College Athletics

In: Other Topics

Submitted By philcross
Words 882
Pages 4
College Athlete Compensation: Primary Research Review
Phillip Richard Cross
Oakland University
Rochester, MI

Abstract
This primary research paper explores the topic of college athletics, and if student athletes receive fair compensation for their sporting services. As to how this question was answered, it was conducted with two separate interviews. One of them was with Ben Anderson, my former varsity basketball coach, and also Matt Okaiye, a close friend who plays college football at Michigan State. The main findings of this research was that college athletes receive a great deal of fair compensation, as scholarships and publicity are the primary focus to why. For athletic scholarships, we see that the student athletes receive numerous amnesties and benefits that compensate them extremely well. Publicity is the same way, as the athletes have a large amount of attention on them which leads to economic and compensated value. This research will ultimately lead to the final project which will be on the argument that college athletes should not be paid. College Athlete Compensation The notion of paying college athletes has been an ongoing debate for decades. With college sports continuing to gain popularity and revenue increasing for the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), people have questioned whether college athletes should be benefited beyond their athletic scholarships. The question is, do college athletes receive fair enough compensation for their services? In order to find out, I have interviewed Ben Anderson, an English teacher and my former high school basketball coach, as well as Matt Okaiye, a neighborhood friend who currently plays football at Michigan State. As a result, my findings have led me to the conclusion that college athletes do in fact receive fair compensation. I’ve found that athletes receive an enormous amount of…...

Similar Documents

Recruiting Violations in College Athletics

...Michael P. Murphy How Recruiting Violations and Academic Misconduct have effectively marred the Amateurism of College Athletics and a Proposal for a Local Solution IDST J497 Professor Timothy C. Williams November 30, 2012 Fall 2012 Recruiting Violations and Academic Misconduct in College Athletics Michael P. Murphy IDST J497 Williams The issues of recruiting violations, academic misconduct, administrative negligence, illegal booster involvement, and a general lack of University oversight are all problems that continue to mar the once highly regarded reputations of academic institutions across America. These transgressions, which occur at shockingly consistent rates around campuses nationwide, (committed by faculty, coaches, players, administrators, and alumni), are effectively compromising the sacred amateurism college athletics has maintained to define its culture and provide credence for its illustrious traditions for over a century. Ethical questions of this magnitude have been pondered by academics and legal stalwarts alike with great depth both at the local and global level for years. Several studies reflect that a substantial percentage of the “major” NCAA recruiting violations and cases of egregious academic misconduct occur typically at institutions where local administrators and financiers have created a “win at all costs” culture pertaining to BCS (Bowl Championship Series) football and the NCAA Men’s Basketball tournament. A handful of local......

Words: 5280 - Pages: 22

Mercury Athletic

...MERCURY ATHLETIC FOOTWEAR Problem statement: West Coast Fashions, Inc a large business of men’s and women’s apparel decided to dispose of one of their segments; Mercury Athletic. John Liedtke, head of the business development for Active Gear, Inc saw it has a possible opportunity for them to acquire it. The footwear industry is very competitive, with low growth and stable profit margins. AGI is very profitable but it is smaller than its competitors, which is becoming a disadvantage. Therefore, Liedtke believes that if they takeover Mercury will double AGI’s revenue, increase it’s leverage with contract manufactures and expand its presence with key retailers and distributions. Liedtke is evaluating the company in order to find out whether the future benefits justify or surpass the present value of the investment in Mercury. Analysis: In order for Liedtke to get a broader picture on the acquisition of Mercury, he needs to compare and analyze a list of financial data from 2006 to 2011; projected balance sheet accounts, operating results and free cash flows, and cost of capital calculations. This data will enable him to identify the strengths and weaknesses of this acquisition. First lets look a summary of the operations of both AGI and Mercury Athletics’ actual operations based on the last year given 2006 before AGI plans of acquiring Mercury. | |Active Gear, Inc |Mercury Athletic ...

Words: 3074 - Pages: 13

College

...uition so high? There's no shortage of potential culprits. At various times in the past few years, areas such as intercollegiate athletics, decreased state support, federal aid programs, the price of highly skilled labor and the growth of administrative bureaucracy -- among others -- have all come in for a share of the blame. But sophisticated analyses of the revenues and costs associated with public higher education institutions have been few and far between, complicating efforts to control both cost (what institutions spend) and price (what colleges charge students). And that makes the initiative launched by Virginia's Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission, an oversight agency that evaluates other state agencies and programs, interesting. Over the next two years, the commission, at the request of state lawmakers, plans to analyze in depth how expenses at the state's public universities have changed over the past few decades, an endeavor that could result in new ways to control costs and prices, both in the state and nationwide. And the commission's first report, released this month, hints at one area that will be explored in depth in subsequent reports -- auxiliary services, including housing, dining and intercollegiate athletics. “During the last decade, total spending per student (accounting for inflation) increased about 2 percent at Virginia’s six research institutions, and about 11 percent at Virginia’s other nine institutions,” the report states. “Spending...

