Free Essay

Geopolitics of the Crimean War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By apazders
Words 2247
Pages 9
The Crimean war is one of the most memorable and significant wars fought in 19th century Europe. It was a conflict that affected all of Europe from a geographical standpoint since Russia came to war with Britain, France, and Turkey after the decay of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire called upon the aid of the British and French to help them in repelling the Russians, who wanted to expand their geopolitical interests as well as financial dependence. The result of every war has its winners and casualties, who suffer the consequences of the aftermath. Russia strived to gain territory in its attempt for even greater European conquest, but failed and lost its dominating title and leading position in Europe as well as Asia. The Crimean War is a pertinent historical event that marked Russian attempt to conquer in order to become a dominant hegemony in Europe and where the outcomes of the war geographically changed Europe as well as affected people’s nationalistic/identity beliefs.
Often times named one of the bloodiest battles, yet technologically advanced wars of the nineteenth century; the Crimean war was a vital event in European history. It was a conflict where Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, after Russia’s attempt to expand commercial and strategic designs as the Ottoman Empire was slowly deteriorating . The fall of the Empire would allow Russia to gain control and obtain the Dardanelles, as well as naval access to the Mediterranean, which was already a pertinent geographic body of water that also had the geostrategic and political interests of the allied countries: France and Britain. Anglo- British along with the French had vast sea power, and wanted to prevent Russia from being a threat, and taking what they believed was their power over trade and naval power in the Mediterranean Sea. The Middle East did not want anything to do with Russia either, and did not want to have the Slavic nation interfering with the Ottoman Empire, which at the time was too weak, and could not and did not want to challenge the allied countries of France and Britain in the Mediterranean.
Russia has always been an imperial country, and has strived to maintain the homogenous title over the centuries. Since the “transformation of the tiny principality of Moscow into a Eurasian empire took place over several centuries, by the end of the seventeenth century Russia had become the largest country in the world” ( Boeck 2004, 1). From the time of Peter I (the Great) Russian geopolitics were clearly defined and Russia intended on modernizing, westernizing, and expanding its territories. Peter the Great, was a true monarch, who not only transformed his government but society as well, by demanding that Russian aristocratic elites adopt everything from the Western culture.
With establishing St. Petersburg in the center, it was meant to serve political and economic ends. Throughout the 18th century, another powerful ruler, Catherine the Great, who declared herself empress of Russia, extended the nation’s borders, acquiring lands from nearby Southern Ukraine as well as Crimea. Under her reign, many wars were won, of those which many included with the Ottoman Empire. The great hegemony was successful in all areas of land, military, as well as economic power, and saw the opportunity to achieve full spectrum dominance. With viewing colonization, it has a distinct geography, which targeted critical locations that would benefit the conquering country. One of these locations was Constantinople; a historic and powerful city that would be advantageous for Russia to conquer. Also, a key economic region was desired, and or fortified places, along with frontier regions that would be vulnerable to anti-Ottoman offensives. Russia longed for greater naval power, which would allow them to have an even greater worldwide impact and political position.
One of the main causes of the emergence of the war was over the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which were greatly controlled by the Ottoman Empire. The Balkan territory was under Ottoman control, where people were being treated poorly; with one of the extreme outcomes of mistreatment was death. As a predominant Christian nation, the French were in favor of promoting Christian rights and beliefs, whereas the Russians favored Eastern Orthodox values and rights. Another cause included the unwillingness of the United Kingdom in permitting Russia in gaining power, as well as Ottoman territory after the decline of the empire. The religious aspect of the conflict resolved itself; however, Napoleon III and Nicholas I of Russia continued to battle and remained on bad terms until a victory was eventually declared from either side.
In terms of geographical location; the war had many battles over the course of the three years around Europe. Fronts were fought in Moldavia, Macedonia, the Caucasus regions, but also “fronts in the Danubian Principalities, the Black Sea, Baltic Sea, The White sea, and the Pacific, and ultimately ended with Ottoman defeat in Karsin in November 1856” ( Kozelsky 2012, 1). The battles were carried out over the three years in different areas (pictured below) that affected the majority of the Balkans region as well as the Caucasus territory over on the Ottoman side. Consequently, Russia lost territory in Moldavia, Wallachia, but eventually acquired a small portion of the Caucasus region.

