Import Performance

In: Business and Management

Submitted By blaine
Words 11212
Pages 45
Banking Sector Performance, Regulation and Bank Supervision
32 other hand, PCBs' deposits in 2006 amounted to
Taka 955.5 billion or 51.3 percent of the total industry deposit against Taka 731.3 billion or 47.0 percent in 2005. FCBs' deposits in 2006 rose by
Taka 38.2 billion or 33.9 percent over the previous year. The DFIs' deposits in 2006 were Taka 100.2 billion against Taka 89.5 billion in 2005 showing an increase of 12.0 percent over the year.
Aggregated Balance Sheet
5.4 Assets: Aggregate industry assets in
2006 registered an overall increase by 17.8 percent over 2005. During this period, NCBs' assets increased by 3.1 percent and those of the PCBs' rose by 22.9 percent. Loans and advances played a major role on the uses of fund. Loans and advances amounting to Taka
1543.6 billion out of aggregate assets of Taka
5.2 In 2006 the nationalized commercial banks
(NCBs) held 32.7 percent of the total industry assets as against 37.4 percent in 2005.
Evidently, NCBs' domination in this area is showing a declining trend, while PCBs' share rose to 47.7 percent in 2006 as against 45.6 percent in 2005. The foreign commercial banks held 11.8 percent of the industry assets in 2006, showing a satisfactory increase by 4.5 percentage points over the previous year. The
DFIs' share of assets was 7.8 percent in 2006 against 9.7 percent in 2005.
5.3 Total deposits of the banks in 2006 rose to
Taka 1860.6 billion from Taka 1554.7 billion in
2005 showing an overall increase by 19.7 percent. The NCBs' (comprising of 4 largest banks) share in deposits decreased from 40.0 percent in 2005 to 35.2 percent in 2006. On the banks remained unchanged at 48 in 2006.
These banks had a total number of 6562 branches as of December 2006. The number of bank branches increased from 6402 to 6562 due to opening of new branches by the PCBs mainly during…...

Similar Documents

Export-Import Procedure and Documenttaoin

...A PROJECT REPORT ON Export-Import Process & Documentation towards B2B FOR Hindustan Cargo Ltd. MASTER OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES (MMS) UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI SUBMITTED TO MAHATMA EDUCATION SOCIETY’S PILLAIS INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES AND RESEARCH NEW PANVEL UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF Chndrakumar P. Mutha SUBMITTED BY Aditya Ajit Jadhav (2012-2014) Roll No. 139 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Life of human beings is full of interactions. No one is self-sufficient by himself whenever anyone is doing some serious and important work a lot of help from the people concerned is needed 84 one less specially obliged towards them. I cannot forget acknowledging them in few words as without the guidance & co-ordination of them in my project report would not have been possible. A large number of individual contributed to this project. I am thankful to all of them for their help and encouragement. My writing in this project report has also been influenced by a number of website and standard textbooks. As far as possible, they have been fully acknowledged at the appropriate place .1 express my gratitude to all of them. I would like to extend my heartfelt thanks to Mr. Chandrakumar Mutha, Accounts Head of Hindustan Cargo Ltd. Navi Mumbai Branch for giving me an opportunity to work on this project. I must also thank the management of Hindustan Cargo Ltd. to provide excellent opportunity and environment to be able to pull my project through. Cooperation of the staff is also...