Words: 1605 - Pages: 7

College

...In today’s day and age, paying for school is almost impossible to do without going into debt. There aren’t many ways around it and schools don’t really offer too much for their students. However there are some ways to reduce the amount of debt, for instance colleges could pay athletes to play, offer more grants or loans and they could offer more work study programs. With these policies implemented college would be more affordable to students, especially with the rising cost of tuition.        The NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) is set to make “$797 million for the 2012-2013 athletic seasons”(5), mostly from basketball and football deals.  All division-1 athletes are set to make absolutely zero dollars this year.  The problem? All of the money generated to the NCAA comes from these student-athletes performing on the athletic field. These student athletes are receiving zero compensation for their work, yet more important officials that are higher ranking than these students are making millions off them.  It is also critical to add that although these athletes are on some type of scholarship, but not all college payments are covered by the scholarship.  A student athlete is able to take loans and grants just like every other student, however why should they have to do that when they are involved in a multi-million dollar business in the NCAA? Former Wake Forest point guard Gary Clark told author William Ford that ‘At a lot of schools, players come from......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Ethics in College Athletics

...Ethics in College Athletics: How Far Does Winning Go John Williams 27 September 2013 Abstract Introduction Whether it is ultra-competitive collegiate athletes, the need for university programs for funding, or the drive for a championship, the perceived need to win is ever increasing in today’s collegiate sport programs. This perceived need plays a large role in the perceived successfulness of the program. In today’s collegiate world, more wins equates to more money for the program, more recognition for coaches and players, as well as increased awareness of the university as a whole. These benefits to winning are the drive behind many collegiate programs to get a step ahead of the competition, however, when does this drive and the pressure to win outweigh the coach’s and program’s code of ethics. The collegiate world has recently seen many different scenarios where the need to win has resulted in the poor decision to throw away one’s ethics for the benefit of personal gain or the win of single game. Each of these scenarios is a culmination of poor personal decisions, poor program management, and poor character development. These scenarios present themselves as learning experiences as well as opportunities to educate the future leaders of our sporting world. Review of Literature The term ethics is defined as, “moral principles that govern a person’s or group’s behavior” (Meriam-Webster, 2013). By this definition, there is a code of conduct that......

Words: 1758 - Pages: 8

College Athletics

...Prompt: To what extent did the goals of American foreign policy change in the years 1930-1941? For what reasons did these goals change? The 1930s were a difficult time for most Americans. Faced with colossal economic hardships—unprecedented in American history—many Americans turned inward to focus on the worsening situation at home. The United States became increasingly insensitive to the obliteration of fellow democracies at the hands of brutal fascist leaders like Hitler and Mussolini. The U.S. was determined to stay out of war at all costs—even if its allies were in trouble; Americans believed that they were immune from Europe’s problems as long as they refused to get involved. However, as the “free” countries fell, one by one, to the Nazi war machine, Americans began to realize the folly of their foolish optimism and clamored for increasing involvement in foreign affairs. American foreign policy changed in the years 1930-1941 as Americans realized that fascism would likely conquer all of Europe unless Americans acted quickly. Ultimately, it was fear of the fascist threat to American democracy that triggered the end of American isolationism and inaugurated the era of American interventionism. World War I had left a bitter taste in the mouths of many Americans; many believed that the U.S. had been tricked into joining the war for the wrong reasons, and they were determined to avoid making the same mistake twice. After the Great War, Americans were disappointed to realize......

Words: 1256 - Pages: 6

Davidson Athletics

...Dirk Davidson Assignment 1 4/28/2013 4.) A.) “Susie I want to see you reach your goal of working as a nurse, in order to do that we need to work together to improve your grades so that you can get into college and continue progressing toward your dream.” Benefit – improve science grade B.) The job will be easier, you won’t be as tired. C.) You will make a lot of friends, you will be respected. D.) Paying your bills will be easier. 5.) A.) Feature: Push Button Quick Release Advantage: Quick and easy benefit B.) Feature: King Size, Advantage: Fast Selling, most economical size. Benefits: Additional Profits, C.) Feature: Double Stitched seams, 100% Dacron Advantage: Long Wear Benefits: Savings, 7.) Features: General Purpose, smaller than half the size of a standard desk, Can copy pages large and small, can even do 8.5X14 billing statements in the standard tray, Costs only $3495 or $60 per month. Free Delivery and installation, no interest payment plans available. Advantages: Versatile, First copy in 6 seconds, will breakdown and jam 50% less than other printers, Benefits: lowest prices, Will save money on ink in the long run, great service team support. 10.) A. 2 B. 14 C. 31 D. 4 11.) A. Refreshing great taste without the worry of weight gain. B. Professional looking pen with the advantage of correcting mistakes. C. Save money on you electric bill while staying cool and comfortable. D. Tap new oil fields without spending a fortune and......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

