Evolution Study Guide

In: Science

Submitted By milli
Words 1046
Pages 5
Science Study Guide

Evolution-

Adaptions: * Organisms are able to survive and breed in their environments because they are suited to them. * Characteristics such as structures functions and behaviours allow them to survive. * These characteristics are called adaptions because they are inherited. Adaptions are classified as: Structural- adaption is physical Functional- adaption involves the internal function of an organism Behavioural- adaption involves the way an organism acts. Evolution: * The gradual development over a period of time as in species developing from a common ancestor. Lamarck: * First scientist to talk about evolution * Believed that organisms adapted through their struggle of survival * Acquired characteristics are those are attained through a non-inheritable change. * Suggested that long necks on giraffes where obtained by constant use of stretching their organs to reach for food high up in the trees. * Believed that acquired characteristics would be passed on to the offspring of an animal. * Studies show that theory is wrong because acquired characteristics cannot be inherited. * Acquired characteristics come from the chromosomes of the parents. * Chromosomes are not altered by changes that occur in the life of an organism. Darwin: * Believed that different species of the same animal developed a common ancestral type. * One experiment he conducted was on the Galapagos Islands. * These islands were effectively isolated from one another. * Found 14 species of finches all with similar calls colourings etc…but differed in habitat and physical characteristics such as body size and beak shape. * Believed they came from a common ancestor and proposed the process of natural selection to explain it. * Finches had natural variation in their beak…...

Similar Documents

Study Guide

...MGMT591 Final Exam Study Guide YOU MAY WANT TO PRINT THIS GUIDE. 1. The Final Exam is "open book, open notes." The maximum time you can spend in the exam is three hours, 30 minutes. If you have not clicked the Submit for Grade button by then, you will be automatically exited from the exam. In the Final Exam environment, the Windows clipboard is disabled, so you will not be able to copy exam questions or answers to or from other applications. 2. You should click the Save Answers button in the exam frequently! This helps prevent connection timeouts that might occur with certain Internet service providers, and also minimizes lost answers in the event of connection problems. If your Internet connection does break, when you reconnect, you will normally be able to get back into your Final Exam without any trouble. Remember, though, that the exam timer continues to run while students are disconnected, so students should try to re-login as quickly as possible. The Help Desk cannot grant any student additional time on the exam. 3. See Syllabus "Due Dates for Assignments & Exams" for due date information. 4. Reminders * You will only be able to enter your online Final Exam one time. * Click the Save Answers button often. * If you lose your Internet connection during your Final Exam, logon again and try to access your Final Exam. If you are unable to enter the Final Exam, first contact the Help Desk and then your instructor. * You will always be able to......

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Study Guide

...MG1016 – Managing Information with Technology UG study guide for 2012/13 MG1016 – Managing Information with Technology UG study guide for 2012/13 Date last updated: [08/08/12] Date approved by module reviewer: Date checked by PG pathway leader: [10/09/12] Date last updated: [08/08/12] Date approved by module reviewer: Date checked by PG pathway leader: [10/09/12] Introduction You should read this study guide carefully and also ensure that all the links have been followed to other accompanying documents that include, for example, information on coursework submission. Information in this study guide is maintained by Dr Chris Evans (chris.evans@brunel.ac.uk) Policy statements The Business School Student Handbook can be found on the Business School Blackboard Learn site (Academic Programme Office - APO). The Student Handbook is a useful source of information for all aspects of your studies, including policy, procedures, plagiarism, house style for assignments, joint and group work submissions and other important matters. The School assumes that you will familiarise yourself with this information, so you will need to look at these pages carefully at various times throughout your studies. The School also operates within the rules and regulations of the University more generally, and you should also look at what are known as 'Senate Regulations’ under the University’s webpages......

