronto: B.C. Decker Inc, 1988, p.2 [2] The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 6th ed. Keith L. Moore, Ph.D. & T.V.N. Persaud, Md., (Philadelphia: W.B...

Words: 2861 - Pages: 12

Abortion

...to have an abortion, she must consider her health, the baby’s help and her religious belief. Would you destroy your baby just because you are young or single or unable to take care of her or him? Is an unborn baby really even a person? Some people think abortion should be legal. These are some reasons abortion should be legal. Making abortion legal does not keep a woman form having abortion it just makes them safer. Another reason why it should be legal is if the woman may have health problems, psychological problems or financial difficulties that make caring for a child very difficult. The last reason why abortion should be legal is if the child is unwanted. Abortion is one of the most persistently controversial issues in American culture and politics today. Since the 1973 national legalization of abortion, competing groups have fought to either restrict or increase access to the procedure, leading to heated debates among political activists, religious organizations, state legislatures, and judges. This conflict is perhaps reflective of the nation’s ambivalence over abortion. While it is often depicted as a two-sided debate, the abortion controversy is actually quite multifaceted, involving complex speculation on biology, ethics, and constitutional rights. Those who identify themselves as prolife, for example, generally contend that abortion is wrong because it kills human life, which they believe begins at conception. However, some pro-lifers grant that abortion should be......

Words: 1135 - Pages: 5