Athletic Training

...Kiara Willis English IV Mrs. Lynn Black December 9, 2014 Athletic Training Athletic trainers are health care professionals who collaborate with physicians. Athletic trainers help prevent and treat injuries that are typically caused by athletic involvement. (Live Strong 1) Athletic training first emerged during the 20th century at the Olympic Games. After football surfaced as a national sport in the United States, many realized the need for these trainers to be present at the games. (Live Strong 1) In the 1930’s athletic trainers tried to form a national organization (National Athletic Trainers’ Association), however it disappeared during the 1940’s during World War 2. It was not until the 1950s when the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) was brought back. In 1989, the National Board of Certification emerged as a certified program for athletic trainers. (Live Strong 1) Finally, athletic training as a professional health career first emerged in 1990, when the American Medical Association deemed it an “allied health profession”. In order to understand Athletic Training, one must consider educational requirements, equipment, and the safety procedures. By the 1990s the curriculum for athletic trainers began to emerge. In 1986, Sayers Miller, proposed a major specific option for athletic training to be offered in colleges.(Jenkins 1) Athletic trainers meets qualifications set by the Board of certification, Inc., and adhere to the requirements of a state......

Words: 856 - Pages: 4

Athletic Scholarships

...scholarships are prestigious awards for student athletes. More times than not athletic scholarships are rarer than academic scholarships. It says a lot about an athlete if they can accomplish competing at the next level in college, but it says more when they are awarded with a scholarship. Most athletes work a substantial amount of their lives to have an opportunity to earn an athletic scholarship. ` Typically, most athletes that are in college, have received some type of athletic aid. Approximately there are 300 hundred total varsity athletic scholarships available in Division 1. Athletes have to work toward a scholarship since they are a freshman and sometimes even younger. It is not easy to get the attention of college coaches. Therefore, scholarships are not as easy as people make them out to be. On average, the amount given to each student is roughly $13,800. A lot of people think athletes get full ride scholarships but in reality it is not enough to cover for the full cost of college. If they were to receive more than the average cost they would be able to actually afford to buy the necessities that an average day college student may go through. The average cost of college in the United States is estimated to be around $33,000. And if we base this number on the amount that we had stated above we would get the amount of $19,200 and multiplying this by four we would have the typical college student leaving with $76,800 dollars in debt if they were on......

Words: 675 - Pages: 3

Athletic Director

...Overview An athletic director (commonly "athletics director" or "AD") is an administrator at many american colleges and universities, as well as in larger high schools and middle schools, who oversees the work of coaches and related staff involved in intercollegiate or interscholastic athletic programs (ehow.com). They are in charge of an athletic department at a high school, college or university and at some colleges, the athletic director may hold academic rank. They are usually considered to be full-time administrators instead of, full time faculty members. Although technically in charge of all of the coaches, they are often far beyond well-compensated and also less famous, with few having their own television and radio programs as many coaches now do. In this paper I plan to describe the duties of an athletic coach, career paths, educational requirements and benefits of becoming an athletic Director. Athletic Director Job Description The Athletic director oversees funding and budgets for school athletic programs and are responsible for ensuring that the various teams at a school receive a fair distribution of resources. They may have to make tough decisions about how to allocate money. They work with coaches to ensure school and division regulations are being followed but don't usually handle the direct coaching and training of athletes. However, they usually oversee the hiring and firing of trainers and coaches. In addition to managing......

Words: 1173 - Pages: 5

Athletics

...Athletics Athletics is an exclusive collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking. Athletic events are most closely associated with the Olympics, but competition in these sports is held at the youth level, high school, college, and professional ranks all year round throughout the world. The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross country running, and race walking. The simplicity of the competitions, and the lack of a need for expensive equipment, makes athletics one of the most commonly competed sports in the world. Athletics is mostly an individual sport, with the exception of relay races and competitions which combine athlete’s performances for a team score, such as cross country. Organized athletics are traced back to the Ancient Olympic Games from 776 BC, and most modern events are conducted by the member clubs of the International Association of Athletics Federations. The athletics meeting forms the backbone of the modern Summer Olympics, and other leading international meetings include the IAAF World Championships and World Indoor Championships, and athletes with a physical disability compete at the Summer Paralympics and the IPC Athletics World Championships. Athletics was included in the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 and has been part of the program ever since, providing the backbone of the Olympics. Today, athletics remains one of the most popular Olympic......