An important and turning battle of the war was after the allies attacked Russia’s strongest zone in September 1854, located in the Black Sea, Sevastopol, specifically on the Crimean peninsula. The map above shows the path that was taken in order to finally reach Sevastopol. The march took roughly three days, but Britain, France, and Turkey came prepared, and fought a successful battle, followed by smaller ones carried out on the fronts in the Baltic, Caucasus, White Sea, and finally the North Pacific. In response, the Russians attacked a month later as well, which became known as the Battle of Balaclava. They fired another attack, one that was specifically ordered by the Russian czar, but was defeated by the war’s Ottoman governor and general, Omar Pasha.
The battle at Sevastopol came to an end after eleven long months of continuous fighting, and the official end of the war followed with the Treaty of Paris, which was signed on March 30, 1856. The allied powers defeated Russia, who was no longer the dominating country in Europe, and had to abide by newly imposed strict laws/rules that restricted Russia from holding their warships in the Black Sea. Post war, the Balkan region was divided into kingdoms separated from Russia. Some of the territory was given back to Ottomans, and organized so Balkans would have their own kingdoms, and still remain partly under the Russian influence. Meanwhile, the Mediterranean was off limits, and untouchable by Russia. As for the religious solution, the Christian groups were officially granted their rightful right to equality, while the Orthodox Church on the other hand regained control of the Christian churches.
The Crimean War drew importance to the Crimean region, as well as the outcomes of war. Since the 18th century, Sevastopol has been the main place where Russia has had its Black Sea naval base and Crimea (in general) has had great significance. “The most important reason for why Russia had its eye on Crimea for so long is due to the fact that control of Crimea gives Moscow continuing access to the naval base at Sevastopol. It’s natural environment; warm water, extensive infrastructure have given it the title of one of the best existing naval bases on the Black Sea” (Osborn 2014).
Located on the southwestern tip of Crimea, Sevastopol’s geographic location allows for Russia to be present and maintain its power in the area of the Black sea. It also allows for Russia to be present back home and symbolize (stand for) Russian hegemony.It has been noted that half of Crimea’s population consists of Russian-speakers, while the rest of the citizens remain of Ukrainian speakers and people of Tartar decent.

The Crimean war greatly impacted the Russian hegemony and its now present day states that have emerged after the war. Whether due to “ battles, population exchanges, or nationalist movements caused by the war, the present day states of Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, regions such as Crimea and the Caucasus all changed in small or large ways due to this conflict” ( Kozelsky 2012, 1).