Words: 8994 - Pages: 36

Import Substitution

...Question (1a) Import Substitution Industrialization is an economic policy that emphasises the replacement of imports with domestic production. Many Latin American Countries adopted this policy in a bid to achieve self-sufficiency by reducing its dependence on foreign imports. By using this policy, the Government will either nationalise or heavily subsidise certain industries and even employ protectionist measures on infant industries. Heavy taxes will be placed on imports and exports to discourage local merchants from exporting and in turn, reducing the amount of goods for their local customers. There are many disadvantages in promoting import substitution strategies that will ultimately lead to lower growth rates and possible future recession for the country. Firstly, local industries will become more inefficient over time. Local industries that have long enjoyed the heavy subsidies and protectionist measures from the government will have no incentive to improve themselves. As they only cater to the domestic market, if demand remains constant, an increase in production will only drive down prices. Hence, these industries will not push for increased production, resulting in continued inefficiency. Furthermore, with the high taxes imposed on exports, local companies will not sell their goods overseas. By only selling to the domestic market, they do not enjoy economies of scale. Certain industries need to sell to a large market in order to be profitable, and a domestic......

Words: 565 - Pages: 3

Export and Import

...National Accounting Wing BANGLADESH BUREAU OF STATISTICS Statistics Division Ministry of Planning Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Dhaka, Bangladesh IX Foreword Foreign Trade Statistics (FTS), one of the core publications of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), is being published annually since 1973-74. It is The 23rd issue which contains information about exports and imports of 2008-09. It should be mentionable here that it presents disaggregated data to the possible extent on foreign trade following Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System (HS code). The data furnished in this report have been collected from National Board of Revenue (NBR). Although BBS used to collect some export and import documents from various customs stations to ensure complete coverage of foreign trade but for the present issue, the only data source is NBR which brings all the data generated in various customs stations under their documentation. This edition has got two parts: Volume-I having five tables with export data and Volume-II containing four tables with import data. I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to the Director General and his fellow colleagues of BBS for bringing out this report. I also appreciate the relentless efforts of the concerned officers and staff of Foreign Trade Section of National Accounting Wing, BBS for collection and compilation of the data provided in this report. Any comments and suggestions from the users and other......

Words: 9494 - Pages: 38

Chinas Imports and Exports

...Imports As we all know Imports are goods or services brought into a country. China is second in overall Imports for the world Behind the US. EU is not counted in this ranking system because it is multiple countries. China's biggest import is Oil now. Some of the other exports are Industrial Supplies and Mechanical Machinery, optical and medical equipment, metal ores, plastics, and organic Chemicals. Chinas top five Import partners Are Japan (9.8%), South Korea (9.2%), America (7.1%), Germany (5.1%), and Australia (4.3%). Again if we were including the EU it would be at the top at 12.1% but because it is multiple counties and we are focusing on single countries these are the top 5. China's imports total up to about $1.753 Trillion Dollars according to the CIA fact book and the year that they measured this is 2012. Regionally, almost half of China's imports come from the East and Southeast Asia. Out of the five busiest ports in the world, three are in China. Imports for China are expected to rise. Exports We also know that Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Since the late 1970s China has moved from a closed, centrally planned system to a more market-oriented one that plays a major global role. China became the largest exporter in the world in 2010. However if you were to count the European Union it would be above China. A reason for china being ranked number one on the export list is......

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Export Import

...General Conditions of Imports: (1) H.S. Code Number for import purpose : Use of H.S. Code with at least eight digits corresponding to the classification of goods as given in the First Schedule of the Customs Act, 1969 (Act No. IV of 1969) based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, shall be mandatory: Provided that, Bank shall not issue L.C. Authorization form or open L/C without correctly mentioning H.S. Code number for the item(s). (2) NOC on the basis of ROR (Right of Refusal)--- No Objection Certificate on the basis of Right of Refusal (ROR) from any authority shall not be required for import of any freely importable item by any Public Sector agency: (3) Pre-shipment inspection--- (a) In this order where there is condition for pre-shipment inspection of imported goods they said condition has to be complied with; and (b) Unless otherwise specified, in case of export and import, shipment of goods can be made under The Bangladesh Flag Vessels (Protection) Ordinance, 1982 (Ord. No.XIV of 1982). (4) Import at competitive rate--- Import shall be made at the most competitive rate and it is obligatory for the importers, at any time, to submit documents to Import Control Authority regarding the price paid or to be paid by them; (5) Import by mentioning “Country of Origin”--- A certificate regarding “country of origin” issued by the concerned...

