How Valid Is the View That, All Things Considered, There Was More Uniting Than Dividing the North and South in 1850?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By mjp1
Words 1073
Pages 5
The ante-bellum years were among the most chaotic in American history—a time of significant changes that took place as the United States came of age. As the industrialized North and the agricultural South grew further apart, tensions between both sides grew until war was inevitable. The North and South both had drastic cultural and economic differences- historian Wyatt Brown believed the south had severe cultural differences compared to the ‘Yankee’ north, Owsley believed there was a clash of values and a clash of two economic systems while others believed the aggressive north was infringing on the rights of the south. However, Craven and Revisionists believe the differences between the north and south have been exaggerated and there was more uniting the north and south than dividing, such as the shared language, history and culture. Although, it has been argued that slavery was the underlying cause, which resulted in a bitter, fueled war.

The north and south of ante-bellum America are commonly known as being vastly different, however historian Craven argued that there was more uniting the two sections than diving and he stated that war was not inevitable. Both sections shared a common language, history, culture, politics and transport and trade links. Most southerners, alike the Americans living in the north shared the pride in US achievements, the respect for property ownership and all the other components of the ‘American Dream’ therefore bringing both sections together.

The terms “north” and “south” are figures of speech, which distort and oversimplify the reality that geographical sections in the USA were highly variegated. There were other sections within the north and south such as the upper south (Virginia) and lower south (Alabama), northwest (upper Mississippi, Great Lakes area…) and the northeast (New York, New England...). Although, the south was…...

Similar Documents

North and South by Elisabeth Gaskell

...NORTH AND SOUTH NORTH AND SOUTH by ELIZABETH GASKELL 1 ELIZABETH GASKELL 2 NORTH AND SOUTH First published in serial form in Household Words in 1854-1855 and in volume form in 1855. Republished 2012 by 27 Northen Grove Manchester M20 2NL www.malcsbooks.com 3 ELIZABETH GASKELL 4 NORTH AND SOUTH VOLUME I On its appearance in 'Household Words,' this tale was obliged to conform to the conditions imposed by the requirements of a weekly publication, and likewise to confine itself within certain advertised limits, in order that faith might be kept with the public. Although these conditions were made as light as they well could be, the author found it impossible to develope the story in the manner originally intended, and, more especially, was compelled to hurry on events with an improbable rapidity towards the close. In some degree to remedy this obvious defect, various short passages have been inserted, and several new chapters added. With this brief explanation, the tale is commended to the kindness of the reader; 'Beseking hym lowly, of mercy and pite, Of its rude makyng to have compassion.' ____ 5 ELIZABETH GASKELL 6 NORTH AND SOUTH CHAPTER I 'HASTE TO THE WEDDING' 'Wooed and married and a'.' dith!' said Margaret, gently, 'Edith!' But, as Margaret half suspected, Edith had fallen asleep. She lay curled up on the sofa in the back drawing-room in Harley Street, looking very lovely in her white muslin and blue ribbons. If......

Words: 186281 - Pages: 746

How Was Music During the Harlem Renaissance

...The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the 1920s. At the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement", named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke. Though it was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City, many French-speaking black writers from African and Caribbean colonies who lived in Paris were also influenced by the Harlem Renaissance.[1][2][3][4] The Harlem Renaissance is unofficially recognized to have spanned from about 1919 until the early or mid-1930s. Many of its ideas lived on much longer. The zenith of this "flowering of Negro literature", as James Weldon Johnson preferred to call the Harlem Renaissance, was placed between 1924 (the year that Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life hosted a party for black writers where many white publishers were in attendance) and 1929 (the year of the stock market crash and the beginning of the Great Depression). Contents [hide] 1 Background to Harlem 2 Development of African-American community in Harlem 2.1 An explosion of culture in Harlem 3 Music 4 Characteristics and themes 5 Influence of the Harlem Renaissance 5.1 A new black Identity 5.2 Criticism of the movement 6 Notable figures and their works 6.1 Novels 6.2 Short story collections 6.3 Drama 6.4 Poetry 6.5 Leading intellectuals 6.6 Visual artists 6.7 Popular entertainment 6.8 Musicians and composers 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 10 Bibliography Background to Harlem [edit] Until the...