Post the Crimean War, nations’ borders were changed and created, which resulted in the emergence of new nationalist values and identity. The map above shows a rather recent statistic taken from the census depicting the number of Russian speakers in present day Ukraine. The greatest amount of Russian native speakers, (which surpassed 60%), is found in the Crimean Autonomous republic as well as Donetsk; the farthest east state in the country. These regions are the most affected due to their geographic placement. The second most populated Russian speaking states, which consist of 30-60% native speakers, follow on the eastern side of the country, which shows the heavy geographic location’s impact. The closer to the east side that these states are, the greater the Russian influence they had, which has been roughly the same for a few hundred years.
Benedict Anderson in his famous piece Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, writes about a new sense of nationalism that emerges as groups of people may reside in the same “community”, but not knows each other directly. The author argues that what brings them together is the unity and identity of the same nation and specifically language. Society can live in “communion”, and even within a small nation, small region, not everyone is going to know each other directly. The community is considered this way since it "is imagined because the members of even the smallest nation will never know most of their fellow-members, meet them, or even hear of them, yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion” (Anderson 1991, 6).What does unite the people is a common vernacular; spoken and written that eases them in their everyday lives and makes communication an advantage for all. The Crimean war created new borders and ended up with still heavily Russian influenced regions that still remained Russian-speaking. The local dialects in close proximity to each other and Russia are able to communicate and understand each other, and ultimately form a common discourse, which is beneficial and serves the people well.
The war resulted in displaced populations that turned into refugees, who struggled to find their place after the war. An important group that was directly affected and shortly displaced after the war, were the Tartars; a Turkic ethnic group of Asian, Mongol decent. The Russian “government charged the Crimean Tatars with the espionage provocation, betrayed and collaborating with the enemy…following the war, Tatars left in mass emigration of up to 200,000” ( Kozelsky 2008 , 866). These vast groups ultimately relocated to the Ottoman Empire and remained there, where they were protected by the empire.
The war also ended up creating a new sense of religious nationalism, and Orthodoxy was adopted as well as implemented, a new way of religion for the people and culture(s) that would change the region. With the occurring changes, many of the minority groups were caught up in self determination. They were transitioning from Ottoman to Russian culture, and experiencing nationalistic changes; however, the events that were happening in terms of religious transition and conflict with the Christian and Jews was resolved under the Millet System. The Ottoman Millett system favored minority aspirations. The millet system was an effective system in the Ottoman Empire that allowed religious minorities, specifically Christians and Jews to freely practice their own religions. They would still be respectively under their own Christian and Jewish laws, instead of those of the Ottoman Empire. This system worked as an exchange; the Christian and Jews got what they wanted, while the Ottomans in return would receive the minorities’ support, and help if an attack were ever to happen.
The system was successful and fair as it allowed Jews; who have been persecuted and denied their rights in majority of Europe and the Middle East, a place to freely practice and most importantly live their life in the Ottoman land. Christians as well had had the same rights as the Jews in the Ottoman Empire. The Sultan’s ability to negotiate with the leader of the Eastern Orthodox people, served him a great advantage since he got the support during war that he desired, while the people obtained their religious freedom.
Ultimately, the Crimean War was a pertinent historical war that has made its mark in European history. It is considered one of the first modern wars of its time since it was the very first war to be technologically advanced’ as it was photographed and captured on a media device. Russia’s imperial plans as well as naval base in Crimea, made it a desirable conquest for personal benefits, yet was an unfavorable idea for the rest of Europe. The war resulted in the creation of new borders of Eastern, Soviet nations, which also created and implemented a new sense of nationalism to the (new) countries. On the other hand, certain groups were displaced and had to find a new place for settlement. The Crimean war has shaped history for what it is today and has left lasting effects that persist in contemporary European geopolitics.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...CRITICAL ASSIGNMENT There are several theoretical approaches to consider when discussing geopolitics. Three of these approaches are the Realist approach seen by Michael Klare; the Balance of Power theory outlined by Robert Skidelsky; and Social Constructivism theory used by Gearoid Ó Tuathail. After analysis of these three geopolitical theories, it becomes clear that the Realist approach and incorporated application of Halford Mackinder’s Heartland Thesis, demonstrated by Michael Klare, is the most persuasive and applicable in a contemporary setting. Klare’s Realist Theory Michael Klare applies realist theory to explain contemporary American international relations. In this explanation, Klare draws on the geopolitical thesis of Halford Mackinder. Mackinder’s theory explains that the state that controls the Heartland, which is land seen to be of geopolitical importance, will inevitably become a global superpower as they amass economic and political strength from that territory. Mackinder states “Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; Who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island; Who rules the World-Island commands the World.” (Mackinder 1919: 150) Klare’s incorporation of a realist approach lies in the way he explains America adherence to the Heartland thesis. Klare demonstrates America’s desire to control the Heartland by overtly militaristic foreign policies in areas of great geopolitical competition. America had been involved in conflict in the resource rich...

Words: 1124 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Geopolitics of China

...The Geopolitics of China China is a land shaped by its history; a country that has suffered great calamities and more than anything else, has grown. China “boasts a civilization at least three thousand years old” (Hutton, 2007) and is a home for more than 1.3billion people. It covers over 5,000 kilometres of land in East Asia, and is surrounded by powerful neighbours – Vietnam, India, North Korea, Russia and more. While Northern China is subarctic, South China experiences sub-tropical climates. The Eastern side of the country, following the East China Sea, as well as the Yellow Sea, is comprised of mainly low lands; China is much more heavily industrialised towards the north-east (Hutton, 2007), whereas, the West hosts more mountains. Most countries are historically known for using their boarders and coast lines as defensive mechanisms, conversely though, China is known for tactfully moving in-land and using its terrain for defence; which form up to two thirds of China’s land (Gaddis, 2005). Will Hutton argues that China has “burst back on to the world scene in a manner parcelled in scale and speed in world history only by the rise of the United States.” It first endured a “century of humiliation” (Lecture). Opium Wars dominated China in the 1840s until 1860, after which the Taiping Rebellion – a civil war, revolting against the Quing Dynasty took place, closely followed by the Boxer Uprising – a rebellion provoked by imperialist expansion (Gaddis, 2005). Looking at......