Words: 3877 - Pages: 16

Study Guide

...Study guideMargaret Fuller, “The Great Lawsuit,” pp. 736-747: Study Guide/Discussion Forum questions F 10/12: No classes: faculty/staff meetings. Read: Fuller, intro (736-39), and “The Great Lawsuit” (739-747). Write: response to questions on Angel Discussion Forum #2 [questions below on this sheet, too]. Original post (your own response) due: 4 p.m. Second post (response to a classmate’s points) due 8 a.m. Monday. Discussion forum is instead of SRQ for Friday; we will meet in class on Monday to discuss it. M 10/15: In class: wrap-up of Fuller; beginning Thoreau. Read: Henry David Thoreau, intro (825-29) and “Resistance to Civil Government” (a.k.a. “Civil Disobedience,” 829-44). Please complete your response on the Fuller discussion forum by 8 a.m. and also write an SRQ on Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” essay. Use the note-taking guide to help with Thoreau’s essay. Questions on Fuller: First, a caution: Fuller uses names of many people who were famous in her day to illustrate her ideas. Don’t worry if you have no idea who these people are. The footnotes in the text are helpful, but the main thing to do is see what Fuller finds admirable (or not so admirable) about the people she mentions. Look at the values she seems to want readers to focus on. For the discussion forum, focus on question #1; if you want to discuss questions 2 and 3 in addition, great, but not required. We’ll discuss them in class on Monday. Question #1: On pages 739-44, Fuller......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Study Guide

...Exam 1 study guide Prothero (lectures for 8/23, 8/30, 9/6) • How is religion defined? How is Christianity defined? What are some dis/advantages with each of the definitions? • What is religious literacy (and what are its different forms – pp.14-19)? Why is religious literacy significant (chs. 1-2)? • What does Prothero mean by religious illiteracy? How does this manifest itself (give examples – either from the text or from the lecture notes)? • What does Prothero identify as reasons behind the current religious illiteracy? • What does Prothero offer as a solution for the religious illiteracy problem? How practical is his solution? (ch.5) • Concepts: creationism (pp.213-4). Popper, Lakatos, Hansson (lecture for 9/13) • What is the demarcation problem? • How does Popper answer the demarcation question? What does he mean by falsifiability? What problems are there with his answer? • How does Lakatos answer the demarcation question? What problems are there with his answer? What are the elements of a research programme? Why is this term significant for Lakatos? What is the difference between a progressive and a degenerating research programme? Give examples of each. • What is Hansson proposed answer to the demarcation problem? How is it different from Popper’s and Lakatos’ proposals? Carrier (lectures for 9/13, 9/20) • How does Carrier define scientific literacy? How does this differ from the definition...

Words: 587 - Pages: 3

Study Guide

...STUDY GUIDE: MODULE 2 As you read this week’s textbook reading assignments, take notes in response to these questions and statements. This study guide will help you to prepare for your quiz. Harbin. Chapter 2 1. What is the term toledot, and why is it important? A Hebrew word usually translated “the account of” in the NIV or “the generations of” in the NASB. It serves as a structural indicator for the book of Genesis, and a better translations may be “this is what became of” 2. What is the significance of the two creation accounts? How are they similar, and how are they different? 3. What is the significance of the use of the different names of God in Genesis 1 and 2? They are used for the purposed of reflecting the different roles of God in the creation account. 4. What are the different views on the seven days of creation in Genesis 1:1–2:3? What are the strengths and weaknesses of each? One group views it as mythological or even poetry- it is viewed as prescientific attempt to explain the origin of the world. Followers of this view dismiss the entire account as a poetic way of saying God created the universe, and the “days” are mere literary devices used by the writer to give structure. Another group notes that the Hebrew word “day” can also meanan extended period of time. Those who follow this view look at the various physical phenomena used to date the universe, taking everything into account they propose a long period of development that......

