Five Psychologists

In: Business and Management

Submitted By trishal
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Best known for his “Theory of Multiple Intelligence”, Howard Gardner believes that each individual has his/her own way learning and processing information, relatively independent of one another. This leads us to the fact that each of us have our own unique intelligence quite contrary to the general intelligence factor among correlated abilities. These relatively independent information processing capacities is what we call the “multiple intelligences.” He has already identified eight intelligences: linguistic, logic-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily/kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. To add to this he is still considering a ninth: existential intelligence- the posing and pondering of the so-called “big questions” in life, but has not added it yet.
A German-born Jewish Psychiatrist and Psychotherapist, Fritz Perls was the proponent of the “Gestalt Therapy”- a form of psychotherapy he developed with his wife. Though related but not identical to the Gestalt psychology, the essence of Gestalt Therapy lies in enhanced awareness of sensation, perceptions, bodily feelings, emotion and behaviour in the present moment. It seems like an electric shock making you more aware and alert. Emphasis has also been laid on relationships coupled with the contact between the self, its environment, and the other.
Also known as the Father of Positive Psychology, Martin Seligman worked to create a ‘positive’ theory which focussed on “What can go right?” Looking across cultures and millennia, he managed to chalk out a list that has been highly valued from ancient China and India, through Greece and Rome to contemporary western cultures. The list includes six character strengths: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance and transcendence. A key point to note here is that he does not believe in a hierarchy for these six virtues: no one is more…...

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