Cjs 230 Edu Quest for Excellence/Cjs230Edudotcom

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Benjaminalvaro19
Words 732
Pages 3
CJS 230 Entire Course
FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2
CJS 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Development of Corrections
CJS 230 Week 2 Assignment Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison Paper
CJS 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2
CJS 230 Week 4 Checkpoint History of State and Federal Prisons
CJS 230 Week 4 Assignment State and Federal Prison Systems Paper
CJS 230 Week 5 DQ 1 and DQ 2
CJS 230 Week 5 Checkpoint Objectives of Punishment
CJS 230 Week 6 Checkpoint Prison Environment
CJS 230 Week 6 Assignment Corrections Accreditation and Privatization Paper
CJS 230 Week 7 DQ 1 and DQ 2
CJS 230 Week 7 Checkpoint Prisoners Worksheet
CJS 230 Week 8 Checkpoint Parole and Mandatory Release
CJS 230 Week 8 Assignment Rehabilitation Paper
CJS 230 Week 9 Capstone Discussion Question
CJS 230 Week 9 Final Project Community Corrections Paper .............................................................................................................................................................
CJS 230 Week 2 Assignment Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison Paper
FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com Prepare a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you discuss the penitentiary ideal and the two models of American prisons. Address the following components: • Based on the ideals of a penitentiary, what should it be like?
• What was the principal goal of a penitentiary?
• What were the differences between the two prison models?
• What were the benefits and the drawbacks of each model?
• Which model was considered to be the winning model? Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

...................................................................................................................................................................
CJS 230 Week 4 Assignment State and Federal Prison…...

Similar Documents

Cjs/230 Entire Course

...CJS 230 Entire Course Material http://homeworklance.com/downloads/cjs-230-entire-course-material/ CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Development of Corrections\ CJS 230 Week 2 Assignment Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison Paper CJS 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 4 Checkpoint History of State and Federal Prisons CJS 230 Week 4 Assignment State and Federal Prison Systems Paper CJS 230 Week 5 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 5 Checkpoint Objectives of Punishment CJS 230 Week 6 Checkpoint Prison Environment CJS 230 Week 6 Assignment Corrections Accreditation and Privatization Paper CJS 230 Week 7 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 7 Checkpoint Prisoners Worksheet CJS 230 Week 8 Checkpoint Parole and Mandatory Release CJS 230 Week 8 Assignment Rehabilitation Paper CJS 230 Week 9 Capstone Discussion Question CJS 230 Week 9 Final Project Community Corrections Paper CJS 230 Entire Course Material http://homeworklance.com/downloads/cjs-230-entire-course-material/ CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Development of Corrections\ CJS 230 Week 2 Assignment Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison Paper CJS 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 4 Checkpoint History of State and Federal Prisons CJS 230 Week 4 Assignment State and Federal Prison Systems Paper CJS 230 Week 5 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 5 Checkpoint Objectives of Punishment CJS 230 Week 6 Checkpoint Prison Environment CJS 230 Week 6 Assignment...

Words: 3925 - Pages: 16

Cj 230

...The Principal Objectives of Punishment Esther Sanchez CJ 230 09-20-14 Steve Nance                                                       Abstract These writing analysis will cover the state and federal objectives of punishment. It will also cover the state and federal corrections systems. And it would cover the determinate and indeterminate sentencing. It would also cover the model that I feel it was more appropriate and will have some examples. Principal objectives of punishment within the U.S. corrections system: Everyday many people attend court because of some criminal act they did. Everyday judges have to review all cases before deciding any sentence. The punishment of a felony is incarceration of a year or more. Misdemeanors are a little shorter, it can be incarceration of a year a less. For repetitive offenders they have something called three strikes law. The judges have many sentencing categories from where to choose. They have economic sanction where the individuals pay a fine or do community service to pay for the crime they committed. There is probation where they are let out to society but are supervised 24/7, which is what most of the judges give to first time offenders. There is also intermediate sanctions that are either imprisonment or probation, it might depend on the crime or the judge. Short term confinement which is a year or less in jail and then there is imprisonment which is a year or......

