Imperialism in Africa

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Submitted By melissagolberg
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Melissa B5

Imperialism in Africa
In the late 1800’s Europeans took over Africa, took their resources,enslaving the Africans, and changed the course of history. The Europeans took over Africa, which is called The Scramble For Africa, in 1884-1914. The Europeans took over because Africa was rich in raw materials, they wanted power, and they thought their culture was superior. The driving force behind imperialism was need for resources, political competition, and technological advances. One driving force behind imperialism was need for natural resources. Document E uses a bar graph to show imports and exports in 1854, and 1900 between Great Britain and South Saharan Africa. Great Britain made 3 million British pounds in 1854, and 21 million British pounds in 1900 just from exports. The graph show that both imports and exports increased from 1854 to 1900 , but the exports boosted up way more than the imports did. Document E explains the important cause of European imperialism in Africa by showing that they earned money from taking Africa’s resources and exporting it to make their empire bigger. Economic factors are more of a driving force behind European imperialism than national pride and improved technology because they needed more resources to have the ability to improve their technology plus they added more land for national pride. Another driving force behind imperialism was political competition. Document A is a map of Africa that shows where each European country overtook in 1884-1885.The 7 European countries that held African colonies by 1914 were the British, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Belgian, and the Spanish. France and Britain were the biggest winners in the race to seize African colonies, because they conquered the most land.Germany blocked the British dream of building a railroad from the Mediterranean Sea to South Africa because German East…...

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