Free Essay

Erwin Rommel

In: Novels

Submitted By scram
Words 1145
Pages 5
Erwin Rommel: Desert Fox

Comparative Book Review

Ganesh Ramaprasad

A.P.Euro 5th


In November of 1891 one of the best Nazi general ever was born in Heidenheim, his name was Erwin Rommel. His parents' names were Helene and Erwin. In 1910 Rommel enlisted in number 124-infantry regiment. He slowly made up the ranks to become a Field Marshall in Africa. David Fraser in Knights Cross: A Life of Field Marshall Erwin Rommel and David Irving in The trail of the fox: A Life of Field- Marshall Erwin Rommel, talk about the life of Erwin Rommel, his involvement in the wars in Africa and most importantly his controversial death. Although both the authors writing styles are quite strikingly similar, their opinions on Rommel’s death are varied.

David John Cawdell Irving (1938-present) is a British writer specializing in the military history of World War II. Irving, along with his twin brother, was born in Hutton, near Brentwood, Essex, England. His father, John James Cawdell Irving, was a commander in the Royal Navy, and his mother, Beryl, an illustrator. After completing A-levels at Brentwood School, Irving briefly studied physics (though never graduated, due to financial reasons[8]) at Imperial College London. He gained notoriety by writing for the student newspaper Phoenix and in 1959 served as editor of the University of London Carnival Committee's journal, Carnival Times. His interpretations of the Third Reich have proved highly controversial due to allegations of undue sympathy for the Third Reich and anti-Semitism, and because of his involvement in the Holocaust denial movement. After being deported and arrested from several countries, today Irving takes part in rallies to sympathize the Third Reich.