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Cjs 230

... Future of Policing CJS/210 There are many trends that are currently affecting policing in today’s society. Police officers have to deal with different issues that come their way like human trafficking, drug trafficking, and many of gangs. The many trends that police are dealing with are getting worst by the minute. Trends that are currently affecting policing are human trafficking, gangs, illegal migrations and drug trafficking. Sex trafficking, labor trafficking, and unknown labor all fall under human trafficking. Federally funded human trafficking task forces opened a total of 2,515 suspected incidents of human trafficking for investigation between January 1, 2008, and June 30, 2010 (BJS, 2011). Out of the 2,515 of human trafficking sex trafficking had the most incident totaling at 2,065. Sex trafficking has become a trend that the police cannot stop. There are so many people out there kidnapping runaway victim to make money. They are having young runaway victim sell their body for their personal gain. In the street police officer like to call them pimps or madams. Pimp is a man who solicits for a prostitute or brothel and lives off the earnings. Madam is a woman who runs a brothel. Labor trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery in which individuals perform labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. Labor trafficking includes situations of debt bondage, forced labor, and involuntary child labor. 350 were labor trafficking case out of the 2,515....

Words: 1236 - Pages: 5

Cjs 230 Complete Class

...CJS 230 Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/cjs-230-complete-class Description CJS 230 Week 1-Checkpoint - Twentieth-century Penitentiary System CJS 230 Week 2-Assignment - The Role of Sentencing in Corrections CJS 230 Week 2-Checkpoint - Sentencing Objectives CJS 230 Week 3-Appendix B - Population and Privatization CJS 230 Week 4-Appendix C – Jails CJS 230 Week 4-Assignment - Prison Systems CJS 230 Week 5-Checkpoint - Sociological Aspect of Prison Life CJS 230 Week 6-Assignment - Prisoner Rights CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner I – . . CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner I CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner II CJS 230 Week 7-Checkpoint - Rehabilitation Programs CJS 230 Week 8-Assignment – Probation CJS 230 Week 8-Checkpoint - Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections CJS 230 Week 9-Final Project - A World Apart Item #: CJS 230 Complete Class CJS 230 Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/cjs-230-complete-class Description CJS 230 Week 1-Checkpoint - Twentieth-century Penitentiary System CJS 230 Week 2-Assignment - The Role of Sentencing in Corrections CJS 230 Week 2-Checkpoint -......

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

Cjs 230 Complete Class

...CJS 230 Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/cjs-230-complete-class Description CJS 230 Week 1-Checkpoint - Twentieth-century Penitentiary System CJS 230 Week 2-Assignment - The Role of Sentencing in Corrections CJS 230 Week 2-Checkpoint - Sentencing Objectives CJS 230 Week 3-Appendix B - Population and Privatization CJS 230 Week 4-Appendix C – Jails CJS 230 Week 4-Assignment - Prison Systems CJS 230 Week 5-Checkpoint - Sociological Aspect of Prison Life CJS 230 Week 6-Assignment - Prisoner Rights CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner I – . . CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner I CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner II CJS 230 Week 7-Checkpoint - Rehabilitation Programs CJS 230 Week 8-Assignment – Probation CJS 230 Week 8-Checkpoint - Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections CJS 230 Week 9-Final Project - A World Apart Item #: CJS 230 Complete Class CJS 230 Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/cjs-230-complete-class Description CJS 230 Week 1-Checkpoint - Twentieth-century Penitentiary System CJS 230 Week 2-Assignment - The Role of Sentencing in Corrections CJS 230 Week 2-Checkpoint -......

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Cjs 230 Complete Class

...CJS 230 Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/cjs-230-complete-class Description CJS 230 Week 1-Checkpoint - Twentieth-century Penitentiary System CJS 230 Week 2-Assignment - The Role of Sentencing in Corrections CJS 230 Week 2-Checkpoint - Sentencing Objectives CJS 230 Week 3-Appendix B - Population and Privatization CJS 230 Week 4-Appendix C – Jails CJS 230 Week 4-Assignment - Prison Systems CJS 230 Week 5-Checkpoint - Sociological Aspect of Prison Life CJS 230 Week 6-Assignment - Prisoner Rights CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner I – . . CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner I CJS 230 Week 6-Checkpoint - Special Needs Prisoner II CJS 230 Week 7-Checkpoint - Rehabilitation Programs CJS 230 Week 8-Assignment – Probation CJS 230 Week 8-Checkpoint - Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections CJS 230 Week 9-Final Project - A World Apart Item #: CJS 230 Complete Class CJS 230 Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/cjs-230-complete-class Description CJS 230 Week 1-Checkpoint - Twentieth-century Penitentiary System CJS 230 Week 2-Assignment - The Role of Sentencing in Corrections CJS 230 Week 2-Checkpoint -......

