History Essay Questions

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hope1
Words 2335
Pages 10
The Commercial Revolution

“The Moneylender and His Wife,” Quentin Metsys (1514)

AP European History

J.F. Walters (2010)

Commercial Revolution: Essential Questions
1. How did developments in the late Middle Ages impact the Commercial Revolution?
2. What contribution did Luca Pacioli make to the Commercial Revolution?
3. What was the nature of banking in the Commercial Revolution?
4. What was a joint-stock company?
5. What was the Domestic System” in England?
6. What was the Price Revolution and what were its results?
7. What were the principles of mercantilism and what impact did it have on economics and politics?
8. In what ways did the Commercial Revolution sow the seeds of capitalism?
9. What was “Tulip Mania” in the Netherlands?

AP European History • The Commercial Revolution • J.F. Walters & G.W.Whitton

The Commercial Revolution
Journal 12/A: What important economic changes in the early modern centuries does the term “Commercial Revolution” signify?

––Palmer Chapter 12 • pp. 106-114––
Directions; Using sentences or detailed bulleted notes, identify & explain the evidence Palmer uses to support the thesis listed above.

AP European History • The Commercial Revolution • J.F. Walters & G.W.Whitton

Background to the Commercial Revolution

Commercial Revolution basics

change from a town-centered (medieval manorial) to a nation-centered (early modern European) economic system in spite of name, the economic change of the Commercial Revolution was slow in nature
Commercial Revolution eventually would contribute to the first era of globalization

impacted by developments in the Middle Ages

a term used by historians to describe the collective effect of the development of a profit-based economy, growth of cities, increased trade, and rise of powerful groups of merchants.…...

Similar Documents

Essay Questions

...Essay Questions Kristy Bazzanella Liberty University Essay Questions Assessment is a vital component in the counseling process. Use of both informal and formal assessment methods ensure that clinicians judgments are non-biased, and when utilized correctly aide in formulating of case conceptualizations and treatment plans (Whitson, 2013). The primary purpose of assessments, for the counselor, is to obtain information to effectively counsel clients. According to Whitson (2013), once all information is gained, the counselor, can “either formally or informally, diagnose the client” (p.285). It is critical that the counselor choose assessments that are both reliable and valid. The choice of assessment type and instrument will vary depending on the presenting problem, age, and cognitive and developmental state of client. Assessments will also vary according to settings. For example, the choice of assessment instruments utilized by a school counselor will differ greatly from the assessments utilized in a drug treatment or psychiatric facility. Assessments can have either a negative or positive impact on treatment planning. Counselors who use informal assessment techniques, such as unstructured interviews may find that the information gathered is not reliable and, therefore, prone to error (Whitson, 2013, p.111). Inexperienced counselors who use unstructured interviews have been observed to focus on minor issues and have failed to collect adequate......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

History Essay

...The Fall of the Roman Empire Corey Aiken History of Western Civilization 201- D03 16 April 2013 The fall of the Roman Empire cannot be attributed to one single event. This process took several hundred years, and only resulted in the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The Eastern half-wealthier, more populous, less afflicted with civil wars, and less exposed to barbarian invasions- survived as the Byzantine Empire until the middle of the fifteenth century (Perry, Chase, Jacob, Jacob, Von Laue, 2009). There are several reasons for the decline of Western Rome such as: the role of the Germanic tribes, along with political, military and spiritual considerations and economic conditions. One reason for the fall of the Western Roman Empire is the role of the Germanic Tribes. It is interesting to note that, “the importing of tribal peoples into the Roman Empire was a permanent imperial policy which expanded in scale over the centuries (Williams, Friell 1994). There were many critics and supporters of this risky policy. The Roman aim was to encourage small, friendly client chieftainships who would both respect the Roman frontiers and protect them against other tribal threats, often in return for Roman help against their tribal enemies (Williams, Friell 1994). The Romans understood that these tribal people were instinctively people of war, and would undoubtedly end up fighting one another. Therefore the Romans decided to let them do so for the benefit of the empire, and began......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5

Essay Question

...Essay Questions  The hierarchy of business decision makers categorizes organizations based on how they use business research to make decisions. List and explain the three levels in the hierarchy.  The three levels in the hierarchy are the base tier, the middle tier, and the top tier. Organizations in the base tier are called intuitive decision makers because they use past experience and intuition to make decisions. The middle tier organizations are called standardized decision makers because they base some decisions on business research and others are past experience. The top tier is called the visionaries because they consider research to be the foundation of any good decision. This group may also develop specific proprietary methods of research.  What is the difference between applied research and basic research? Applied research is research that has a practical problem-solving emphasis and is conducted to reveal answers to specific questions related to action, performance, or policy needs. Basic research is designed to solve problems of a theoretical nature with little direct impact on strategic or tactical decisions. Essay Questions What are the seven basic principles of the U.S. Safe Harbor Agreement? List each principles and explain what it means for companies seeking to adhere to the agreement.  The seven basic principles are 1) notice, 2) choice, 3) access, 4) security, 5) onward transfer, 6) data integrity, and 7) enforcement. Companies must notify consumers......