Words: 2520 - Pages: 11

Free Essay


...Indicators off soft power. * Indicators of willingness to act. * Yalta February 1945. * Post-war geopolitical representations. * Kennan on containment. * Truman doctrine. * Soviet geopolitical representations > American imperialism. * Confining national discourses. Session 3 * Confining national discourses. * Domino theory. * US interventionism. * US cold war interventionism. * Soviet interventionism. * Proxy wars. * Cold war= bloody war. * Political realism and institutions. * Security Dilemma. * National security states. * Détente. * US military/conservative backlash. * The Reagan Era. * Non-aligned movement. (END). * New generation in USSR: Gorbachev. * Glasnost * Perestroika * The Sinatra doctrine. * Loss of international status. * Derzhavnost. * The “Near abroad”. * Balance of power. Session 6 * Post-Cold War geopolitician. * Francis Fukuyama: The end on the history is the end of ideological struggle. * Samuel Huntington: Clash of civilizations. * Edward Luttwak: geo-economics (commerce replace the military). * Rogue state doctrine. * Middle East. * Colonialism. * Arabism. * Secular nationalism. * Pan-Arabism. * Western intervention: * Israel. * Iran * Saudi Arabia * Iraq, Resources war? * China’s energy security interests. * Resource wealth: Curse or blessing? * Islamism....

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Crimean War

...Throughout her time helping soldiers in the Crimean War, May Seacole was admired for her skills as a nurse. On her return to England, her reputation was forgotten whilst Florence Nightingale was exalted. Source M implies that the differing treatment of these two women was as a result of racial prejudice: Mary Seacole was forgotten because of the colour of her skin. Source L attributes Mary’s different treatment to her behaviour and abilities as a nurse rather than the colour of her skin. Therefore, whilst the issue of race can not be ignored, I believe that Mary Seacole was simply seen as a less able nurse and thus was treated differently to Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale (Source L) outlines a number of reasons why she would not provide Mary Seacole with a reference or employment during the Crimean War. She quotes ‘drunkenness’ and the rumour that Seacole ran a ‘bad house’ (i.e. brothel). Nightingale also implies that Seacole duped the Officers of the Army into believing that she cared for the soldiers and that Nightingale herself knew the truth. This is not explicitly about the colour of Mary’s skin. There seem to be questions over Seacole’s ability as a nurse. In a time when nursing was becoming increasingly professional, concerns might well have been raised over the less formal training Seacole received in Jamaica as a child and could result in the belief of Nightingale that Seacole would demonstrate ‘improper conduct’. These attitudes may have been......

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Crimean War

...The Crimean War, unnecessary as it was, was chiefly remarkable for the general mismanagement of the campaign and for the complete breakdown of the supply of necessaries such as food, shelter and clothing.  At Balaclava the aim of the Russian forces was to cut the British lines of communications from the port of Balaclava.  The 93rd Foot withstood the Russian attack: the Heavy Brigade of cavalry also beat off a Russian attack, but the Light Brigade, through mistaken orders carried out a disastrous charge immortalised in Tennyson’s poem.  All regiments that had landed in the Crimea before 8th September were awarded the battle honour Sevastopol. In May1855 the KDG was warned for service in the Crimea, and in July embarked at Liverpool on the transports Arabia, Himalaya, and Resolute, arriving at Balaclava in August with strength of two field officers, four captains, 8 subalterns, 6 staff officers, thirty-five NCOs, and 318 rank and files, with 268 troop horses.  The Himalaya was one of the first screw-propelled steamships, and when launched was the largest in the world. The KDG were encamped on arrival in the Crimea at Kadikoi, but within ten days were moved further inland due to an outbreak of cholera. The KDG together with the Carabiniers reinforced the original regiments of the Heavy Brigade (the 4th and 5th Dragoon Guards, the Royals, Greys and Iniskillings).  The Cavalry Division, which included the Light Brigade (4th and 13th Light Dragoons, 8th and 11th Hussars, 17th......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Thailand Geopolitics

