Healthcare as a "Right"

In: Science

Submitted By emma2010
Words 430
Pages 2
Executive summary Ghana also known as the Republic of Ghana is a country located on the west corner coast of African continent with Ivory Coast to the west, Togo to the east, Burkina Faso to the north and Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean to the south. The word Ghana means “warrior king”. Ghana is a sovereign state with about 12 million citizens living in the both the rural and urban cities as well as towns and villages. The country receives an average of 258mm of rain annually and most of the region have the capability to handle the rainfall amount but the major cities such as Accra and Kumasi have seen a large immigration volume hence overload for the drainage system. Accra which is the capital of Ghana as well as other cities has become a perennial phenomenon. Urbanization, climate and reduced capacity of drainage channels, maintenance of garbage disposals, public attitude, erosion and sediment delivery, obstructions and damming of water bodies have contributed to annual flooding in the region. This annual flooding has created an appropriate environment for mosquito colonies which have become a major problem for the Ghanaian government. Mosquitoes carry the virus for malaria and when it rains, they are able to breed in these ponds, stagnant waters bodies that are created from the rain. The mosquitoes feed on warm bodies that is mostly animals and humans. When the mosquito bites a human, it transmits the virus into the person’s blood stream. Although not all mosquitoes are carriers of the virus, majority of the ones found on the continent of Africa in this case Ghana transmits the virus. The virus is then in turn creates malaria in the host. Every year, about 2 million people are infected and mostly children and pregnant women are the most vulnerable. The World Health Organization (WHO) has an aggressive campaign to combat the spread of malaria and…...

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