Words: 870 - Pages: 4

Bsop 326 Edu Quest for Excellence/Bsop326Edudotcom

...Philosophies, Awards, and Standards WEEK 3DQ 1 TQM Leaders WEEK 3DQ 2 Who is the Customer WEEK 4DQ 1 TQM & Teams WEEK 4DQ 2 Employee Involvement WEEK 5DQ 1 Cost of Quality WEEK 5DQ 2 Supplier Relationships WEEK 6DQ 1 Statistical Tools WEEK 6DQ 2 Inspection & Process Evalutions WEEK 7DQ 1 Implementing TQM WEEK 7DQ 2 What is Six Sigma ………………………………………………… BSOP-326 Week 4 High-Performance Work Systems – Midterm (Devry) FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.bsop326edu.com 1. (TCO 6) An effective leadership system is designed to accomplish all of the following, except _____. (Points : 5) 2. (TCO 6) The traditional approach to strategy deployment is which of the following? (Points : 5) 3. (TCO 3) The criteria for the Canadian Awards for Excellence are most similar to which of the following? (Points : 5) 4. (TCO 3) ISO 9001 provides specific requirements for _____. (Points : 5) 5. (TCO 1) A consumer purchases a generic product at a cost of $5.00 instead of the competing brand-name product that sells for $7.00. The consumer feels that there is no difference in quality between the generic and brand-name products. This scenario illustrates which of the following definitions of quality? (Points : 5) 6. (TCO 1) During the Middle Ages, quality was built into the final product. This approach to quality was lost with the advent of _____. (Points : 5) 7. (TCO 1) Which of the following was the top priority of U.S. manufacturing in the time period immediately following World......

Words: 2427 - Pages: 10

Bus 230 Aid Quest for Excellence/Bus230Aiddotcom

...BUS 230 Entire Course (UOP) FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.bus230aid.com BUS 230 Unit 1 Part 1 BUS 230 Unit 1 Part 2 BUS 230 Unit 2 Part 1 BUS 230 Unit 3 Part 2 BUS 230 Unit 4 Part 1 BUS 230 Unit 4 Part 2 BUS 230 Unit 5 Part 1 BUS 230 Unit 5 Part 2 ………………………………………………… BUS 230 Unit 1 Part 1 (UOP) FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.bus230aid.com Unit 1 Part 1 Select a company and country that interests you. You have been asked to evaluate the country you selected as a potential market for your product(s)/service(s) and present your findings to other managers of the organization in a memo. In your memo, be sure to address the following: • Provide a brief overview of the company and why the country you selected may be a potential market. • What type of political and legal systems does the country have? • Do free elections take place? • Is the government heavily involved in the economy? • Is the legal system effective and impartial? • Do political and legal conditions suggest that it should be further considered as a potential market? ………………………………………………… BUS 230 Unit 1 Part 2 (UOP) FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.bus230aid.com Part 2 Debate the ethics of doing business in countries with totalitarian governments on the Discussion Board. Comment on opposing arguments, looking for holes and inconsistencies. Attempt to answer any arguments that are presented against your side of the argument. ………………………………………………… BUS 230 Unit 2 Part 1 (UOP) FOR MORE......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

Edu 304 Genius Quest for Excellence/Edu304Geniusdotcom

...EDU 304 Entire Course (Ash) FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.edu304genius.com EDU 304 Week 1 DQ 1 Becoming a Teacher EDU 304 Week 1 DQ 2 Challenges and Rewards for the Reflective Practitioner EDU 304 Week 2 DQ 1 The Pendulum of Educational Reform EDU 304 Week 2 DQ 2 Types of Assessment EDU 304 Week 2 My Personal Teaching Philosophy EDU 304 Week 3 DQ 1 The Gift of Diversity EDU 304 Week 3 DQ 2 Aligning Instruction with Federal Legislation EDU 304 Week 3 The Inclusion Classroom EDU 304 Week 4 DQ 1 Teaching the Standards with Technology EDU 304 Week 4 DQ 2 The Teacher’s Role in a Global Classroom EDU 304 Week 5 DQ 1 Classroom Communities and Academic Success EDU 304 Week 5 DQ 2 High-Stakes Testing EDU 304 Week 5 Final Paper -------------------------------------------------- EDU 304 Week 1 DQ 1 Becoming a Teacher (Ash) FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.edu304genius.com EDU 304 Week 1 DQ 1 Becoming a Teacher Education - General Education Becoming a Teacher. View the video Becoming a Teacher: Voices and Advice from the Field (http://login.cengagebrain.com/cb/). This video showcases several teachers, some new to the field and some who have been teaching for years. Pay special attention to their ideas about what is needed to be a successful teacher. How do these teachers deal with diversity, student learning and educational reform? Respond to the following questions: 1.List the various qualities the teachers mention as essential. How many of them overlap with the......