Words: 2687 - Pages: 11

History Essay

...HISTORY OF TRACK&FIELD The history of track and field event was started way back in 776 BC. The first foot race was held at the first Olympic festival in ancient Greece. The walking, running, and throwing things is a natural process in man from his birth. This process gave birth to track and field events. Many individuals started to compete with each other and the events became more popular as the days progressed. The events began to develop and many new track events were included in the process. Well, let us have a look at the history of track and field event. The ancient track event included the stade race, which is called sprint in modern event. The contestants ran from one end of the track to the other. The distance covered was roughly 200 meters, which later gave birth to 200-meter sprint. The 400-meter sprint was inspired from two stade races and the long distance run was the result of 724 stade races. The ancient field events such as long jump, javelin, short put, etc had a similar look as in modern days. The history of track and field in modern Olympics started in 1896. Now, let us look at the history of track and field event such as jumping and pole vault. The jumping events came from the past and the pole vault was developed in Netherlands where people used poles to jump over natural hurdles such as canals, streams, and marshlands. The jumping events such as long jump, high jump, triple jump, and pole vault were all included in first modern Olympics in......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

History Essay

...Civil War Essay Sofia Gravina Pd. 6 The American civil war had a huge impact on the literature of its time. Because of the preceding literature, it caused people to become unhappy with their surroundings. They wanted to cause a Renaissance-like movement. Many works were written very hostile to convince people of the horrors of the war. Some works also brought out the romance of the war and glorified it. The civil war transformed American literature. Literature works before the war were extremely sterile. Most of the popular works came from foreign countries, like England. There was almost no originality in writing at the time. Every American author wrote like an English author. Because of this, Americans were viewed as inferior. Even Americans themselves felt inferior. They were basically devoid of a literary culture. A feeling of inadequacy caused people to have a need to create something entirely their own. Americans felt like they had a completely different situation which called for a completely different idea of American literature. Iambic pentameter and rhyme schemes in poems were effectively forgotten and intentionally not used. American poets especially wanted to do something different with their writing. They felt very rebellious toward the English way of writing. One theme as American writing became one of a kind was a want for a moral revolution in a reader. The writer wanted the reader to look at something and think about how they could......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

History Essay

...History Assignment Name of Student Institution affiliation HISTORY ASSIGNMENT Immigrant laborers are unskilled and casual workers who move about in a systematic manner from one region to another with the intention of providing their services on a seasonal and temporary basis. Chinese immigrant laborers in Vancouver faced challenges during their immigration to Vancouver. They faced victimization at the hands of vigorous native white communities. However, this has changed with time, and today some governments have apologized for the misdeeds that were racially motivated. Unique Historical Conditions and Experience of Chinese Immigrant Laborers in Vancouver On 12 August 1907, the Asiatic Exclusion League was formed in Vancouver with the aim of protesting against the continued immigration from Japan, China and Korea. The Asiatic Exclusion league was backed by a labor organization named the Knights of labor. The members agreed to the idea of holding a mass meeting to protest the increased immigration, and they had the backing of religious leaders as well as businesses (Barnholden, 2007). According to reports, a young boy hit the window of a store belonging to a Chinese merchant, leading to riots. The Chinese were caught off guard, and they could only set up barricades and lock their doors, as a way of protecting themselves. However, the Japanese were prepared since they had bought weapons after holding a meeting the previous day. The riots lasted......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

History Essay

...Professor Kodi Roberts African American History 09 October 2012 African Americans and the Revolutionary War The American Revolution, also known as the Revolutionary War, was a significant event that changed the whole world. Although the Revolutionary War lasted only for eight years, the American Revolution started developing years before the first shots at the battle of Lexington and Concord were fired. African-Americans joined the Revolutionary War, because the principles underlying the revolution implied the end of slavery and granting of rights for them. American historian Benjamin Quarles, understood the African-American community's need for equality and freedom. Around 5,000 African-Americans served as soldiers in the Continental Army and about 20,000 in the British Army. The Revolutionary War was a blessing in disguise for many African-Americans, as it paved the way to freedom from slavery and helped them to embark on their journey towards equality and civil rights. At the start of the war General George Washington did not want African Americans to fight in the military. In November of 1775 Lord Dunmore, the Governor of Virginia, promised freedom to any slave, owned by a rebelling colonist that fought for the British. This caused many slaves to escape to the side of the British. The Americans still did not let slaves fight with them. As time passed and the Americans lost many soldiers, some of the colonies began to let slaves enlist in1778. Virginia did not let......