Words: 3129 - Pages: 13

How Valid Is the View, All Things Considered, There Was More Uniting Than Dividing the North and the South in 1850?

...How valid is the view, all things considered, there was more uniting than dividing the North and the South in 1850? During 1850 America the gap between the North and the South was becoming more apparent. The obvious divide of social, culture and economics were forcing these sides ever further apart, sped up by the catalyst of slavery, the North and South could be described as not even one nation anymore. Yet despite these clear differences historians such as Bruce Cotton have stated that these current issues should not mask there deep uniting factors that made America such a powerful country. Their shared history, language and federal government, when considered, should outweigh these recent issues that were separating America in 1850. However as the civil war has shown these links were hidden behind the three main issues, of social, slavery and economics, dividing America in 1850. The view that the North and South was more united than divided is quite an invalid view because of the three main factors and the fact that the uniting factors could no longer hold America together. One of the key factors dividing the North and the South is the economical differences. The industrial difference is not actually a real dividing factor as both the North and the South started to industrialise and continued in agriculture, both just did such jobs on different scales than each other, with the South focused on cotton and sugar plantations with around 80% agriculture and the North......

Words: 1394 - Pages: 6

North and South

...In the first episode of North and South, we follow a family who moves from southern England to northern England. The story takes place during the Victorian era. It is also during this period that major changes and developments took place in nearly all areas. Advances were made in medical and technological – Wee see how they travel with the train to the north - areas of life which led to changes in population and growth. It was during this period that the Industrial Revolution flourished. At the same time, the female oppression slowly stopped and women began to have roles outside the household. It was also in this period that there were doubts about mans predicted path on earth. In the episode, we clearly see how life in the crowded city is. The sky is always gray, not because of the weather, but because of smoke from the factories. The massive overpopulation was the rea-son people moved from the country to the cities where they could find work. The consequence was, however, poor conditions and lack of freedom. At the time, there were no unions to support the workers and help them get their rights. However, it can be seen in the episode, how the work-ers gather and hold meetings. This is a sign of constructing the first trade unions. Unions that created the basis for the rights we know today. Every day the workers live suppressed from the factory owners. Some of these things are seen in the first episode. Here we get familiar with a local mill-owner named Mr. Thornton.......

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

“How Valid Are These Criticisms, in Your View?” (10 Marks)

...still argue that the weaknesses outweigh these counter arguments, and that these criticisms are definitely valid. Some may try to defend criticisms posed in Parmenides by Plato himself, that the Theory of The Forms is ambiguous and lacking in detail on issues such as how detailed the forms are. They may argue that for mundane things such as bus tickets, Plato was ambiguous on these as he was primarily interested in metaphysical thinking, rather than concentrating on the material world. They may also defend the lack of explanation on forms of the bad, in that there is no form of the bad, just that there is a lack of good. I however would argue that these are both very weak defences, as using Plato’s ideas and arguments in support of Plato’s theory is extremely unconvincing. Also as the real world is a reflection of the realm of The Forms, why is there a lack of good in this material world? I would argue that the criticism in Parmenides is a very valid one, as i struggle to find any weaknesses to this criticism. Additionally, I would argue that Aristotle’s analysis of the theory of The Forms in his works Metaphysics is very valid as well. This is a very strong argument in that it highlights the ambiguity of Plato’s theory and criticises how unreasonable the theory of The Forms is. I would definitely agree more with Aristotle’s empiricist views, over Plato’s rationalist views. However there are weaknesses to this criticism, for example the fact that this realm of The......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

How Prepared for a Major Overseas War Was Victorian Britain by 1850?