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Athletic Director

...High School athletic director. In preparation, I have obtained an internship with Brian Thomas at Northern Guildford High School. During my internship I am going to shadow Brian to see exactly what being an athletic director entails. Also, I am going to ask him questions about his journey in becoming an athletic director.  My goal during my internship is to first, see what Brian does day by day, as I believe there is not a typical day for an athletic director. From what I understand, athletic directors do something different every day, whether it's budgeting, fundraising, planning home games and away games or prepping fields. Next, I plan to see where Brian started his career. I understand it's difficult to become an athletic director right out of college. It will be beneficial to see where he started and what kind of experience he obtained. Through my research, I have found, some athletic directors need a master’s degree. In addition, I am anxious to see how he budgets the allowances for things like team uniforms without favoring one team over another. Lastly, I hope to get enough insight and experience of what being an athletic director fully entails, to my decision of pursuing a career in this field.  I am very excited to start my internship and I am ready to adapt to the change of working and no just going to school. I am going to take in, and learn as much as I can when working with Brian.  I am eager to finish school and start my career, whether as an athletic......

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Do College Athletic Programs Benefit Their Education?

...Athletics Program I think college athletics programs do benefit their educational institutions. You can get scholarships; it helps you boost your confidence. Scholarships are a big deal to some students! Many students cannot go to college without an athletics scholarship. Over 125,000 student athletes are on full or partial athletic scholarships. Being in athletics gives you an opportunity to be awarded significant amount of money. An average athlete salary is around 400,000-1,800,000. Some schools have lots and lots of money because of their athletic program. One way that an athlete can keep their GPA range up is by being in athletics. They can get their dorm and books earlier other than other students, so you will not have to be in a rush whenever school starts. Athletics helps the athletes boost self of steam and increase their confidence in themselves. Sports gain a valuable lesson in life. Athletes set goals and they try to reach them no matter how hard it is. Their coaches motivate the athletes to do their best on the field or on the court. They are dedicated to their sport and never give up. They learn about teamwork and they win as a team and lose as a team. An athlete’s confidence before athletics is low and after a few years in athletics, their confidence has increased a lot. Some people say that it is not fair that the athletes do not have to do a lot of homework. Well they do not know what they have to do, they have to......

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Athletic Salaries

...personal dedication and contribution to society that these players provide on a daily basis. Let’s discover the whole story and see where this leads us. Let me ask you a couple of questions to ponder first as you listen to my story. If your child had a natural ability whether it was sports, numbers, or debating would you do all that you could do to inspire and encourage a pursuit in that career field or put a cap on potential earnings? As a professional Sports player, it takes dedication from childhood. First the love of the sport is identified. Then teaching and playing on a regular basis is required. These players are dedicated to the game at a young age and it requires playing the game in junior high school, high school and college, also attending special camps that hone in on your special skill. It is a very competitive world. The more one plays and trains the better they become; hoping and praying that some scout might see them and what they have to offer. To make it, you have to have natural ability or seriously developed skills and years of dedication. Somewhere I heard the three “D’s” Desire, Determination and Dedication. The desire to be the best they can be. The desire to dominate their sport and know that this is what they are put on this earth to do. Dedication, which includes possessing the drive and ambition to keep you focused. This requires self-discipline, a strong will and a positive attitude. One must commit themselves, sacrificing personal......

Words: 2718 - Pages: 11

College Athletics

...` Introduction A. Opening Device – In 2015 the National Collegiate Athletic Association generated an estimated $1.5 billion from the annual March Madness basketball tournament according to Yahoo! Finance. While it is an extremely exuberant amount, the NCAA is the only institution in America in which it doesn’t pay the people that fuel its industry, the student-athletes. B. Thesis Statement – As the NCAA continues to reap immense profit, it is only right for these student-athletes to be compensated for the revenue they generate. C. Preview – First, I’ll inform you on the current principles and policies that the NCAA has in place, why those principles and policies are absurd, and I’ll discuss the fight for student-athletes to be recognized as employees. II. Body A. Current NCAA principles and policies 1. Amateurism- the bedrock principle of the NCAA. a. “Student-athletes shall be amateurs in an intercollegiate sport, and their participation should be motivated primarily by education and by the physical, mental, and social benefits to be derived.” (NCAA) 2. Student-Athlete a. “In the collegiate model of sports, the young men and women competing on the field or court are students first, athletes second.” (NCAA) b. “We provide them remarkable opportunities to get an education at the finest universities.” (Emmert) c. In the long ongoing controversy of whether or not the NCAA should pay students-athletes, the NCAA has staunchly defended its stance, stating......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4