Words: 654 - Pages: 3

Import Substitution an Industrialization

...Import Substitution and Industrialization in Latin Amercia: Experiences and Interpretations Author(s): Werner Baer Source: Latin American Research Review, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Spring, 1972), pp. 95-122 Published by: The Latin American Studies Association Stable URL: Accessed: 26/08/2009 09:21 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. We work with the scholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact The Latin American Studies......

Words: 12006 - Pages: 49


...the world, which doesn’t need oil and its by-products, and if somehow it doesn’t have much reserves of oil to meet their domestic demand, these nations are ready to import the product at any cost. India is one such country which is much dependent on its imports to fulfill the domestic consumption demand as it has a much lower level of production. The share of petroleum import was negligible in 1950-51 and was only 1 percent of the total imports in 1960-61. It reached an exceptionally high peak of 41.95 percent in 1980-81 due to the implementation of policies to boost automobile sales. POL imports showed a substantial expansion of 44 percent in 1980-90 and a further rise of 72.5 percent during 1990-91. The massive increase in POL imports was mainly due to the sharp upsurge in crude oil and petroleum products prices in the world market consequent to the Gulf crises. There was a recorded increase of 45 percent in oil imports in 2000-2001 mainly on the account of a sharp and sustained increase in the international prices. At present, India is the 6th largest consumer country in the world having a consumption of 2.2 million barrels per day, and a production of only 0.8 barrels per day. This leaves the country with a huge deficit in the demand-supply scenario and thus 70% of the consumption is met through imports....

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Antecedents of Commitment to an Import Supplier

...Antecedents of Commitment to an Import Supplier Submitted by Md. Abu Saleh B. Com (Honours), M. Com, M-Phil Dhaka A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy School of Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations Faculty of Business QUEENSLAND UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Brisbane, Queensland 4000, Australia 2006 Title: Antecedents of Commitment to an Import Supplier Saleh @ 2006 Key Words: 1. Antecedents of commitment 2. Importer’ s commitment 3. Importer supplier relationship 4. Mediating role of trust 5. Cultural similarity 6. Communication 7. Knowledge and experience 8. Supplier’ s opportunism 9. Environmental volatility 10. Transaction-specific investment 11. Supplier’s competencies ii Abstract The concept of commitment has emerged recently in international business literature especially in explaining importer behaviour as a counterpart of the process of internationalisation. Importer commitment often plays a dominant role as one of the major factors influencing relationships in the exporter-importer dyad and facilitates the process of internationalisation by imparting access to the international market. This critical importer and supplier relationship and its animating factors are, however, overlooked and largely neglected in the literature. Accordingly, it is inconclusive as to which factors influence importer commitment and how they influence it. Drawing on the literature, this study strived to......

Words: 40233 - Pages: 161

Export Import

...Import Services | HSBC | Krungsri | L/C Opening Commission | • 0.25% per quarter or minimum THB1,200.- | • ¼% Amount credited to importer’s account multiply by the times of current with a minimum THB 1,000.- | Cable / Swift charges for LC opening | •THB1,000.- •Plus an addition of THB500.- for cable over 4 pages | •THB1000.- per page •More than 3 pages were counted THB500.- per page | L/C amendment | •THB500.- | •¼% of Amount credited to importer’s account added or depend on period renewal (3 months for one period or 90 days) | Cable / Swift changes for LC amendment | •THB600.- | •THB500.- per page | Revolving L/C commission | •0.25% per quarter (applies to reinstatement unit maturity) | • ¼% Amount credited to importer’s account multiply by the times of current with a minimum THB 1,000.- | Standby L/C commission | •2.50% per annum or minimum THB1,200.- | • ¼% Amount credited to importer’s account multiply by the times of current with a minimum THB1,000.- | Back to Back L/C |  - | •¼% Amount credited to importer’s account multiply by the times of current with a minimum THB1,000.- | Import Bills for Collection (not under LC) | •0.25% up to THB1,000,000.- plus 0.125% thereafter or minimum THB1,200.- | •⅛% of transfer amount | Engagement Commission for Usance LC(bill under Usance LC) | •2.50% per annum or minimum THB1,200.- | •2.5% per annum of the amount in bill collection to obtain the documents | Engagement Commission for Sight LC(bill under Sight LC)...

