Evaluating a Historical Argument

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Evaluating a Historical Argument

1. The main purpose of this article is the debate over whether the United States should annex the Philippines to the US territories or not. 2. The key question that the author is addressing is: why did the US decide to establish an overseas empire?
3. The most important evidence in this article is: a) “The [decision] for annexing the Philippines empire provides a powerful case study—for some, a cautionary tale—regarding the unintended consequences of intervening in foreign lands” (Hollitz Thinking through The Past, ch.4, pg. 79, paragraph 3). In that case, the consequence happened to be a bloody military bath on both sides. b) “…some scholars argue that democratic or popular influences play an important role in shaping policy” (Hollitz Thinking through The Past, ch.4, pg. 79, paragraph 4). Popular influences did play an important role in deciding on whether annexing Philippines were a wise decision or not. However, it didn’t necessarily mean the government had to listen to it. c) “…by the 1960s, the Vietnam War had created doubts among many Americans about popular influence on government policy and the motives of elite policy makers” (Hollitz Thinking through The Past, ch.4, pg. 80, paragraph 8). Here, they realized that just because something is popular doesn’t mean it is good for the public as a whole. d) “…American leaders realized the economic benefits of overseas expansion and led the nation to war with Spain to build a commercial empire” (Hollitz Thinking through The Past, ch.4, pg. 80, paragraph 8). The government knew what’s best for its people, and they went along with it because they needed to make themselves known and become a global power. e) “…the acquisition of the Philippines was essential to realizing profits in China—potentially a huge market in the Far East” (Hollitz Thinking through The…...

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