Ethnocentrism

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A review paper published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal provides a summary of the current understanding of ASD and suggests a comprehensive set of guidelines on best practices for detection, diagnosis and treatment for children with autism based on the currently available evidence randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or systematic reviews. - See more at:
"We have come to understand ASD as a remarkably heterogeneous constellation of conditions that covary with other disabilities and disorders (e.g., intellectual disability, epilepsy, ADHD, anxiety disorders) and various medical problems," writes Dr. Stephen Scherer, senior scientist and director of The Centre for Applied Genomics at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) and director of the McLaughlin Centre at the University of Toronto, with coauthors. "Recent discoveries of underlying genomic factors have shown great complexity and implicate various networks of causal factors."
ASD, which includes a variety of traits that range from mild to severe, is estimated to affect about 1% of the population, although it is under-recognized in the developing world.
The review, by specialists in pediatrics, psychiatry, epidemiology, neurology and genetics from across Canada, outlines the current understanding of ASD and best practices for pediatricians, family doctors and specialist clinics, and identifies resources for clinicians.
Topics include:
What causes autism? The causes are thought to be multi-factorial: genetic, epigenetic, and non- genetic factors.
How is ASD diagnosed?The diagnostic assessment of ASD allows a physician to determine if a child meets the accepted ASD criteria (usually per Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
[DSM] criteria), identify comorbid medical orgenetic syndromes or psychopathology, and identify the patient’s treatment needs. Red flags come from parents…...

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Ethnocentrism

...Ethnocentrism It is always troublesome not to understand another culture, especially, in New York City where we live in a society that is rapidly changing. The City has increasingly brought people of various cultures, to interact closer with each other. This interaction can be either positive or negative depending on the level of sensitivity and respect people have for other culture groups. These two types of behaviors are related to two important concepts known as ethnocentrism and cultural relativity. Ethnocentrism is “the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders that may exist within a group (in-group) in relation to other (out-group)”…. (Harper-Collin Dictionary of Sociology). Importantly, there are also three levels of ethnocentrism: a positive one, a negative one, and an extreme negative one. The positive definition defines ethnocentrism as “the point of view that one’s own way of life is to be preferred to all others” (Herskovits 1973: 21). There is nothing wrong with such feelings, because “it characterizes the way most individuals feel about their own cultures, whether or not they verbalize their feelings” (Herskovits 1973:21). It is this point of view that gives people their sense of people-hood, group identity, and place in history. Ethnocentrism becomes negative when “ one’s own group becomes the center of everything, and all other are scaled and rated with reference to it”(Herskovits 1973:21). People of different......

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Ethnocentrism

...မ်ိဳးျမင့္စိတ္ေနဝါဒ (Ethnocentrism) မ်ိဳးျမင့္စိတ္ေနဝါဒဆိုတာ လူမ်ိဳး၊ ဘာသာ၊ ဓေလ့ထံုးစံတူ လူမ်ိဳးအုပ္စုတစ္စုက အျခား မတူညီတဲ့ လူမ်ိဳးအုပ္စုတစ္စုကို ျပဳမူဆက္ဆံရာမွာ မိမိရဲ႕ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈတန္ဖိုး၊ စံႏႈန္းေတြကို အဓိက ဗဟိုျပဳလက္ကိုင္ထားၿပီး စဥ္းစား၊ ဆံုးျဖတ္ ျပဳမူလုပ္ေဆာင္ျခင္းသေဘာျဖစ္တယ္။ မူရင္းအဂၤလိပ္စကားလံုးက ေရွး ေခါမ စကားလံုး ‘Ethno’ (လူမ်ိဳး၊ ႏိုင္ငံ၊ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈတူ အုပ္စု) နဲ႕ လာတင္ စကားလံုး ‘Centric’ (ဗဟိုျပဳျခင္း) တို႕ ေပါင္းစပ္ထားျခင္းျဖစ္တယ္။ ဒီသေဘာမွာ မိမိရဲ႕ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈ၊ လူမ်ိဳး၊ ဘာသာ စတဲ့ သဘာဝအရ မတူညီႏိုင္တဲ့ ဝိေသသလကၡဏာေတြကို အေျခခံကာ အုပ္စုသေဘာအေနနဲ႕ စဥ္းစားေလ့ရွိၿပီး မိမိ အုပ္စုက သူမ်ားအုပ္စုေတြထက္ အရာရာမွာ သာလြန္တယ္၊ ယဥ္ေက်းတယ္၊ လူပီသတယ္၊ သဘာဝက် တယ္၊ ျမင့္ျမတ္တယ္၊ အျခား လူမ်ိဳးအုပ္စုမ်ားက မယဥ္ေက်း၊ လူမပီသ၊ သဘာဝမက်၊ ယုတ္ညံ ဟု လြဲမွားယူဆၿပီး မိမိအုပ္စုတစ္ခုတည္းသာ အခြင့္ထူးခံယူျခင္း၊ အျခားမတူတဲ့ အုပ္စုေတြကို ဖိႏွိပ္ခြဲျခားဆက္ဆံျခင္း၊ ကၽြန္ျပဳျခင္း စတဲ့ ဘက္လိုက္ဆံုးျဖတ္၊ မတရားမႈ ေတြ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေလ့ရွိတာေၾကာင့္ အက်ိဳးဆက္အေနနဲ႕ မတူညီတဲ့ အုပ္စုေတြၾကား ပဋိပကၡေတြ၊ အမုန္းေတြ၊ ရန္ညွိဳးေတြဟာ ေရရွည္ ႀကီးထြား အျမစ္တြယ္ လာေစတယ္။ ဥပမာ - ေရွးယခင္ လူျဖဴ လူမ်ိဳးႀကီး ဝါဒအရ လူျဖဴေတြကသာ ျမင့္ျမတ္တယ္ဆိုတယ္ သေဘာနဲ႕ အသားအေရာင္ရွိတဲ့ အာဖရိကအႏြယ္ဝင္ လူမ်ိဳးေတြကို အဓမၼ ကၽြန္ျပဳ ခိုင္းေစခဲ့တယ္။ ေနာက္ပိုင္း ကၽြန္စနစ္ ပေပ်ာက္သြားသည့္တိုင္ အာဖရိကအႏြယ္ဝင္ေတြအေပၚ ဆက္လက္ ခြဲျခား ႏွိမ္ခ်ဆက္ဆံခဲ့တယ္။ ဒီ မတရားမႈ ဆိုးက်ိဳး အရိပ္မည္းဟာ ဆယ္စုႏွစ္ေတြၾကာသည့္တိုင္ေအာင္ လက္ရွိ မ်က္ေမွာက္ေခတ္ အေမရိက နဲ႕ အျခား အေနာက္ ဥေရာပ လူ႕အဖြဲ႕အစည္းေတြမွာ လူမ်ိဳးေရးျပႆနာေတြ၊ အသားအေရာင္ ကြဲျပားသူခ်င္းၾကား ပဋိပကၡသေဘာေဆာင္တဲ့ တင္းမာမႈ......

