Dreyfus Model

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By dinushah
Words 890
Pages 4
The Dreyfus Model
Introduction:
Dreyfus brothers have stated a theory which depicts the stages of an individual's progression in achieving professional expertise. They have been broken down into a series of five stages: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. The phenomenological model states that an expertise in any skill and medical skill, in particular, cannot be captured by the rule-based expert system. It argues that the expertise is said to be an unconscious and automatic performance which cannot be programmed. Thus, the progression is explained to be a gradual transition from a strict rule adherence to an intuitive mode of judgement. The authur assumes that intuition arises though expertise. Thus an expert system would not be able to rise over the level of competence. Dreyfus emphasises on experience (non-analytical) over rules(analytical).
The main theme revolves around the following five stages:
The Novice:
Dreyfus Model explains that a novice should follow memorise and follow rules without feeling any responsibility of judgement or perception. He would need to be monitored either by self-observation or through instructional feedback. This would help the novice concentrate and internalise the rules and procedures. Dreyfus believes that the task environment is decomposed into context-free features so that a beginner can easily follow the instructions without actually knowing the desired skill. In this stage the beginner is merely following rules, this will not be helpful in a real life situation.
Advanced Beginner:
At this stage, the beginner gains experience in real life scenarios and starts understanding the surrounding environment with its contextual features. At this stage, he starts recognizing the additional aspects of the situation. This helps in developing a ‘instructional maxim’ through which non situational features are…...

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