...Geopolitics of Thailand TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 2 Geographic location in Asia 2 Economy of Thailand 2 Demographic 2 Culture 3 China and Thailand 3 What China would want from Thailand 3 What are the Chinese needs ? 3 What can Thailand provides to China in this optic ? 4 China and Thailand relationships 5 Thailand and its neighbours 7 ASEAN7 Myanmar8 Laos 8 Cambodia 8 Vietnam 9 Thailand and USA9 Relations threw the history9 Economic relations10 Current bilateral issues 11 Strategies11 Geopolitical imperatives11 Strategies with historical evolution 12 Conclusion 15 Bibliography 15 I. Introduction 1.1 Geographic location in Asia Totaling 513,120 km² Thailand is the world's 51st-largest country by total area. 1.2 Economy of Thailand Thailand is an emerging economy and considered as a newly industrialized country.It exports an increasing value of over $105 billion worth of goods and services annually.> Thai rice, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rubber, jewellery, cars, computers and electrical appliances. Its Substantial industries are : electric appliances, tourism (6%), sex tourism and prostitution…It also has a GDP worth US$602 billion. This classifies Thailand as the 2nd largest economy in Southeast Asia, after Indonesia.It is the 4th richest nation according to GDP per capita, after Singapore, Brunei and Malaysia. Finally the IMF has predicted that the Thai economy......

Words: 4301 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Geopolitics and International Affairs

...Geopolitics and International Affairs “What are the key factors in contemporary redistributions of Geopolitical Power?” The Encyclopaedia Britannica describes Geopolitics as “analysis of the geographic influences on power relationships in international relations” (2010); therefore Geopolitical Power is the power certain nations have over other nations, based upon Geographic influences and advantages. Across the world the geographies of power shift from nation to nation over time (such as the shift in power from Britain to the USA after WWII) and the hegemonic structure has a huge effect on world dynamics such economy, politics, society and culture. The nation with the most power tends to have the greatest influence over these and other factors. Currently, and in recent years there has been a notable rise in power from nations in the geographic east (most notably China) simultaneous to the apparent decline in power by the worlds current top geopolitical power (the USA). This is raising serious questions as to the future of the current hegemonic structure. There are a number of key factors which are driving this shift in power and here I aim to address and analyse these so that I may answer the question “What are the key factors in contemporary redistributions of Geopolitical Power?” The USA is currently the world's dominant geopolitical power and has been since World War II. According to Fareed Zakaria (2008) “...the United States' [unrivalled economic status] has lasted......

Words: 1474 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

2014 Crimean Crisis

...The Crimean crisis is an ongoing international crisis involving Russia and Ukraine. Most developments apply to the Crimean peninsula, formerly a multiethnic region of the Ukraine comprised of the (now defunct) Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the administratively separate municipality of Sevastopol; both are populated by an ethnic Russian majority and a minority of both ethnic Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars. The demographics of Crimea have undergone dramatic changes in the past centuries.[a][b][c][41] The crisis unfolded in late February 2014 in the aftermath of the Ukrainian revolution, when—after months of protests by Euromaidan and days of violent clashes between protesters and police in the Ukrainian capital of Kiev—the Ukrainian parliament held a vote to impeach the President of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych.[42][43] However the vote failed to reach the three-fourths majority required to impeach a President according to the Constitution of Ukraine.[44][45] Russian President Vladimir Putin said President Yanukovych was illegally impeached and that he regards him as Ukraine’s legitimate president.[46][d] This was followed by the interim appointment of the Yatsenyuk Government as well as the appointment of a new Acting President of Ukraine, Oleksandr Turchynov—seen by Russia as "self-proclaimed"—in a "coup d'etat".[46][e][f][g] Beginning on 26 February, pro-Russian forces gradually took control of the Crimean peninsula. Russia claimed that the uniformed men were local......