General Sir David William Fraser GCB OBE (b. 1920) was Vice Chief of the General Staff in the British Army 1972-74, and a prolific author of both fiction and non-fiction. Fraser served in the British Army from 1940 until 1980. Today he still lives in London. Although both Fraser and Irving start to talk about Rommel from his birth, Irving mainly stress on Rommel's childhood and teenage years whereas Fraser stresses on Rommel's main involvement in World War I. In spite of the differences both authors make good efforts to describe the childhood of Erwin Rommel. The following is a small briefing of Rommel's life as described in Irving’s book: At the age of 14, Rommel and a friend built a full-scale glider that was able to fly short distances. Young Erwin considered becoming an engineer and would throughout his life display extraordinary technical aptitude; however, much to his family's dismay, young Rommel joined the local 124th Württemberg Infantry Regiment as an officer cadet in 1910 and, shortly after, was sent to the Officer Cadet School in Danzig. He graduated on 15 November 1911, and was commissioned as a lieutenant in January 1912. As stated in the above paragraph Fraser starts talking about World War I after a brief description of Rommel's childhood. Fraser states that Rommel fought in France, as well as in Romania (see: Romanian Campaign) and Italy (see: Italian Campaign), initially as a member of the 6th Württemberg Infantry Regiment, and through most of the war in the Württemberg Mountain Battalion of the élite Alpenkorps. While serving with that unit, he gained a reputation for making quick tactical decisions and taking advantage of enemy confusion. He was wounded three times and awarded the Iron Cross; First and Second Class. Rommel also received Prussia's highest medal, the Pour le Mérite after fighting in the mountains of west Slovenia '' Battles of the Isonzo '' Soca front. The award came as a result of the Battle of Longarone, and the capture of Mount Matajur, Slovenia, and its defenders, numbering 150 Italian officers, 9,000 men, and 81 pieces of artillery. His battalion used chemical warfare gas during the battles of the Isonzo and also played a key role in the victory of the Central Powers over the Italian Army at the Battle of Caporetto. Interestingly, Rommel for a time served in the same infantry regiment as Friedrich Paulus, both of whom were to preside over catastrophic defeats for the Third Reich in their own markedly different ways. Although both Irving and Fraser did not talk about much of post- World War I Rommel but both of them stated in their books that Rommel was involved with Adolf Hitler, who placed him in charge of the War Ministry liaison with the Hitler Jugend's (Hitler Youth), Headquarters of Military Sports, the Hitler Jugend branch involved with paramilitary activities, primarily terrain exercises and marksmanship. Rommel applied himself energetically to the new task. This helped build a good relationship between Rommel and Hitler. Both the authors talk about how Rommel went up in the ranks to become a Field-Marshall. Fraser describes the Siege of Tobruk as the most epic battle fought in Africa during World War II. But Irving disagreed by saying that the Battle of Almeina, was the most important of all the battles fought in Africa. Not to be stereotypical, since both the authors are experienced in some kind of way with warfare, they don’t tend to agree with each other on some particular topic. Also Irving discusses on how the life of Erwin Rommel started to change once the Nazis lost in Africa. On important point that both the authors make in their respective book, is that Hitler did not heed to the advices given to him by Rommel relating to the wars fought in Europe, as Rommel was only experienced in warfare being fought in a dessert. Of all the important events of life, even Rommel's death was significant and controversial. Although both authors have varied opinions on how Rommel died, but they both agree that the failed assassination attempt led to his death. However Irving also believes that all of his superiors used the failed assassination on Hitler as an opportunity to accuse Rommel, as he was Hitler’s most favorite general. However according to Fraser Hitler used the situation to kill Rommel because Rommel always protested against the activities of Hitler, such as the persecution of the Jews and the torture of the POW’s. Both the authors end their books briefing on the achievements of Rommel. The books were very informative as they portrayed the life of Rommel. The books can be read by an AP student trying to get information on Rommel. Although Irving wrote the biography in a more story-like method, he uses extensive vocabulary which might need a use of the dictionary. On the other hand Fraser wrote the biography to be read for classroom purposes. Even though both the authors wrote on the same subject their views, opinions, and sources differ from each other.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Patton Analysis In the film Patton, many events and important people were depicted, including the battle of the bulge, Sicily, France, General George Patton, Erwin Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Bernard Law Montgomery. General Patton was commander of the Third Army in which he led them ti victory after a crushing defeat in the Battle of Kasserines pass. Erwin Rommel was general of the German army and he was widely respected for his ability to lead. Omar Bradley was second in command to General Patton and was head of the operation in North Africa. Montgomery was general of the British army and at this time he was winning every battle he got into. All of these people were important during world war 2 because they all led an army into battle and were victorious throughout the war and because they all were highly thought of and respected. Sicily and France were both places in which Patton led the Third Army and took then from the Germans. The battle of the bulge was a German offensive in which rot hope was to split up and surround the British and American forces. The directors purpose of masking this film was to inform people of general Patton's accomplishments while he was commanding the American Army. It was to show the war through the life of George Patton and to show how Patton changed the course of the war by actually disciplining the US Army. This movie shows the theme that discipline is the key to winning a war because without discipline, no one will know what to do......

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ww 2 History

...The Germans and their Italian allies controlled a narrow but strategic strip of the North African littoral between Tunisia and Egypt with impassable desert bounding the strip on the south. Numbering some 100,000 men under a battle-tested German leader, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, the German-Italian army in Libya posed a constant threat to Egypt, the Near East, and French North Africa and by controlling the northern shores of the Mediterranean denied the Mediterranean to Allied shipping. Only a few convoys seeking to supply British forces on the island of Malta ever ventured into the Mediterranean, and these frequently took heavy losses.       Moving against French Africa posed for the Allies special problems rooted in the nature of the Armistice that had followed French defeat in 1940. Under the terms of that Armistice, the Germans had left the French empire nominally intact, along with much of the southern half of Metropolitan France; in return the French government was pledged to drop out of the war. Although an underground resistance movement had already begun in France and the Allies were equipping a “Free French” force, that part of the regular French Army and Navy left intact by the Armistice had sworn allegiance to the Vichy government. This pledge had led already to the anomaly of Frenchman fighting Frenchman and of the British incurring French enmity by destroying part of the fleet of their former ally.       If bloodshed was to be averted in the Allied invasion,......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Premarital Sex Research Papers