Words: 2681 - Pages: 11

Study Guide

...ACCT504 Midterm Exam Study Guide YOU MAY WANT TO PRINT THIS GUIDE. 1. The Midterm is open book and open notes. The maximum time you can spend in the exam is 2 hours, 30 minutes. If you have not clicked the Submit for Grading button by then, you will be exited from the exam automatically. In the exam environment, the Windows clipboard is disabled, so you will not be able to copy exam questions or answers to or from other applications. 2. You should click the Save Answers button in the exam frequently. This helps prevent connection timeouts that might occur with certain Internet service providers and also minimizes lost answers in the event of connection problems. If your Internet connection does break, when you reconnect, you will normally be able to get back into your Midterm Exam without any trouble. Remember, though, that the exam timer continues to run while students are disconnected, so students should try to log in again as quickly as possible. The Help Desk cannot grant any student additional time on the exam. 3. See the Syllabus section "Due Dates for Assignments & Exams" for due date information. 4. Reminders * You will only be able to enter your online Midterm Exam one time. * Click the Save Answers button often. * If you lose your Internet connection during your Midterm Exam, log on again and try to access it. If you are unable to enter the Midterm Exam, first contact the Help Desk and then your instructor. * You will always be able to......

Words: 1352 - Pages: 6

Study Guide

...m Biology 2 – Study Guide # 1 Chapters 24 & 25 - Macroevolution What are the two main points of Darwin’s book? What is microevolution? Macroevolution? What are the two theories of macroevolution? What are the three types of gradualism? What is punctuated equilibrium? What is a biological species? What is allopatric speciation? What conditions favor allopatric speciation? Sympatric speciation? What is autopolyploidy? Allopolyploidy? What is a hybrid zone? What are the three outcomes? What is the origin of novelty? (exaptations) What is evo-devo? What is allometric growth, heterochrony, paediomorphosis, paediogenesis? What are hox genes (homeotic genes)? How do evolutionary trends behave? What is adaptive radiation? Know the ways fossils are formed and what fossilizes. What are the limitations of the fossil record? Know how to do a radiometric problem? What is a half-life? Know the geological time scale. What is continental drift? Plate tectonics? K-T boundary? Pangaea? Laurasia? Gondwana? Chapter 17 – Viruses Know the structure of viruses. Know how viruses replicate. Know the viral genome structure. What are bacteriophages? What are the lytic and lysogenic reproductive cycles? Know the information give on HIV virus. What are the treatments? Chapter 27 – Bacteria Know the structure of a prokaryotic cell. Know how bacteria reproduce asexually and through genetic combination. (binary fission, transduction, transformation,......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Study Guide

...Exam Study Guide Continues for 6 more pages » PDF View Text View Read full document Full access is free for premium users. Nutrition Final Exam Study Guide By hanxlee | April 2014 Zoom In Zoom Out Page 1 of 7 Final Exam Review NUTR 295 – Fall 2013 NEW MATERIAL: 100 points (~50 questions) Understanding Disease Risk Factors Describe the differences between a chronic disease and infectious disease. What leading causes of death are nutrition-related? A) heart diseases, cancers, strokes, diabetes Describe the concept of a risk factor. A) Factors known to be related to diseases, but have not yet proven to be a cause. We say that a certain factor puts us at increased risk for a disease, but does not cause it. How does one use risk factors? Review the basics of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Be ready to identify the risk factors for cardiovascular disease (especially diet-related risk factors!) A) High LDL blood cholesterol, low HDL blood cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, obesity (central obesity), physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, diet: high saturated or trans fats, low veggies, low fruits, low whole grains Describe the dietary strategies to reduce risk of CVD through diet. A) Decrease saturated and trans fat, increase soluble fiber intake, increase fruits and veggies, increase whole grains/ decrease refined grains, increase fish intake (2 servings/week) What is the TLC diet and what does it entail? A)......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Study Guide