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Geopolitics and Polsci

... Political Science is a vast study. It can correlate to other blanches of learning just like History, Economic, Geography, Sociology and Anthropology, Psychology, Philosophy, Statistics and Logic, and Jurisprudence. But, what i would like to reflect is the study of Geography. It is very important for me to be able to understand the interrelationship of political science and geography, since I am currently taking up a major subject which is geopolitics. As i have undergone the learning process of my degree program, International Studies and this subject, Political Science 2, I have realized that it is necessary for a concerned citizen, an IS student, a diplomat, and most especially a political scientist to know how geography affects the arising of global issues and international politics. It is the simplest way, the actions of individuals and societies are influenced by the physical environments, particularly climate, food, soil, etc. The geographical and physical factors greatly affect or influence the character, the national life of the people, and their political institutions. Without geography, I think the political concept can't go this far. This branch of learning is just so important to explain why such phenomena happened in the past and are happening today. Say for example those nations that are rich in natural resources may become more powerful in world politics. Another concrete example in the issue in recent months with regards to the tension......

Words: 411 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Crimean War Critical Essay

...The Crimean War as a Turning Point in the Development of Modern Russia The Crimean war was a conflict that occurred between the Russian Empire, and an alliance made up of the French Empire, the British Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The war, which took place in 1854, is seen as a trigger point of the changes that began to take place in Russia after 1854. The Crimean war led to Russia encountering a loss of almost 500,000 men, all due to the country wanting to gain influence in the Balkans and the Turkish regions. In addition, the Crimean War is considered one of the first 'modern' wars. The defeat in the Crimean war caused Russia to bring about social change and political change to keep up with modernizing Europe, including the abolition of serfdom, the introduction of the Zemstvos, and changes within the Russian Army. The members, who were a part of the Russian army, were none other than Serfs themselves. The allies' had won victory in the Crimean war by having professional soldiers who were highly skilled, whereas the Serfs who severed as part of the Russian army had no skill at all and were frail, and had been forced into serving for the Russian Army, which led to the Russian defeat. The conflict made it evident that Russia's known bureaucracy was instead filled with corruption and was poorly organized. Thus in 1861 the Emancipation of the Serfs took place, which was the most significant and most important of the liberal reforms which were......

Words: 1047 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Crimean War Leading to the Introduction of the Zemstva

...To what extent was the Crimean War the most significant factor leading to the introduction of the zemstva in 1864 The zemstva were a form of local government that was instituted during the great liberal reforms performed in Tsarist Russia by Alexander II. This new system was endorsed by liberal reformer N.A Milyutin and the first zemstva laws were put into effect in 1864. The introduction of the zemstva was significant because of the fact that it enabled Russia to solve the problems that it endured everyday in terms of general education, public health and industrial construction. The extent to which the Crimean War was the most significant factor leading to the introduction of the Zemstva in 1864 could be seen to be of a significant extent. This is due to the fact that the Crimean War (1853-56) in which Russia had lost had had a major impact as it meant that Russia had now lost its international prestige, it showed the Russians some of the weaknesses of their political and economic organisation and were now made aware of the gulf between itself and the rest of Europe as it saw the contrast between its own life and of the Russian people. This is shown by the serfs in who fought badly in the war due to not being trained properly so as a result of this the Russian Army had no efficiency hence losing their superiority over the French and English Armies. Military advisers warned Alexander that reform of the army was impossible whilst serfdom survived. The Russians were also......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

War Is Dishonerable

...War is dishonourable Good afternoon fellow philosophers! Let me tell you about an unpleasant truth often overlooked… There are many evils in this world, but only one of them can be necessary in extreme cases. EVERYONE knows that this necessary evil is WAR. WAR is a part of human nature where people are born with an instinct to disagree, whatever the consequences maybe. War is harsh War is cruel, but if we didn’t have courageous soldiers to fight for our country’s rights the world wouldn’t be the world that we know it to be today. HOWEVER I completely DISAGREE…. If war wasn't in the world to begin with, we as a human race would be a lot better off!!! The world has already faced three World Wars and now facing the added dimension of terrorism and suicide bombers that have taken countless numbers of innocent lives. Yes, the world has seen a lot of war. But has it solved any problems? I firmly speak for the proposition 'War is dishonourable’ It creates more problems than it solves'. Wars have left in their wake only death and destruction. The feelings of hatred, jealousy and greed that cause war still remain. Children have become orphans, entire cities have been destroyed, many have become refugees and large numbers have lost their livelihood and sunk into poverty. These are the legacies of war. Wouldn't people agree with me that war has certainly created more problems than it has solved, you only have to watch the news each night to be reminded of the atrocities that......

