Haiti

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Haiti
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Republic of Haiti
République d'Haïti
Repiblik Ayiti Flag Coat of arms Motto: "L'Union Fait La Force" (French)
"Linyon Fe Lafòs" (Haitian Creole)
"Strength through Unity"
Anthem: La Dessalinienne

Capital
(and largest city) Port-au-Prince
18°32′N 72°20′W / 18.533°N 72.333°W / 18.533; -72.333
Official languages French, Haitian Creole
Ethnic groups Black 95%; Mulatto and White 5%[1]
Demonym Haitian
Government Presidential republic - President René Préval - Prime Minister Michèle Pierre-Louis
Formation
- as Saint-Domingue 1697 - Independence from France
1 January 1804
Area
- Total 27,751 km2 (147th)
10,714 sq mi - Water (%) 0.7
Population
- 2007 estimate 8,706,497[2] (85th) - 2003 census 8,527,817 - Density 335/km2 (38th)
758.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate - Total $11.150 billion[3] (133th) - Per capita $1,291[3] (154th)
GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate - Total $6.031 billion[3] - Per capita $698[3]
Gini (2001) 59.2 (high)
HDI (2007) ▲ 0.529 (medium) (146th)
Currency Gourde (HTG)
Time zone (UTC-5)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .ht
Calling code 509
Haiti (pronounced /ˈheɪtiː/; French Haïti pronounced [aiti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti ; Repiblik Ayiti), is a Creole- and French-speaking Caribbean country. Along with the Dominican Republic, it occupies the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago. Ayiti (Land on high) was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island. The country's highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft). The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi) and its capital is Port-au-Prince.

Haiti's regional, historical, and ethnolinguistic…...

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