...Week One Student Guide The focus of the course is on understanding how research improves managerial decision making using five of the six stages in the research process. They include the following: • Stage 1: Clarifying the Research Question • Stage 2: Proposing the Research • Stage 3: Designing the Research Project • Stage 4: Data Collection and Interpretation • Stage 6: Reporting the Results Chapter 1 of Business Research Methods explains why people study business research and the importance of sound decision making. The goal is to enhance your understanding of the ethical dilemmas faced by managers and the roles and responsibilities of the researcher, sponsor, and participant as detailed in Chapter 2 of the text. The goal of ethics in research is to ensure that no one is harmed or suffers any adverse conditions posed by research activities. Important concepts include the right to privacy and quality and safety of participants. Many corporations, local and state governments, and the federal government have adopted a code of ethics with laws, policies, and procedures to regulate research on human beings. In Chapter 3, we find researchers have their own vocabulary and so we begin to learn important terminology needed to formulate sound research such as the difference between a construct, proposition and hypothesis followed by knowledge of various types of variables. In practice, variables represent an event, characteristic,......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Study Guide

...MGT/311 – Final Exam Study Guide Created by ACCNerd.com How to Use this Study Guide – READ ME FIRST The following study guide will NOT have the same exact questions on your test! However, this study guide WILL help you ace the MGT/311 Final Exam. The guide covers the same topics and will help you gain a deeper understanding of the concepts. Best of all, you are guaranteed a score of 90% or higher or your money back! Tip #1: Use CRTL+F to search a related keyword to quickly find the topic you need. Tip #2: If a topic is missing, please email us at support@accnerd.com. We can usually provide immediate custom support during normal business hours. Remember to check out ACCNerd.com for the latest updates! 1.  Vera’s job in publishing requires her to seek out new writers. She has chosen a bunch of talented writers, but none of them seem to get chosen for publishing. She thinks this has something to do with conflicts in management. How would you describe Vera’s job attitude? Low job satisfaction. High job involvement Explanation: Vera obviously works very hard at her job, but she gets very little satisfaction because her writers never get published. 2.  Julia is a receptionist at a stockbroker’s office. Her boss just came in and chewed her out for no apparent reason. Julia freaks out and slams her iPad in the garbage. What is the cause of Julia’s reaction? Emotion Explanation: Julia was upset by her boss’s actions and let her emotions cause......

Words: 1656 - Pages: 7

Study Guide

...POL 140 – STUDY GUIDE *NOTE: Not everything on this study guide will be on the exam and not everything on the exam is on this study guide. This study guide is exactly that, a guide. 1) What is comparative politics? * Why do we study it? What does it allow us to do? * How is it distinct from international relations (IR)? * Explain the significant relationship between comparative politics and IR. Give an example. 2) What a hypothesis? * Give an example. 3) What is a dependent variable? * Give an example 4) What is an independent variable? * Give an example 5) What are the three methods used to test hypotheses in comparative political analysis? Be able to explain each and note the costs and benefits of each. 6) Know the difference between empirical and normative studies. 7) Know the distinctions between the three types of pre-colonial societies that we discussed in class. * Acephalous societies * State societies * Empires * Know the differences of each. Pay attention to the details. 8) Colonialism – Why was Europe successful in colonizing the non-Western world? 9) What was the Maxim Gun? * How was it different than earlier machine guns? * What impact did it have on European colonization? 10) Who were the big players? * Latin America * Asia * Africa * Describe “the scramble for Africa” 11) What are the three Gs? * Gold * The Age of......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Study Guide