Words: 911 - Pages: 4

Essay History

...We need your help documenting history. » Essay From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Essay (disambiguation). [pic] Essays of Michel de Montaigne Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet and ashort story. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism and An Essay on Man). While brevity usually defines an essay, voluminous works like John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Thomas Malthus's An Essay on the Principle of Populationare counterexamples. In some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education. Secondary students are taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills, and admission essays are often used by universities in selecting applicants and, in the humanities and social sciences, as a way of assessing the performance of students during final exams. The concept of an "essay" has been extended to other mediums beyond writing. A film essay is a movie that often incorporates documentary film making styles and which focuses more on the......

Words: 4552 - Pages: 19

History Essay

...Essay 3 In the late 19th century much of the world was captured in an expansionist wave. The focus was mostly on Africa, but was seen also in much of Asia. The French had control over Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, and the British controlled much of Malaysia. Most of the major powers in the world wanted some influence over China and India, which led the British to take over Burma. Britain and Russia fought over territories in Afghanistan and Asia, while the United States expansion was mostly capturing new territories and making them into new states (Tignor, et al, 648). During this time Britain had a lot of control over Indian colonies. Many wanted to follow in Britain’s footsteps and have control in a country, but many also saw the unhappiness brought forth by British rule. After the Indian Rebellion authorities changed and modernized India and all of their public works. The Indians however, did not want to be taken under British rule or into British life, but they had to be governed in some way. After changing the government, the economy needed to be changed for more stability. The British wanted to make India a more stable territory (Tignor, et al, 648-50). The British set forth to modernize India in many ways including the government, transportation and communication. These changes would eventually help to unify India like it hadn’t been before. The modernization began under the rule of Governor-general Lord Dalhousie of the East India Company. He left office in 1856......

Words: 1458 - Pages: 6

History Essay

...Emilee Eason Professor Hollis History 132 March 29 2015 Propaganda during World War I In July 1914, propaganda was used for the first time to build support towards the war. The First World War began suddenly, it was caused by many different conflicts. The origins of conflict include competing imperial ambitions that had led to economic rivalries, the military alliances, and diplomatic maneuvering had divided Europe into two blocs. Although the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife is considered the original factor that led to the Great War. Propaganda In order to promote support for the war, the government used propaganda strategies and enacted legislations to control social attitudes and behavior of the people. The Committee on Public Information, also known as the CPI, was created by President Wilson to manipulate the public’s opinion on national unity, the loathsome character of the enemy and the war a grand crusade for liberty and democracy. To ensure that the people knew only what the government wanted them to know about the war, the CPS used persuasive tactics to change the view towards the war, they achieved this by surrounding them with vulgar, manipulative and damaging media. All media were controlled by the government, newspapers, press releases, advertisements, cartoons, and editorials. They were all designed to help win “the fight for the minds of men” and to change the people’s opinion of the Germans. Propaganda impacted the......

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

History Essay

...CJ Mamalias History – Essay 1 Professor Hopkins February 21, 2015 Olmec and Maya Complex Societies confer to a set of factors that contain an agricultural surplus, urban settlements, specialized labor and trade, government, a stratified society, and sophisticated ritual traditions. Ever since the beginning of time, humans formed through generations and generations of species. It took quite a while for humans to fully develop their brains to start thinking out of the box and creating new ideas for their own. Nevertheless, complex societies arose independently during the centuries 3500 to 500 B.C.E. in several regions of the world. Out of all the other complex societies, the Olmec and Maya societies have some comparisons and differences that meet within the lines of the complex societies set of factors. The Olmec society appeared near the Gulf of Mexico during 1200 to 100 B.C.E., located near the modern Mexican City of Veracruz. When people refer to the first complex society of the Americas, they refer to them as the “Rubber People” because of the rubber trees that flourish in the region they inhabited. Their proper name is still unknown, so people labeled them Olmec, which means rubber people. There were many mysteries concerning the downfall of the Olmec’s around 400 B.C.E. when archaeologists studying the area found statues broken and buried. Although the Olmec’s declined, they influenced many other societies with astronomical observations, which......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

