Cote D'Ivoire: History, Government, Economics and Their Influence on Global and Local Issues

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Cote d'Ivoire: History, Government, Economics and Their Influence on Global and Local Issues

July 11, 2008

Cote d’Ivoire

Cote d’Ivoire was established as a French colony in 1893 and was a member of the Federation of French West Africa from 1904 to 1958. The people of Cote d’Ivoire were French people without rights to citizenship or representation from the French government. Felix Houphouet-Boigny was the first President of Cote d’Ivoire. He was elected in 1960, the same year that Cote d’Ivoire gained independence from France. Prior to this, Houphouet-Boigny had represented Cote d’Ivoire in the French National Assembly for thirteen years. He also formed the first agricultural union for the cocoa farmers. Cote d’Ivoire was a single party state during Houphouet-Boigny’s control, during this time Cote d’Ivoire prospered economically. In the late 80’s, when the world entered the recession, cocoa and coffee prices dropped and so did employment opportunities. The state was pressured to reform and move away from the one-party status. The death of Houphouet-Boigny in 1993 saw the end of the political alliance with the west and the start of a political battle for his successor. Ethnocentrism in the form of Ivoirite began when political rivals and candidates began competing for the presidency. Ethnicity and nationality were questioned and Alassane Dramane Ouattara was not allowed to be a candidate and Henri Konan Bedie won the election. President Bedie ruled for six years amidst allegations of corruption and mismanagement. The country’s first coup occurred on December 24, 1999 when President Bedie was overthrown and General Robert Geui assumed control of the country. Geui’s promises to end corruption and create a pure Ivorian government were side lined by his political ambitions. Laurent Gbagbo was elected president after General Guei…...

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Role of Local Government in Disaster Management and nutrition); Employment generation through microcredit support, infrastructure development and local resource mobilisation; GO-NGO collaboration; Gender issues; Governance issues; and Environmental concerns for sustainable rural development. Operating through designated Contact Ministries and Link Institutions in the member countries, CIRDAP promotes technical cooperation among nations of the region. It plays a supplementary and reinforcing role in supporting and furthering the effectiveness of integrated rural development programmes in the Asia-Pacific region. EDITORIAL BOARD Chairperson Durga P. Paudyal Editor S. K. Singh Members T. Abdullah, Development Consultant Q. K. Ahmad, Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation Momtaz Uddin Ahmed, University of Dhaka Mohammed Farashuddin, Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad Hossein Shahbaz, CIRDAP Editorial Assistant S. M. Saifuddin ISSN 1018-5291 Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development VOLUME XX JULY 2010 NUMBER 1 CENTRE ON INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT Volume XX July 2010 Number 1 ISSN 1018-5291 © CIRDAP 2010 The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of CIRDAP Published twice a year Price including postage Annual Subscription (Two Issues): Tk.300 for Bangladesh US$20 for Asia-Pacific Countries US$35 for Other Countries Advertisements......

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