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Ethnocentrism

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Ethnocentrism

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Ethnocentrism

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Ethnocentrism

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Analysis of Ethnocentrism Avatar

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Ethnocentrism Essay

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The Significance of Sociological Imagination and Ethnocentrism

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Ethnocentrism

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Ethnocentrism in Today's Church

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Examples of Ethnocentrism

...Ethnocentrism is a major reason for divisions amongst members of different ethnicities, races, and religious groups in society. Ethnocentrism is the belief of superiority is one's personal ethnic group, but it can also develop from racial or religious differences. Ethnocentric individuals believe that they are better than other individuals for reasons based solely on their heritage. Clearly, this practice is related to problems of both racism and prejudice. While many people may recognize the problems, they may not realize that ethnocentrism occurs everywhere and everyday at both the local and political levels. Ethnocentrism in History Present Day Politics To solidify the definition of ethnocentrism, looking at the present day politics of the United States is helpful. With instances occuring since its conception, the United States has often thought of itself as more powerful, more economically sound, and just generally "better" than other nations. This has been shown by the country's tendency to dabble in situations occuring in other nations, such as the country's current involvement with affairs in the Middle East. Although the idea of every citizen in the United States belonging to one ethnicity is certainly debatable, since the country has citizens who originally came from all over the world, the feeling of national pride can stand in for a pure ethnicity in this case. European Imperialism Imperialism, the practice of taking over other lands, was......

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Ethnocentrism in Your United States

...Ethnocentrism in Your United States Tracey Keyes Rasmussen College This written assignment is being submitted on February 22, 2016, for Stacey Trushenski-Carlson’s G142/SYG1000 Introduction to Sociology course. Ethnocentrism in Your United States Ethnocentrism is the following: 1-judging another culture using the standards of your own culture, 2-claiming that another culture is better than your own and 3-people taking pride in their ethnicity. Ethnocentrism can have its positive and negative points as well. Positively it helps people to be proud of their ethnic culture and its traditions. It helps people feel linked to their past and relatives that have passed. Negatively, it’s wrong to think that your culture is superior or makes you more special than another. In the United States we are suppose to accept people of all cultures, religions, colors and races and because of this diversity it makes the United States strong a great nation. But due to ethnocentrism, it can set people apart and there is not always the “Us” but an “Us vs Them” mentality. I have witnessed a different form of ethnocentrism. It does not really have to do with cultures, but it has to do with a person’s title or position in the work place. A company I worked for had a supervisor who took his title way to far. Everyone is to work as a team and respect each other is what I have always been taught and that is most people’s work attitude or ethic. This supervisor......

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Ethnocentrism

...(Ethnocentrism vs. Cultural Relativism) As a Sociologist, should we practice Cultural Ethnocentrism or Cultural Relativism? We must first understand the two distinct theories regarding perception of outside cultures: Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism. Ethnocentrism is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture.[1] The ethnocentric individual will judge other groups relative to his or her own particular ethnic group or culture, especially with concern to language, behavior, customs, and religion - these ethnic distinctions and subdivisions serve to define each ethnicity’s unique cultural identity.[2] The logical alternative to ethnocentrism is Cultural relativism, the practice of judging a culture by its own standards. Cultural relativism can be difficult for certain individuals to adopt: it requires not only openness to unfamiliar values and norms but also the ability to put aside cultural standards we have known all our lives.[3] No one ethnic group has the right to say that their particular system of beliefs and values are in any way superior to anyone else’s system of beliefs and values. What is right for one culture might be wrong for another. There is no absolute standard of right and wrong by which to compare and contrast morally contradictory cultural values. Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are mutually exclusive. The social sciences are limited to what can be observed, measured and verified. The question of what...

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