Words: 714 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...rates, inspired the corporate elite to revive economic liberalism. That's what makes it "neo" or new. Now, with the rapid globalization of the capitalist economy, we are seeing neo-liberalism on a global scale.  The main points of neo-liberalism include:  1. THE RULE OF THE MARKET.   2. CUTTING PUBLIC EXPENDITURE FOR SOCIAL SERVICES  3. DEREGULATION.   4. PRIVATIZATION.   5. ELIMINATING THE CONCEPT OF "THE PUBLIC GOOD" or "COMMUNITY  Modernity  Generally, the meaning of modernity is associated with the sweeping changes that took place in the society and particularly in the fields of art and literature, between the late 1950s and the beginning of Second World War. There is, however, no clear demarcation by date, and although the term ‘postmodern’ is increasingly used to describe changes since the Second World War, there are some who argue that modernity persists, and others who see its demise as having occurred much earlier.  When modernity is explained in terms of history, it is said that the world first experienced renaissance, and then, enlightenment and thereafter modernity and postmodernity. As a matter of fact, there is much disagreement on the precise dates of the beginning and end of modernity. There appears to be general consensus on its meaning and social formations.  In a broader way, modernity is associated with the following:  1. Industrialization and urbanization.  2. Development.  3. Democracy.  4. Capitalism.  5. Superiority of power.  6. Free......

Words: 2545 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Geopolitics South and Central Asia

...May 12th, 2013 GEOPOLITICS OF SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA Borders in South and Central Asia INTRODUCTION While some seem to care above all about the economic growth of several booming economies (or as they are often called “emerging markets”, such as China, Russia or India), it is legitimate for others to worry more about the borders of some states in the very same region. A border is the very line separating two political or geographical areas, more commonly called countries. Whereas in some parts of the world, the borders between two countries are not even a marked and are seen as simple trade corridors, the issue is raised in a totally different way when it comes to both South and Central Asia. The question of borders presents a major problem for several countries, especially given all it symbolizes: the stability of a state and its legal territory, a politically controlled and delimited zone and a corridor between two nations. Were it after the end of the British Empire or that of the Soviet era, the borders keep being a matter of dispute and the cause of severe contentiousness in South and Central Asia nowadays. Drug trafficking and the circulation of energy are not the only problems. The border disputes mostly jeopardize the transnational security and the ethnical conflicts at stake. A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession or control of land between two or more states, or over the possession and control of land by a new state that is...

Words: 3412 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Geopolitics in Euro-Mediterranean Area

...GEOPOLITICS IN EURO-MEDITERRANEAN AREA Introduction Since several centuries, The Euro-Mediterranean Area has always been the center of the world, geopolitically speaking, representing a major hub when it comes to political interactions, commercial alliances, diplomatic communication and socio-cultural connections. The appellation of United States of Europe can highlight the crucial importance of these nations and the impact of its cooperation and interactions at the international level. In July 13th 2008, Nicolas Sarkozy had triggered a process that led to the Union for the Mediterranean that became today a huge union between countries all around the world, over and above the Mediterranean Sea, attesting of the tremendous magnitude of its geopolitical power. To me, the major objective of this Union should be conducted by a real long-term geopolitical, economic and socio-cultural strategy aiming the promotion of the economical integration and democratic reforms among and between Euro-Mediterranean nations. Since this geopolitical area is highly characterized by an ambient heterogeneity, between North Nations and South Nations in one hand, between wealthy powers, and more underprivileged countries on the other hand, economical and socio-cultural disparities between different geopolitical regions seems to me that they represent the 1st major problem and geopolitical challenge. Indeed, this inevitable battle for a homogeneous united geopolitical area can be a capital......

Words: 600 - Pages: 3