Premium Essay

Cja/454 War on Drugs and Prison C

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kevlyn1
Words 1234
Pages 5
War on drugs and prison overcrowding Analysis
Kevin Jackson
CJA/454
March 02, 2016
Professor: Charles Davis

War on drugs and prison overcrowding Analysis

In this essay, I will discuss the crowding effect the war on drugs has had on correctional organizations in the state of Virginia. I will also propose three workable solutions to the situation while substantiating my solutions with appropriate facts and figures.
To understand and comprehend the natural of this essay I will define what this article means when we talk about the war on drugs.
War on Drug – Is defined as a series of actions tending toward a prohibition of illegal drug trade. It is a campaign adopted by the U.S. Government along with the foreign military aid, and military intervention to both define and end the import, manufacture, sale, and use of illegal drugs (Definitions_Uslegal 2016).
The war on drugs has been a virtual disappointment throughout the United States since it was adopted in 1971 by then President Ronald Reagan with his anti wife slogan "Just say No" campaign. Since the war on drugs have been introducing the only job that it has accomplished is the increase in our prison system. In the state of Virginia alone from 2002 to 2011 drug offense arrest rate increase from 346.1 to 455.0 which is an average of 31.5% increase (Bradford 2013).
This incredible inclined can be contributed to a greater number of arrest for drug violations but what this is doing is costing Virginia taxpayer money. This problem doesn't only put a burden on Virginia taxpayer but it also overcrowds the Virginia department of corrections and local prison system as well.
In 2014, The Uniform Crime Section (UCRS) statistics state that 35606 Adults and 2318 Juveniles was arrested on Drugs / Narcotic offenses though-out the state of Virginia (Vsp.State.Va.US 2014). It is a very high number of drug offenses but…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The War on Drugs

...United States Prison System: The War on Drugs                  The United States of America is no longer the home of the free. It is the home of the locked up and caged. How can this nation embrace the concept of freedom when over 2.4 million of its citizens are locked up in prison? How can Americans have the nerve to utter the words, “racial equality” when over 10% of all African-American men is incarcerated? How can we take pride in a nation that locks up its citizens that suffer from the disease of addiction?  This should be an embarrassment to all Americans. The criminal justice system must be reformed and surrender the “War on Drugs.” According to the June 2008 Bureau of Justice Summary, Americans make up only four and a half percent of the world’s population yet boasts twenty-two percent of the world’s incarcerated population. According to the same report, the American Criminal Justice System imprisons six times more of its population than other free nations such as Canada, Australia, Germany, Spain, and Italy. America incarcerates ten times more of its population than Japan, France, and Finland. We have the highest rate of incarceration in the world, much higher than China, Russia, Iran, Cuba, and North Korea whom we consider fascias police states. The 2009 statistics reported in the Prison Index showed that one third of African-American men will serve time in prison at some point in their life. The Bureau of Justice statistics reported, “The number of inmates in...

Words: 2315 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Prison Overcrowding and the War on Drugs

...Thanks to (SARA) we now know the causes of found in the American prison system but how could we possibly fix this problem all well trying to decrease the cost prisons put on the taxpayers. Well there are several possibilities which includes letting first offenders and non-violent offenders off on community service shortening prison sentences for low-level offenders and transferring inmates with mental illness is over to Mental Health Institute. By implementing the solutions we can see a decrease in the prison population with hardly any extra cost to the tax payers. The American prison system currently houses over 1.5 million people and according to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics 47 percent of all prisoners in the US is incarcerated for nonviolent crimes. That means that roughly 750,000 people who have never posted violent threats to are currently incarcerated. Imagine if instead of receiving prison sentences these offenders receive court ordered community service hours. These offenders could serve anywhere from 100 service hours to several 2000 service hours depending on the crime. The majority of the fender sign would then be spent working for non-profit organizations and working to benefit the community. We would see an overall benefit in the community and can serve as a warning to the offenders that far worse is to come should they decide to become repeat offenders. That solutions take care of nonviolent offenders but what do we do about offenders who...

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

War on Drugs

...The so-called “War on Drugs,” as declared by the Nixon administration in the signing of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, marked the beginning of the current era of mandatory minimum sentencing, racism, privatized prisons, and a powerful constituency that profits as a result of the prohibition of drugs. Psychoactive substances have been apart of the human experience as long as humans have walked the earth. There is little hope that drug production will ever be curtailed, so long as there is a demand; a demand that has remained steady even though it has been forty years since the beginning of said war. As Judge James P. Gray from the Superior Court of Orange County has so plainly put it: “Where did this policy come from? Unfortunately I have conducted an inquiry into this and I have determined that drug prohibition laws came for reasons of racism, empire building, and ignorance.”(Booth) The War on Drugs is politically motivated as a means of profiting. One may ask them self how government can financially benefit from such policies. In fact, they benefit in a myriad of ways. The government spends an exorbitant amount of money in an attempt to combat drug production and drug usage. The U.S. government has spent over a trillion—that’s right a trillion—dollars in its attempt to eradicate the drug problem. With so much time, effort and money there should be something to show, right? Wrong. Today drugs are more prevalent, more potent and cheaper......