...How prepared for a major overseas war was Victorian Britain by 1850? The British Army experienced huge change during the Napoleonic period (1793 to 1813), which influenced greatly their preparations for war in 1850. At the start of the French Revolutionary wars in 1793 Britain had a small poorly run army, made up of only 40,000 men. The commanders were not properly trained merely give the roles due to their social class and family history. However, by the end of the period the numbers had vastly increased and actually peaked at 250,000 men. The armed forces experienced such changes in this period because warfare changed, war became more industrial and Britain had to accommodate for this. Prior to this period they had mainly been involved in small colonial battles but the threat of France and other European nations meant this would change. On the one hand you could argue Britain was prepared for a major overseas war by 1850. Leading up to this date many changes had been made to the forces that would suggest they would be able to engage in a larger scale war. Britain had emerged as a world super power at this time, world leaders in the improvement of technology, undergoing the industrial revelation in the early part of the 19th centaury. These advancements in Britain’s industry allowed them to create and test new technology to improve many different aspects of their war efforts. The most obvious of which would be weaponry. There were numerous inventors experimenting with...

Words: 1289 - Pages: 6

North and South

...In 1820, the North and South were somewhat different. By 1860, the North and South were on two different planets. What happened in the North and South to widen the differences? How did these changes affect the lives of all people in each section and their views on people in the other section? Be thorough and talk about economic, social, and cultural changes much more than political changes. The North and The South The North and South were very different by the 1860's. Several changes took place within the nation during this time from an onset of events happening after the 1820's. Inside of America, slavery became a major issue that tore the nation into two. Northerners favored equality for all, while contrarily Southerners supported the bondage of slaves to continue the labor of cotton productions, and ultimately, to ensure white supremacy. “After abolition in the North, slavery became the 'peculiar institution' of the of South – an institution unique to southern society” (417). This was also another large factor which shaped the regions. Overall, between the 1820's and 1860's, many economical, social, cultural and political changes happened which divided the nation into two. The occurrence of several events widened the differences between the North and the South. Despite the Northerners hopes that slavery would eventually die out and equality for all would regulate the nation, “the institution of slavery survived the crisis of the American Revolution and continued......

Words: 1708 - Pages: 7

How Revolutionary Was China 1850-1920

...During the years of 1850-1920 China did have some factors of being revolutionary, the decline in imperial China, their rise of their military as well as the change in the political parties, China also had factors of being a continuation such as their economy and the leaderships. However there wasn’t many factors of China showing to be a continuation this was because China was changing massively and at a fast rate during this period of time. One way to show that China was a revolutionary was the Boxer Rising. This was a popular anti-western movement in China, which was supported by peasants (such as farmers) uprising in 1900 which was set up to drive all foreigners out of China. It was a violent anti-foreigner and anti-Christian movement; it was motivated by proto-nationalists and backed by the empress dowager CIXI. In 1900 the Boxers besieged the foreign embassies in Beijing for two months until they were relieved by an international force. The rising was intervened by the Great Powers, which defeated the Chinese forces; because of this it further reduced the authority of the QING dynasty. The Boxer Risings changed China quite a lot: It made the leaders of China realise that they had to modernize and adopt European technology as well as this it also helped to opened the doors for Revolutionary movements such as the Communist Party and the to rise and to gain the support of China's people. Another factor that shows how revolutionary China was, was the End of the Chinese......

Words: 714 - Pages: 3

“Germany Was United More by Iron and Steel Than Iron and Blood”

...The statement that German was united by “iron and blood” refers to the speech given by Prussian statesman Otto Von Bismarck, referring to the ‘Bismarck wars’; the battles heavily acclaimed to be the binding force behind German unification into one, powerful state. However, it is also possible to agree with Kenyes , who challenged Bismarck’s speech and opinions on unification by believing in an economically led charge towards unification; hence the use of the term “iron and steel” To agree on Bismarck’s “blood and iron” beliefs, You have to start with the ‘Bismarck wars’, wars created to help unite Germany against common enemies. The Danish War of 1864, which was fought over the two duchies ‘Schleswig’ and ‘Holstein’. Denmark, who occupied the Duchess at the time, had taken the land from the Prussians in the 1400s (Bismarck was of course Prussian by nature). Denmark was also the main threat from the North of Germany, consequently explaining why the Duchies were such crucial regions for Germany to control/have influence over. Two years later, in 1866 there was the Austro-Prussian war. Austria had always been a strong, united and independent nation; which situated geographically right next to the German states would clearly be enviable of pro-unification German ministers. Bismarck wanted the Austro-Prussian war to show that his Prussia was the more dominant and significant state than Franz Joseph’s Austria. Previously too Bismarck had met with Napoleon III In Biarritz to......

