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High Minister of Funk

In: Business and Management

Submitted By DavidKobb
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Data warehousing
History:
"Data Warehouse" (QW) as a term was first coined and used by Bill Inmon in 1990. He asserted that Data warehouse is subject Oriented, Integrated, Time-Variant and nonvolatile collection of facts that can be useful in supporting decision making if studied or critically analysed.
Definition:
A DW is a centralized repository that stores data and information from multiple sources and can be used to transforms this data into a common, multidimensional data model for efficient and effective querying and analysis.

A data warehouse can also be considered to be a repository generally used for research as well as supporting decision making based on transaction operating system On-line Transaction processor (OLTP) or on-line analytical processing (OLAP). A data warehouse is designed for query and analysis rather than for transaction processing, separates analysis workload from transaction workload and enables an organization to consolidate data from several sources.
Additionally important, data warehouse will include a way of extracting, transporting, transformation and techniques of providing solutions. It also provides client analysis tools, anaylysis engines (OLAP), plus a series of other applications that manage the process of capturing data as it occurs.
Facts about a DW * Less frequent updating done * Kept separate from the organization's operational database * Is made up of consolidated historical data which help the organizations’ business analysts to analyze the organizational business * It helps the executives to organize to take strategic decision by understanding and using the available data and integration of diversity of application systems that allow analysis of consolidated historical data.

Designs
DW follows two most popular approaches in designing – the Bottom-Up or a Top-down designs.
In a…...

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