...about the premarital sex andits causes and effects. They will be aware of the extent of the social issuethat is happening nowadays, especially in their homes, schools and in thecommunity. Research Methodology  This study uses descriptive normative method of research. Research Environment SOCIAL ISSUES AMONG                                    THE YOUTH: PREMARITAL SEX                                                           BY:                     CLARIZ B. DUMDUM, ERWIN ROMMEL AGUSTIN                                                     IV- Integrity                                       Ramon Magsaysay High School                                                   Espana, Manila                                                 October 20, 2010                               SOCIAL ISSUES AMONG                                    THE YOUTH: PREMARITAL SEX                   In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the English IV                         CLARIZ B. DUMDUM, ERWIN ROMMEL AGUSTIN                                                 October 2010 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT In our lives we seldom thank the people behind our achievements, People who continue to inspire us, and giving us the strength to do these things. We would like to take this opportunity to thank those special people for helping us making this research paper possible. For without those people this paper wouldn’t be done. We are really grateful that we have such people like......

Words: 2042 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...united to his wife and they will become one flesh. The idea of one flesh is the bond between a man and his wife and the spiritual and sexual bond that is formed. From these one can assess that one should remain pure. The true sense of the word pure as defined by Zondervan Study Bible is, to SOCIAL ISSUES AMONG THE YOUTH: PREMARITAL SEX BY: CLARIZ B. DUMDUM, ERWIN ROMMEL AGUSTIN IV- Integrity Ramon Magsaysay High School Espana, Manila October 20, 2010 SOCIAL ISSUES AMONG THE YOUTH: PREMARITAL SEX In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the English IV CLARIZ B. DUMDUM, ERWIN ROMMEL AGUSTIN October 2010 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT In our lives we seldom thank the people behind our achievements, People who continue to inspire us, and giving us the strength to do these things. We would like to take this opportunity to thank those special people for helping us making this research paper possible. For without those people this paper wouldn’t be done. We are really grateful that we have such people like......

Words: 1704 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Us History

...smaller, maneuvered carrier force against the powerful Japanese invading fleet; fighting all done by aircraft and Japanese surrendered after losing 4 carriers; this battle halted Japanese offensive 18. Guadalcanal: US finally was offensive; American ground forces gained toehold of on this island in order to protect America’s way to Australia through the SW pacific; Japanese won an early naval defeat; US held on and later, Japanese evacuated 19. Island Hopping Strategy: called for bypassing some of the most heavily fortified Japanese posts, capturing nearby islands, setting up airfields on them, and then neutralizing the enemy bases through heavy bombing; Japan would be deprived of essential supplies from the homeland 20. Marshal Erwin Rommel: leader of Germans; “Desert Fox” had driven eastward across the hot sands of North Africa into Egypt, dangerously close to the Suez Canal; would have been bad if the Germans did break through this place 21. El Alamein: west of Cairo; British general Bernard Montgomery delivered an attack at this place with the help of American troops; drove the Germans from Rommel’s army back to Tunsisia 22. Stalingrad: Russia’s start of new victories; Russians stalled the German steamroller at beat down Stalingrad; Russians released a crushing counteroffensive which was start of German defensive 23. The second front: was necessary to divert the German strength westward; a diversionary invasion of France; thought this was necessary cuz......

