Electoral and Institutional Organization of the President and Congress

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Compare and contrast the electoral and institutional organization of the president and congress. The Executive branch and Congress are two majorly influential entities in the United States Government. Congress is responsible for passing laws and verifying that existing legislation is being carried out correctly. The Executive branch was originally responsible for enforcing legislation, yet today there is more of a focus on creating laws through suggesting legislation and executive orders. The president and Congress have very different means of election, the presidency being through the Electoral College and Congress through direct elections of the people. Their organizational structure is rather different, with the presidency being controlled mainly by one person and Congress being a rule of many. The Electoral College is the manner in which modern Americans elect their president. In the Electoral College, the general public believes that they are casting a vote for the candidate that they wish to be sworn in as Commander In Chief, but in reality, they are voting for the elector that they wish to vote. The elector will generally vote the way of the majority in the region that they are responsible for, which is determined by the districts from the House of Representatives, and the candidate who garners the largest portion of electoral votes wins the election. This election occurs every four years. Congress, on the other hand, is directly by the people and elections for all 435 members of the House of Representatives and one third of The Senate are held. Although these two processes are very different, there are some similarities. For example, neither of the two branches have unlimited terms for members and both are derived from the people’s votes, either directly or indirectly. The organization of the Executive branch and Congress are also rather different.…...

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