History Essay

...Christina Greene Professor Sample AMH 2020 27 January 2015 Essay 1: Battle of Wounded Knee The Battle of Wounded Knee resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Sioux Native Americans and 25 United States soldiers (Wikipedia 2015). With the possibility of using a Time Machine, the following steps would have prevented this tragedy from happening. Forcing relocation, miscommunication of the Ghost Dance, and the seizure of Sioux weapons all lead to the Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890. Tensions have been rising between the European settlers and Native Americans for hundreds of years before this battle. When the Ghost Dance movement came along, the Indians thought it was a peaceful end to white expansion. A holy man named Wovoka founded the Ghost Dance. “When you get home you must make a dance to continue five days. Dance four successive nights, and the last night keep us the dance until the morning of the fifth day, when all must bathe in the river and then disperse to their homes. You must all do in the same way” (Wovoka 1891). This piece of the message from the messiah shows that the Indians were doing the ghost dance as a way to get their homelands back and in no way had the intent to be violent. The Indians believed that it would free the area of white men so they could return to their original lands and live freely. Wovoka preached nonviolence, however, whites feared that the Ghost Dance would lead to an Indian Rebellion (Education Portal). This excerpt from Harper’s......

Words: 740 - Pages: 3

History Essay

...During the period of 1963 to 1972 there was definitely a growing demand for greater personal freedom amongst a number of different groups of people, all with different aims and motivation. In both source 5 and 6 there is evidence to prove why demand for freedom increased but also with my own research I have found out about a number of events and organizations which show the extent of growing demand. The main reasons for this growing demand would be Kennedys motivation and idealism and also the discrimination and oppression which many groups, minorities in particular faced. The main groups which I am going to explore in this essay are the African-Americans, students, gay people, students, and women, all of which wanted to live their life freely and equal. In both source 5 and 6 there is evidence to prove why demand for freedom increased but also with my own research I have found out about a number of events and organizations which show the extent of growing demand. Kennedy’s motivation and idealism inspired and motivated many young people and groups to adopt this new way of thinking. In source 6 a “fighting spirit” is mentioned and in source 5 we see the “sisters unite in their struggle”. Both of these express a strong feeling and bravery which led to the fight and the growing demand for freedom. Students in particular wanted to change the systems politically and socially as well as wanting to liberate the minorities for example the African-Americans, this idea of idealism...

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

History Essays

...History Essays American Congress The American Congress is one of the three arms of the American Government. The other arms of the Government include the Executive headed by the American President who is elected on a four-year term that is eligible for the re-election. The third arm is the Judiciary that adjudicates the policy process as well as interprets the US Constitution. The US Congress that is the core of the legislative arm of the American Government has a long history tracing back to over 200 years since the establishment of the USA. The revolution of the 1776 gave the American s an opportunity to provide the legal framework that would steer them to their management of their public affairs. It traces to the 13 North American States that were colonies of the British who after intense effort had managed to declare their independence in the famous Declaration of Independence that followed the birth of the USA in 1776. The USA constitution was a document that was written basing on the colonial experience that they had under the British since the discovery of America and the establishment of the plantation agriculture in the 16th century. After frantic efforts, the 13 colonies went ahead to have a unilateral declaration of their independence from Britain. Today, the USA is the model of an ideal democratic outlook of the modern times. The USA Constitution for which legalizes the presence of the Congress has become the model of the modern democracy. It has withstood the......

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

History Essay

...8/17/11 Captains of history or Robber barons? The capitalist who shaped industrial America made the southern industry more developed. Although it shaped society for us today the capitalist went about it the wrong way. Industrialization was often introduced as beneficial to all, profitable even in history. In document I “John D. Rockefeller , testimony to the U.S. Industrial commission, before the house of representatives, 1899.” It says “their chief advantages are:… power to give the public improved products at less prices and still make a profit for stockholders…” this discusses the advantages that the industrial oil company has and how beneficial it was to the public. To add some reality to this there were flaws with industrialization an example is in document H “Clement Studebaker, manufacturer of horse-drawn vehicles, testimony to Chicago Conference on Trusts, 1899” it says “No true monopoly is possible in this country..” The way this quote was perceived was that in this country there was no big money guaranteed. The capitalist were corrupt “Robber Barons”. Industrializing was hard work but not for the capitalists. As in many cases in the south the wealthy had it easy and the poor had it hard and now children were mistreated as well. The wealthy class was considered the superior to the poor. They were the bosses and they benefited a lot from the industrialization of the south. The wealthy had to share their “knowledge” with the poor. Document C......

Words: 501 - Pages: 3