Chinese History - Beijing

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Submitted By dennycrumbubble
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Beijing Though the Beijing area had been fought over and populated in previous years, the first major city in this zone hadn't been established until 938 A.D. Originally, Beijing had been called Nanjing, or Nanking, which means the “Southern Capital.” Nanjing was made the secondary capital of the Liao Dynasty at the time of its establishment. In 1125, the Liao Dynasty became part of the Jurchen Jin Dynasty, and Nanjing was made the new capital of this kingdom after it was renamed Zhongdu, meaning the “central capital.” The Liao Dynasty fell to the Mongols in 1215, and burned Zhongdu to the ground. Soon after, the city was rebuilt under Kublai Khan and named Dadu, which means the “grand capital.” It wasn't until the Ming Dynasty that this city was named Beijing, and began to take its modern form in 1403. Today, Beijing is home to more than 17 million people, and is booming with industry and culture. Beijing is famous for its public operas which involve song, spoken dialogue, and various actions such as acrobatics or fighting sequences. The Siheyuan (四合院) is a traditional architectural style of Beijing. Based on a square design, a siheyuan consists of rooms enclosing a central courtyard. Hutongs, slim alleys that separate siheyuans, usually go from east to west, and represent closeness and humbleness, and connect old parts of Beijing together. Peking Roast Duck is famous in Beijing, and is considered a prestigious and expensive dish. The chef who created the Peking Duck is judged by how thin the duck can be sliced. Beijing is one of China's most industrially evolved cities, and produces a large amount of China's consumer products, as well as many other products. Overall, Beijing can be seen as China's most socially mixed and most influenced-by-the-West…...

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