Collective Security System

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Collective security system as a limitation to State’s sovereignty

Collective security system as a limitation to State’s sovereignty Alexandra Foucaud Since 1648 and the Treaty of Westphalia and the recognition of the sovereignty of each State, States have been commonly accepted as the key feature of world politics. Nevertheless, the Westphalian system did not prevent the outbreak of the two World Wars of the 20 th Century. After, the First World War emerged, at the instigation of President Wilson, a first try to set up a collective security system with the creation of the League of Nations, which would, eventually, not last long. After the Second World War, all “free” States affirmed their will “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom »1 thus establishing a new collective security system (CSS) which purpose was “To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace”2. The State signatories to this Charter, establishing a new CSS through the creation of the United Nations, have the duty to “to…...

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