Freud: Psychoanalysis

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Chapter: 2
Freud: Psychoanalysis
Overview of Psychoanalytic Theory Freud’s understanding of human personality was based on his experiences with patients his analysis of his own dreams, and his readings in the various sciences and humanities.
Biography of Sigmund Freud * Sigismund (Sigmund) Schlomo Freud * March 6 or May 6,1856 * Freiberg, Moravia * September 23,1939 (aged 83) * He was the firstborn Child. Jacob Freud (1875-1896) * Amile Nathansohn Freud (1835-1930) * (Julius, Anna, Rosa, Marie, Adolfine, Paula and Alexander) * In 1885 he received a traveling great from the UV an decided to study in Paris. * Hysteria * Catharsis * During the late 1890’s, Freud suffered both professional isolation and personal crises. * In 1902, Freud invited a small group of somewhat younger Viennese physicians. * In 1908, this organization adopted a more formal name. * In 1910, Freud and his followers founded the International Psychoanalytic Association.
Levels of Mental Life Freud’s greatest contribution to personality theory is his exploration of the unconscious and his insistence that people are motivated primarily by drives of which they have or no awareness.
* The unconscious contain all those drives, urges, or instincts that are beyond our awareness but that nevertheless motivate most of our words, feelings and actions. Although we may be conscious of our overt behaviors we often are not aware of the mental processes that lie behind them.
* The preconscious level of the mind contains all those elements that are not conscious but can become conscious either quite readily or with some difficulty.
* Consciousness, which plays relatively minor role in psychoanalytic theory, can be defined as those mental elements in awareness at any given point in time.…...

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