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Import Java

...import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; import javax.swing.*; class Calculator extends JFrame implements ActionListener { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; TextField txt=new TextField(15); JButton btn1 = new JButton("1"); JButton btn2 = new JButton("2"); JButton btn3 = new JButton("3"); JButton btn4 = new JButton("4"); JButton btn_arti = new JButton("+"); JButton btn5 = new JButton("5"); JButton btn6 = new JButton("6"); JButton btn7 = new JButton("7"); JButton btn8 = new JButton("8"); JButton btn_eksi = new JButton("-"); JButton btn9 = new JButton("9"); JButton btn0 = new JButton("0"); JButton btn_clr = new JButton("CLR"); JButton btn_carpi = new JButton("*"); JButton btn_bolu = new JButton("/"); JButton btn_esit = new JButton("="); String str_number = ""; int operation = 0; double int_number1 = 0; double int_number2 = 0; double result = 0; public Calculator() { JFrame frame = new JFrame("CALCULATOR"); frame.setSize(320,320); frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); frame.setResizable(false); frame.setVisible(true); frame.setLayout(new BorderLayout()); JPanel HeadPanel = new JPanel(); JPanel NumberPanel = new JPanel(); JPanel LabelPanel = new JPanel(); LabelPanel.setBackground(Color.WHITE); HeadPanel.setBackground(Color.BLACK); NumberPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(3,3)); LabelPanel.setLayout(new......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Us Imports and Exports Analysis

...U.S. Trade Analysis with other Countries Abstract Purpose- This paper presents the analysis of U.S. imports and exports by managing the trade balance. It also presents the leading U.S. imports and exports in terms of value along with the important partners. Design/methodology/approach- The author explains the balance of trade including the rise and fall of U.S. trade deficit using the analysis between different countries imports and exports. Research limitations/implications- The study is limited to analysis of imports, exports, trade surplus and deficit of U.S. trading. Originality/value- This paper will help to build up the understanding about the basic imports, exports and importance of balancing the trade cycle for a country. Keywords- Deficit, Import, Export, Surplus, Economy Introduction Every country has to follow a set of policies, methods and processes in order to perform imports and exports. A number of conflicts arise due to weak foreign trading policies by countries. It requires professional expertise to manage the trade of a country. There are also a number of conflicts generated between the different countries related to financial decisions of countries. To eliminate the risk involved in financial issues a system of principles, procedures, policies, responsibilities, accountabilities are used by stakeholders. Many of the famous financial scandals are noted in the history occurring at Parmalat, Nortel, and Enron. It has cost a lot of drop in the......

Words: 4056 - Pages: 17

Import Export

...IMPORT An import is a good brought into a jurisdiction, especially across a national border, from an external source. The party bringing in the good is called an importer. An import in the receiving country is an export from the sending country. Importation and exportation are the defining financial transactions of international trade. In international trade, the importation and exportation of goods are limited by import quotas and mandates from the customs authority. The importing and exporting jurisdictions may impose a tariff (tax) on the goods. In addition, the importation and exportation of goods are subject to trade agreements between the importing and exporting jurisdictions. "Imports" consist of transactions in goods and services to a resident of a jurisdiction (such as a nation) from non-residents. The exact definition of imports in national accountsincludes and excludes specific "borderline" cases. A general delimitation of imports in national accounts is given below: * An import of a good occurs when there is a change of ownership from a non-resident to a resident; this does not necessarily imply that the good in question physically crosses the frontier. However, in specific cases national accounts impute changes of ownership even though in legal terms no change of ownership takes place (e.g. cross border financial leasing, cross border deliveries between affiliates of the same enterprise, goods crossing the border for significant processing to order or......