Words: 1296 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Rommel vs Patton

...the greatest generals of World War II: Erwin Rommal and George S. Patton. These two men are the most well known generals of World War II and for a reason. They both are nearly identical in the way they fought their fought their opponents Erwin Rommel was born in Heidenheim (then part of the German Empire). At age 14, Rommel and a friend built a full-scale glider that was able to fly short distances. (generals) Rommel considered becoming an engineer. (teacher) However to make his father proud, Rommel instead joined the local Infantry Regiment as an officer cadet in 1910 and was sent to the Officer Cadet School in Danzig. He graduated on 15 November 1911 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in January 1912. (generals) During World War I, Rommel fought in France as well as in Romania and Italy. He gained a reputation for great courage, making quick tactical decisions and taking advantage of enemy confusion. (teacher) He was wounded three times and awarded the Iron Cross, First and Second Class. Rommel also received Prussia's highest award, the order of Pour le Mérite. (generals) Rommel acted as commander of the Führerbegleithauptquartier (Führer escort headquarters) during the Polish campaign, often moving up close to the front in the Führersonderzug and seeing much of Hitler. (generals) After the Polish defeat, Rommel asked Hitler for command of a panzer division. Three months later he was given command of the 7.Panzer-Division. Rommel then was on the fast track up the......

Words: 1057 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Allied Battle Strategy

...empire. Thus, they planned to bomb Germany from the air. Despite the different views, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin had a common aim to win the war, and they came to a joint resolution. During the war, the leaders met several times in order to develop a strategy of the Allies forces victory. As it was planned, in the summer of 1942, Allied forces began its attack against Axis powers. Allies planes began bombing strategic targets in Germany. In the autumn of 1942, Allies began its operation in North Africa. American commander Dwight D. Eisenhower had to attack Hitler’s best general, Erwin Rommel. The aim of the North African Campaign was to relieve pressure on Russia and to prepare the way for further actions against Axis powers by enlisting French Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria in the war. It would also provide the way for the Far East and open the way to the Mediterranean. Erwin Rommel controlled the territory of the Mediterranean coast between Tunisia and Egypt. The Allied plan foresaw the concentric attacks. British Army had to attack west from Egypt; Anglo-American Army had to strike from French North Africa and invade into the rear of the Axis Army. There also were three landings in the Strait of Gibraltar in Morocco and Algeria. After this, additional troops landed near Algeria’s eastern border and moved into Tunisia. The Allies achieved strategic surprise, but the operation was delayed by the French forces. Despite the fact that the Axis Army defeated the......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To Avoid Criminal Questioning

...disagreements became more frequent. Hitler still expected to win while some generals were trying to find a less messy way of losing. None advised against going to war with the United States. For the 1942 offensive in the east, Hitler and his military leaders agreed on striking in the south; this project ended in disaster at Stalingrad. A new major offensive in 1943 not only ended in defeat at Kursk but also was followed by the first successful Red Army summer offensive. When retreats were advocated, Hitler was always concerned about the loss of mat[eacute]riel that could not be hauled back, about the need to reconquer whatever had been given up, and about shorter lines, which released Red Army units for new offensives. Some generals, Erwin Rommel and Walther Model, for example, occasionally acted without or against orders to pull back and were not punished. Others were sent home to collect their monthly bribes in retirement. As Hitler saw increasing danger from the western Allies, he relied more on Admiral Karl D[odie]nitz to hold them off by submarine warfare. When that effort was blunted in 1943, he both supported the building of new types of submarines and geared strategy on the northern portion of the Eastern Front to protection of the Baltic area, where new submarines and crews could be run in. Enormous resources were also allocated to new weapons designed to destroy London. It was Hitler's hope that the Germans could drive any Allied troops who landed in the west into......

Words: 1570 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Development of a Manager in the Military

...strong desire to succeed. Some ask, what is a leader? In my world, “The Army defines leadership as influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation, while operating to accomplish the mission and improve the organization” (Army Regulation 600-100). I do this day to day. I can say that I am a leader. But, what makes a good leader? Lou Gerstner, former CEO of IBM from 1993 to 2002, said “you can never be comfortable with your success, you've got to be paranoid you're going to lose it”. I am paranoid. I need to be better tomorrow then I was today. Lou Gerstner never had to ask for his people to lay there life on the line. I have and will. So I have to be better. One of the great Generals in history, Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel, was criticized for his lack of strategic sense, for his excessive absorption in the battle among other things. But he was a great general that had many things going for him. One was that he would never ask his men to do something he would not do himself. He would be absorbed in the battle as was his troops. He constantly put himself in harm’s way. One example, he would pushed himself hard and lived in the same conditions as his troops. This destroyed his health. Had got so bad in Northern Africa that he was forced to return to Germany to get medical add. Why would he do that? This gave him the ability to see the big pitcher. See what was true and how the fight was going. Something I call “Getting rid of the middleman”. When you......