Words: 1759 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

War on Drugs

...America's War on Drugs: Policy and Problems In this paper I will evaluate America's War on Drugs. More specifically, I will outline our nation's general drug history and look critically at how Congress has influenced our current ineffective drug policy. Through this analysis I hope to show that drug prohibition policies in the United States, for the most part, have failed. Additionally, I will highlight and evaluate the influences acting on individual legislators' decisions to continue support for these ineffective policies as a more general demonstration of Congress' role in the formation of our nation's drug policy strategy. Finally, I will conclude this analysis by outlining the changes I feel necessary for future progress to be made. Primary among these changes are a general promotion of drug education and the elimination of our current system's many de-legitimating hypocrisies. However, before the specific outcomes of Congressional influence and policy impact can be evaluated it becomes important to first review the general history and current situation of drugs today. Our present drug laws were first enacted at the beginning of the century. At the time, recreational use of narcotics was not a major social issue. The first regulatory legislation was for the purpose of standardizing the manufacturing and purity of pharmaceutical products. Shortly after, the first criminal laws were enacted which addressed opium products and cocaine. Although some states had......

Words: 4953 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

The War on Drugs

...The War on Drugs: What is America Fighting For? Sandra Gailer COM/172 September 25, 2013 + The War on Drugs: What is America Fighting For? With the number of arrests having more than tripled in the past 25 years, and billions of dollars spent annually to fund the war on drugs, the United States (U.S.) should consider decriminalizing and regulating illegal drugs to reduce the number of people incarcerated and produce tax revenue from distribution. Since it was first declared by President Nixon in 1971 (Drug Policy Alliance, n.d.) the drug war proves to be causing America more harm than good. With no end in sight, the government should not be focusing on drug prevention but rather drug policy reformation. The US has been funding the war on drugs for decades. Although the intentions behind declaring the war are to help Americans, the reality is the war continues to be causing more harm than good. America has spent at least $1 trillion dollars on the war so far (Drug Policy Alliance, n.d.). In 2010 alone, the federal government spent over $15 billion dollars funding the war, that is at a rate of about $500 per second (Drug War Clock, n.d.). With the amount of debt increasing over a billion dollars every day, our government should be directing efforts towards creating revenue instead of continuing to spend money and increasing taxes. One way to accomplish generating revenue would be if some of the drugs that are considered illegal were decriminalized and regulated by the......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

War on Drugs

...War on Drugs 1 Running Head: WAR on DRUGS: EFFECTS of DRUGS War on Drugs: Effects of Drugs Matthew Boone Camden County College War on Drugs 2 Abstract This paper will attempt to explore the effects of the War on Drugs by showing the way drugs have effects on people and been classified. This researcher will show how effects of drugs plays a major factor in today’s society. It will explore the cost of incarceration that play apart of today’s economy and how it has increased since the War on Drugs. This paper will also explore the term drug interdiction and how it has affected the War on Drugs. Drug interdiction is the process of confiscating illegal drugs from traffickers smuggling drugs into the United States borders. War on Drugs 3 War on Drugs Drugs have been around for years, being used for their medicinal uses, for their hallucination affects and other reasons. The same drugs are still being used today. Some argue that certain drugs should be legal considering that they are mainly plant based and therefore natural. The problem with it is people are learning ways to modify and condense the chemicals that are producing the affects wanted and making the affects stronger. Drugs are also being combined to create new drinks and drugs to be used, known as designer drugs. These new combinations can become lethal due to the drugs being condensed to intensify the effects. The United States has been fighting a war on drugs for over 100 years. ......

Words: 2701 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

War on Drugs

...Stephen Fletcher The War On Drugs: Our Most Costly Mistake The war on drugs has become a flashpoint of sorts on both sides of our border with Mexico. Thousands are being killed every year and drug use is still rampant. “Currently the government spends 51 billion dollars annually to try and curb the supply of drugs that have been pouring across the border for decades” (Powell). The only impact, in an economic sense, is actually an increase in price for the drugs while maintaining similar quantity demanded. It is clear that the United States is waging its war on the suppliers and distributors of the drugs more so than people who just possess the drugs, as evidenced by the decriminalization of the possession of marijuana in certain states. In short, the war on the supply side of drugs is wasting billions of taxpayer dollars as well as crippling future efforts to curb the effects of drug use in the United States. The United States was hoping to, metaphorically speaking, plug the hole in the dam that was holding drugs back from entering our country. Their main goal in waging a supply-side war was to decrease the quantity supplied rather than increase the price that drugs are being sold at. The war on drugs was started to make it more difficult for suppliers to smuggle their drugs into the country. In that respect, the United States succeeded. In the end though, their plan backfired because the demand for drugs is largely inelastic and by increasing the costs of producing......