Words: 772 - Pages: 4

Unravelling the South-North Divide in India

...UNRAVELLING THE NORTH-SOUTH DIVIDE DISCUSSION GROUP IV Content Page Content Page 1. Introduction.…………………………………………………………………………… 1 1.1 Methodology…………………………………………………………………. 3 2. North-South Divide 2.1 Language Binary..…………………………………………………………….. 2.1.1 Northern Indians, Sanskrit, Hindi and Influence of English.………..4 2.1.2 Northern Indians, Sanskrit, Punjabi and Influence of English………4 2.1.3 Southern Indians, Tamil and Influence of English….…………...…. 5 2.1.4 Southern Indians, Telugu and Influence of English…………………6 2.2 Religious Binary.………..………………….………………………………… 7 2.2.1 Hinduism ………….……………………………………………….. 7 2.2.2 Islam.………….……………………………………………………. 12 2.2.3 Inter-religious Interaction.…….…….……………………………… 13 2.2.4 Evaluation..…………………………………………………………. 13 2.3 Economic Binary.………………………………....…………………..……… 14 2.3.1 Introduction………………………………………………………… 14 2.3.2 Indians in Colonial Singapore……………………………………… 14 2.3.3 During Japanese Occupation……………………………………….. 17 2.3.4 Post War to Present Day Singapore………………………………… 17 2.4 Cultural Binary.………………………………………………………………. 18 2.4.1 Word “Raga”.………………………………………………………. 19 2.4.2 South Indian Music…………………………………………….…… 21 3. Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………….…….. 23 4. Bibliography …………………………………………………………….……………... 26 5. Appendix A…………………………………………………………….……………….. 28 1. Introduction India, the second most populous country in the world, is home to a rich......

Words: 5972 - Pages: 24

How Far Do You Agree with the View That in Wuthering Heights More Suffering Is Inflicted by Mental Cruelty Than Physical Cruelty?

...social attitudes at the time towards ethnic groups, and the torment which faces him in the form of Hindley and Edgar Linton as he is treated and brandished as an outsider, in the liminal state of acceptance. Arguably, more suffering is inflicted in this instance by mental cruelty by Hindley towards Heathcliff, as the mental cruelty absorbs itself into every fibre of Heathcliff’s being, constructing his future and his persona. Whereas he becomes somewhat immune to Hindley’s thrashings from the offset, as he would stand Hindley’s blows without “winking or shedding a tear”- thus Heathcliff becomes “hardened” by ill-treatment. However, the physical cruelty may be more accountable for Heathcliff’s treatment of Isabella than the mental cruelty, through his degradation Heathcliff is emasculated, thus having someone that he can control and exert his frustration, contempt and hatred upon acts as a release. Thus this perhaps justifies the arguably extreme physical cruelty Heathcliff exerts upon Isabella, for example “ turning the blue eyes black, every day or two: they detestably resemble Linton's." As Heathcliff’s physical cruelty causes more suffering to Isabella than the mental cruelty she faces, Heathcliff suffers more at the hands of mental cruelty provided by his childhood than the physical cruelty which he became accustomed to. Although, one could argue that with reference to marriage laws at the time, the control and mental cruelty provided by Heathcliff towards Isabella......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5

Stalin/Alexander Iii Was More Successful at Dealing with Opposition Than Any Other Ruler of Russia in the Period from 1855-1964. How Far Do You Agree with This View?

...measure of success is how effective a ruler is at dealing with the problem of opposition, in comparison to his previous/succeeding rulers, in this instance, comparing Stalin to the Tsars Alexander II,III and Nicholas II, and Communist Leaders Lenin and Khrushchev, over a decade of Russian history. Under Stalin, the campaign to crush opposition began almost instantaneously. Initially, this came in the form of political opponents such as Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamanev and the left. Beginning with Trotsky, Stalin seized opportunity and dominated the 12th Party Conference in 1923, after Trotsky failed to capitalise on the chance to make the principal speech, which would arguably have enabled him to emerge as the next leader of Russia. Fraught with half truths and lies was Stalin’s speech, which diminished the position of Trotsky and subsequently enhanced his own profile. A fathom of mistakes from Trotsky would follow, including accusations of factionalism, absence in various Central Committee meetings and missing Lenin’s funeral, all provided Stalin to emerge as the loyal discipline of Lenin. Subsequently, a vicious campaign from Zinoviev and Kamanev was launched against Trotsky, questioning his loyalty and raising the issue of his opposition towards Lenin prior to 1917. In response, Trotsky published ‘The Lessons of October’ in which he attacked Zinoviev and Kamanev, branding them as the instigators, belittling any responsibility from Stalin, which in hindsight was a huge......