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

How Universal Are the Principles of War?

...conflict. Considering the essentials of military power demands more than a passing knowledge of logistics and how it influences strategy and tactics. An understanding of logistics comes principally from the study of history and lessons learned. The tactics used were very effective on all these conflicts but versus effect of the end strategy hindered the wanted outcome of all these conflicts by the invading military. A thing that should of and still have not been learned is stability of the rear echelon areas effect later outcomes of logistical and area population stability in order to allow continue effectiveness of initial tactics utilized. Military logisticians throughout history have understood the truth represented from Field Marshal Erwin Rommel quote “The battle is fought and decided by the quartermasters before the shooting begins.” Supplying food for soldiers, feed for horses or the strengths of modern war; petroleum, oil, and lubricants, logisticians have understood that victory is impossible without them. Great leaders of history like Frederick the Great to Napoleon to Patton understood the link between their operations and logistics. While these lessons are not exclusive to logistics, when applied to the understanding and practice of military logistics, they provide a framework for understanding the past and planning for the future. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Glantz, David M. “Prelude to German Operation Blau: Military Operations on......

Words: 1200 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

African Campaign

...THEME The def of Tobruk proved that even in a terrain as the desert a skilful comd could hold his en in defensive operations. Wavell had applied the concept of offensive def to meet the German onslaught. On the other hand Rommel has been criticised for his reckless push, little car-ing for the requisite log sp which becomes even more crucial in the inhospitable desert terrain. Carry out an analysis of the battle of Tobruk bringing out the strs and weaknesses of Wavell's concept of def and causes of Rommel's failure. AIM To analyse the Battle of Tobruk (April - may 1941) highlighting the strs and weaknesses of Wavell's concept of def and reasons for Rommel’s failure. SCHEME OF PRESENTATION a. Background b. Imp of Tobruk c. Opposing forces d. Wavell's concept of def e. Strs and weaknesses of Wavell's concept. f. Cause of Rommel's failure. BATTLE OF TOBRUK (1941) Background 1. Between the summer of 1941 and that of 1942 the field of battle in the Libyan desert shifted to and fro with almost the regularity of a pendulum, or so it seemed. The extremes of the swing were from Mersa Brega in the west and Buq Buq to the east, except for the small stretch of Egyptian territory east of Sollum, the area between these two places covered the whole of Cyrenaica, the eastern province of Libya. 2. Although Tobruk itself, seventy miles west of the Egyptian frontier, is well to the east of the centre of this area, it remained the fulcrum about which the pendulum swung......

Words: 17230 - Pages: 69

Free Essay

Atlantic Wall

...made. One of these places was the beach at Normandy. Hitler placed A field marshal of the name of Erwin Rommel in charge of the wall in 1944. Rommel looked at the beach at Normandy and noticed it looked like an area that could be invaded by the Allies. He ordered it be fortified immediately. “Rommel’s program of emplacing beach obstacles between high and low tide so alarmed Allied planners that they changed the timing of the landings from high to low tide, which considerably increased the vulnerability of those making the initial landing — especially on Omaha Beach” (Erwin Rommel Inspecting the Defenses in Normandy, 1944). Although the wall was never finished to Hitler’s specifications and it was proved to have weaknesses it still stands as a huge example of what the Germans were capable of doing. When Germany surrendered the Atlantic Wall had used up vast amounts of resources. “The Wall used up over 17 million cubic meters of concrete and 1.2 million tons of steel and the cost in France alone was 3.7 billion Deutschmarks” (The Atlantic Wall). Just think of how different the war could have turned out if the Germans were able to complete the wall to Hitler’s specifications. What do you think would have happened? Works Cited "Erwin Rommel Inspecting the Defenses in Normandy, 1944." Rare Historical Photos. RHP, 25 Nov. 2013. Web. 17......