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Cjs 240 Aid Quest for Excellence/Cjs240Aiddotcom

...CJS 240 Entire Course FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs240aid.com CJS 240 Week 1 checkpoint Statistics Checkpoint CJS 240 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 240 Week 2 Checkpoint Delinquency Deterrence Response CJS 240 Week 2 Assignment Individual Theories Assignment CJS 240 Week 3 Checkpoint Sociological Theories Response CJS 240 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 240 Week 4 Checkpoint Case Study Critique Checkpoint (Appendix C) CJS 240 Week 4 Assignment Gender and Family Assignment CJS 240 Week 5 Checkpoint The Justice Systems (Appendix D) CJS 240 Week 5 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 240 Week 6 Checkpoint Probation CJS 240 Week 6 Assignment Corrections and Treatment CJS 240 Week 7 Checkpoint Gang Development and Control Checkpoint (Appendix E) CJS 240 Week 7 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 240 Week 8 Checkpoint Drug Use and Delinquency Response CJS 240 Week 8 Assignment Drug Czar Presentation CJS 240 Week 9 Capstone DQ CJS 240 Week 9 Final Punishment versus Rehabilitation .................................................................................................................. CJS 240 Week 1 Checkpoint Statistics Checkpoint FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs240aid.com 1. CheckPoint: Statistics • Complete the Uniform Crime Report (UCR) and Self-Report Data Matrix in Appendix B. To complete this matrix, list two pros and two cons of using UCR data and two pros and two cons of using self-report data. • Locatetwo Web resources—one official and one unofficial—with information......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Cjs 250 Assist Quest for Excellence/Cjs250Assistdotcom

...CJS 250 Entire Course FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs250assist.com CJS 250 Week 1 Checkpoint Historical Laws and Security CJS 250 Week 1 Assignment Biography of Allan Pinkerton CJS 250 Week 2 Checkpoint Threat and Risk Assessment CJS 250 Week 2 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 250 Week 3 Exercise Interview schedule CJS 250 Week 3 Assignment Security Objective Components CJS 250 Week 3 Checkpoint Risk Managment CJS 250 Week 4 Checkpoint Models of Physical Security (Appendix D) CJS 250 Week 4 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 250 Week 5 Checkpoint Evaluating Safe Work Conditions Appendix E CJS 250 Week 5 Checkpoint Floor Plan CJS 250 Week 5 Assignment Security Manager Interview CJS 250 Week 6 Checkpoint Security Assessment CJS 250 Week 6 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 250 Week 7 Checkpoint Public Relations and Professionalism CJS 250 Week 7 Assignment Relationship between Private and Public Police CJS 250 Week 8 Checkpoint Law and Legal Issues CJS 250 Week 8 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 250 Week 9 Capstone CheckPoint CJS 250 Week 9 Final The Security Plan ............................................................................................................................................................ CJS 250 Week 2 Checkpoint Threat and Risk Assessment FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs250assist.com . CheckPoint: Threat and Risk Assessment • Review Ch. 3 of the text. • Complete Appendix B. ................................................................................................

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

Cjs 230 Edu Spirit of Innovation/Cjs230Edudotcom

...CJS 230 Entire Course FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Development of Corrections CJS 230 Week 2 Assignment Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison Paper CJS 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 4 Checkpoint History of State and Federal Prisons CJS 230 Week 4 Assignment State and Federal Prison Systems Paper CJS 230 Week 5 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 5 Checkpoint Objectives of Punishment CJS 230 Week 6 Checkpoint Prison Environment CJS 230 Week 6 Assignment Corrections Accreditation and Privatization Paper CJS 230 Week 7 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 7 Checkpoint Prisoners Worksheet CJS 230 Week 8 Checkpoint Parole and Mandatory Release CJS 230 Week 8 Assignment Rehabilitation Paper CJS 230 Week 9 Capstone Discussion Question CJS 230 Week 9 Final Project Community Corrections Paper …………………………………………………................ CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com Week One Discussion Questions • What are the various forms of punishment exercised prior to the 20th century? Which criminal activities or events lead to these types of punishments? Compare the criteria in various societies for criminal sentencing prior to the 20th century. • How would you describe prisons during World War II? How do these prisons compare to those after World War II? What judgments can you make about the variations between the prisons before and after World War II? ...