Words: 620 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The War on Drug

...Rico has been flooded with drug addicts/users, traffickers, and smugglers. A problem that used to affect the low life and poor communities, now is growing and infecting civilization without any discretion of social class, ethnicity, and race. National Geographic has call Puerto Rico the Zombie Island, named after the increasing numbers of heroin and cocaine users on the streets. Puerto Rico is being used to export drug to the east coast, because Puerto Rico borders are less guarded than the Mexican border it makes it a strategic point for all shipments. Sadly, 20% of all drugs that enters the island stays here to supply for the local consumption. The streets have been flooded with these evil and desperation of these drug users have grown to the point of using horse anesthesia. These new drug is more powerful then methamphetamine and more devastating. The war on drugs The war on drug is a never ending fight, since the 70s when President Richard Nixon declared the war on drugs. The so called war on drugs was created to establish minimum sentences to drug offences and to allocate a bigger budget to the fight. In FY2007 an estimated amount of $193 billon was reported in losses in productivity, health care, and criminal justice for drug related issues. On 2003, $19 billion was spent on the war on drugs by the federal government alone, according to the Office of National Drug Control Policy. In FY2011, the government invested around $168 billion on the war on terrorism and a......

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

War on Drugs

...New Type Of Politics Social Issue: War on Drugs America has been in the one of its longest wars since 1971. Not against another country’s but, against its self. It’s our public enemy number one, as declared by Richard M. Nixon, and is the war on drugs. Sadly, little effect has occurred. We spend nearly $51,000,000,000 dollars as a country on the war on drugs annually. In turn, drug use is still soaring high and money keeps getting spent. This needs to be fixed. The war on drugs has a great cause but, sadly it has little effect to back it up. It’s idea of making America better is awesome but, their plan of doing so is terrible. So far, we have the largest prison population but we have less than 5% of the world’s population. As you probably could have guessed, most of them have drug crimes as part of or as the prison sentence. A good bit of these drug crimes are harmless such as just the use of it alone. So, if you’re wondering where you’re tax dollars are going, most of it is going to keep these people in jail. So, the government is trying to stop drug use and drug related crimes. That sounds amazing but, sadly, teens report that illegal drugs are easier to obtain than controlled, legal, age-regulated alcohol. What does that mean you ask? It means that the drugs we have a war on are easy to give, get, and use and when your under 21, its way easier to get than alcohol which we have no problem with. So basically, we’re fighting a useless war. In fact, the only positive......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

War on Drugs

... War on Drugs and Prison Overcrowding  Thomas K Anderson University of Memphis Prison overcrowding has been a social phenomenon that has led to a variety of reforms. One of the major causes for overcrowding in the prison systems today began back in the early 1970’s, when President Nixon declared War on Drugs.  There were dramatic increases in the prison population in the 1980’s and 1990’s. These increases were projected due to trends of harsh punishments. Political leaders were influential in these trends as they created mandatory sentencing guidelines. Currently 50.1% of all offenders that are incarcerated in the Federal Prison System are due to drug offenses. That total accounts for 98,554 individuals, many of whom are serving time for a nonviolent offense or first time offenses. The second largest cause for overcrowding in the prison are immigration related crimes, which still only accounts for 10.6% or 20,862 of the individuals. In June of 1971, President Nixon declared a war on drugs, which did not go over too well because he and everyone else had differing views on how to handle the problems being created due to the increase of drug use. Because of the increasing of the prison population, a reform was created to offer treatment for drug abuse; of course this did not take place since it was a contradiction of current drug policies.  Unfortunately, the end result of Nixon’s plan did not stop the problem of drugs, but......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cja/454 War on Drugs and Prison C

...War on drugs and prison overcrowding Analysis Kevin Jackson CJA/454 March 02, 2016 Professor: Charles Davis War on drugs and prison overcrowding Analysis In this essay, I will discuss the crowding effect the war on drugs has had on correctional organizations in the state of Virginia. I will also propose three workable solutions to the situation while substantiating my solutions with appropriate facts and figures. To understand and comprehend the natural of this essay I will define what this article means when we talk about the war on drugs. War on Drug – Is defined as a series of actions tending toward a prohibition of illegal drug trade. It is a campaign adopted by the U.S. Government along with the foreign military aid, and military intervention to both define and end the import, manufacture, sale, and use of illegal drugs (Definitions_Uslegal 2016). The war on drugs has been a virtual disappointment throughout the United States since it was adopted in 1971 by then President Ronald Reagan with his anti wife slogan "Just say No" campaign. Since the war on drugs have been introducing the only job that it has accomplished is the increase in our prison system. In the state of Virginia alone from 2002 to 2011 drug offense arrest rate increase from 346.1 to 455.0 which is an average of 31.5% increase (Bradford 2013). This incredible inclined can be contributed to a greater number of arrest for drug violations but what this is doing is costing Virginia taxpayer money...