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

‘the Only Reason the Axis Powers Were Defeated in North Africa Was Because of Supply Problems’. How Far Do You Agree?

...force, whose lead elements arrived in Tripoli in February 1941. Thus the rush to support the ailing Italian forces also played a part in the defeat of the Axis powers in North Africa as Germany certainly viewed North Africa as a peripheral area. The force, termed the Afrika Korps by Hitler, was placed under the command of Erwin Rommel. In April of the same year Rommel launched a series of attacks on Tobruk, the heavily garrisoned port fortress manned by an Australian infantry division. However when he failed in his attempts at its capture, the first supply problems for Rommel were in evidence which contributed to the Axis power’s defeat in the long term in North Africa. His front line positions at Sollum were at the end of an extended supply chain that stretched back to Tripoli and had to bypass the coast road at Tobruk. His forward units were particularly badly affected through lack of petrol meaning their motorized unit could not function to full capacity. Tobruk was particularly important in terms of supplies and thus its capture was central to the German and Axis advances. After this series of failed attacks a four-month stalemate ensued during which Rommel was denied reinforcements and the British Army had the chance to re-organise. This lack of supplies and thus inability of the Axis powers to attack Allied forces at full capacity and strength weakened their offensive as well as defences and contributed to quite a significant degree to their ultimate defeat at the hand......

Words: 1261 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Ch. 25 Notes.Doc from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union 2. Allies in control of the Atlantic by middle of 1943 II. The Eastern Front and the Mediterranean A. Battle of Stalingrad 1. Hitler wanted the oil fields; also wanted to control Stalingrad because it was an industrial center and it had Stalin’s name 2. Neither side would give up 3. The Soviet Union lost more people in defending Stalingrad than the U.S. did in the entire war 4. Soviets won and began to advance B. North African Front 1. Operation Torch: invasion of Axis-controlled North Africa 2. General Dwight D. Eisenhower 3. German General Erwin Rommel (Afrika Korps) 4. Allied Victory C. Italian Campaign 1. Allies captured Sicily first, then moved North 2. Mussolini lost power (Killed in 1945) 3. Italy not freed until 1945 III. Allies Liberate Europe A. D-Day 1. Operation Overlord (largest land-sea operation in military history) 2. June 6, 1944 3. Allies landed on beaches of Normandy, France B. France, Belgium, Luxembourg freed (Sept 1944) C. Battle of the Bulge 1. Last German offensive 2. October 1944 3. Germans lost D. Liberation of Death Camps 1. Nazis tried to hide......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Lili Marlene Conflict Paper

...Propaganda chief, Joseph Goebbels. He banned the song from being played and charged Lale and Norbert with “Moral Sabotage” towards the goals of the Nazi regime. Their sentence included house arrest and composing music praising the Nazi ideals. The song might have been lost to time if it were not for a particular event. In 1941, the German Nazi’s were heavily positioned in North Africa and due to their forward position, there was not a lot to entertain the soldiers. So the German army had a set up a radio station in the captured city of Belgrade. The station broadcasted news of the war, propaganda, as well as music for the soldiers. However, one day the station was bombed and most of all the records were lost. Desperate to keep General Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps happy, a young soldier was sent to Vienna to find records to play. One of the records he found was Anderson and Schultze’s recording now called “Song of the Young Soldier.” (Mason) The song was first aired from the Belgrade Station on August 18, 2014. Moreover, the song became a favorite of Rommel’s men as well as civilians listening in the area. Due to the popularity of the song the General, requested it is played on air every night at 9:57 pm. As the popularity rose, it soon drafted the attention of the Propaganda Chief Goebbels. Goebbels realized he could not banish the song now, and instead retracted his previous orders and released Schultze and Anderson to travel around the war zones playing the song to......

Words: 1157 - Pages: 5