Words: 4265 - Pages: 18

Imports and Exports

...Imports and Exports of Corn to Mexico in USD Conclusions: As we can see in the graph, compared to exports, imports are really high, that means that Mexico exports more corn to USA, that’s because Mexico is a big corn’s producer. We can see that at the begining of NAFTA imports increased almost the double between 1995 and 1996 but in 1997 decreased again at the same level of 1994. Then, in the next 8 years imports only had a little increase and in 2006 it had a really huge increase, but maybe due to the crisis in 2008 it got low. The highest point of imports was in 2012. Related to USA exports we can see that they remained during the years and they are almost in the same level. Imports and Exports of Tomatoes to Mexico in USD Conclusions: As we can see in the graph, now USA exports are higher than imports. So we can conclude that Mexico imports lots of tomatoes. During the years that we analized, USA exports increased and only between 2010-2011 they decreased almost 100,000,000. Also, in 2010 it raised rapidly near to 2,000,000,000 and in 2012 in got low again but just a little but in 2013 they tried to return to their high level. USA imports during the years remained but from 2008 to 2010 they had an increased but not so huge. Imports and Exports of Vehicles to Mexico in USD Conclusions: Compared to corn and tomatoes, we can see that USA......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Import - Export

...goods (loss or damage) only up to the point they have been made available to the buyer, which is usually the seller’s door. 4) Seller must advise the buyer of the location and time of availability of the goods to the buyer. 5) Seller has no obligation to provide the buyer with proof of delivery or transport documents. Buyer’s responsibilities: 1) Buyer must pay for the goods as per the sale contract 2) Buyer must obtain all commercial documentation, licenses, authorizations, and export/import formalities at own risk and cost. 3) Buyer must take delivery of the goods when they have been made available by the seller and at the place nominated by the seller in the sale contract, if it is not the seller’s door. 4) Buyer must assume all risk and responsibility for the goods from the moment they are picked up from the seller’s door or name place to arrival into the buyer’s warehouse or other specified location. 5) Buyer pays for all costs of transportation, insurance, export and import customs and duty fees, and all other formalities and charges related to the transportation of the shipment. This includes all costs relating to loss or damage of goods or non-delivery. 6) Buyer provides the seller with proof of delivery. EXW is commonly used by sellers/exporters in the U.S. when dealing with overseas buyers. They produce the goods and once payment is received will release the goods from their named location to the overseas buyer’s transportation company. Many European......

Words: 2080 - Pages: 9

Petrol Import

...transaction results in a credit and a debit. Transactions that cause money to flow into a country are credits, and transactions that cause money to leave a country are debits. For instance, if someone in India buys a South Korean stereo, the purchase is a debit to the Indian account and a credit to the South Korean account. If a Brazilian company sends an interest payment on a loan to a bank in the India, the transaction represents a debit to the Brazilian BOP account and a credit to the India’s BOP account. The balance of payment compromises of the Current Account, the Capital Account and the OFFICIAL RESERVE ACCOUNT. The balance of trade is the difference between the monetary value of exports and imports of output in an economy over a certain period. It is the relationship between a nation's imports and exports. A positive balance is known as a trade surplus if it consists of exporting more than is imported; a negative balance is referred to as a trade deficit or, informally, a trade gap. The balance of trade is sometimes divided into a goods and a services balance. The Balance of Trade is identical to the difference between a country's output and its domestic demand - the difference between what goods a country produces and how many goods it buys from abroad; this does not include money respend on foreign stocks, nor does it factor the concept of importing goods to produce for the domestic market. Crude oil, commonly known as petroleum, is a liquid found within the......

Words: 1111 - Pages: 5