...Study Guide 1. Gravida-any pregnancy, regardless of duration, including present pregnancy. Para-birth after 20 weeks gestation regardless of whether the infant is born alive or dead. Gravida and Para-used in relationto pregnancies, not number of fetus. Nulligravida-a woman who has never been pregnant. Primigravda-a woman who is pregnant for the first time. Multigravida-a woman who is in her second or any subsequent pregnancy. Nullipara-a woman who has had no births at more than 20 weeks gestation. Primipara-a woman who has had one birth at more than 20 weeks gestation, regardless of whether the infant was born alive or dead. Multipara-a woman who has had 2 or more births at more than 20 weeks gestation. 1b. How are multiples accounted for? TWINS=1PREGNANCY 1 BIRTH 2. What is the GTPAL system? Gravida=number of pregnancy, Term=Infants born 37-42 weeks’ gestation, Preterm=Infants born 20-36 weeks’ gestation, Abortion=Pregnancies ending in either spontaneous or therapeutic abortion, Living=Number of living children 3. How long is pregnancy? Pregnancy last 40 weeks. 4. Explain Nagele’s rule for calculating the due date. Nagele’s rule: First day of LMP-3 months+7days 5. Describe antepartum uterine and fetal assessments: McDonald’s method-Measuring the distance in cm from the symphysis pubis to the top of the uterine fundus. Should correlate with the weeks gestation. Usually cm is less the last few weeks of pregnancy related to the baby dropping. ......

Words: 597 - Pages: 3

Study Guide

...Topic 5 Study Guide This study guide is a tool designed to prepare students for the Topic 5 Quiz. Instructors will grade the study guide for completion, not for accuracy. Download the study guide and type in your answers below the questions. Save the study guide to your computer and submit when complete. There is no need to submit the study guide to Turnitin. After submitting the study guide to the instructor, save it for use when taking the Topic 5 Quiz. The quiz will be graded for accuracy, so take time to seek the correct answers for this study guide before you attempt the quiz. Once you start the quiz, do not exit the quiz until the entire quiz is completed. Exiting out of the quiz before it is complete may result in a zero grade. Please type your answers below each question. 1. Summarize Romans 3:20-26. 2. Summarize Matthew 5:44. 3. How does the textbook interpret Matthew 18:21-35 and the Christian’s ability to forgive others? Chapter 6. 4. Describe the Christian view of salvation and how it differs from the views of other religions. 5. What three words beginning with “R” used in the lesson and lecture summarize the gospel message? 6. Briefly summarize Isaiah 53:4-6. 7. What is the mark of a Christian according to Jesus in John 13:35? Showing equality and love to one another is the mark of a Christian. 8. Read Hebrews 9:24-28. Briefly state the point in each of the last three verses (26-28). 9. Summarize John......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Study Guide

...MEDIA EDUCATION FOUNDATION STUDY GUIDE NO LOGO BRANDS, GLOBALIZATION, RESISTANCE WRITTEN BY JEREMY EARP & DANIELLE DEVEREAUX Challenging media CONTENTS NO LOGO BRANDS, GLOBALIZATION, RESISTANCE NOTE TO TEACHERS.............................................................................................................................................................................pg. 03 THE MEDIA LITERACY CIRCLE OF EMPOWERMENT....................................................................................................................04 OVERVIEW.........................................................................................................................................................................................................05 PRE-VIEWING EXERCISES..........................................................................................................................................................................06 INTRODUCTION Key Points..........................................................................................................................................................................................................07 Questions for Discussion & Writing.....................................................................................................................................................07 NO SPACE: BRANDED WORLD Key Points......................................................................................

Words: 8621 - Pages: 35

Study Guide

........................................................... 5 MODULE RELATED RESOURCES ...................................................................................................... 6 Prescribed book ................................................................................................................................. 6 Recommended books ........................................................................................................................ 6 Electronic Reserves (e-Reserves) ...................................................................................................... 6 STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES FOR THE MODULE ........................................................................ 7 MODULE SPECIFIC STUDY PLAN ...................................................................................................... 7 MODULE PRACTICAL WORK AND WORK INTEGRATED LEARNING ............................................. 7 ASSESSMENT ...................................................................................................................................... 8 Assessment plan................................................................................................................................ 8 Year marks ........................................................................................................................................ 8 General assignment numbers ......................................................................

Words: 8325 - Pages: 34