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5

North and South Essay

...growing divide between the North and the South was the issue of slavery. The North had become industrialized. They created many factories and had a large shipping and fishing industries in which they didn’t need the use of slaves as much as the South. The winters were long and cold, so, there weren’t many months for farming as in the South and there was not a lot of flat land. The North had a lot of mountains and rocky soil that wouldn’t help with the farming, either. The South’s economy, on the other hand, relied heavily on the use of slaves. The climate and the soil of the South were good for growing warm weather crops such as tobacco and cotton. The South had massive plantations and farms everywhere and they relied on the use of slaves to farm this land. In turn, the issue of slavery caused a lot of turmoil between the North and the South. The North, for the most part, was against slavery in the South and didn’t want to see it expand to the Western states and territories. The North’s leaders saw economic and political advantages to leaving that area open to settlement by farmers and the working class. The North viewed slavery as a moral issue; degrading and cruel. The South, on the other hand, wanted to protect its influence in the federal government, proposing that a balance should be between free and slave states as the Union expanded. They saw slavery as a necessary “must’ and a way of life. Both, the North and the South were trying to......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

The Fall of the Duke of Somerset Was Principally a Result of the Impact of the 1549 Rebellions. How Valid Is This View?

...549, the year England was so nearly torn apart my numerous rebellions. Somerset suddenly became the ‘good duke gone bad’ and England stood on the edge of a class war. These rebellions proved to be Somerset’s last nail in the coffin, however was it the rebellions which principally caused his downfall? Could it possibly have been through his the shambles of the Scottish War and his overall foreign policy which resulted in his downfall? Or possibly his downfall was caused by the unpopular religious reformation or economic policies. Personally I believe the fall of the Duke of Somerset was due to his own inadequacy as a ruler. I will show you why I believe this in this essay. In terms of the rebellions, Somerset’s image was wounded badly; the rebellions made him look both weak and indecisive. The council believed he was at entire fault for these rebellions and accused him of being far too lenient with the commoners. Somerset had made it clear to the commoners that he was very anti-enclosures and even described them as ‘the Devil’s works’. Looking at the Kett’s rebellion Somerset can be seen as the man who caused this to snowball out of control. Somerset promised the commoners that he would investigate enclosures and try to get them removed, he put John Hales in charge of this investigation and Somerset was now seen as a ‘poor man’s sympathiser’ whilst the commoners were expectant of this issue being resolved. After these investigations made no progress the commoners took the......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

The Civil War Advantages and Disadvantages of the North and South.

...placed a major part. This was a difficult time for the North and South, not only were they fighting a Civil War, they were adjusting to new inventions. They have gone from horse-drawn carriages to railroads, medical practices that had barely changed in a hundred years; were now treating wounds caused by new inventions. This would be a new kind of war for both the North and South. Prior to the Civil War each side had its advantages and disadvantages. If you were to compare them you would find differences in economic, social to cultural even transportation then any similarities. With so many difference and beliefs it’s no wonder they tore the nation apart, fought against family members and destroyed property. The South was in all aspects following behind the North and did not except or want changes imposed by the North. Regardless of the differences perhaps at the beginning of the war the South was ready to defend its way of life. Their over all differences lead to the Civil War and it was not solely because of slavery, but the right to live as they had for years. Before the war you had the upper and lower South who did not agree to secession at the same time. This caused a dividing line not only was the North and South divided the South was divided between its self. These eight states, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, Maryland, and Delaware held most of the South’s resources. So it was imperative they join with the South. These eight......

Words: 3685 - Pages: 15