Human Relations in Mangement

In: Business and Management

Submitted By MrsStacy74
Words 609
Pages 3
Human Relations in Management
Individual Work 1 Week 1
Stacy Stanberry
Professor Paul
Everest University Online

The three motivational theories that I chose for this assignment are: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, Herzberg’s two-factor theory and expectancy theory. I chose these three because throughout my studies in business administration these three motivational theories are the ones that I can mostly identify with. As it is well known, everyone has their own unique motivational factors that drive them; I have found that it is usually one of these three that most people identify with. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory which was originated by Abraham Maslow in 1943 is represented as a five level pyramid. This motivational theory in psychology maintains that while all people aim to meet certain basic needs, there are still other higher needs that are represented in that pyramid that they also wish to successfully accomplish. These needs are: physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem and at the very top, self-actualization. (Hegar, 2012, p. 56). The two-factor theory, also known as Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory, argues that there are factor in the workplace that causes job satisfaction. It also maintains that there are factors in the workplace that causes job dissatisfaction. Frederick Herzberg, the developer of this theory contends that job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction act independently of each other. Herzberg called the factors associated with negative feelings hygiene factors. He called the factors associated with positive feelings motivators. (Hegar, 2012, p. 57). The expectancy theory, which was developed by Victor Vroom in 1964, contends that a person will decide to conduct themselves in a certain manner because they are motivated to pick a certain behavior over other behaviors based on what they expect the effect of that…...

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