Words: 775 - Pages: 4

Cjs 230 Edu the Power of Possibility/Cjs230Edudotcom

...CJS 230 Entire Course FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Development of Corrections CJS 230 Week 2 Assignment Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison Paper CJS 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 4 Checkpoint History of State and Federal Prisons CJS 230 Week 4 Assignment State and Federal Prison Systems Paper CJS 230 Week 5 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 5 Checkpoint Objectives of Punishment CJS 230 Week 6 Checkpoint Prison Environment CJS 230 Week 6 Assignment Corrections Accreditation and Privatization Paper CJS 230 Week 7 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 7 Checkpoint Prisoners Worksheet CJS 230 Week 8 Checkpoint Parole and Mandatory Release CJS 230 Week 8 Assignment Rehabilitation Paper CJS 230 Week 9 Capstone Discussion Question CJS 230 Week 9 Final Project Community Corrections Paper -------------------------------------------- CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com Week One Discussion Questions • What are the various forms of punishment exercised prior to the 20th century? Which criminal activities or events lead to these types of punishments? Compare the criteria in various societies for criminal sentencing prior to the 20th century. • How would you describe prisons during World War II? How do these prisons compare to those after World War II? What judgments can you make about the variations between the prisons before and after World......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Cjs 230 Edu the Power of Possibility/Cjs230Edu.Com

...CJS 230 Entire Course FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Development of Corrections CJS 230 Week 2 Assignment Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison Paper CJS 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 4 Checkpoint History of State and Federal Prisons CJS 230 Week 4 Assignment State and Federal Prison Systems Paper CJS 230 Week 5 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 5 Checkpoint Objectives of Punishment CJS 230 Week 6 Checkpoint Prison Environment CJS 230 Week 6 Assignment Corrections Accreditation and Privatization Paper CJS 230 Week 7 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 230 Week 7 Checkpoint Prisoners Worksheet CJS 230 Week 8 Checkpoint Parole and Mandatory Release CJS 230 Week 8 Assignment Rehabilitation Paper CJS 230 Week 9 Capstone Discussion Question CJS 230 Week 9 Final Project Community Corrections Paper --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CJS 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cjs230edu.com Week One Discussion Questions • What are the various forms of punishment exercised prior to the 20th century? Which criminal activities or events lead to these types of punishments? Compare the criteria in various societies for criminal sentencing prior to the 20th century. • How would you describe prisons during World War II? How do these prisons compare to those after World War II? What judgments can you make about the variations between the......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Cjs 230

...caustic. Unfortunately, judges’ personalities may have influences on perceptions of justice and fairness in their courts. See Box 7.2 for one student’s observations regarding defendants’ interactions with two different judges, one “friendly” and one not. While the public may consider distant or hostile judges to be less competent than their amiable counterparts, this is not always true. Women and Minority Judges Demographically, judges tend to be cut from similar cloth. Judges, on the whole, tend to be white males (Feeley, 1979, p. 63; Flango and Ducat, 1979, p. 30; Myers and Talarico, 1988, p. 29), although increasing numbers of women and minorities are obtaining judgeships, especially at the lower court level (Emmert and Glick, 1987, p. 230; Glick and Emmert, 1986, p. 109; Graham, 1990, p. 30; Meyer and Jesilow, 1997, p. 49). This is not to say that the integration has been evenly applied throughout the country; black judges, for example, are much more likely to serve in predominately black communities, indicating their marginal acceptance in other districts (Cappell, 1990, p. 112). In fact, minority and women judges are much more likely to gain their positions through appointment rather than election (Graham, 1990, p. 32). The differential may be due, at least in part, to efforts by appointers to “bend over backward” to boost the numbers of underrepresented judges (e.g., Carbon, Houlden, and Berkson, 1982, p. 301), and to the advantage that incumbents often enjoy during......

Words: 21662 - Pages: 87