Words: 1234 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Grant Proposal Cja/454

...and warrants associated with them. It also allows for easy identification of amber alert suspects and lastly it allows for more revenue for the city by allowing to easily identify vehicles with unpaid moving violations ("Genetec-Law Enforcement Solutions", 2016). Narcotics Training and Detection The $25,000 that we have allocated for narcotics training and detection would be spent on sending officers to narcotics courses such as undercover narcotic training and drug recognition courses. Along with sending officers to such courses, funds would also be allocated to purchase narcotic detection equipment such as NIK presumptive drug testing kits and training aids for those kits such as Narcotics Identification System training CD’s and wall and desk charts. By spending money on both the courses and the drug detection kits it helps officers be better prepared and equipped in both detecting and handling drugs in the community. By being better prepared and equipped, it makes the community and officers safer by combating drug crimes and getting those individuals off the streets ("Safariland-Nik Public Safety", 2015). Equipment purchases For the next $25,000 of the grant money we have allotted it for purchasing of new equipment, specifically new weapons. Due to the ever increasing threat of terrorist attacks and activities that are occurring not just all over the world but also here in the United States, new more powerful weapons are needed in order to be able to combat the......

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

War on Drugs

...The War on Drugs 1-29-10 War on Drugs Richard Nixon started the war on drugs in 1971; he declared the drug problem to be a national emergency. One of the initial problems with drugs started when the soldiers came home from the Vietnam War addicted to Heroin. In an attempt to control the problem, Nixon went hard to work in an attempt control the “problem”. In 1973 Richard Nixon created the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to form a group with a single goal to combat the drug problem. At the time the budget was less than $75 million and has increased dramatically today. The War on Drugs is costing us a substantial amount of money every year and are we even winning? My opinion is that we are not winning. Of course I don’t think severely harmful drugs, like Meth, should be legalized but there are many things being done that are not in the best interest of everyone. We are spending extensive amounts that could be used to better schools and other organizations in need. Over sixty percent of the people in prison are there for victimless, non-violent crimes and do you honestly think they are not finding ways to obtain drugs and other substances while in prison? Yes, the government says they are winning the war on drugs especially in the cocaine industry but really there is so many users I don’t see how the government can really say they are winning. The next issue is the fact that marijuana is illegal; there has been no scientific evidence that marijuana is......

Words: 797 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

War on Drugs

...DEBATE ASSIGNMATE Lisa Ruiz-Broxton CJA/343 Christopher Bragg June 3, 2008 Many argue that the war on drugs is waste of time and money but many are forgetting that the war on drugs has been successful in achieving its aims. The war on drugs has the power to diminish the supply of drugs causing for drug prices to increase and by doing the consumption of illegal drugs on the streets to reduce. This paper will present a debate on the affects our society will suffer if the war on drugs is discontinued. The war on drugs needs to continue because by doing nothing people will continue to sell drugs, profit from the drugs sales which in return thousands of people lives and families will be destroyed and our streets will continue to be unsafe for the children. Drugs are harmful to our society they have the power to destroy lives. If government were to legalize drugs and provide treatment for those on drugs the government would basically be telling people that its o.k. to drugs. According to Wikipedia.com “The U.S. government's most recent 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reported that nationwide over 800,000 adolescents ages 12–17 sold illegal drugs during the 12 months preceding the survey. The 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey by the U.S. Centers for......

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

War on Drugs

...War on drugs In the state of Arkansas as is all states when in comes down to this war on drug situation there is overcrowding in prison and in city and state jails. The questions are what do we do as law enforcement does to reduce the crowding of jails and prison behind drugs? In my few years of studying the criminal justice system and state and federal penal code systems, the war on drugs has put the state and federal penal code system in a massive strain and overcrowding. The overcrowding behind the war on drugs is a broad subject. Over the years there have been several different programs that have been implemented to stop the overcrowding behind the war on drugs. The wars on drugs have been an every struggle problem which persons of all walks of life have came in contact with. One thing America does know is that it does not matter if a person is rich or poor educated or not drugs will and have manifested in the life of the most prominent person. This war on drugs has caused a large part of the overcrowding in the penal code system, with this ongoing threats of overcrowding the war on drugs alone has cost American’s taxpayers money because of the tremendous need for new prison are needed to house new inmates because of this war on drugs. What is a solution one would ask? One would say that this question has been asked in all jurisdictions from the Federal to the State this has been an actual ongoing debate. A solution I would think would be a solution to the ongoing......

Words: 766 - Pages: 4