French Colonial Expansion

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Avella
Words 321
Pages 2
Jules Ferry was Prime Minister of France as that nation launched its imperial expansion. In a debate with member of the French Parliament, Ferry defends the decision to expand.

According to Ferry, what recent developments in world trade have made it urgent for France to have colonies?
Ferry observed other countries prior to making his decisions. It seemed that other countries began to export more goods than France. Germany was setting up trade barriers; because across the ocean the United States of America have become extreme protectionists. Therefore if they had more colonies they set up more so that they could send more of their goods out of the country. “Europe and particularly those of our own rich and hardworking Country: the need for export markets.” Other countries also lack their export markets. “Yes, what is lacking for our great industry, drawn irrevocably on to the path of exportation by the (free trade) treaties of 1860 [The reference is to a trade treaty between Great Britain and France that lowered tariffs between the two nations], what it lacks more and more is export markets.”

What arguments against imperialism have been raised by Ferry's critics? How does he counter them?
To which the critics say: “Oh! You dare to say this in the country which has proclaimed the rights of man!” They also say that he is justifying the slavery. He responds and says that he is allowed to impose regular commerce upon them, and “that superior races have a right, because they have a duty to civilize the inferior races.

What economic arguments does Ferry offer in favor of imperialism?
They are also needed for “pit stops.” Boats could only carry about 14 days of coal, and after that they were dead in the water. However, if the French had these pit stops, then they could stock up on more coal and proceed to their destination. Also, these positions…...

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